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where; and at the point where they so manfully went to relieve the pressure in other parts of our assaulting line they exposed themselves unconsciously to an enemy vastly superior in force, and favored by the shape of the ground. Had that enemy come out on equal terras, these brigades Would have shown their mettle, which has been tried more than once before, and stood the test of fire. They re-formed their ranks, and were ready to support General Ewing's division in a very few minutes, and the circumstance would have hardly called for a notice on my part, had not others reported for my wing of the army at a distance of nearly five miles, from which could only be seen the troops in the open field when this affair occurred.
I now subjoin the best report of casualties I am able to compile from the records thus far received:
FIFTEENTH ARMY CORPS.
Killed. Wounded. Missing. Total.
First Division ST 364 66 497
Seeond Division, 10 90 2 1112
Third Division 89 ' 2S3 122 499
Fourth Division, 72 M5 21 628
Total loss In Fifteenth Army Corps, 1726
ELEVENTH ARMY CORPS.
Killed. Wounded. Missing. Total. Burkbank Brigade 87 144 SI 263
General Jeff C. Davis has sent in no report of casualties in his division, but his loss was small.
Among the killed were some of our most valuable officers — Colonels Putnam of the Ninetythird Illinois, O'Meara of the Ninetieth Illinois, Torrenco of the Thirtieth Iowa, Lieutenant-Colonel Taft of the Eleventh corps, and Major Bushnell of the Thirteenth Illinois volunteers.
Among the wounded are Generals Giles A. Smith, J. M. Corse, and Matthews; Colonel Baum; Colonel Wangeline, Twelfth Missouri volunteers; Lieutenant-Colonel Patridge, Thirteenth Illinois volunteers; Major P. J. Welch, Fifty-sixth Illinois volunteers; and Major M. Allen, Tenth Iowa volunteers.
Among the missing is Lieutenant-Colonel Archer, Seventeenth Iowa.
My report is already so long, that I must forbear mentioning acts of individual merit. These will be recorded in the'reports of division commanders, which I will cheerfully indorse, but I must say that it is but justice that colonels of regiments who have so Ion" and so well commanded brigades as in the following cases should be commissioned to the grade which they have filled with so much usefulness and credit to the public service, namely:
Colonels J. R. Cockerell, Seventieth Ohio volunteers; J. M. Loomis, Twenty-sixth Illinois; C. E. Wolcott, Forty-sixth Ohio"; J. A. "Williamson, Fourth Iowa; G. B. Baum, Fifty-sixth Illinois; J. J. Alexander, Fifty-ninth Indiana.
My personal stiff, as usual, have served their country with fidelity and credit to themselves throughout these events, and have received my personal thanks.
Inclosed you will please find a map of that
part of the battle-field of Chattanooga, fought over by the troops under my command, surveyed and drawn by Captain Jenny, of my staff. I have the honor to be, W. T. Sherman,
Major-General Commanding. REPORT OF MAJOR-GENERAL THOMAS.
IlEADQUARTKr.9 DEPARTMENT OF THE CUMBERLAND, t
Chattanooga, Dec. 1, 1S63. J
Brigadier-General L. Thomas, Adjutants General U. S. A., Washington, D. G.: General: The following operations of the army of the Cumberland, since October thirtyfirst, are respectfully submitted to the Generalin-Chief:
As soon as communications with Bridgeport had been made secure, and the question of supplying the army at this point rendered certain, preparations were at once commenced for driving the enemy from his position in our immediate front — on Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge — and if possiblo to send a force to the relief of Knoxville. To enable me to dislodge the enemy from the threatening position he had assumed in our front, guns of a heavier calibre than those with the array were needed; also additional means for crossing the Tennessee River. Brigadier-General Brannan, Chief of Artillery, was directed to send for the necessary number of guns and ammunition, and, after consulting with Brigadier-General W. F. Smith, Chief-Engineer, to prepare the batteries for the guns on their arrival. While awaiting the arrival of the guns and ammunition, work was prosecuted on the fortifications around the town. In addition to his duties of superintending the work on the fortifications, General Smith pushed vigorously the construction of two pontoon-bridges, to be used in the execution of the movements which were determined upon as necessary to a successful dislodgment of the enemy.
Guerrillas having become somewhat troublesome to the north-east of McMinnville and east of the Caney Fork of the Cumberland, BrigadierGeneral Elliott, Chief of Cavalry, was ordered, November fourteenth, to establish his headquarters, with the First division of cavalry, at or near Alexandria, and employ the division in hunting and exterminating these marauders. Elliott reached Alexandria on the eighteenth, and on the twenty-seventh reports that his scouts met those of Burnside on Hint Ridge, east of Sparta, and that Lieutenant-Colonel Brownlow, with detachments from the First East-Tennessee and Ninth Pennsylvania cavalry, attacked the rebel Colonel Murray on the twenty-sixth at Sparta, killing one, wounding two, and capturing ten of the enemy, including a lieutenant of Champ Ferguson's; he also captured a few horses and ammunition, and destroyed extensive salt-works used by the rebels. A company of scouts under Captain Brixir also encountered a party of guerrillas near Becrsheba Springs, captured fifteen or twenty and dispersed the rest. Brigadier-General R. S. Granger reports from Nashville, November second, that "a mixed command, under Lieutenant-Colonel Scully, First Middle Tennessee infantry, sent out from Nashville, attacked and defeated Hawkins and other guerrilla chiefs and pursued them to Centreville, Diekman County, where Hawkins made another stand, attacking our forces wdiilc crossing the river. Hawkins was again routed and pursued until his forces dispersed. Rebel loss from fifteen to twenty killed and sixty prisoners; our loss, one severely and several slightly wounded." Again, on November fourth, that "Major Fitzgibbon, Fourteenth Michigan infantry, came upon the combined forces of Cooper, Kirk, Williams, and Scott, (guerrillas,) at Lawrenccburgh, thirty-five miles from Columbia, and after a severe hand-tohand fight, defeated them, killing eight, wounding seven, and capturing twenty-four prisoners; among the latter are one captain and two lieutenants. Our loss, three men slightly wounded and eight horses killed. Ho reports the enemy four hundred strong, and his force one hundred and twenty." November thirteenth, "Captain Cutter, with one company of mounted infantry and a portion of Whittemore's battery, (mounted,) belonging to the garrison of Clarksville, had a fight near Palmyra with Captain Grey's company of guerrillas, killing two, wounding five, and taking one prisoner; Cutter's loss, one lieutenant and one man wounded." November sixteenth, "Scout organized by General Paine and sent out from Gallatin and La Vergne returned, and report having killed five and captured twenty-six guerrillas, with horses, sheep, cattle, and hogs in their possession, collected for the use of the rebel army."
Brigadicr-GcncraljCrook, commanding Second division of cavalry, was ordered, November seventeenth, to concentrate his division at or near Huntsville, Ala., and to patrol the north side of the Tennessee from Decatur to Bridgeport, and to hunt up bands of guerrillas reported to be swarming about in that region, arresting and robbing Union citizens. General Crook reports, on the twenty-first, that an expedition sent down the Tennessee had destroyed nine boats between "Whitcsburgh and Decatur, some of them sixty feet long. The expedition crossed the river and drove off the rebels, taking their boats. From the best information to be obtained, there were two small regiments of cavalry and one battery on the other side, doing picket-duty. Lee and Roddy reported as having gone to Mississippi.
Major-Ccncral Sherman, commanding army of the Tennessee, having been ordered, with the Fifteenth corps, to this point, to participate in the operations against the enem\r, reached Bridgeport with two divisions on the . He came
to the front himself, and, having examined the ground, expressed himself confident of his ability to execute his share of the work. The plan of operations was then written out substantially as follows:
Sherman, with tho Fifteenth corps, strengthened with one division from my command, was to effect a crossing of the Tennessee River, just below the mouth of the South-Chickaniauga, on Saturday, November twenty-first, at daylight;
his crossing to be protected by artillery planted on tho heights on tho north bank of the river. After crossing his force, ho was to carry the heights of Missionary Ridge, from their northern extremity to about the railroad tunnel, before tho enemy could concentrate a force against him. I was to cooperate with Sherman by concentrating my troops in Chattanooga Valley on my left flank, leaving only the necessary force to defend the fortifications on the right and centre, with a movable column of one division in readiness to move wherever ordered. This division was to show itself as threateningly as possible on the most practicable line for making an attack up the valley. I was then to effect a junction with Sherman, making my advance from the left, well toward tho north end of Mission Ridge, and moving as nearly simultaneously with Sherman as possible. The junction once formed, and tho ridge carried, communications would be at once established between the two armies by roads running on tho south bank of the river; further movements to depend on those of the enemy. Lookout Valley was to be held by Geary's division of the Twelfth corps, and the two brigades of the Fourth corps ordered to cooperate with him; the whole under command of Major-Gcneral Hooker. Howard's corps was to be hold in readiness to act either with my troops at Chattanooga or with General Sherman, and w:is ordered to take up a position on Friday night on the north side of the Tennessee, near the pontoonbridge, and then held in readiness for such orders as might become necessary. General Smith commenced at once to collect his pontoons and materials for bridges in the North-Chickamauga Creek preparatory to the crossing of Sherman's troops, proper precautions being taken that the enemy should not discover the movement. General Sherman then returned to Bridgeport to direct the movements of his troops.
Colonel Long, (Fourth Ohio cavalry,) commanding Second brigade, Second division cavalry, was ordered on the sixteenth to report at Chattanooga on Saturday, the twenty-first, by noon, the intention being for him to follow up the left flank of Sherman's troops, anil if not required by General Sherman, he was to cross the Chickamauga, make a raid upon the enemy's communications, and do as much damage as possible.
Owing to a heavy rain-storm, commencing oh Friday (twentieth) and lasting all of the twentyfirst, (ieneral Sherman was not enabled to get his troops in position in time to commence operations on Saturday morning, as he expected.
Learning that the enemy had discovered Sherman's movements across Lookout valley, it was thought best that General Howard should cross over into Chattanooga, thus attracting the attention of the enemy, with the intention of leading him to suppose that those troops he had observed moving were reinforcing Chattanooga, and thereby concealing the real movements of Sherman. Accordingly, Howard's corps was crossed into Chattanooga on Sunday, and took up a position in full view of the enemy. In consequence of the bad condition of the roads, General Sherman's troops were occupied all of Sunday in getting into position. In the mean time, the river having risen, both pontoon-bridges were broken by rafts sent down the river by the enemy, cutting off Osterhaus's division from the balance of Sherman's troops. It was thought this would delay us another day; but during the night of the twenty-second, two deserters reported that Bragg had fallen back, and that there was only a strong picket-line in our front. Early on the morning of the twenty-third, I received a note from MajorOeneral Grant directing mo to ascertain by a demonstration the truth or falsity of this report.
Orders were accordingly given to General Granger, commanding the Fourth corps, to form his troops and to advance directly in front of Fort Wood, and thus develop the strength of the enemy. General Palmer, commanding the Fourteenth corps, was directed to support General Granger's right with Baird's division refused and in echelon ; Johnson's division, Fourteenth corps, to be held in readiness under arms in the intrenchments, to reenforce at any point Howard's corps was formed in mass behind the centre of Granger's corps. The two divisions of Granger's corps, Sheridan's and Wood's, were formed in front of Fort Wood—Sheridan on the right, Wood on the left, with his left nearly extending to Citico Creek. The formation being completed about two P.m., the troops were advanced steadily and with rapidity directly to the front, driving before them, first the rebel pickets, then their reserves, and falling upon their grand-guards stationed in their first line of rifle-pits, captured something over two hundred men, and secured themselves in their new position before the enemy had sufficiently recovered from his surprise to attempt to send reinforcements from his main camp. Orders were then given to General Granger to make his position secure by constructing temporary breastworks, and throwing out strong pickets to his front. Howard's corps was moved up on the left of Granger with the same instructions, and Bridge's battery (111.) was placed in position on Orchard Knob. The troops remained in that position for the night.
The Tennessee River having risen considerably from the effect of the previous heavy rain-storm, it was found difficult to rebuild the pontoonbridge at Brown's Ferry. Therefore, it was determined that General Hooker should take Osterhaus's division, which was still in Lookout valley, Geary's division, and Whitaker's and Grose's brigades of the First division, Fourth corps, under Brigadier-General Cruft, and make a strong demonstration on the northern slope of Lookout Mountain, for the purpose of attracting the enemy's attention in that direction, and thus withdrawing him from Sherman while crossing the river at the mouth of South-Chickamauga. General Hooker was instructed that in making this demonstration, if he discovered the position and strength of the enemy would justify him in at
tempting to carry the point of the mountain, to do so.
By four o'clock on the morning of the twentyfourth, General Hooker reported his troops in position and ready to advance. Finding Lookout Creek so much swollen as to be impassable, he sent Geary's division, supported by Cruft's two brigades, to cross tho creek at Wauhatchie and work down on the right bank, while he employed the remainder of his force in constructing temporary bridges across the creek on the main road. The enemy, being attracted by the force on the road, did not observe the movements of Geary until his column was directly on their left, and threatened their rear. Hooker's movements were facilitated by the heavy mist which overhung the mountain, enabling Geary to get into position without attracting attention.
Finding himself vigorously pushed by a strong column on his left and rear, the enemy began to fall back with rapidity; but his resistance was obstinate, and the entire point of the mountain was not carried until about two P.m., when General Hooker reported by telegraph that he had carried the mountain as far as the road from Chattanooga valley to the " White House." Soon after, his main column coming up, his line was extended to the foot of tho mountain, near the mouth of Chattanooga Creek. His right, being still strongly resisted by the enemy, was reenforced by Carlin's brigade, First division, Fourteenth corps, which arrived at the "White House" about five P.m., in time to take part in the contest still going on at that point. Continuous and heavy skirmishing was kept up in Hooker's front until ten at night, after which there was an unusual quietness along our whole front
With the aid of tho steamer Dunbar, which had been put in condition and sent up the river at daylight of the twenty-fourth, General Sherman by eleven A.m. had crossed three divisions of the Fifteenth corps, and was ready to advance as soon as Davis's division of the Fourteenth corps commenced crossing. Colonel Long, (Fourth Ohio cavalry,) commanding Second brigade, Second division cavalry, was then ordered to move up at once, follow Sherman's advance closely, and to proceed to carry out his instructions of the day before, if not required by General Sherman to support his left flank. Howard's corps moved to the left about nine A.m., and communicated with Sherman about noon.
Instructions were sent to General Hooker to be ready to advance, on the morning of the twenty-fifth, from his position on the point of Lookout Mountain to the Summertown road, and endeavor to intercept the enemy's retreat if ho had not already withdrawn, which he was to ascertain by pushing a reconnoissance to the top of Lookout Mountain. The reconnoissance was made as directed, and having ascertained that the enemy had evacuated during the night General Hooker was then directed to move on the Rossville road with the troops under his command, (except Carlin's brigade, which was to rejoin its division,) carry the pass at Rossville, and operate upon the enemy's left and rear. Palmer's and Granger's troops were held in readiness to advance directly on the rifle-pits in their front as soon as Hooker could pet into position at Rossville. In retiring on the night of the twentyfourth, the enemy had destroyed the bridges over Chattanooga Creek on the road leading from Lookout Mountain to Rossville, and in consequence General Hooker was delayed until after two o'clock P.m., in effecting the crossing of the creek.
About noon, General Sherman becoming heavily engaged by the enemy, they having massed a strong force in his front, orders were given for General Baird to inarch his division within supporting distance of General Sherman. Moving his command promptly in the direction indicated, he was placed in position to the left of Wood's division of Granger's corps. Owing to the difficulties of the ground, his troops did not get in line with Granger's until about half-past two P.m. Orders were then given him, however, to move forward on Granger's left, and within supporting distance, against the enemy's rifle-pits on the slope and at the foot of Missionary Ridge. The whole line then advanced against the breastworks, and soon became warmly engaged with the enemy's skirmishers; these, giving way, retired upon their reserves, posted within their works.
Our troops advancing steadily in a continuous line, the enemy, seized with panic, abandoned the works at the foot of the hill, and retreated precipitately to the crest, whither they were closely followed by our troops, who, apparently inspired by the impulse of victory, earned the hill simultaneously at six different points, and so closely upon the heels of the enemy, that many of them were taken prisoners in the trenches. We captured all their cannon and ammunition, before they could be removed or destroyed. After halting a few moments to reorganize the troops, who had become somewhat scattered in the assault of the hill, General Sherman pushed forward in pursuit, and drove those in his front, who escaped capture, across Chickatnauga Creek. Generals Wood and Baird, being obstinately resisted by reinforcements from the enemy's extreme right, continued fighting until darkness set in, slowly but steadily driving the enemy before them. In moving upon Rossville, General Hooker encountered Stuart's division and other troops; finding his left flank threatened, Stuart attempted to escape by retreating toward Greysville, but some of his force, finding their retreat threatened in that quarter, retired in disorder toward their right along the crest of the ridge, where they were met by another portion of General Hooker's command, and were driven by these troops in the face of Johnson's division of Palmer's corps, by whom they were nearly all made prisoners.
It will be seen by the above report that the original plan of operations was somewhat modi
Vol. VIIL—Doc. 14
fled to meet and take the best advantage of emergencies, which necessitated material modification of that plan. It is believed, however, that the original plan, had it been carried out, could not possibly have led to more successful results. The alacrity displayed by officers in executing their orders, the enthusiasm and spirit displayed by the men who did the work, cannot be too highly appreciated by the nation, for the defence of which they have on so many other memorable occasions nobly and patriotically exposed their lives in battle.
Howard's corps, (Eleventh,) having joined Sherman on the twenty-fourth, his operations from that date will be included in Sherman's report, as will also those of Brigadier-General J. C. Davis's division of the Fourteenth corps, who reported for duty to General Sherman on the twenty-first.
General Granger's command returned to Chattanooga, with instructions to prepare and hold themselves in readiness for orders to reenfoice General Burnside at Ivnoxvillc. On the twentysixth, the enemy were pursued by Hooker's and Palmer's commands, surprising a portion of their rear-guard near Greysville, after nightfall, capturing three pieces of artillery and several hundred prisoners. The pursuit was continued on the twenty-seventh, capturing an additional piece of artillery at Greysville. Hooker's advance encountered the enemy, posted in the pass through Taylor's Ridge, who, after an obstinate resistance of an hour, were driven from the pass with considerable loss in killed, wounded, and prisoners. Our loss was also heavy.
A large quantity of forage and some additional caissons and ammunition were captured at Ringgold. On the twenty-eighth, Colonel Long (Fourth Ohio cavalry) returned to Chattanooga, from his expedition, and reported verbally that on the twenty-fourth he reached Tyner's Station, destroying the enemy's forage and rations at that place, also some cars, and doing considerable injury to the railroad. He then proceeded to Doltawah, where he captured and destroyed some trains loaded with forage; thence he proceeded to Cleveland, remaining there one day, destroyed their copper-rolling mill and a large depot of commissary and ordnance stores.
Being informed that a train of the enemy's wagons was near Charleston, on the Hiawassee, and was probably unable to cross the river on account of the break in their pontoon-bridge, after a few hours' rest he pushed forward with a hope of being able to destroy them, but found, on reaching Charleston, that the enemy had repaired their bridge, and had crossed their trains safely, and were prepared to defend the crossing with one or two pieces of artillery, supported by an infantry force, on the north bank. He then returned to Cleveland, and damaged the railroad for five or six miles in the direction of Dalton, and then returned to Chattanooga.
On the twenty-eighth, General Hooker was ordered by General Grant to remain at Ringgold until the thirtieth, and so employ his troops as to cover the movements of General Sherman, who had received orders to march his force to the relief of Burnside, hy way of Cleveland and London. Palmer's corps was detached from the force under General Hooker, and returned to Chattanooga.
• 1 have the honor to annex hereto consolidated returns of prisoners, captured property, and casualties. I am, General, very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
Major-General U. S. A. Commanding.
DEPARTMENT OP THE CUMBERLAND—REPORT OF CASUALTIES DURING THE BATTLE OF CHATTANOOGA, NOVEMBER, 1863.
Fourth Army Corp*— Major-General Granger: First division, Major-General Stanley, 19 killed, 85 wounded—aggregate, 104; Second division, Major-General Sheridan, 135 killed, 1151 wounded—aggregate, 1286; Third division, BrigadierGeneral Wood, 150 killed, 851 wounded—aggregate, 1001. Total, 2391.
Fourteenth Army Corps—Major-General Palmer: First division, Brigadier-General Johnson, 46 killed, 258 wounded—aggregate, 804; Third division, Brigadier-General Baird, 97 killed, 401 wounded and missing—aggregate, 565. Total, 869.
Eleventh Army Corp*—Major-General Howard: Second division, Brigadier-General Steinwehr, 25 killed, 176 wounded, 124 missing—aggregate, 325; Third division, Major-General Schurz, 1 killed, 14 wounded, 10 missing—aggregate, 25. Total, 850.
Twelfth Army Corp*—Major-General Slocum: First division, Brigadier-General Williams, not engaged; Second division, Brigadier-General George, 56 killed, 255 wounded, 4 missing—aggregate, 345. Total, 345.
Grand Total, 529 killed, 3281 wounded, 141 missing—aggregate, 3955.
The following is a copy of a telegram just received from Major-General Granger at Knoxville. The list of casualties in the Fourth army corps, on the previous page, is compiled from the statement of staff-officers at this place. The discrepancy cannot be explained until General Granger's report is received:
[By telegraph from Strawberry Plains, January sixteenth, 1854, via Calhoun, Tenn.]
To General G. JI. Thomas, Chattanooga, Tenn.: Loss in Sheridan's and Wood's divisions 2544 men; in Stanley's, about 200. G. Granger,
REPORT OF REBEL DESERTERS AND PRISONERS OF WAR RECEIVED AND CAPTURED FROM OCTOBER 20, 1863, TO DECEMBER 1, 1863.
October. Novemlwr. Aggregate.
Deserters, 41 532 573
Prisoners, 98 5471 5569
ORDNANCE OFFICER'S REPORT.
Brigadier-General W. D. Whipple, Assistant Adjutant-General Department of the Cumberland:
Sir: I have the honor to transmit herewith a list of all ordnance and ordnance stores captured from the enemy, together with a list of expenditures and losses by our own troops in the recent battle of Chattanooga. Captured from the enemy:
CANNON, FIELD-GUNS, AND HOWITZERS.
Smooth Bores.—Six-pounder guns, 8; twelvepounder guns, light, confederate pattern, 13; twelve-pounder guns, model 1857, Leeds and Company, New-Orleans, 6; twelve-pounder field howitzers, 3. Total smooth bores, 80.
Rifled Guns.—Three inch, confederate pattern, 1; ten-pounder Parrott guns, model 1801, 4; six-pounder field, 2; six-pounder James, 1. Total rifled guns, 8. Twenty-four pound guns, 2. Total number of pieces captured, 40.
Artillery carriages,.28; caissons, 26; battery wagons, 4; travelling forge, 1. A good many parts of harness were captured, but no complete sets; 2330 rounds of artillery ammunition; 6175 stand of small arms, mostly Enfield; 28 cavalry sabres, 549 infantry accoutrements, 511 bayonet-scabbards, 1911 cartridge-pouches, 439 cartridge-boxes, 149 cartridge-box plates, 105 cartridge-box belts, 105 waist-belts, 149 waistbelt plates, and 55,000 rounds infantry ammunition.
Our own troops'lost and expended 211 stand of small arms, 171 infantry accoutrements, 1977 rounds artillery ammunition, 1,500,125 rounds infantry ammunition.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
Captain and Chief of Ordnance Department Cumberland.
Headquarters Eleventh And Twelfth Corps, I
Brigadier-General W. I). Whipple, A. A. G.,
Army of the Cumberland:
General: I have the honor to submit the following report of the part taken by my command in the operations of the army which resulted in driving the rebel forces from their position in the vicinity of Chattanooga, and of its participation immediately afterward in their pursuit.
In order that these operations may be distinctly understood, that the troops concerned be known and receive the honor due them, it is necessary to premise by stating that the general attack was ordered to be made on the enemy's extreme right at daylight on the twenty-first of November, and that preparatory orders were sent through me on the eighteenth, for the Eleventh corps to cross to the north bank of the Tennessee River on the twentieth. At this time the Eleventh corps and a part of the Twelfth corps were encamped in Lookout Valley, opposite to