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House, which was adopted. The proceedings were very turbulent, and the debates very sharp. —the heaviest freshet known in Virginia for ten years occurred this night on the line of the Orange and Alexandria road. Several bridges were seriously damaged, and one was washed away entirely.

—Tnis morning, about two o'clock, a small tug was discovered approaching the flag-ship Minnesota, lying off Newport News, Va. She was hailed, and answered in reply to the question, "What boat is that?" "The Roanoke." Still approaching, she was warned to keep off or she would be fired upon. Regardless of the warning, she came on, drifting with the tide, and when quite near, steamed straight at the portquarter, striking the Minnesota with a torpedo or infernal machine, which exploded, shaking the vessel with a terrible concussion from stem to stern, and throwing the tug several yards from the ship. Immediately steam was raised on the tug, and before any thing could be done by the people on board the flag-ship, the tug was safe off in the darkness.

The Government tug, laying alongside the flag-ship, that should have had steam up and given chase, as she was ordered on the spot, danced up and down on the disturbed waves, powerless for harm to the unknown midnight visitor.

—the battle of Pleasant Hill, Louisiana, was fought this day.—{Doe. 131.)

April 10.—The transport steamer, General Hunter, was destroyed by torpedoes in St John's River, twelve miles above Jacksonville, Florida. The quartermaster of the steamer was killed. All others on board were saved.

"We can hope no good results from trivial

and light conduct on the part of our women," says the Mobile News of this date. "Instead of adorning their persons for seductive purposes, and tempting our officers to a course alike disgraceful and unworthy of women, whoso husbands and brothers are in Out armies, they had better exhort them to well-doing, than act as instruments of destruction to both parties. The demoralization among our women is becoming fearful. Before the war, no woman dared to demean herself lightly; but now a refined and pure woman can scarcely travel without seeing some of our officers with fine-looking ladies as companions. You arc forced to sit at the tables

with them ; you meet them wherever you go. Is it that we, too, are as wild as our enemies, scoffing at God and at all rules of social morality? For heaven's sake, lot us frown down this growing evil, unless all mothers and fathers would have their daughters grow up in a pestilential atmosphere, which but to breathe is death. Is not the hand of the enemy enough to send destruction to our homes, or must we have disgrace added to death? The evil can only be remedied by banishing the frail sisters from society, and putting no man in position who is not moral. Are not the bright and shining examples of Lee, Jackson, Johnston, Wheeler, Maury, and many others, enough to teach aspirants for office, that pure and moral men can make generals? that it is not necessary to play lackey to fast women to gain their country's applause? Nor need they think they are not known. By their deeds we know them. Our President is a pure and moral man; were it not well for him to set an example, by discountenancing and refusing promotion to this set of moths? We have no laws to reach such a class but public opinion; then let that be used without mercy."—Tub battle at Prairie D'Ann, Arkansas, took place this day.—(Doc. 130.)

April 11.—At Huntsville, Alabama, a caisson of Croswcll's Illinois battery exploded, killing instantly privates Jacob Englehart, John Olsin, Wm. Humphrey, David Roach, Win. Mattison, and Horace Allen, and wounding George Barnes, and Wm. Regan. Several of the bodies of the killed were blown to atoms, and portions were found five hundred feet distant. The horses attached to the caisson were killed. The railroad depot was badly shattered. One citizen had his thigh broken, and several others were slightly injured.—Last night a gang of guerrillas burned two houses, and stole several horses on the Kentucky side of the river, opposite Cairo, III.Tiie Mexican schooner Juanita, while attempting to evade the blockade, was captured and destroyed by the steamer Virginia, off San Luis Pass. Texas.—The schooner Three Brothers was captured in the Homasassa River, by the National vessel Nita.

April 12. —The English steamer Alliance, while attempting to evade tho blockade, was captured near Dawfuskie Island, in the Savannah River, Ga. Her cargo consisted of assorted stores for the rebel government.

Fort Pillow, Ky., garrisoned by loyal colored troops, under tho command of Major Booth, was attacked by the rebel forces under General Forrest, and after a severe contest was surrendered to the rebels, who commenced an indiscriminate butchery of their prisoners, unparalleled in the annals of civilized warfare.— (Doc*. 1 and 139.)

—A Detachment of the First Colorado cavalry had a fight with a party of Chcyennes on the north side of the Platte River, near Fremont's Orchard, eighty-five miles cast of Denver, on the State road. Two soldiers were killed, and four wounded. Several of the Indians were also killed.—The steamer Golden Gate, from Memphis for Fort Pillow, laden with boat-stores and private freight, was taken possession of by guerrillas to-night, at Bradley's Landing, fifteen miles above Memphis, Tenn. The boat, passengers, and crew were rifled of every thing.

April 13.—The rebel General Buford appeared before Columbus, Ky., and demanded its unconditional surrender. Colonel Lawrence, in command of the post, refused the demand, and the rebels retired.—The ocean iron-clad steamer Catawba was successfully launched at Cincinnati, Ohio.—The schooner Mandoline was captured in Atchafalaya Bay, Florida, by the National vessel Xyanza.—The rebel sloop Rosina was captured by the Virginia, at San Luis Pass, Texas.

Last night the notorious bushwhacking gang of Shumate and Clark went to the house of an industrious, hard-working German farmer, named Euntz, who lives some twenty-fivo to thirty miles from the mouth of Osage River, in Missouri, and demanded bis money. He stoutly denied having any cash; but the fiends, not believing him, or perhaps knowing that he did have some money, deliberately took down a wood-saw which was hanging up in the cabin, and cut his left leg three times below and four times above tho knee, with the saw. Loss of blood, pain, and agony made the poor fellow insensible, and ho was unable to tell where the money was concealed. His mangled body was found to-day, life extinct. A boy who lived .with him, succeeded in making his escape, terror-stricken, to give the alarm. After leaving Kuntz's, tho gang went to an adjoining American farmer, and not succeeding in their demands for money, they destroyed every thing in and about the place, took the man out, and Iiter»UyaU hid head off.—Missouri Democrat.

Tbe British schooner Maria Alfred, with an assorted cargo, intended for the rebels, was captured in latitude 28° 50' N., longitude 95° 5' W., by the National vessel Rachel Seaman.

April 14.—Major-Gencral Alfred Pleasonton was assigned to duty as second in command of tho Missouri department, by order of Major-Gencral Rosecrans.

As expedition, under command of General Graham, consisting of the army gunboats, the Ninth New-Jersey, the Twenty-third and Twentyfifth Massachusetts, tho One Hundredth and the Eighteenth New-York regiments, and two sections of artillery, under Captain Easterly, loft Fortress Monroe last night, and landed at different points. They concentrated at Smithfiold,Va., this evening, and succeeded in routing the enemy, capturing one commissioned officer and five men—all wounded; also several horses and carriages, and some commissary stores. A rebel mail, and one pieco of artillery, formerly taken from the gunboat Smith Briggs, wero also captured. Fifty contrabands were brought off at tho same time. Tho Union loss was one missing, and five slightly wounded.

—Tins morning, a force of confederal cavalry, estimated at some twenty in number, and supposed to be a portion of Captain Jumcl's command, stationed on the Grosse Tete, appeared in front of the village and park on tho opposite side of the Bayou Plaquemine, La., and a party being detailed, crossed over and set fire to all the cotton at that place, while parties were at the same time engaged in burning that on flatboats at the village.—Plaquemine Gazette and Sentinel.

Colonel Gallup, at Paintsville, Ky., while falling back to get an advantageous position, attacked one thousand rebels, killing and wounding twenty-five, including a rebel colonel, and capturing fifty rebels, one hundred horses, and two hundred saddles.

Near Shelbyvillo, the rebel advance ran into Colonel True's advance, which was going from West-Liberty to Shelbyville; Colonel True captured six rebels, and then pressed forward to join Colonel Gallup.

April 15.—The National gunboat Chenango, while proceeding to sea from New-York City today, burst one of her boilers, killing one man,

and severely wounding thirty-two others. A

Meeting was held at Knoxville, Tenn., at which

resolutions offered by W. G. Brownlow were unanimously adopted, favoring emancipation, recommending a convention to effect it, and requesting Governor Johnson to call the same at the earliest period practicable, and indorsing the administration and war policy of President Lincoln. Governor Johnson made a powerful speech in support of the resolutions.—The Ninth Connecticut and Eighth Vermont reenlistcd veteran regiments arrived at New-Haven, Ct., this evening.—General John W. Geary, commanding Second division, Twelfth (afterward Twentieth) army corps, started from Bridgeport, Ala., on an expedition down the Tennessee, last Tuesday, taking with him one thousand men, and one gunboat. They shelled along the banks of the river, occasionally routing a party of guerrillasand rebel cavalry, until within eleven miles of Decatur. Here they came to a large force of infantry, artillery, and cavalry. It was nearly dark, and the General ordered the boit up the river again. IJut the rebels were not to be thus trifled with, and sent a battery of flying artillery up both sides of the river to head off tho gunboat. The artillery went up the banks, and got in position to play when the Nationals passed; but the night was very dark, and the General with his men passed in safety. The expedition halted ten miles below Bridgeport, at a small village, and sent out a company as skirmishers. They went in the town, drove some rebel pickets, and captured a mail and seventeen thousand dollars in confederate money. Tl>ey returned to camp this evening.

— A Body of rebel cavalry made an attack on the National pickets at Bristoe Station, Va., killing one man, and wounding two others of the Thirteenth Pennsylvania regiment. They were driven off after a few shots had been exchanged, but carried their wounded with them.—The notorious guerrilla Reynolds, and his command, was surprised by a party of National cavalry, near Knoxvillc, Tenn., and ten of them killed. Reynolds and fifteen others were captured, together with their horses, equipments, and arms.

The expedition toSmithfield, Va., which left Portsmouth day before yesterday, returned this day. A participant gives tho following account of it:

"The expedition consisted of three regiments, the Twenty-third and Twenty-fifth Massachusetts, and the Ninth New-Jersey. Our regiment, the Twenty-third, alone landed at a point nine

miles above Smithfield. The others were to land below at that place. Wo took up our line of march, and within about one mile came upon the rebel signal corps, who gave us a volley and fled. We followed, meeting with no opposition for three miles, when we found them posted behind breastworks and reenforced. They were too strong for our skirmishers, and Captain Story, of company F, was ordered to charge the breastworks with his command, companies I and D, about fifty men; and lest this should seem small for two companies, I will say, our whole regiment only mustered three hundred men, and were put into six companies of fifty men each.' Wo were ordered to fix bayonets, and then forward, every man's eye being on the breastworks as he advanced toward it, expecting to receive a volley; but the rebels fled without firing. Wo pressed after them; and a mile further came to a mill-dam, with a bridge to cross, and discovered a turn in the road on the opposite side, where the rebels had posted themselves to advantage. A company was ordered into the woods to keep up a fire on them. The videttes were on the road watching the movements of the enemy, but kept themselves well covered, as wo had already found they were good shots, having had two men wounded before reaching their breastworks. At this point, Sergeant Thomas Porter, of company I, a daring and brave young man, ventured beyond the videttes to get a shot, when he fell mortally wounded, the ball entering his shoulder, passing entirely down the back, and was extracted near the side.

"At this time we heard firing in our rear, and feared that the guerrillas would give us trouble by attacking our rear-guard; but we were determined to clear our way in front first, and Captain Raymond was ordered to charge across the bridge .it all hazards, and disperse the foe, which was handsomely done, capturing the officer of tho signal corps and two of his men, while the rest scattered in all directions, we not losing a man. In the morning we were informed that the Colonel's orders were from General Graham, commanding the expedition, to reach Smithfield at such an hour, expecting we should meet with little or no opposition; but, as the prospect was, that every mile was not only to be disputed, but that we were going to have considerable trouble in our rear with the guerrillas, the Colonel concluded to fall back to the river, under the protection of the gunboats, as we had already three wounded men to get there, and no ambulance to convey them in. On turning back to the breastworks from which we drove the rebels, we took a different road from the one we came up in the morning, but had not gono far, before the guerrillas were following us, and a rear-guard was taken from company F, and they had something to do to keep them back, continually exchanging shots. The rebels were bold and daring; they knew every turn in the road, and would watch their chance to ride up and give us a shot, whenever opportunity offered. When within a halfmile of the river where we halted, Corporal Hiram B. Lord, of Newburyport, was wounded in the thigh, the ball passing in ono side and out of the other.

"We came to the river-bank and stacked our arms in front of the residence of General F. M. Boykin, who was a noted politician of the democratic school, as letters found on his premises proved. This place has of late been made the headquarters of the rebel signal corps. Here was found a brass field-cannon in good order. A few rods from here is a fort which was erected at the outbreak of the rebellion, and was to command not only the river, but all approaches to it by land. In it were a number of large guns dismounted, and ten so damaged that they will never be of any use again. It looks as if it had been deserted for some time. Just before dark, our regiment took up its quarters in this fort, as it was thought it would be a good position, in case the enemy should come upon us in force. We had not been in the fort more than two hours, before we were ordered to go aboard the transport, and that night moved down to Smithfield ; and the nest forenoon the other part of the expedition came out, and we all returned to Portsmouth. A Lieutenant, belonging to frigate Minnesota who accompanied the expedition to Smithfield, was killed, and also an officer of the Ninth New-Jersey killed, and one private wounded. I believe those were all the casualties they met with. The Twenty-third had ono mortally wounded, Porter, of company I; two seriously, Lord, of company I, Symonds, of company C; one slightly, Osborn, company G; and one wounded and taken prisoner, Thomas, of company F, who was sent with the quartermaster and another man to signalize the gunboats of our whereabouts. What damage we did the rebels we do not know. The other part of the expedition took some prisoners, two of them wounded; whether they killed any I did not Vol. VIIL—Diabt 5

learn. I think this expedition is the second made under the command of Brigadier-General Graham."

—A Forage-train belonging to the National forces under the command of Colonel Williams, of the Kansas infantry, was attacked and captured at a point about eight miles from Camden, Ark., by a portion of the rebel forces under General Price.—Leavenworth Conservative.

—TnE Richmond Examiner contained the following review of the situation: "Whilst the black cloud is slowly gathering on the horizon which will soon overspread the heavens, and, amid roaring thunder, discharge its flashes of lightning, a silence full of awe reigns through all nature, unbroken except by the painful soughing of tho wind and a faint muttering intho distance. Such is tho apparent quiet that oppresses our mind, and makes us bend low before the fearful storm that wc feel in our heart is not afar off. Even tho busy hum of preparation is hushed; what man can do to prepare for the fearful day has been dono, and the South, at least, stands ready, like the strong man armed; the good knight, with tho sword loose in its sheath, his harness bright and his heart full strong. Our men, after all their struggles and buffetings, riddled with wounds, broken by sickness, tried by cares, overcast by checks, are yet undaunted and unwavering; and once more, after imploring tho Most High for his blessing, cast off tho dust and ashes from their head, and rise at the call of danger, hopeful and confident as when they buckled on their maiden swords. People and army, one soul and one body, feel alike in their innermost hearts that when the clash comes, it will be a struggle for life or death.

"So far, we feel sure of the issue. All else is mystery and uncertainty. Where the first blow will fall, when the two armies of Northern Virginia will meet each other face to face; how Grant will try to hold his own against the master spirit of Lee, we cannot even surmise. But it is clear to the experienced eye that the approaching campaign will bring into action two new elements not known heretofore in military history, which may not unlikely decide the fate of the gigantic crusade. The enemy will array against us his new iron-clads by sea, and his colored troops on land.

"Europe will watch with nervous interest the first great trials made of these improved monitors, if it should be our good fortune to finish and equip our own vessels of that class in time to meet them on equal terms. For since Aboukir and Trafalgar—a longer pause than was ever before known in the history of Europe—there have been no great naval fights, where fleets have met and the empire of the ocean has been at stake. Great ware have been carried on by land, but the sea has not been the scene of like great conflicts. During this long truce, two now elements—steam and improved projectiles—have entirely changed the conditions of such contests.

"Vessels have becorao independent in their movements. Wind or tide may aid or impede, but they are no longer essential, and steam enables them to approach each other at will, untrammelled by external agencies. The power of the engines of war which they carry has steadily increased; and in precise proportion as the projectile gained in weight and distance, the means of defenco were improved in the armament of vessels. Thus, wo havo now guns of a calibre unknown since the first days of artillery, and ships armed like the mailed knights of the middle ages. They promise a truly fearful character for the result of the first hostile meeting on a large scale.

"The experiments heretofore made with ironclad vessels have been but very imperfect trials. During tho Crimean war certain 'floating batteries' of tho French attacked the very strong batteries of Kinsburn, and silenced them with apparent case. They were, however, mere iron boxes, having neither masts nor yards, and, in fact, in no point like the iron-clads of our day, with their plate armor at tho sides and their turrets on deck. A trial on a larger scale was contemplated against tho forts of Venice, when peace came and resigned them to the dockyard.

"In our navy, also, the vessels of tho enemy have, with the exception of the fight with the Merrimac, attempted only the reduction of stone walls at Charleston. Successful in beating down brick and mortar, and reducing granite to atoms, their projectiles havo been found powerless against sand-bags and heaps of rubbish. The only serious encounter that can be called a fair trial of iron-clads resulted in the destruction of the monitor Keokuk, by the superiority of our projectiles—steel bolts and spherical shot—devised by Brooke, the ingenious inventor of tho deep-sea sounding-line. The Yankee gunboats occasionally, with their light draughts and powerful guns

on pivots, have ascended our rivers with impunity, frightened the people on shore, and controlled the country for miles around. The prestige that attended them at first, and cost us so dear, has, however, completely vanished. Like every dreaded danger, they succumbed as they were fairly looked in the face. Now we know fully their vulnerability, and the perils of a water transport for troops, with their helplessness when attacked in boats.

"Since the first trials, however, the Yankees have made great efforts to remedy the evils that attended their early iron-clads—their want of buoyancy, their sinking too deep forward to approach well at certain landings, tho necessity to tow them out at sea, and their slowness, which would embarrass tho fleet to which they may be attached. They claim now to possess vessels as buoyant and free in motion as ordinary steamers, impenetrable to any known projectile, including tho new Whitworth arms, and provided with a heavier armament than the last built iron-clads of the English. These they propose to carry into our harbors, and if we there can meet them, a conflict such as the world has not seen' yet will take place. The famous deeds of our noble Merrimac will be repeated, and England especially will watch the result with intense interest, as she well knows that these Yankee iron-clads were, in reality, not built for us, but for British ports and British vessels. After Mr. Seward's insolent despatch to Mr. Adams, which Earl Russell so conveniently ignored, they are amply forewarned.

"Another fleet of smaller but equally dangerous vessels has been built in the interior of the country, and thero is no doubt that the Yankees will again send out the fleet of light gunboats, well armed and iron-clad, to force their way into regions otherwise inaccessible, to carry war to waters where they are least expected, and to overcome shore defences by a tempest of converging fire. They will again try to illustrate the powerful aid which a land army may receive from the kindred branch afloat, manoeuvring on its flank, and supporting it by bold demonstrations. It is fortunate for us that we are both forewarned and forearmed. We have been steadily informed of the powerful engines of war prepared for our destruction. We have had our successes on the Lower James and in Charleston harbor.

"We have, just in time, received the instructive account of the first trial of an English-built iron-clad, the Danish monitor Rolf Krake, before

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