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we find we have an army poorly clad, scantily fed, indifferently equipped, badly mounted, with insufficient trains, and with barely enough ammunition. To remedy the evil, we are going to double, and if possible, quadruple the number of men and horses, take away every efficient master from the agricultural districts, and leave the laborers, on whom both men and horses depend for existence, a prey to natural idleness, and with every inducement to revolt. If this be not judicial madness, the history of desperate measures adopted by feeble and affrighted councils does not present an example."
—Andrew J. Hamilton, Military Governor of Texas, issued an able address to the citizens of that State, setting forth their duties to themselves and their government.
January 3.—A large force of rebels, under General Sam Jones, made a descent upon a small body of Union troops stationed near Jonesville, Virginia, belonging to an Illinois regiment, commanded by Major Beers, and eighteen men of Neill's Ohio battery. A desperate resistance was made, continuing from seven A.m. to three P.m., when the Nationals surrendered. The rebels numbered fo' '*>gua«Jf?nicn. They lost four killed and t»e»' ,.^«nded. —admiral Lee, in the United States gunboat Fah Kee, entered Lockwood's, Folly Inlet, about ten miles to the south of Wilmington, North-Carolina, hoisted out his boats, and examined the blockade-running steamer Bendigo, which was run ashore by the captain a week previous, to prevent her being captured by the blockaders. While making these examinations, the enemy's sharpshooters appeared and opened fire upon the boats' crews, which was returned by the Fah Kee's guns, when a rebel battery opened fire and the boats returned to the ship.
The Fah Kee continued her fire until the Bendigo was well-riddled, but her battery was light, and in consequence of her draft of water and the shoals inside, had to be at long-range, and consequently not as destructive as was desired. Night coming on, the Admiral returned to the fleet.— Official Report.
—The British ship Silvanus, while attempting to run the blockade at Doboy Sound, Georgia, was chased ashore by the National gunboat Huron.—Twenty shells loaded with Greek fire, were thrown into the city of Charleston, South-Carolina, causing a considerable conflagration.
January 4.—General Gregg's cavalry division, under the command of Colonel Taylor, of the First Pennsylvania regiment, left the headquarters of the army of the Potomac, on the first instant, for the purpose of making a rcconnoissance to Front Royal, takingon their horses three days' rations and forage. Owing to the condition of the roads the artillery attached to the division could proceed no farther than Warrenton. The command returned to-day, having travelled ninety miles during" the three days' absence, and encountered severe deprivations in consequence of the intensely cold weather; but no enemy was discovered. Owing to the depth of the Shenandoah River, no attempt was made to cross it.
—A Fight occurred near Fort Sumner, New Mexico, in which the Union troops belonging to General Carlton's command, routed the Navijo Indians, killing forty and wounding twenty-five.
—Forty Sioux Indians surrendered themselves to the Union forces, at Pembina, Dacotah Territory.—Rear-admiral Farraout sailed from the navy-yard at Brooklyn, New-York, in the flagship Hartford to assume command of the East Gulf squadron.—Joint resolutions of thanks to General Robert E. Lee and the officers and soldiers under his command, by the rebel Congress.
January 6.—The Fourth Virginia rebel cavalry surprised an infantry picket belonging to the army of the Potomac, at a point near Eldorado, Culpeper County, Virginia, and captured three of their number.
January 6.—Major General Foster, from his headquarters at Knoxville, issued the following order: "All able-bodied colored men, between the ages of eighteen and forty-five, within our lines, except those employed in the several staff departments, officers' servants, and those servants of loyal citizens who prefer remaining with their masters, will be sent forthwith to Knoxville, Loudon, or Kingston, Tennessee, to be enrolled under the direction of Brigadier-General Davis Tillson, Chief of Artillery, with a view to the formation of a regiment of artillery, to be composed of troops of African descent."
—By orders from General Foster, BrigadierGeneral O. B. Wilcox was assigned to the command of the district of Clinch, including the region between the Cumberland and Clinch Mountains, and extending from Big Creek Gap on the west, to the eastern line of the State of Tennessee, on the east
January 7.—Madisonville, La., was entered and occupied by the National forces.—Twenty shells were thrown into the city of Charleston, S. C, from the National batteries under the command of General Gillmore.— Caleb B. Smith, Judge of the United States Court for the District of Indiana, and late Secretary of the Interior, died suddenly at Indianapolis.—The rebel schooner John Scott, while attempting to escape from the harbor of Mobile, Ala., was captured by the Union gunboat Kennebec.
January 8.—David 0. Dodd, charged with being a rebel spy, was executed this afternoon, in front of St. John's College, at Little Rock, Arkansas.—General John Morgan held a reception at Richmond, Va. Judge Moore, of Kentucky, in a speech on the occasion, spoke of the worth of General Morgan, and the great credit with which he had served his country. He was now receiving the grateful testimony of the mother of States. He said that Morgan and other Kentuckians who were battling for the liberties of the South, would not sheathe their swords until her liberty was achieved. Despite the thraldom in which Kentucky was held, the musterrolls of the army showed that forty-nine thousand of her sons had joined their fortunes with ours, and this, despite tho fact that the heel of the tyrant was on her neck. He knew the sentiment of the people there—they would be found with the South. The Yankees have desolated her homes and murdered her people. Kentucky never will join her fortunes with the Northern Government."—The rebel blockade-runner Dare, while attempting to run into the harbor of Wilmington, N. C, was chased ashore and destroyed.—(Doe. 65.)
January 9.—To-day the noted guerrilla McCown and three of his men were captured by the Forrester New-York cavalry regiment, reconnoitring in the direction of Sperry ville, Va.—A Fight took place in Mobile Bay, between the rebels in Fort Morgan and the National gunboats stationed on the blockade. On the discovery, this morning, of a steamer ashore under tho guns of the Fort, all the gunboats of the fleet got under way; and, while some repaired to the flag-ship for instructions, the Octorara steamed in and opened fire on the rebel craft, which speedily drew a reply from the Fort. The rest of the fleet soon steamed in and took up their positions, when the fire became quite spirited. The rebel steamer was struck several times, and abandoned; but
she lay so near the Fort, it was impossible to get her out. Finding the efforts to set her on firo were fruitless, the fleet withdrew, after firing two hours.—A Squad of rebel cavalry entered Cleveland, Tenn., and conscripted every man able to perform service.
January 10.—General J. C. Sullivan sent the following to headquarters:
"Major Cole's camp at Loudon Heights, Va., was attacked this morning. He fought gallantly and drove the attacking party off. I send you his report:
"' I have the honor to report that my camp was attacked this morning at about four o'clock, by Mosby and his command.
"' After a brisk fight of about one hour, they were repulsed and driven from the camp. Our loss is two men killed and thirteen wounded. Among the latter is Captain Vernon, seriously, and Lieutenant Rivers, slightly.
"' There are some missing, but it is impossible to give the exact number at present. Tho rebels left four dead in the camp—one captain, and one a lieutenant.
"' They left three prisoners in our hands, two of them wounded, and one a lieutenant.'"— (Doe. 46.)
—The United States bark Roebuck captured the rebel sloop Marie Louise while attempting to run out of Jupiter Inlet, Florida. She was of about eight tons register, and laden with three thousand pounds Sea Island cotton.—Eighteen shells were thrown into the city of Charleston, S. C, from tho National defences around that city.
January 11.—The United States bark Roebuck, off Jupiter Inlet, Florida, captured the English schooner Susan, while attempting to run the blockade. At the same time and place the United States steamer Honeysuckle captured the English schooner Fly, of Nassau.—The blockaderunning steamers Ranger and Vesta were beached and burned near Lockwood's, Folly Tnlct, NorthCarolina. Admiral Lee reported that the latter was the twenty-second blockade-runner destroyed within sixmonths.—(Doc. 116.)
—TnREF. shells were thrown into the city of Charleston, S. C, from the National defences under the command of General Gillmore.—The United States steamer Iron Age, attempting to tow off the blockade-runner Bendigo, which had been driven ashore near the batteries at the mouth of Cape Fear River, grounded, and owing to her proximity to the rebel forts, was destroyed by fire.—Official Report*.
January 12.—A portion of Colonel McCook's cavalry attacked the Eighth and Eleventh Texas rebel regiments, at Mossy Creek, Tenn., and defeated them, killing fourteen and capturing fortyone of them.—Contributions were made in Georgia to equip a new command for the rebel General John H. Morgan. Among the contributors was Governor Joseph E. Brown, who gave five hundred dollars.—Richmond Whig.
January 13.—The rebel Congress, having passed a joint resolution of thanks to General Robert E. Lee, and his officers, Adjutant-General Cooper issued an order announcing the fact, with the following preface: "The President, having approved the following joint resolution of Congress, directs its announcement in general orders, expressive of his gratification at the tribute awarded the patriot officers and soldiers to whom it is addressed.
"For the military laggard, or him, who, in the pursuits of selfish and inglorious ease, forgets his country's need, no note of approbation is sounded. His infamy is his only security from oblivion. But .the heroic devotion of those, who, in defence of liberty and honor, have perilled all, while it confers in an approved conscience the best and highest reward, will also be cherished in perpetual remembrance by a grateful nation. Let this assurance stimulate the armies of the Confederacy everywhere to greater exertion ami more resolute endurance, till, under the guidance of Heaven, the blessings of peace and freedom shall finally crown their efforts. Let all press forward in the road to independence, and for the security of the rights sealed to us in the blood of the first revolution. Honor and glory attend our success. Slavery and shame will attend our defeat."
—The schooner Two Sisters, a tender to the United States flag-ship San Jacinto, captured, while trying to enter the Suwanee River, the British schooner William, from Nassau.—GenEbal Butler addressed a characteristic letter to the Perfectionists of the cityof Norfolk, Va.— Th K following report was made by Colonel James A Mulligan, from his headquarters at New-Creek, Va.: "A soldier of ours, James A. Walker, company II, Second Maryland regiment, captured in the attack upon the train at the Moorfield and Alleghany Junction, on the third instant, by tho enemy under General Fitz-Hugh Lee, escaped when
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near Brocks's Gap, on the fifth instant, and reported to me this morning. He informs me that thirteen of the enemy were killed and twenty wounded, in the skirmish. He also states that there was present under the command of General Fitz-Hugh Lee, three companies of negro troops, cavalry, armed with carbines. They were not engaged in the attack, but stationed with the reserve. The guards, he reports, openly admitted to tho prisoners that they were accompanied by negro soldiers, stating, however, that the North had shown the example."
January 14.—Major-General R. B. Vance, made a raid toward Terrisville, Tenn., and captured a train of twenty-three wagons. He was pursued by Colonel Palmer, who recaptured the wagons, and took one ambulance, loaded with medicines, one hundred and fifty saddle-horses and one hundred stand of arms. General Vance and his assistant adjutant-general and inspector-general are among tho prisoners captured. — General Grant's Report.—(Doc. 52.)
—A Force of about two hundred rebels made an attack on a party of National cavalry, stationed at Three Miles Station, near Bealton, Va., but were repulsed and driven off, after several desperate charges, leaving three dead and twelve wounded. Tho National casualties were two wounded, one sevorely.—The official correspondence between the agents of exchange of prisoners of war, together with the report of Mr. Ould was made public.—Tiie body of a Union soldier was found hanging at Smith Mills, Va., with the following words placarded upon it: "Here hangs private Samuel Jones, of the Fifth Ohio regiment, hung by order of Major-General Pickett, in retaliation for private David Bright, of the Sixtysecond Georgia regiment, hung December eighteenth, by order of Brigadier-General Wild."
—The Richmond Examiner held the following language: "Surely British-protection patriots of the Emerald Isle here, have, we are credibly informed, recently shouldered their shillalahs, and cut stick for the land of Lincoln. Sundry others, too, born this side of the Potomac, havo wended their way in the same direction,—all leaving their families behind them to sell rum or make breeches and other garments for the clothing bureau. When mothers and sisters, sweethearts and wives, thus intentionally, and by a cunning arrangement, left behind, present themselves at the clothing bureau for a job, they represent, with the most innocent faces imaginable, that their male protectors are in General Lee's army, and thus enlist sympathy, and sponge on the Confederacy. To poor females every kindness and aid should be extended as long as they and those belonging to them are true to us; but it is past enduring that ablebodied fellows should go North, and leave as a charge here people whom we are under no obligations to support, and who, by false representations, shut out the wives and other female relatives of gallant fellows, who are confronting our ruthless enemies."
—Lieutenant Gates, with a party of the Third Arkansas cavalry, made a reconnoissance near Clinton, Ark., and succeeded in capturing twelve prisoners, whom he surprised at Cadson's Cave. —TnE blockade-runner schooner Union, with a cargo of cotton from the coast of Florida, arrived at Havana. She was chased by the United States gunboat De Soto.
January 15.—The United States schooner Beauregard captured, near Mosquito Inlet, the British schooner Minnie, of and from Nassau.
—" The utmost nerve," said the Richmond Whig, "the firmest front, the most undaunted courage, will be required during the coming twelve months from all who are charged with the management of affairs in our country, or whose position gives them any influence in forming or guiding public sentiment." "Moral courage," says the Wilmington Journal, "the power to resist the approaches of despondency, and the faculty of communicating this power to others, will need greatly to be called into exercise; for we have reached that point in our revolution which is inevitably reached in all revolutions, when gloom and depression take the place of hope and enthusiasm—when despair is fatal and despondency is even more to bo dreaded than defeat. In such a time we can understand the profound wisdom of the Roman Senate, in giving thanks to the general who had suffered the greatest disaster that ever overtook the Roman arms, 'because he had not despaired of the Republic' There is a feeling, however, abroad in the land, that the great crisis of the war—the turning-point in our fate—is fast approaching. Whether a crisis be upon us or not, there can be in the mind of no man, who looks at the map of Georgia, and considers her geographical relations to the rest of the Confederacy, a single doubt that much of our future is involved in the result of the next spring campaign iu Upper Georgia."
—TnE Fifty-second regiment of Illinois volunteers, under the command of Colonel J. S. Wilcox, reonlisted for the war, returned to Chicago. —The blockade-runner Isabel arrived at Havana. She ran the blockade at Mobile, and had a cargo of four hundred aad eighty bales of cotton, and threw overboard one hundred and twenty-four bales off Tortugas, in a gale of wind.
January 16. — General Sturgis's cavalry, in pursuit of General Longstreet, reached Dandridge, Tenn., thirty miles east of Knoxville, and drove the rebel videttcs out of the town.
—President Lincoln, in a note to the proprietors of the North-American Review, said:
"The number for this month and year was duly received, and for which please accept my thanks. Of course, I am not the most impartial judge; yet, with due allowance for this, I venture to hope that the article, entitled 'The President's Policy,' will be of value to the country. I fear, I am not quite worthy of all which is therein kindly said of me personally.
"The sentence of twelve lines, commencing at the top of page 252, I could wish to be not exactly as it is. In what is there expressed, the writer has not correctly understood me. I have never had a theory that secession could absolve States or people from their obligations. Precisely the contrary is asserted in the inaugural address; and it was because of my belief in the continuance of these obligations, that I was puzzled for a time as to denying the legal rights of those citizens who remained individually innocent of treason or rebellion. But I mean no more now than to merely call attention to this point" *
January 17.—This morning the rebels made a desperate attack upon the Union lines near Dandridge, Tenn. They threw out no skirmishers, but pressed down upon the Nationals in
* The sentence referred to by Mr. Lincoln Is as follows: "Even Bo long ago as when Mr. Lincoln, not yet convinced of the danger and magnitude of the crisis, was endeavoring to persuade himself of Union majorities at the South, and to carry on a war that was half peace, in the hope of a peace th.'it would have been all war—while he was still enforcing tlie fugitive slave law, under some theory that secession, however it might absolve States from their obligations, could not escheat them of their claims under the Constitution, and that slaveholders in rebellion had alone, among mortals, the privilege of having their cake and eatiug it at the same time—the enemies of free government were striving to persuade the people that the war was an abolition crusade. To rebel without re;i*-ou was proclaimed as one of the rights of man, while it. was carefully kept out of tight Uiat to suppress rebellion is the first duty of govcrume.nL" full force, seemingly determined to sweep them from the field. Observing their desperate determination. General Sturgis ordered Colonel D. 51. McCook, who was in command of a division of Elliott's cavalry, to charge the enemy on horse. This order was obeyed most gallantly. The charge of this division turned the fortunes of the day, which, up to this time, had been decidedly against the Nationals. The First Wisconsin, which bore the brunt of the enemy's attack, lost sixty in killed and wounded. The Union loss in all did. not exceed one hundred and fifty.—A Fihe occurred at Camp Butler, near Springfield, 111., destroying the officers' quarters and quartermaster's stores. Captain Dimon and Lieutenant Bennett, of the Thirty-eighth Illinois cavalry, were burned to death, and two other lieutenants were badly injured.—The bombardment of Charleston, S. C, by tho forces under General Gillmore, was continued with great fury, several new Parrott guns having been opened on the city from Battery Gregg.
January 18.—At Flint Hill, Va., a party of fifteen rebels attacked the National pickets, but were driven off after a brief engagement.—The rebel conscription law created great consternation and excitement in the western districts of North-Carolina, and public meetings were held to take into consideration a repudiation of tho confederate government and a return to the Union. The Raleigh Standard openly defied the execution of tho measures proposed, and said, if they prevail, "the people of North-Carolina will take their own affairs into their own hands, and will proceed, in Convention assembled, to vindicate their liberties and privileges."—In the rebel Senate at Richmond, Va., a resolution was passed approving the action of the government with regard to the outlawry of General Butler, and the determination of the rebel authorities to hold no communication with him.— A Party of rebel guerrillas made their appearance on the bank of the river opposite Memphis, Tenn., but were driven off by a gunboat, without effecting any damage.—Lieutenant-colonel Fuller, of the Third Arkansas cavalry, received the following from the major of his regiment, at Lewisburgh:
"Captain Hamilton has had a fight with a portion of Wells's command, and killed six, and wounded as many more. Hamilton lost six, and but one or two killed; the balance missing. The command opposing him were under Captain Thompson, numbering nearly one hundred. Hamilton killed Thompson, and brought his
horse, equipments, revolvers, and papers in with him. The re'>-?ls were dressed in Federal uniforms. Hamilton is here with me."—NewmarKet, Tenn., was occupied by the rebels belonging to tho forces under the command of General Longstreet.—The rebel blockade-runner, A. D. Vance, was run ashore, under tho guns of Fort Caswell, in attempting to enter the port of Wilmington, N. C.—The steamer Laura, blockaderunner, was captured in St. Mark's Bay, Florida, by the United States steamer Stars and Stripes. January 19.—This evening a party scouting for Colonel Williams, in command of the military post at Rossvillc, Ark., returned to camp, having captured in tho Magazine Mountains, some fifteen miles cast of the post, tho county records of Vernon and Cedar Counties, Mo. The books and papers so captured and retained were worth one million dollars to those counties.— Colonel Clayton attacked and routed Shelby'J rebel force, twenty miles below Pino Bluff, Ark., on tho Monticello Railroad. The fight lasted half an hour, when the enemy fled, pursued by Colonel Clayton, with his command, for two hours and a half. The rebels were driven seven miles. Shelby was badly beaten, and the rout was complete.
Shelby's forcowas estimated at eight hundred. Colonel Clayton marched sixty miles in twentyfour hours, and made fight and gained a victory. —An unsuccessful attempt was made to burn tho residence of Jefferson Davis, at Richmond, Va.— A Sale of confiscated estates took place at Beaufort, S. C.
January 20.—Correspondence showing the operations of Southern agents and individuals at tho North, in the cotton trade, and making other revelations, were made public.—Major Henry II. Cole and the Maryland cavalry under his command, were officially praised for their gallantry in repelling tho assault made upon his camp on Loudon Heights, on the tenth instant, by the rebel partisan, Mosby.—General HallecJc't Letter.
—A Squad of men sent from Charleston, Mo., in pursuit of a band of guerrillas, killed the leader of the band and wounded two or three others. The remainder escaped to tho swamp. Five prisoners were carried in, charged with harboring guerrillas.—Thirty-two guerrillas were captured near Paris, Ky., and taken to Columbus.
January 21.—The advance of the cavalry belonging to the National forces, in their retreat