Imágenes de páginas

Answer. Yes, sir; here it is: "Woodford Cooksey, private, company A, Thirteenth regiment Tennessee cavalry, gunshot wound, with comminuted fracture of middle third of left femur, received at Fort Pillow, April twelfth, 1864, after surrender.

A. H. Kellogg, M.D.,

Acting Assistant Surgeon, U.S.A.

Doctor Charles H. Vail, sworn and examined.

By Mr. Gooch:

Question. What is your rank and position in the service?

Answer. Acting Assistant Surgeon in charge of wards A, B, C, and I), Mound City General Hospital. The Adjutant of the Thirteenth Tennessee cavalry is in ward B.

Question. Have you prepared a statement of his case f

Answer. Yes, sir; and also of Captain Porter, who is in the same ward, and who was too weak to be examined this morning:

First Lieutenant Mack J. Seaming, Adjutant Thirteenth Tennessee cavalry, gunshot wound of right side, received at Fort Pillow, April twelfth, 1804. Ball entered right side below inferior angle of scapula, between sixth and seventh rib, ranged down, and was lost in muscles near hip. Wounded after he had surrendered; shot by a man standing thirty feet above him on the bank. Present condition of patient good, with fair prospect of recovery.

Captain John II. Potter, company B, Thirteenth Tennessee cavalry, wounded at Fort Pillow April twelfth, 1804. Ball fractured skull, carrying away a portion of left parietal and frontal bones, leaving brain exposed for a distance of an inch and a half; was wounded early in the fight by a sharp-shooter before the surrender. Present condition almost hopeless; has remained insensible ever since he was wounded.

CnARLES H. Vail. M.D.,

Acting Assistant Surgeon U.S.A., In charge of Officers' Ward.

Dr. J. A. C. McCoy, sworn and examined.

By Mr. Gooch:

Question. What is your rank and position?

Answer. Acting Assistant Surgeon in charge of wards 0, P, Q, and R, in Mound City General Hospital.

Question. Have you any of the wounded soldiers from Fort Pillow in your wards?

Answer. I have.

Question. Have you prepared a statement of their cases?

Answer. Yes, sir; I have two statements here prepared at different times; T will hand you both of them, as each one contains some particulars not in the other.

Ward Q.—John F. Ray, private, company B, Thirteenth Tennessee, shot in popliteal space, ball lodged, done after surrender; John W. Shelton, private, company E, Thirteenth Tennessee, shot through left leg, middle third, flesh wound, done after surrender; Joseph M. Green, private, company A, Thirteenth Tennessee, shot in right shoulder, behind, ball escaping at mid

dle of right arm, flesh wound, done after surrender; James II. Stout, private, company B, Thirteenth Tennessee, shot in right leg, producing compound fracture of tibia, done after surrender; Thomas J. Thompson, private, company D, Thirteenth Tennessee, shot between sixth and seventh ribs, ball passing downward is lost, done after surrender; Daniel H. Rankin, private, company C, Thirteenth Tennessee, shot through left leg, flesh wound, done after surrender; Wiley Robinson, private, company A, Thirteenth Tennessee, shot in right arm and right index finger, flesh wounds, shot through left index finger and through inferior lobe left lung, ball lodged, shot through left thigh and through left ankle, flesh wounds, all but one shot done after surrender; Daniel Stamps, private, company E, Thirteenth Tennessee, shot through right thigh, flesh wound, done after surrender; James P. Meador, private, company A, Thirteenth Tennessee, shot through inferior lobe of right lung and superior lobe of left lung, one shot after surrender; William J. Mays, company B, Thirteenth Tennessee, shot through right axilla and side, flesh wounds, done just before surrender; James N. Taylor, private, company E, Thirteenth Tennessee, shot in right hip, ball lodged, done after surrender; Francis A. Alexander, private, company C, Thirteenth Tennesssee, shot through right leg, flesh wound, done after surrender; Nathan G. Fowlkes, private, company D, Thirteenth Tennessee, shot in left leg, compound fracture of both bones, done after surrender. J. A. C. Mccoy,

Acting Assistant Surgeon U.S. A.

Francis A. Alexander, conjnany C, Thirteenth Tennessee, shot once after surrender, dangerous; Nathan G. Fowlkes, company D, Thirteenth Tennessee, shot once after surrender, dangerous; Wiley Robinson, company A, Thirteenth Tennessee, shot seven times, six times after surrender, dangerous; Daniel Stamps, company E, Thirteenth Tennessee, shot once after surrender, severe; James P. Meador, company A, Thirteenth Tennessee, shot twice, once after surrender, dangerous; James N. Taylor, company E, Thirteenth Tennessee, shot once after surrender, dangerous; William J. Mays, company B, Thirteenth Tennessee, shot once just before surrender, dangerous; John F. Ray, company B, Thirteenth Tennessee, shot once after surrender, dangerous; John W. Shelton, company E, Thirteenth Tennessee, shot once after surrender, dangerous; Thomas J. Thompson, company D. Thirteenth Tennessee, shot once after surrender, dangerous; Joseph M. Green, company A, Thirteenth Tennessee, shot once after surrender, dangerous; James H. Stout, company B, Thirteenth Tennessee, shot once after surrender, dangerous; Daniel H. Rankin, company 0, Thirteenth Tennessee, shot once after surrender, dangerous. J. A. C. McCov, M.D.,

Acting Assistant Surgeon U.S. A.

The following is a statement prepared by Dr. M. Black, of the cases under his charge:

Horton Casen, private, company A, First Alabama infantry, wounded at Fort Pillow after surrender, gunshot wounds in hip and thigh; Jacob Thompson, waiter, company B, Eleventh Illinois cavalry, wounded at Fort Pillow after surrender, pistol-shots through thumb and head, and several blows with blunt instrument (says with a gun) on head and neck, dividing skin in several places; Henry Parker, company 1), First Alabama, wounded at Fort Pillow after surrender, gunshot wound in hip; Ransom Anderson, company B, First Alabama artillery, wounded at Fort Pillow after surrender, sabre cuts on head and hand, and gunshot wounds in shoulder and chest; Mary Jane Robinson, wife of a soldier at Fort Pillow, wounded by a rebel after the surrender of the Fort, at a distance of ten yards, gunshot wound through both knees.

M. Black,

Acting Assistant Surgeon U.S.A.

Surgeon Horace Wardner, recalled and examined.

By the Chairman:

Question. Have you heard our examination of the wounded in this hospital from Fort Pillow?

Answer. I have.

Question. Did you have any conversation with them when they were first brought to the hospital?

Answer. Yes, sir.

Question. Did the statements they made to you then correspond with their statements to us?

Answer. They did.

Question. Do the nature and character of their injuries sustain their statements in regard to their injuries?

Answer. The character of the injuries of these men corroborates their statements in regard to the treatment they received from the rebels.

Monro Citt, Illinois, April 88,18M.

Captain Alexander M. Pennock, United States Navv, sworn and examined.

By Mr. Gooch:

Question. What is your rank and position in the navy?

Answer. I am a Captain in the United States navy; Fleet Captain of the Mississippi squadron, and commandant of the station of Cairo and Mound City.

Question. How long have you been in the naval service?

Answer. Since the first of April, 1828.

Question. Will you please state what services have been rendered by the naval forces here in checking and preventing the recent movements of the rebel Forrest and his command in this vicinity?

Answer. Two gunboats were at Paducah at the time the attack was made upon that place; they rendered efficient service there. On receiving information that Paducah had been attacked, or that there was a probability of its being attacked, I immediately went to Cairo from Mound City, with Captain Shirk, of the navy, and con

ferred with General Brayman and General Veatch. A regiment was sent by General Veatch up to Paducah. An armed despatch boat was also sent up, with Captain Shirk on board, and Captain Odlin, Assistant Adjutant-General on General Brayman's staff, to ascertain the facts, and render such assistance as might be needed. I was informed by both Captain Shirk and Captain Odlin that the gunboats there, and the fort, had expended a great deal of ammunition, and were getting short of it. Ammunition both for the army and navy was immediately sent up; a division of gunboats from the Cumberland River, Captain Fitch commanding, came down after the fight, and rcenforced Captain Shirk at Paducah.

Information having reached me that the rebels were crossing over into Illinois in small squads, four gunboats were stationed by the two above-named naval officers between Paducah and Mound City, to prevent their crossing, and orders were given them to destroy all ferries and skiffs —in fact, all means of communication across the Ohio River.

A gunboat had been stationed at Columbus, Kentucky. Hearing that the surrender of that place had been demanded, I despatched Captain Fitch with two of the Cumberland River bouts, and another gunboat which was here for repairs, to Columbus, with orders if all was quiet there to go down the river as far as Hickman. 1 instructed him that the Mississippi River must be kept clear at all hazards. After having given this order, which was in writing, the captain of a steamboat came to me and informed me that Fort Pillow had been attacked, and that the captain of the gunboat stationed there sent word that he had expended nearly all his ammunition. I directed Captain Fitch, if he could be spared from Columbus, to go down to Fort Pillow with his three boats, and I immediately had placed on board a despatch-boat the ammunition required for the gunboat then at Fort Pillow. And boats have since been cruising up and down the Ohio River and the Mississippi River as far as Fort Pillow, for the purpose of giving convoy and keeping the river open. On the arrival of Captain Fitch near Fort Pillow, he found the enemy in force oh this side of the Fort, behind woodpiles on the bank of the river; they were burning wood and barges there. They were shelled and driven off. Captain Fitch also prevented a detachment of rebels from crossing over to an island, where a number of transports and other boats had been detained, which the rebels desired to capture or destroy. He convoyed that fleet as far as Fort Pillow, clear of danger. Afterward three boats were sent down to Hickman, for the purpose of giving protection to such Union men as desired to leave and bring awa/ their goods, and, if possible, to capture any" rebels that might be in the place. A detachment of marines accompanied this expedition. The town was surrounded twice, once by day and once by night; the guerrillas had been in there', and escaped. The people of Hickman were warned that if even a musket-shot was again fired at a transport or other boat, the place would be at once destroyed. These boats have been moving constantly day and night, and despatch-boats have been famished by the navy to convey despatches for General Sherman and General Brayman, up the Tennessee River, or wherever they might require. I would add that when Captain Fitch returned from Fort Pillow he brought away with him refugees, women, and children, who had been left there, and ten wounded soldiers who had been there for two days.

Question. What, in your opinion, would be the competent military and naval force to protect the public property at Cairo and Mound City?

Answer. Two gunboats and two thousand men.

Question. State briefly your reason for believing so large a force is required for that purpose f

Answer. For the reason that we have public property extending along the river for seven miles, and we should be ready for any emergency.

Question. What amount of property would be destroyed here, should the enemy get possession long enough to destroy it?

Answer. It is difficult to estimate its value accurately. We have hero a large number of guns, and all the ammunition and other supplies for the Mississippi fleet, consisting of at least one hundred vessels.

Question. What effect would the destruction or capture of this property have upon operations here in the West?

Answer. It would paralyze the fleet.

Question. For how long a time?

Answer. For the entire season, beside giving the enemy means to act more on the offensive— means enough to last them for a campaign.

Question, Is it also true that all the army supplies for the Western department pass through here f

Answer. To the best of my knowledge it is.

Question. AVrhat force have you here at Mound City now?

Answer. I have two gunboats, eighty-five marines, one hundred mechanics, who have been armed and drilled, one company of the invalid corps, and a detachment of convalescents from the hospital. Any other forces that may be here arc merely temporary.

Question. What force have you at Cairo?

Answer. Seventy-odd marines. But those we have only to protect the wharf-boat and the ingpection-boat, which have on board provisions, ship chandlery, etc. Admiral Porter has ordered me to move them up to this point whenever I can do S-j without detriment to the public service. I understand that there is a permanent garrison at Caiio of between three hundred and four hundred men. When General Brayman was compelled to reenforcc Columbus, he was compelled to take away from there all except about one hundred and fifty men.

Captain James W. Shirk, United States navy, sworn and examined.

By the Chairman:

Question. What is your rank and position in the navy, and where are you stationed at this time?

Answer. I am a Lieutenant Commander, and commandant of the United States gunboat Tuscumbia, and the Seventh district of the Mississippi squadron, which extends from the headwaters of the Tennessee River to Cairo.

Question. How long have you been in service in the West?

Answer. I have been attached to this squadron since the sixth of September, 1862.

Question. You are acquainted with the immense amount of public property at Mound City and Cairo?

Answer. Yes, sir.

Question. Do you consider that there is permanent force here, both naval and military, large enough for its protection?

Answer. I do not consider that there has been force enough here heretofore.

Question. What, in your judgment, would be a force sufficient to render that protection and security which the place ought to have?

Answer. I should think it would take a couple of gunboats, and at least two full regiments. The great danger to be apprehended here is from fire.

Question. Will you now state what services the navy has rendered in the late raids in this region of country?

Answer. I will state in regard to my own division. I returned to Paducah, from a trip up the Tennessee River, on the twenty-fifth of March, at noon. I immediately called upon Colonel Hicks, the commandant of that post, as was my custom, to hear what news he had. He informed me that the rebels had taken Union City the day before, and that he expected an attack there that night As I had just come down from the southern part of Tennessee, and had heard nothing of Forrest there, and as I had been told so many times before without cause that the rebels were threatening to attack' Paducah, I did not put much confidence in the report; at the same time, I did not wish to leave the place unprotected by gunboats, and I accordingly left the Peosta and the Pawpaw at that place, while I came down to Cairo to communicate with Captain Pennock and the authorities here, in order to find out whether or not there was any truth in the report. I left Paducah about one o'clock and arrived here about dark. Shortly after I arrived here the telegraphic operator at Metropolis telegraphed down that Paducah was in flames. Captain Pennock and I went down to Cairo to see Generals Brayman and Veatch. General Veatch ordered a regiment of his troops up to Paducah to reenforce Colonel Hicks, and I immediately started up in the despatch boat Volunteer with Captain Odlin, General Brayman's Assistant Adjutant-GeneraL On our way up we destroyed several ferry-boats, and skiffs, in order to prevent the rebels crossing the river. We arrived at Paducah about daylight on the twenty-sixth of March. The enemy was in force about two miles and a half from town. It was reported to me by my subordinate officers that the enemy had attacked the place about three o'clock in the evening of the day before; that the Fort had been bravely defended and preserved by the gallantry of Colonel Hicks and his small garrison, assisted very materially by the two gunboats which I had left there; that Forrest had occupied the town; that about ten o'clock that night ho had been driven out by the fire of the Peosta, she having"gone up and shelled the town for that purpose. I placed myself in communication with Colonel Hicks on the morning of the twenty-sixth, and found that he was short of ammunition, as were also the gunboats. I immediately telegraphed to Captain Pennock to send up a full supply of ammunition for the two gunboats, and thirty thousand rounds of Enfield cartridges for Colonel Hicks. The supplies were sent up by him immediately, and reached us that evening. In the afternoon, about three o'clock, Colonel Hicks sent me a message that the enemy were forming in line of battle at the head of Jersey street, and requested me to open upon them with shell. I fired shell in that direction, and about four o'clock tho enemy left in the direction of Mayffeld. The captains of the Peosta and the Pawpaw both informed me that the day before the rebels took advantage of the presenco of women there, behind whom they covered themselves and tired at the officers and men on the gunboats, The women came running down toward the Fort and the rebels got behind them and fired at our people on the boats.

Question. And the boats could not fire upon the rebels without killing the women?

Answer. No, sir. And the rebels also took advantage of a flag of truce, while it was flying, to enter the town and plant their batteries there, and to get into brick houses on the levee, from which to tire on the gunboats, while tho flag of truce was flying at the Fort I returned that night at midnight to Cairo, and assisted Captain Pennock as much as I could in making preparations to take care of the public property, as I knew that some few stragglers had crossed the Ohio above, and we were fearful they would come down and burn the public property here. Again, on the twelfth of this month, I was at Paducah. The rebels were reported in force all around the town. I telegraphed to Captain Pennock, giving him that information, and also that in my opinion Colonel Hicks ought to be reenforced. Another regiment was immediately sent up by General Brayman, and Lieutenant Commander Fitch, commanding the Eighth district of the Mississippi squadron, by direction of Captain Pennock, sent four of his gunboats to report to me for duty. I made disposition of four gunboats, each with ten marines on board, to patrol between Paducah and Mound City. The enemy hovered around us until about noon of the fourteenth, when they made a dasti upon the town, send

ing in a flag of truce to Colonel Hicks, giving him one hour to remove the women and children from the town. I immediately ordered all the transports to the Illinois shore, and took the women and children over there. When the hour was up I was informed that the rebels were in Jersey, a suburb of the town, and Colonel Hicks wished me to go up there and shell them. I did so, with two gunboats, carrying long-range rifled guns, firing about one hundred and twenty rounds of shell, which fell in among them. The rebels retired, and encamped from threo to six miles out of town that night When the flag of truce was sent in to the Fort, squads of rebel cavalry came into town and stole all the Government horses there, and also a great many belonging to private citizens. Question. Under the flag of truce? Answer. Yes, sir; as the flag of truce came in and went to the Fort they came into the town.

Question. Is not that a direct and utter violation of the rules of warfare f

Answer. It is a direct violation of the flag of truce. I have had three or four boats up the Tennessee River all the time. There are three up there now, one having come out the day before yesterday. There were two to have started this morning at daylight, and I received a despatch this forenoon, saying that the enemy were reported to be crossing the Tennessee River at Birmingham and above, in force, from the west to the east side. I immediately telegraphed to Paducah and had two heavy gunboats go up to ascertain the truth of the report. I do not credit the story, but I have done all I possibly could do, with the limited number of boats at my command.

Question. How long have you been in the navy 1 Answer. Fifteen years.

Question. You are acquainted with the administration of Captain Pennock, of the navy, here? Answer. Yes, sir. Question. What do you say of it? Answer. I do not think any one could have done more than Captain Pennock has done, with the means at his command.

Question. Why is it that we do not hear more of tho transactions of the gunboats out here, while we hear so much of what tho army does?

Answer. One reason is that there is a general order by Admiral Porter, prohibiting any newspaper reporter from going on board any vessel in the Mississippi squadron.

Question. Is there a cordial understanding and cooperation between the navy here and the military forces under General Brayman?

Answer, I think there is to a very great degree. I never saw more cordiality existing between officers of the different services. I would like to say further, that during this late raid I convoyed General Veatch's division up the Tennessee River. It was ordered up there by General Sherman to land at or near Savannah, and go out to Purdy and the Hatchie, in that way intending to catch Forrest I afterward sent up another despatch of the same purport, from General Sherman to General Veateh, which reached him at the landing near Purdy. I sent up a third despatch to him, which was brought here by General Corse from General Sherman. That despatch never reached General Veateh for the reason that he had come back from Purdy, gone on up the Tennessee and disembarked his troops at Waterloo, Alabama, and was out of reach of my gunboats.

Captain Smith, commanding the Peosta, broke up a rebel recruiting office at Brooklyn, Illinois, a week ago last Sunday. The recruiting office was on board a trading vessel. He destroyed the boat, but saved seven new rebel uniforms that were on it. He could not discover the recruiting agent there, there being so many secesh sympathizers around there.

Question. In your opinion, has General Brayman acted with vigilance and activity, and done all he could with the forces instrusted to him, during these raids?

Answer. So far as I know, ho has done all he could do.

Cairo, Illinois, April 24, 1864.

Major-General Steven A. Hurlbut, sworn and examined.

By the Chairman:

Question. What is your rank and position in the army?

Answer. I am a Major-General of volunteers, commanding the Sixteenth army corps.

Question. Where have you been stationed?

Answer. I have been stationed at Memphis for the last sixteen months.

Question. How long have you been stationed along the river?

Answer. Ever since the battle of Shiloh. I have commanded at Bolivar and Jackson, Tennessee, until about the twentieth of November, 18fi2, when I was ordered to Memphis.

Question. Now, with regard to this raid of Forrest, was that raid made in your department?

Answer. Yes, sir.

Question. Please give us, in your own way, a brief account of that raid?

Answer. Forrest first crossed the Memphis and Charleston Railroad last December. I organized a force in Columbus, and moved it down nnd drove him out. General Sherman then ordered all the available troops in my command to be got together—leaving very small garrisons at the important points—for the Meridian expedition. I marched and crossed there, and marched back again. Two divisions of my command were then detailed to go up Red River, under General Banks. As an auxiliary to the infantry movement to Meridian, General W. S. Smith came to Memphis and took command of all my cavalry and another brigade which he brought over, all amounting to about seven thousand effective men, to move across the country, drive the enemy's force out, cut his way across to Columbus and Aberdeen, and to go down to the Mobile and Ohio Railroad, and join us at Meridian. He failed to mako that ■unction; was met by Forrest about West-Point, and ror some reason or other (I do not know

what) retreated and fell back to Memphis. The effect of a retreat, at the rate at which they retreated, and the loss they met with, and the retreating before an inferior force, demoralized the cavalry very seriously. I returned to Memphis about the Three Points, marched, and found that Forrest was organizing a very considerable force, so far as I could find out, with the intention of moving up to West-Tennessee. I had orders from the War Department to send home all the veteran regiments (cavalry especially) as rapidly as possible. I took an inventory of my force, and found that I had about six thousand cavalry to two thousand two hundred horses, which limited the efficiency of the cavalry. I furloughed and sent home the Third Michigan, Second Iowa, Third, Sixth, Seventh, and Ninth Illinois, and distributed their horses among the men that were left, so as to keep men enough always, and more, to mount with horses. Forrest moved up, and crossed the line of the Charleston and Memphis Railroad, toward Jackson, Tennessee, and occupied it General Grierson was directed by me to go out with his cavalry, feel him, attack him, and cripple him as much as possible. He went out, and reported that he was "a little too strong for him, and he could not touch him." My effective force at Memphis consisted of two thousand two hundred cavalry, two thousand one hundred white infantry, and two thousand four hundred colored infantry. I had the choice to move out a force sufficiently strong to attack Forrest and leave Memphis open, with its immense amount of government stores, ordnance, hospitals, and every thing of that nature. I became satisfied that if I moved out four thousand men, (which was the lowest I considered safe to send out) and they should move out fifty or sixty miles into the country, the enemy, being all mounted, would turn that force and come in and occupy Memphis, which I considered would be a greater disaster than to allow Forrest to range in West-Tennessee. I therefore did not send them out, but I kept the cavalry out as far we could go, or dared go. It was not possible to divine precisely what Forrest's intentions were. My own opinion was, that it was his intention to organize a force, cross the Tennessee River, and operate upon General Sherman's line of communication. I was at Cairo at the time Union City was attacked. Four regiments and a battery of one of my divisions, which were ordered up the Tennessee River, were here also. I directed General Brayman to take them and throw them up to Columbus in rear of Forrest when he was at Paducah, but they were peremptorily ordered up the Tennessee River.

Question. Ordered up by General Sherman?

Answer. Yes, sir. The result was, that there "was not force enough, in my opinion, in the command on the Mississippi River, from Paducah to Memphis, to operate upon Forrest with any prospect of success.

Question. What was the estimated strength of Forrest's forces?

Answer. Forrest's entire force, according to the best of my information, was between eight

« AnteriorContinuar »