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Nevertheless, it is revolting to our sense of hu-thirty-nine wounded, and twenty-two missing. manity to be forced to so cruel an alternative. It Total, four hundred and thirty-seven, is hoped self-interest, if not a sense of justice, The estimated loss of the enemy was over one may induce the rebels to abandon a course of thousand five hundred. As soon as General conduct which must for ever remain a burning Grant could get up his supplies, he prepared to disgrace to them and their cause.
advance upon the enemy, who had become weak
ened by the detachment of General Longstreet's CONCLUSION.
command against Knoxville. General Sherman's It is seen from the foregoing summary of oper- army arrived upon the north side of Tennessee ations, during the past year, that we have repell- River, and during the night of the twenty-third ed every attempt of the enemy to invade the and twenty-fourth of November, established loyal States, and have recovered from his dom- pontoon-bridges and crossed to the south side, ination Kentucky and Tennessee, and portions between Citto Creek and the Chickamauga. of Alabama and Mississippi, and the greater part
| On the afternoon of the twenty-third, General of Arkansas and Louisiana, and restored the free Thomas's forces attacked the enemy's rifle-pits, navigation of the Mississippi River.
between Chattanooga and Citto Creek. The Hcretofore the enemy has enjoyed great ad- battle was renewed on the twenty-fourth along vantages over us in the character of his theatre the whole line. Sherman carried the eastern of war. He has operated on short and safe in- end of Missionary Ridge up to the tunnel, and terior lines, while circumstances have compelled Thomas repelled every attempt of the enemy to us to occupy the circumference of a circle; but regain the position which he had lost at the centhe problem is now changed by the reöpening of tre, while Hooker's force in Lookout Valley the Mississippi River. The rebel territory has crossed the mountain and drove the enemy from been actually cut in twain, and we can strike its northern slope. On the twenty-fifth, the the isolated fragments by operating on safer and whole of Missionary Ridge, from Rossville to more advantageous lines.
the Chickamauga, was, after a desperate strug. Although our victories, since the beginning of gle, most gallantly carried by our troops, and the war, may not have equalled the expectations the enemy completely routed. of the more sanguine, we have every reason to Considering the strength of the rebel position, be grateful to Divine Providence for the steady and the difficulty of storming his intrenchments, progress of our army. In a little more than the battle of Chattanooga must be regarded as two years, we have recaptured nearly every im- one of the most remarkable in history. Not portant point held by the rebels on the sea-coast, only did the officers and men exhibit great skill and we have reconquered and now hold military and daring in their operations on the field, but possession of more than two hundred and fifty the highest praise is also due the Commanding thousand square miles of territory held at one General for his admirable dispositions for distime by the rebel armies, and claimed by them lodging the enemy from a position apparently as a constituent part of their Confederacy. impregnable. Moreover, by turning his right
The extent of country thus recaptured and flank, and throwing him back upon Ringgold occupied by our armies is as large as France or and Dalton, Sherman's forces were interposed Austria, or the entire peninsula of Spain and between Bragg and Longstreet, so as to prevent Portugal, and twice as large as Great Britain, or any possibility of their forming a junction. Prussia, or Italy. Considering what we have Our loss in killed, wounded, and missing is already accomplished, the present condition of reported at about four thousand. We captured the enemy, and the immense and still unimpair- about six thousand prisoners, beside the wounded military resources of the loyal States," we ed left in our hands, forty-two pieces of artillery, may reasonably hope, with the same measure of five thousand or six thousand small arms, and a success as heretofore, to bring this rebellion to a large train. The enemy's loss in killed and speedy and final termination.
wounded is not known. While Generals ThoAll of which is respectfully submitted. mas and Hooker pushed Bragg's army into GeorH. W. HALLECK,
gia, General Sherman, with his own and General
General-in-Chiet. Granger's forces, was sent into East-Tennessee Hon. E. M. STANTON,
| to prevent the return of Longstreet, and to reSecretary of War.
lieve General Burnside, who was then besieged HEADQUARTERS OF THE ARMY, ! in Knoxville. We have reliable information that
Washington, Dec. 6, 1863.1 General Sherman has successfully accomplished Sir: In compliance with your instructions, I his object, and that Longstreet is in full retreat submit the following summary of the operations toward Virginia, but no details have been reof General Grant's army since my report of the ceived in regard to Sherman's operations since fifteenth ultimo. It appears from the official re- he crossed the Hiawassee River. Of Burnside's ports which have been received here, that our defence of Knoxville, it is only known that every loss in the operations of the twenty-seventh, attack of the enemy on that place was success. twenty-eighth, and twenty-ninth of October, in fully repulsed. Very respectfully, your obedient reöpening communications on the south side of servant,
H. W. HALLECK, the Tennessee River, from Chattanooga to Bridge
General-in-Chief. port, was seventy-six killed, three hundred and! Hon. E. M. STANTON, Secretary of War.
Our guns were in position some time before
noon, but it was near that hour when the fight FIGUT AT CAMPBELL'S STATION, TENN. became warm. General Ferrero, in falling back
KNOXVILLE, TENN., November 7, 1863. on the Loudon road, came in advance of Colonel The first engagement of any consequence be- Hartrauft, and defiling to the right, it would be tween our forces and those of Longstreet, in the to the left as he marched, but facing the enemy, retreat to Knoxville, took place yesterday, at it was the right,) took up his position in line of Campbell's Station-a little collection of houses battle. Colonel Hartrauft, whose flank was now on the Kingston road, where it forms a junction reënforced by a detachment of General White's with the road to Loudon.
command, under Colonel Chapin, came in rear During the night of Sunday, the rebels made of General Ferrero as he passed the fork of the three different charges on our positiou at Lenoir, road, and, marching to the left, came into powith the intention of capturing the batteries on sition on the southern slope of the valley, Colthe right of our position ; but every onset was onel Chapin still holding his position on the met and repulsed. In the morning, our troops flank. A consideration of the whole movement again took up the march in retreat, and the re- will show with what admirable position each rebels pushed our rear-guard with so much energy giment and brigade came into line of battle. that we were compelled to burn a train of wag- Indeed, the evolutions on the field at Campbell's ons, to obtain the mules to aid in getting away Station have seldom been excelled in beauty and the artillery. Its destruction was necessary, as skill. In coming into position, as well as in the otherwise we would have been compelled to succeeding manoeuvres, the commands on both abandon it to the enemy. One piece of artillery, sides, Union as well as rebel, exhibited a degree which had become mired and could not be haul- of discipline which at once betrayed the veterans ed out by the horses, fell into their hands. of many a battle-field. Our troops here found
The rear was brought up by General Ferre- an enemy not unworthy of their steel, in the ro's division of the Ninth corps, and as the prog. hands of Longstreet. Insignificant as the preress of the wagon-trains in the advance was sent fight may appear in comparison with others necessarily slow, no easy duty devolved upon of this war, it certainly will rank among those that portion of our column. To check the im- in which real generalship was displayed. Every petuous pursuit of the rebels was indispensable motion, every evolution, was made with the to the safety of our main body, as well as the precision and regularity of the pieces on a chesswagons, which, in addition to the baggage, car- | board. ried the subsistence for the march. The result The rebels, finding the disposition of our was, that a series of heavy skirmishes ensued troops to be one which offered battle, readily acalong the whole line of the retreat. As we ap- cepted the gage thrown down to them, and it proached Campbell's Station, where it was feared was not long before their main body was seen the enemy would endeavor to throw a force upon advancing from the timber at the end of the our flank, from the direction of Kingston, the clearing in two formidable lines. On they came, division of Colonel Hartrauft was marched alternately surmounting the crests of the little through the timber until it came upon the road knolls in beautiful undulating lines, and disapleading from that point. In a short space of pearing again into the hollows beneath. Our time, the wisdom of the precaution manifested forces opened at long-range; but still they pressitself; for the rebels soon made their appearance, ed on, heedless of the shower of bullets which but too late to execute their object. Colonel whistled all around them, until they reached a Hartraust skirmished with them, and fell back position apparently suitable to them, when they slowly, fighting as he came. The rebels, at began to return the fire. The rattle of musketry one time, made an effort to flank him, but fail-soon became quite lively, and continued for uped. In this endeavor, they approached so close ward of an hour, when it was discovered that, as to fire a volley directly at him and staff. while they had thus engaged us in front, à A brigade of cavalry, under Colonel Biddle, heavy force was menacing us on both flanks. gave material assistance in checking the enemy. The steady music of the volley-firing was now
General Burnside, finding that the enemy mingled with the intermittent shots of the skirwere pressing hiin so closely as to endanger the mishers, who pushed out upon us from the woods trains and extra artillery, which, at the head of on either side. Our troops fell back, and the the column, still “ dragged their slow length rebel lines closed in a semi-circle. Still advancalong," determined to come into position, to give ing, still pouring in their volleys with the utmost them battle, and, pending it, to enable the wag- deliberation, the enemy came on, and at length ons to get well in advance. Accordingly he a portion of their column quickened into a selected positions for the artillery on command-charge. Our troops gave way, not in confusion, ing eminences to the right and left of the road, but in steady line, delivering their fire as they which at this point runs through a valley whose fell back, step by step, to the shelter of the batslopes are under cultivation, and consequently teries. cleared of timber. The ground chosen was, in Quick as lightning our guns now belched forth fact, a succession of farms, commencing at Camp- from the suminits of the hills above. Shell and bell's Station, and flanking either side of the shrapnel, canister and case, whichever came road for a distance of over two miles.
| readiest to hand in the ammunition-chests, were hurled at the serried ranks of the rebels. Our my's left at two P.. to-day, carried first line of gunners could distinctly see the swathes which rifle-pits, running over the knoll one thousand two their missiles cut in those regiments advancing hundred yards in front of Wood's Fort and low in solid mass. Benjamin, Roemer, Buckley, ridge to the right of it, taking about two hundred Gettings, Henshaw, all had full play upon the prisoners, besides killed and wounded; our loss foe with their pet guns.
.: small. The troops moved under fire with all the As might be expected, the rebels gave way precision of veterans on parade. Thomas's troops under this severe fire, but in admirable order, I will intrench themselves, and hold their position and, falling back again to the cover of the tim until daylight, when Sherman will join the atber, which, in addition, was beyond ordinary tack from the mouth of the Chickamauga, and a range, made their disposition for the renewal of decisive battle will be fought. U. S. GRANT, the attack. Heretofore they had fought without
Major-General. artillery. They now brought three batteries
FROM GENERAL THOMAS. into position, and opened from the tops of the
[Received in cipher, 3.45 A, M., Nov. 25.) knolls, while the infantry deployed upon our flanks once more.
CHATTANOOGA, Texn., Nov. 24, 1863–12 x. It was now late in the afternoon, the trains
Major-General Halleck, General-in-Chief: had obtained a good start on the road, and so
Yesterday, at half-past twelve, Granger's and far, General Burnside had obtained his object.
Palmer's corps, supported by Howard's, were It was unnecessary, therefore, to hazard, in his
advanced directly in front of our fortifications, present position, the result of the attack to
drove in the enemy's pickets, and carried his first which the rebels were returning with renewed
line of rifle-pits between Chattanooga and Citico vigor, while a better position was afforded in his
Creeks. We captured nine commissioned officers rear. He accordingly fell back about half a la
and about one hundred and sixty enlisted men. mile, to another series of commanding hills,
Our loss, about one hundred and eleven. where our batteries again came into position, and
To-day, Hooker, in command of Geary's divithe fight was renewed. The second engagement,
sion, Twelfth corps, Osterhaus's division, Fiflike the first, was marked by the same stubborn
teenth corps, and two brigades Fourteenth corps,
carried north slope of Lookout Mountain, with fighting on either side. Our forces contested the ground successfully
small loss on our side, and a loss to the enemy until night terminated the battle, and left them
of five hundred or six hundred prisoners; killed in their chosen position. As the end for which
and wounded not reported. General Burnside had given battle was attained,
There has been continuous fighting from twelve namely, the checking of the enemy's progress,
o'clock until after night, but our troops gallantly until our trains were out of danger, and as he
repulsed every attempt to retake the position. was not desirous of risking another engagement
Sherman crossed the Tennessee before daylight until he reached the fortifications at Knoxville,
this morning, at the mouth of South-Chickamauthe retreat began once more, and it is reasonable
ga, with three divisions of the Fifteenth corps,
one division Fourteenth corps, and carried the to suppose, as the enemy gave no pursuit until the morning, that they were unaware of the
northern extremity of Missionary Ridge. movement, and expected a renewal of the fightlin
General Grant has ordered a general advance
" on the ground of yesterday.
in the morning. Our success so far has been Despite the briskness and energy with which
complete, and the behavior of the troops admirathe fight was carried on, our loss is very small.
Geo. H. THOMAS, .. It will not exceed three hundred, and General
FROM GENERAL GRANT.
(Received 4 A.M., 25th.] the result of the severe artillery fire to which
CHATTANOOGA, Texx., Nov. 24, 1863—6 P.M. they were exposed; and one thousand is not far Major-General Halleck: from their number.
The fight to-day progressed favorably. SherI cannot finish my account without alluding man carried the end of Missionary Ridge, and his to Colonel Chapin's brigade, of the Twenty-third right is now at the Tunnel and left at Chickacorps, which fought with distinguished valor, mauga Creek. Troops from Lookout Valley carand which, though not so long in the service as ried the point of the mountain, and now hold the many of their veteran confrères, has well earned
eastern slope and point high up. I cannot yet a place by their side.
tell the amount of casualties, but our loss is not
heavy. Hooker reports two thousand prisoners Doc. 14.
| taken, besides which a small number have fallen
into our hands from Missionary Ridge. BATTLES AT CHATTANOOGA, TENN.
U. S. GRANT, DESPATCHES TO THE WAR DEPARTMENT.
Major-General FROM GENERAL GRANT.
FROM GENERAL GRANT. [Received 6.40 P.M., Nov. 23, 1863.)
(Received 10 P.M.] CHATTANOOGA, Texx., 3 P.M., Nov. 23, 1863.
CHATTANOOGA, Tenn., Nov. 25, 1863–74 P.M. Major-General II. W. Halleck, General-in-Chief: Major-General H. W. Halleck, General-in-Chief:
GENERAL Thomas's troops attacked the ene- Although the battle lasted from early dawn till dark this evening, I believe I am not prema- sion last night, taking four guns, two caissons, ture in announcing a complete victory over Bragg. and many prisoners. Hooker reports his arrival Lookout Mountain top, all the rifle-pits in Chat- at Ringgold at nine A.m. to-day; found the road tanooga Valley, and Missionary Ridge entire, strewn with caissons, limbers, and ambulances. have been carried and now held by us.
He commenced skirmishing with enemy at eleven I have no idea of finding Bragg here to-mor- A.M., in Railroad Pass or Gap, near Ringgold -row.
U. S. GRANT, | about half Osterhaus's and third Geary's divi
Major-General Commanding. sion engaged, and forced the enemy to abanFROM GENERAL THOMAS.
don the position he had taken in the passes. CHATTANOOGA, Tenn., Nov. 25, 1863—12 Midnight.
Both divisions suffered severely, the enemy mak
ing obstinate resistance. On the morning of the To Major-General H. W. Halleck, General-in
twenty-fourth, I sent Colonel Long, commanding Chief :
Second brigade, Second cavalry division, across The operations of to-day have been more suc
South-Chickamauga to make raids on East-Tencessful than yesterday, having carried Missionary
nessee and Georgia Railroad. He returned this Ridge from near Rossville to the railroad tunnel, with a comparatively small loss on our side, cap
evening, bringing two hundred and fifty prisonturing about forty pieces of artillery, a large from Tyner's Station to the Hiawassee, and ten
capers, and reports he bas destroyed the railroad quantity of small arms, camp and garrison equip- miles south-west of Cleveland. He also deage, besides the arms in the hands of the prison
stroyed eighty wagons and large quantity comers. We captured two thousand prisoners, of
missary stores and other supplies at Cleveland. whom two hundred were officers of all grades, They
aues, The prisoners we have taken since the twentyfrom colonels down.
| third now sum up more than five thousand. We will pursue the enemy in the morning.
Geo. H. Thomas, The conduct of the officers and troops was every
Major-General Commanding. thing that could be expected. Missionary Ridge was carried simultaneously at six different points.
GENERAL GRANT'S REPORT.
HEADQUARTERS MILITARY Division OF THE )
MISSISSIPPI, IN FIELD,
CHATTANOOGA, TENN., Dec. 28, 1863.
Colonel J. C. Kelton, Assistant-Adjutant Gen-
General Davis, commanding division, Four- 337, War Department, of date Washington, Oc. teenth corps, operating with General Sherman, tober sixteenth, 1863, delivered to me by the gained possession of Chickamauga depot at half. Secretary of War at Louisville, Kentucky, on the past twelve to-day. My troops having pursued eighteenth of the same month, I assumed comby the Rossville and Greysville road, came upon mand of the “Military Division of the Missis. the enemy's cavalry at New-Bridge, posted on east sippi," comprising the departments of the Ohio, side of creek. They retired on the approach of the Cumberland, and the Tennessee, and teleour troops. The column will be detained for a graphed the order assuming command, together few hours to rebuild the bridge, but Hooker with the order of the War Department referred thinks he can reach Greysville, and perhaps Ring. to, to Major-General A. E. Burnside, at Knoxville, gold, to-night. Many stragglers have been picked and to Major-General W. S. Rosecrans, at Chatup to-day, perhaps two thousand. Among the tanooga. prisoners are many who were paroled at Vicks-/ My action in telegraphing these orders to Chatburgh.
GEORGE H. THOMAS, tanooga in advance of my arrival there, was in
Major-General. duced by information furnished me by the SecFROM GENERAL GRANT.
retary of War of the difficulties with which the CHATTASOOGA. TENN. 11.. Nov. 27. 1863. army of the Cumberland had to contend in supMajor-General Halleck, General-in-Chief:
plying itself over a long, mountainous, and I am just in from the front. The rout of the alr
he almost impassable road from Stevenson, Alabama, enemy is most complete. Abandoned wagons,
to Chattanooga, Tennessee, and his fears that caissons, and occasionally pieces of artillery, are
General Rosecrans would fall back to the north everywhere to be found. I think Bragg's loss
side of the Tennessee River. To guard further will fully reach sixty pieces of artillery. A large against the possibility of the Secretary's fears, I number of prisoners have fallen into our hands. Las
also telegraphed to Major-General Thomas, on The pursuit will continue to Red Clay in the
the nineteenth of October, from Louisville, to morning, for which place I shall start in a few hold Chattanooga at all hazards, that I would be hours.
U. S. Grant,
there as soon as possible. To which he replied, Major-General, on same date: “I will hold the town till we
starve." FROM GENERAL THOMAS.
Proceeding directly to Chattanooga, I arrived CHATTANOOGA, Texn., Nov. 27, 1863—12 P. M. there on the twenty-third of October, and found Major-General H. W. Halleck, General-in-Chief: that General Thomas had, immediately on being
General Palmer reports Johnson's division, I placed in command of the department of the Fourteenth corps, surprised A. P. Stewart's divi- Cumberland, ordered the concentration of Major
General Hooker's command at Bridgeport, prepar- river, and the almost inaccessible heights rising atory to securing the river and main wagon-road from Lookout valley, at its outlet to the river, between that place and Brown's Ferry, immedi- and below the mouth of Lookout Creek, were ately below Lookout Mountain. The next morn-secured. ing, after my arrival at Chattanooga, in company By ten o'clock A.M., an excellent pontoonwith Thomas and Brigadier-General W. F. Smith, bridge was laid across the river at Brown's FerChief-Engineer, I made a reconnoissance of ry, thus securing to us the end of the desired Brown's Ferry and the hills on the south side of road nearest the enemy's forces, and the shorter the river and at the mouth of Lookout valley. Af-line over which to pass troops if a battle became ter the reconnoissance, the plan agreed upon was inevitable. Positions were taken up by our for Hooker to cross at Bridgeport to the south side troops from which they could not have been of the river, with all the force that could be spared driven except by vastly superior forces, and then from the railroad, and move on the main wagon- only with great loss to the enemy. Our artillery road by way of Whitesides to Wauhatchie in was placed in such position as to completely Lookout valley. Major-General J. M. Palmer was command the roads leading from the enemy's to proceed by the only practicable route north of main camp in Chattanooga valley to Lookout the river, from his position opposite. Chatta-valley. nooga to a point on the north bank of the Ten- On the twenty-eighth, Hooker emerged into nessee River, and opposite Whitesides, then to Lookout valley at Wauhatchie, by the direct cross to the south side to hold the road passed road from Bridgeport by way of Whitesides to over by Hooker.
Chattanooga, with the Eleventh army corps unIn the mean time, and before the enemy could der Major-General Howard, and Geary's division be apprised of our intention, a force under the of the Twelfth army corps, and proceeded to direction of Brigadier-General W. F. Smith, take up positions for the defence of the road Chief-Engineer, was to be thrown across the from Whitesides, over which he had marched, and river, at or near Brown's Ferry, to seize the also the road leading from Brown's Ferry to Kelrange of hills at the mouth of Lookout valley, ly's Ferry, throwing the left of Howard's corps covering the Brown's Ferry road, and orders were forward to Brown's Ferry. given accordingly.
| The division that started, under command of It was known that the enemy held the north Palmer, for Whitesides, reached its destination, end of Lookout valley with a brigade of troops, and took up the position intended in the original and the road leading around the foot of the plan of this movement. These movements, so mountain from their main camp in Chattanoo- successfully executed, secured to us two comparga valley to Lookout valley. Holding these ad- atively good lines by which to obtain supplies vantages, he would have had little difficulty in from the terminus of the railroad at Bridgeport, concentrating a sufficient force to have defeated namely, the main wagon-road by way of Whiteor driven him back. To remedy this, the seizure sides, Wauhatchie, and Brown's Ferry, distant of the range of hills at the mouth of Lookout but twenty-eight miles, and the Kelly's Ferry valley, and covering the Brown's Ferry road, and Brown's Ferry road, which, by the use of was deemed of the highest importance. This, the river from Bridgeport to Kelly's Ferry, by the use of pontoon-bridges at Chattanooga reduced the distance for wagoning to but eight and Brown's Ferry, would secure to us, by the miles. north bank of the river across Moccasin Point, a Up to this period, our forces at Chattanooga shorter line by which to reinforce our troops in were practically invested, the enemy's lines ex. Lookout valley than the narrow and tortuous tending from the Tennessee River, above Chatroad around the foot of Lookout Mountain af- tanooga, to the river at and below the point of forded the enemy for reinforcing his.
Lookout Mountain, below Chattanooga, with the The force detailed for this expedition consisted south bank of the river picketed to near Bridgeof four thousand men, under command of Gen- port, his main force being fortified in Chattanooga eral Smith, Chief-Engineer, one thousand eight valley, at the foot of and on Missionary Ridge hundred of which, under Brigadier-General W. and Lookout Mountain,' and a brigade in Lookout B. Hazen, in sixty pontoon boats, containing valley. True, we held possession of the country thirty armed men each, floated quietly from north of the river, but it was from sixty to sevChattanooga past the enemy's pickets, to the enty miles, over the most impracticable roads to foot of Lookout Mountain, on the night of the army supplies. twenty-seventh of October, landed on the south The artillery horses and mules had become so side of the river at Brown's Ferry, surprised the reduced by starvation that they could not have enemy's pickets stationed there, and seized the been relied upon for moving any thing. An athills covering the ferry, without the loss of atempt at retreat must have been with men alone, man killed, and but four or five wounded. The and with only such supplies as they could carry. remainder of the forces, together with the ma- A retreat would have been almost certain anniterials for a bridge, were moved by the north hilation, for the enemy, occupying positions bank of the river across Moccasin Point to within gunshot of, and overlooking, our very Brown's Ferry, without attracting the attention fortifications, would unquestionably have fur of the enemy; and before day dawned, the sued retreating forces. Already more than ten whole force was ferried to the south bank of the thousand animals had perished in supplying half