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They must have suffered severely in getting a day of April next, be set apart and observed as position around the fort.
| a day of humiliation, fasting, and prayer, that AlWhile the rebs had possession of part of the mighty God would so preside over our public town, (and it was the largest part too,) they counsels and authorities, that he would so inspire plundered promiscuously. Lieutenant Brewster our armies and their leaders with wisdom, courlost all his papers, and all his clothes but what age, and perseverance, and so manifest himself he had on. He was lucky more than once that in the greatness of his goodness and majesty of day in saving those and in being able to carry his power, that we may be safely and success. them off himself. It seemed as though he and fully led through the chastenings to which we Adjutant Dean were bullet-proof. Captain Ken- are being subjected, to the attainment of an honyon and Lieutenant Perriont, both on the Colo-orable peace; so that while we enjoy the blessnel's staff, exposed themselves almost recklessly, ings of a free and happy government, we may and escaped without a scratch. You have got ascribe to him the honor and the glory of our into see a street-fight to comprehend it. I can't dependence and prosperity.” describe it. Company A did itself credit, as it A recommendation so congenial to the feelings always tries to do.
ORTON INGERSOLL. of the people will receive their hearty concur
rence; and it is a grateful duty to the Executive REBEL ACCOUNT.
to unite with their representatives in inviting DEMOPOLIS, Ala., March 11, 1864.
them to meet in the courts of the Most High. To Adjutant-General Cooper:
Recent events awaken fresh gratitude to the SuGeneral Lee telegraphs that Ross and Richard-preme Ruler of nations. Our enemies have sufson attacked Yazoo City on the fifth instant, fered repeated defeats, and a nefarious scheme to capturing many stores and destroying much cot. burn and plunder our capital, and to destroy our ton about being shipped.
civil government by putting to death the chosen The enemy retired to the city and held it until servants of the people, has been baffled and set reënforced. They were driven out of the city, at naught. Our armies have been strengthened, which was recaptured, while stores were being our finances promise rapid progress to a satisfacdestroyed. We have quite a number of prison- tory condition, and our whole country is animat. ers. Our loss was about fifty killed and wounded with a hopeful spirit and a fixed determinaed. The enemy still occupy Yazoo City and tion to achieve independence. Liverpool, intrenching at the latter place.
In these circumstances it becomes us, with Sherman issued a general order at Canton, in thankful hearts, to bow ourselves before the which he speaks of many regiments in his army throne of the Most High, and, while gratefully entitled to furlough.
acknowledging so many mercies, confess that our Lieutenant-General.
sins as a people have justly exposed us to his
chastisement. Let us recognize the sufferings Doc. 110.
which we have been called upon to endure, as REBEL FAST-DAY.
administered by a fatherly hand for our improve
ment, and with resolute courage and patient enPROCLAMATION BY JEFF DAVIS.
durance let us wait on him for our deliverance. The Senate and House of Representatives of In furtherance of these objects, now therefore, the confederate States of America have signified 1, Jefferson Davis, President of the confederate their desire that a day may be recommended to States of America, do issue this, my proclamathe people, to be set apart and observed as a day tion, calling upon the people of the said States, of humiliation, fasting, and prayer, in the lan- in conformity with the desire expressed by their guage following, to wit:
representatives, to set apart Friday, the eighth " Reverently recognizing the Providence of day of April, as a day of humiliation, fasting, and God in the affairs of man, and gratefully remem- prayer; and I do hereby invite them on that day bering the guidance, support, and deliverance to repair to their several places of public worship, granted to our patriot fathers in the memorable and beseech Almighty God “to preside over our war which resulted in the independence of the public counsels, and so inspire our armies and American colonies, and now reposing in Him our leaders with wisdom, courage, and perseverance, supreme confidence and hope in the present and so to manifest himself in the greatness of his struggle for civil and religious freedom, and for goodness and in the majesty of his power, that the right to live under a government of our own we may secure the blessings of an honorable choice, and deeply impressed with the conviction peace and of free government, and that we, as a that without him nothing is strong, nothing wise, people, may ascribe all to the honor and glory of and nothing enduring; in order that the people his name." of this Confederacy may have the opportunity at Given under my hand and the seal of the conthe same time of offering their adoration to the
federate States of America, at the city great Sovereign of the universe, of penitently [L. S.] of Richmond, on this twelfth day of confessing their sins, and strengthening their
March, in the year of our Lord one vows and purposes of amendment in humble re
thousand eight hundred and sixty-four. liance upon his gracious and almighty power :
JEFFERSON DAVIS. "The Congress of the confederate States of
By the President : America do resolve, that it be recommended to
J. P. BENJAMIN, the people of these States that Friday, the eighth
Secretary of State,
To this application the Secretary promptly and
courteously replied, giving the authority asked PRESIDENT LINCOLN'S ORDER.
for, and expressing the pleasure he felt at the inGENERAL ORDERS, NO. 100.
terest manifested in the conscripts by the Gen
eral Assembly in the resolutions of inquiry which WAR DEPARTMENT, ADJUTANT-GENERAL'S OFFICE, WASHINGTON, March 15, 1864.
they had adopted and under which your ComThe following is an order by the President of mittee were acting. The letter of Mr. Seddon, the United States :
together with his written authority to visit Camp
Lee accompanying it, your Committee regard of EXECUTIVE MAXglox, WASHINGTON, March 14, 1864.
sufficient importance and as due alike to the In order to supply the force required to be
subject and the Secretary of War, to refer to and drafted for the navy, and to provide an adequate
make a part of their report, and they accordingly reserve force for all contingencies, in addition to
append them, marked A and B. They think it the five hundred thousand men called for Febru
proper to remark also in this connection, that ary first, 1864, the call is hereby made and a
they found the proposed investigation of the draft ordered for two hundred thousand men for
en for subjects committed to them had been in part an
mne ticipated by the action of the Secretary of War, corps of the United States.
before the passage of the joint resolution by the The proportional quotas for the different wards,
General Assembly, who, upon learning that rutowns, townships, precincts, or election districts,
mors had obtained currency of suffering among or counties, will be made known through the Pro
the men at Camp Lee for want of wood, ordered vost-Marshal General's Bureau, and account will
an officer to go out and investigate the matter be taken of the credits and deficiencies of former
and make immediate report. Your Committee quotas.
have been furnished with a copy of that order, The fifteenth day of April, 1864, is designated
and the reports thereon of Colonel Shields, the as the time up to which the numbers required
commandant of the post, and of the several offifrom each ward of a city, town, etc., may be
cers in charge of the troops at Camp Lee, which raised by voluntary enlistment; and drafts will
are of interest and value as illustrating and exbe made in each ward of a city, town, etc., which
plaining the subject and as constituting a part of shall not have filled the quota assigned to it there
the evidence upon which your Committee relied within the time designated for the number re
in arriving at their own conclusions. These quired to fill said quotas.
documents are appended, marked 1 and in conseThe drafts will be commenced as soon after leutive order the fifteenth of April as practicable.
It will be perceived that the complaints which The Government bounties, as now paid, con.
reached the Secretary of War assumed the gentinue until April first, 1864, at which time the
eral form of “suffering for want of wood,” the additional bounties cease. On and after that
inquiries directed by him were confined to that date one hundred dollars bounty only will be
specific charge; and so far as the investigation paid, as provided by the Act approved July
under the order of the Secretary upon this head twenty-second, 1861. ABRAHAM LINCOLN.
are concerned, the reports of the commandant at Official : E. D. TOWNSEND,
Camp Lee, and of his subordinate officers, seems Assistant Adjutant-General.
to your Committee satisfactory, and fully acquit
these officers of any neglect of duty in attending, Doc. 112.
as far as practicable, to the wants and comforts
of the men in supplying them with fuel. Their TREATMENT OF REBEL CONSCRIPTS. statements, made in the reports to the Secretary The following is a copy of the report of the
h of War, were confirmed to us in the examination Joint Comunittee of the two Houses of the Gen
we made at the interview we had with these offi
cers. It appears that the men were furnished ral Assembly of Virginia, appointed to investi
with all the wood allowed by the army regulagate the charges of abuse and inhumanity to con
tions. The supply was stated to be ample in orscripts at Camp Lee, near Richmond, Va.:
dinary weather, but during an extremely rigor
RICHMOND, March, 1864. ous spell of cold, such as occurred about the The Joint Committee, appointed “to inquire middle of February, it was admitted that the and report whether any, and if any, what abuses quantity of wood was not adequate. That some or inhumanity may have been practised or toler-discomfort was experienced by some of the conated at Camp Lee in the treatment of conscripts,” scripts for want of sufficient fire is quite probahave performed the duty assigned them, and beg ble, but we could ascertain no individual case of leave respectfully to submit the following report: the kind, and find nothing in the circumstances
Before entering upon the investigation required and evidence to fix culpability upon the officers by the resolution of the General Assembly, your in charge of the troops at Camp Lee, much less Committee deemed it becoming to apprise the to sustain the allegation made through the press Secretary of War of their purpose, and to re- of inhumanity and cruelty to the conscripts, or quest of him authority to visit Camp Lee, in or- of any extraordinary degree of suffering resultder to obtain information and to enable them ing in loss of limb or death, or even of illness more thoroughly to prosecute their inquiries. I from cold. It may be proper here to state, how
ever, as a fact developed in the course of our in- self, and all of his officers, frankly and with alacvestigation that many of the newly arrived con- rity responded to every inquiry addressed to scripts do suffer for the want of clothes and blan- them touching the matter to which we directed kets. This is not the fault of the commander or our inquiries. his officers. It results from the circumstance We were allowed unrestricted access to every that conscripts recently enrolled are sometimes place we desired to visit, and an officer accompahurried to camp without an opportunity being nied us, to show us through the hospital, the afforded them to visit home and provide them- barracks and quarters of the men, which we inselves with clothes and blankets, and make other spected as closely as time and our inexperienced preparations for camp-life, but often from their habits in relation to such matters would enable own neglect to do so after ample notice. If there us. We found the hospital clean, well provided be blame anywhere, it is attributable to the with comfortable beds and bed-clothing, and, we carelessness or indifference of the enrolling offi- do not doubt, the patients are attentively nursed cer in the country to the wants and comforts of and attended with skilful medical treatment. the conscripts, or to defects in the provisions or The large building appropriated as the principal execution of the law.
quarters of the men, we would remark, is, by The fault lies here, and not, as your Commit- reason of the open floors being made of green tee are assured, in the administration of the la- plank, and the small fire-places, difficult to be borious and responsible department, under the warmed sufficiently to be comfortable in extrememanagement of the commander, Colonel Shields, ly cold weather. But otherwise the quarters are whose high character, urbane manners, delicate dry and well cleaned, and as well adapted to the feelings of humanity, and eminent qualifications sleeping uses of the healthy soldier as could be for his post forbid the conclusion that he would expected. Camp Lee is situated upon an elevatexercise his authority otherwise than in the ed plain, remarkably dry, and represented to be most considerate and humane manner toward unusually healthy. Although it was generally the conscripts under his charge, or would prac-understood at camp that the Committee had tise or tolerate any other than a proper care and made the visit to ascertain if there existed or attention to their wants and necessities. As far, had been practised any abuses, yet no complaints therefore, as your Committee could pursue their were made, nor in answer to inquiries could we investigation and it was as searching as the na- learn that any existed upon which complaint ture of the case and their sources of information could be founded. No facts, at least, were admitted-they could discover no instance of a brought to our knowledge. death, cruelty, inhumanity, or even of extreme Your Committee take pleasure in reporting suffering or hardship. Hardships there undoubt this as the result of their inquiries. They beedly are and have been ; but only such, and not lieve that the investigation will have a good efmore severe than are incident to camp fare and a fect, and was, under the circumstances and gravi. soldier's life. We are informed by the surgeon, ty of the charges, alike due to our conscripts and Dr. Palmer, of a case where a man fell in a fit; the officers of the post. It will show to our peobut he was known to be subject to fits, and they ple that the General Assembly are not insensible were not produced by exposure to the cold, as to the wants and sufferings of our noble soldiers, the surgeon believes. It happened during the in whatever field or camp they are called to rensevere weather, in February, and probably gave der service to their country ; nor faithless to her origin to the report of inhumanity at the camp, solemn obligations to extend a parental care over which was so widely propagated and excited the them, and to shield and protect them whenever sensibility of the General Assembly and the oppression and distress may come upon them. people.
It will accomplish more. It will relieve the Your Committee did not consider themselves minds of distant families and friends as to the limited in their inquiries to the rumor of suffer- supposed maltreatment of husbands, sons, and ing among the conscripts for the want of wood. brothers in Camp Lee, and mitigate something Their duty embraced a wider scope. It was to of that repulsiveness and dread with which that examine whether any abuses or inhumanity was military post is viewed by conscripts who are practised or tolerated at Camp Lee in the treat- sent there, pursuant to military regulations. ment of conscripts in any way or in any form.
G. W. Lewis, . The General Assembly of Virginia had a special
Chairman of Senate Com. interest in the investigation, as the camp is near
B. H. MAGRUDER, her capital, and the place of rendezvous for her
Chairman of House Com. conscript soldiers. Over them she was bound to exercise a parental care. Your Committee,
Doc. 113. therefore, proceeded to Camp Lee, and take pleasure in stating were received with politeness and PROCLAMATION OF AMNESTY DEFINED. courtesy by Colonel Shields, the commandant, Ry T
dant, BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF and all the officers at the post. Every facility
AMERICA, and opportunity were afforded them for examination and inquiry into the condition of the camp,
A PROCLAMATION. and of the wants, necessities, accommodations, WHEREAS, it has become necessary to define and comforts of the men, Colonel Shields him- the cases in which insurgent enemies are entitled to the benefits of the Proclamation of the
Doc. 114. President of the United States, which was made on the eighth day of December, 1863, and the ATTACK ON COLLIERVILLE, TENN. manner in which they shall proceed to avail themselves of those benefits:
A NATIONAL ACCOUNT. And whereas, the objects of that proclamation
MEMPHIS, November 5, 1863. were to suppress the insurrection and to restore We have learned late and interesting particuthe authority of the United States :
lars concerning the recent attack on Collierville. And whereas, the amnesty therein provided It seems that the confederates have not felt just by the President was offered with reference to right since their former unsuccessful attempt on these objects alone:
the place, but have been seeking a favorable opNow, therefore, I, Abraham Lincoln, Presidentportunity to remove the disgrace which that affair of the United States, do hereby proclaim and de- brought upon them. Chalmers, learning that clare that the said proclamation does not apply to there was but a small force there, determined to the cases of persons who, at the time when they take the place by surprise. He moved up to the seek to obtain the benefits thereof by taking the Coldwater on the night of the second. On the oath thereby prescribed, are in military, naval, or morning of the third, he sent Colonel Geary, civil confinement, or custody, or under bonds, or Acting Brigadier-General, with his brigade, numon parole of the civil, military, or naval authori- bering one thousand five hundred men, forward to ties or agents of the United States as prisoners of attack the place. At that time there was but a sin. war, or persons detained for offences of any kind, gle regiment, the Seventh Illinois cavalry, at Col. either before or after conviction, and that, on the lierville, but they had heard of the premeditated contrary, it does apply only to persons who, being attack, and had sent to Colonel Hatch for reën. yet at large and free from any arrest, confinement, forcements. or duress, shall voluntarily come forward and take Colonel Hatch arrived very opportunely with the said oath with the purpose of restoring peace the Second Iowa cavalry. In fact, they came up and establishing the national authority. Prison- just as the fight commenced. The rebels had ers excluded from the amnesty offered in the already captured two picket posts with twentysaid proclamation, may apply to the President five prisoners. Our forces were protected by a for clemency, like all other offenders, and their stockade, defended by two pieces of artillery. applications will receive due consideration. The rebels charged across an open space, of per
I do further declare and proclaim, that the haps a thousand yards, up to our defences. The oath prescribed in the aforesaid proclamation of firing was very hot, and they were speedily driven the eighth of December, 1863, may be taken and back with a loss of twelve killed, nearly one hunsubscribed before any commissioned officer, civil, dred wounded, and twenty-five prisoners. Among military, or naval, in the service of the United the latter was Colonel Geary, their commander. States, or any civil or military officer of a State His horse stumbled and fell, is said to be the or Territory, not in insurrection, who, by the reason of his capture. Just as the confederates law thereof, may be qualified for administering fell back, the Sixth Illinois cavalry came up from oaths. All officers who receive such oaths are Germantown in time to participate in the pursuit. hereby authorized to give certificates thereon to Subsequently, word was sent to the Third Michi. the persons respectively by whom they are gan, Seventh Kansas, and Sixth Tennessee, to made. And such officers are hereby required intercept the retreat of the rebels if possible. to transmit the original records of such oaths at The troops sent out in pursuit of the enemy as early a day as may be convenient to the De- have not yet returned, so that it is impossible to partment of State, where they will be deposited know the success of their attempt. We think, and remain in the archives of the Government. however, that the rebels have too many facilities The Secretary of State will keep a register there for retreat to be caught so easily. If Geary's of, and will, on application, in proper cases, is- command can succeed in crossing the Coldwater, sue certificates of such records, in the customary and form a junction with Chalmers's, they will form of such certificates.
probably escape. In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my This attack on Collierville did not succeed hand, and caused the seal of the United States to even as well as did their former attempt. They be affixed.
find it very hard to catch our forces asleep, though Done in the City of Washington, the twenty- they have many facilities for obtaining informasixth day of March, in the year of our Lord one tion. Our cavalry, under the command of the thousand eight hundred and sixty-four, and of gallant Colonel Hatch, proves too formidable for the Independence of the United States the the confederates. eighty-eighth.
ABRAHAM LINCOLN. It is understood that a large part of Sherman's By the President:
army is across the Tennessee. There has been WILLIAM H. SEWARD,
no fighting except skirmishing by the advance Secretary of State.
force. His advance, by way of Tuscumbia, proves to have been only a feint, and he fell back to Iuka, and crossed over to the Tennessee at the nearest point.
the rebels were repulsed, and commenced a CAMP Second IOWA CAVALRY, 1 hasty retreat.
Mempus, November 4, 1863.) The following are the casualties to the Second Editors GAZETTE: Times have been quite Towa at that place: Frank Byland, company L; lively of late, with some fighting interspersed, Charles F. Brown, company I, killed on the in which the Second cavalry, as usual, had a field ; and Nathan Patterson, company M, share.
wounded, since dead. Their bodies came into The rebels, notwithstanding their recent de camp this evening. feat by Colonel Hatch's forces, when they under- Wounded: Corporal Thomas Dulin, company took to break this line of railroad, seem not to L, face and right arm; private James H. Reed, have been satisfied without at least another trial. company L, left leg broken; Sergeant James The Second is stationed here, the Sixth Illinois at Crawford, company L, right lung, severely; Germantown, and others farther eastward. The Corporal Joseph Steele, company C, in calf of rebels being on the move northward, on Sunday, leg, serious; Private Edward Perry, company the first, the Second was ordered out at nine P.M., C, in left breast, serious ; Corporal William with three days' rations. They left camp on the Wallace, company B, in left breast, serious; morning of the second, at two o'clock A.m., and private Stelton Heinly, company G, in head proceeded to Germantown. That night a serious serious; private E. B. Chamberlain, company affair between two officers terminated in blood. H, through breast, serious. Several officers were present at supper-among The wounded are now all in camp, except whom were Lieutenant-Colonel Loomis, com- Crawford Z. Chamberlain, who is too danger. manding the Sixth Illinois cavalry, and Major ously wounded to be moved. The rebels left Herrod, of the same regiment. In the conver- eighteen dead on the field. Their loss mast sation, Colonel Loomis made a remark reflecting have been near one hundred. on Major Herrod, when he called on Colonel Loo. After being repulsed, the enemy fled, hotly mis to “take it back.” The Colonel refusing, pursued by our regiment, and reached the ColdMajor Herrod instantly drew his revolver and water at night, where they had reënforcements fired five shots into the Colonel, killing him on and artillery posted on the opposite side. Col. the spot. Major Herrod is now in irons in the onel Hepburn formed line and attacked, and Irving block in this city. Colonel Loomis's had quite a brisk engagement-firing only by body went north to-day.
the flashes from the enemy's guns. It being On Tuesday, the third, the regiment had night, and the rebels with reinforcements, our moved to Collierville, seven miles beyond Ger- troops fell back, and rested for the night. At mantown, on the railroad. About noon the reb- this place Captain Horton, of company A, was els made an attack on the place with a force of wounded in the spine. He was brought to the about one thousand five hundred strong. A por- city to-day. tion of the Seventh Illinois cavalry occupied a The rebels were armed with Austrian mussmall earthwork, with one small gun. The Sec- kets. I saw two bullets extracted from the ond Iowa cavalry, under command of Lieuten-wounded, and they are large and effective. ant-Colonel Hepburn, was dismounted on the I omitted to state that Orderly-Sergeant Dannorth side of the railroad, and formed in line iel Estell, of Company L, was missing at the enalong the railroad, there being a slight cut at that gagement at Collierville, and not yet heard from. place. The two mountain howitzers, under the Colonel Hatch left Collierville, early this morncommand of Lieutenant P. S. Reed, of company ing, with other forces of his command, and will K, took a position just north of the track. The reb-pursue the enemy vigorously. The Colonel has els expected, no doubt, to find only the Seventh added another laurel to his chaplet, and the Illinois there, as they are stationed at that point, Second Iowa added one more to its glorious list. and two companies of whom they had captured on picket on the way up. They saw the guns bidding them defiance, and not fully aware of the Iowa boys with their five-shooting rifles
Doc. 115. being in such close proximity, they swooped down on a furious charge to capture the pieces.
RAID OF STUART'S CAVALRY The rebel right was under command of General Richardson. the left of General George Lieu. ON THE ORANGE AND ALEXANDRIA RAILROAD. tenant Reed stood by his guns manfully, and
WASHINGTON, Dec. 16, 1563. handled them admirably. When the rebs had LIEUTENANT PECK, of the Second regiment Dis. got within easy range, the boys poured out trict volunteers, gives the particulars of a bold their rapid fire from along the railroad track ; raid made by Stuart's cavalry, last night, upon the rebs pressed forward, but Iowa was too the Orange and Alexandria Railroad, about one much for them; but three succeeded in reaching mile and a half beyond Fairfax Station. our line-one of them was General George. Just The rebels, about eight hundred strong, and as he reached the line, his horse was killed, and accompanied by the notorious Mosby, at six in a moment he was in the grasp of a “Yank," o'clock attacked the guard upon the railroad at a prisoner ; one of the others was wounded, and that point, which consisted of company I, of the the other killed. After fighting for some time, One Hundred and Fifty-fifth New-York regiment.