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killed, and so of a long list of neighbors and third, nothing specific can be stated. The vote friends.
for the Union ticket was nearly unanimous; but I started at once for the field, but meeting the poll-lists of part of the companies were lost; General Washburn, was informed that the whole and of those saved, there is generally a lack of force was ordered back to Carrion-Crow Bayou, officers left to make out the certificates. In one and that it was useless to proceed, as they would company, one inspector was killed, one taken leave before I would reach the old camp, so we prisoner, with both clerks-leaving but one offifell back to headquarters to wait for them. It cer of the board. I advised him to append an was long after dark before they arrived. I stood affidavit of the facts, but what will be done I do upon the bridge full two hours waiting for them. not know. They came up joking and laughing, in no way Both the Thirteenth and Nineteenth Corps dispirited or depressed at the terrible ordeal they had fallen back to Vermillion Bayou, when I left had passed; and then there was such a hand- there on Saturday. It is reported that the Thirshaking with all of them as I never had before. teenth has been ordered to Memphis; it belongs They supposed as lost. They had stood on to Grant's army proper. It is reported also, and higher ground than the camp — had seen the believed, that Brownsville, Texas, is in possescavalry rush down upon it before we were aware sion of General Banks. If so, my next assignof it, and had fairly given us over to the chances ment will take me to the Rio Grande. H. A. in Dixie-and their joy was in proportion at seeing us safe, while mine was 'equally great at find. ing so many unhurt, and so comparatively few
Doc. 8. killed and wounded.
This battle opened by a sudden attack of two FIGHT AT ROGERSVILLE, TENN. thousand five hundred rebel infantry upon the Sixtieth Indiana and Ninety-sixth Ohio in the
A NATIONAL ACCOUNT. woods, which soon broke and fell back, when
BULL'S GAP, TENN., Nov. 11, 1863. the rebel cavalry charged upon the battery, (Sev- MORE than a month since, the division of reenteeth Ohio,) and captured two guns, one of enforcements, under General 0. B. Willcox, enwhich was retaken. The charge of the Twenty-tered East-Tennessee, and, with Shackleford's third Wisconsin was to save the balance of the division, moved immediately on the rebels at battery, and it saved it; but was itself speedily Blue Spring. After a sharp engagement, the overwhelmed, and compelled to retreat. General enemy was forced to retire, with severe loss, and Burbridge gives it this credit, and of saving what our forces moved up the East-Tennessee and was left of the brigade. It checked the advance Virginia Railroad, Willcox's division stopping at long enough to allow a retreat, and certainly it Greenville, the former home of Andy Johnson, was not in mortal power, under such a fire, to and Shackleford's occupying Jonesboro. have done more.
Every thing remained quiet until the twentyThe brigade went into the fight with one thou-eighth ult., when Shackleford was flanked by sand and ten men, and came out with three hun- the enemy, and forced to fall back on Greenville. dred and sixty-one. The Twenty-third went in Next day, however, the rebels retreated, and with two hundred and six muskets and twenty Shackleford moved up to his former position. officers, and came out with ninety-eight men. The enemy's attitude remained threatening, and Being now reduced to a mere company, the au- on the morning of the sixth instant, heavy firing thorities in Wisconsin ought, if possible, to se- was heard in the direction of Rogersville, a small cure its return to the State, to recruit up its town situated on the north bank of the Holston wasted strength. No braver men ever went upon River. A detachment of the Third Indiana cav. a battle-field, and, although one of the later reg- alry was immediately sent out to learn the reiments, it yields to none in the service it has sult, and toward evening sent in a courier with rendered.
the intelligence that our forces at Rogersville, The rebel loss was far more severe. Green consisting of the Second Tennessee and Seventh and Taylor united their forces for the dash, and, Ohio cavalry, and Second Illinois battery, had from the best sources of information attainable, been defeated, and that the enemy was reported they brought into the field two thousand five moving on Bull's Gap, eighteen miles in our rear. hundred infantry, four thousand cavalry or Then there was mustering in hot haste, and both mounted men, and one battery. Eighty of them divisions were quickly on the road for the Gap. lay dead directly in front of our first line of bat- Lick Creek was to be crossed before reaching the tle in the woods, and how many others fell, our Gap, and it was feared the rebels would attempt forces had not counted at the time of leaving. to destroy the bridge before we could reach it; Wounded prisoners were exchanged next day, and to guard against this, the detachment of the and the rebels reported their loss at about one Third cavalry that was in the advance, was orhundred and ninety killed, from four hundred dered to fall back to the bridge to hold it. No to five hundred wounded, and about one hundred enemy appeared, and at midnight our column, prisoners. As their attacking force came up led by the Sixteenth Indiana, came in sight. eight lines deep, the bullets inust have told ter- Rapidly the noble fellows moved on, and soon ribly upon them.
| the Gap was reached, which secured the army Of the result of the election in the Twenty-1 from present danger of a rear movement.
At an early hour next morning our troops Creek; while Colonel Giltner, commanding Briwere in position, ready and anxious for the foe gadier-General Williams's brigade, was to move approaching; but none appeared, and our scouts from Kingsport and its vicinity, on the north soon ascertained that, immediately after the fight, side of the river. During the afternoon of the the enemy retreated toward Virginia, having fifth Colonel Giltner concentrated his command, burned up most of the property captured. They and went into camp at Kingsport, and ordered bis also learned that our loss was not so severe as force to move at six o'clock P.M. Owing to great at first reported, and does not, I think, exceed difficulty in passing the fords, it was nearly five killed, twelve wounded, and one hundred eleven o'clock when the column had passed the and fifty prisoners. In addition to this, we lost river, with a march of twenty-one miles between four guns of the Second Illinois battery and the them and the enemy's camp. The intense darkentire train. It appears that our forces were ness of the night, with rain, made the march surprised early in the morning, and almost sur- one of great difficulty and discomfort, but it was rounded before they were aware that an enemy cheerfully encountered by officers and men, who was near. Being greatly scattered, they were seemed to have no doubt of the success which unable to fight with any show of success, while awaited them. At Lyons's Store the head of the the rebels, confident in their overpowering num- column encountered the brigade of General Jones, bers, pushed forward with a valor worthy of a who was understood to have started for Dodson's better cause. Twice they charged the battery, and Smith's fords, in the Ilolston, below Rogersand twice they were repulsed with heavy loss ; ville. He, finding great obstacles in the way of but closing up their heavy ranks, they again re- his advance, had determined to cross the river at turned to the attack. This time our little band Long's ford, and take the Carter's Valley road was unable to withstand the impetuosity of their to Rogersville, in the rear of Garrard's camp. charge, and the guns that had held them at bay This transferred him to the right, instead of the for more than an hour fell into their hands. left of the army, and brought him by the north Then ensued a scene of the wildest confusion. of the Yankee position, instead of by the south, No way of escape was opened to our men but to the rear or west of it. Colonel Giltner had the river. Into this they plunged, and, although received information of a home guard camp, on the rebels made every effort to effect their cap- the Carter's Valley road, by a citizen, whom he ture, the greater number escaped. A worse sent at once to General Jones, and by means of whipped set of men are seldom seen. Many had his information he was enabled to surprise their lost their hats, coats, arms, and horses, and all camp about daylight, where he captured some were indignant that they should have been hu-thirty or forty prisoners. miliated by a defeat.
At Surgeonsville the enemy's pickets were
driven in. Owing to a failure on the part of the RICHMOND “ENQUIRER" ACCOUNT.
advance.guard to charge them promptly, and the
RICHMOND, Nov. 18, 1863. | delay consequent in bringing up a company to A correspondent, likely to be well informed, I pursue them, they were enabled to escape. Capsends us the following detailed account of this tain Fulkerson, of Colonel Carter's command, beoperation, which was not only creditable in iting ordered forward, pursued them some three self, but has gone far to give a new turn to con- miles, to the farm of Dr. Shields, where he was federate fortunes in East-Tennessee :
ordered to halt and hold his position. Colonel The affair at Rogersville, East-Tennessee, af- Giltner halted the head of his column at Miller's, fords some mitigation of the general ignoring of eight miles from Rogersville, and went forward the campaign there. A series of movements of to reconnoitre the enemy's position. Finding the most unfortunate and disgraceful character, them posted, apparently in force, on the hill beillustrated by the retreat of General Williams, yond Spears's, he waited for his column to close glorious to him and his command, but wholly up, and to give time to General Jones to get into shameful to those responsible for his exposed position, and rode back to observe the road and position, the only other matter of commendation, ascertain if it was covered from observation by justifies this sweeping phrase. A true relation the enemy. Finding it was so, and securing inof these will, doubtless, fill a dark page in his formation of General Jones's progress, he ordered tory. Let us turn to the brighter point, and the column to advance as soon as the artillery present to your readers the truth.
should close up, and rode to the front. Here he A few days since, information of a reliable found that the force of the enemy had disappeared. character was received by General Ransom of Captain Fulkerson had been sent by the right to the exact position, numbers, and condition of the turn this position, and soon ascertained the fact Yankees at Big Creek, four miles east of Rogers that they had left this point, and that the way ville. The nearest supporting force being at was open. The advance charged down the hill, Greenville, he conceived the idea of cutting them urged to a sharp trot. A mile in advance, findoff by a rapid night march of cavalry upon their ing thick pine woods, the advance formed as skirfront and rear. Brigadier-General Jones, ac- mishers, and advanced through the fields to the cordingly, was directed to put his brigade in right of the road, where they soon discovered the motion, so as to bring himself, on Thursday enemy's wagons crowded in the main road, while evening, within a night's march, by the south some one of the advance called out that the Yanside of Holston River, down the valley of Buck (kees were escaping by the ford-Russell's or
Chism's ford-in front of the enemy's position. which the greater part of the enemy got away. Colonel Giltner at once ordered Colonel Carter's This, however, was probably for good reasons. regiment to charge, which they did in the direc- The most unfortunate part of the affair was the tion of the ford. Owing to the roughness of the return of the army that night to camp, by order ground, only twelve or fifteen reached the ford, of General Jones, against the earnest remon
he regiment was in supporting distance, and strance of Colonel Giltner. This resulted in the the Yankees, seeing their retreat cut off, made escape of many prisoners, and the loss of any mano further effort in that direction. They com-terial results beyond the captures. Subsequant menced, however, shelling the corn-field in which intelligence shows that four men, pursuing the Carter's men were. Colonel Carter ordered his retreating Yankees within a few miles of Greensmen to the cover of a precipice, whence he ad-ville, captured a wagon which had escaped by • vanced, under cover of a hill, into open ground. Chism's Ford, and carried dismay into the camp
Throwing down the fences, he dismounted and of the Yankees at Rheatown and Greenville ; charged the enemy's gun, near the Russell House. and that while the confederate cavalry was hastThe enemy abandoned one gun, carrying off their ening to secure its communications, the Yankees horses and some wagons. Meanwhile, another were stampeding through Greenville -- horses, small regiment dismounted and charged through cattle, artillery, wagons, men and officers blockthe fields between the gun and the retreating en- ading the streets, filling the sidewalks into the emy, who, however, turned down the river road. very doors of the houses, a dismayed and disorAnother gun now opened to the left, on a high ganized mob. On they went even to Russellhill south-west of William Lyons's house, west of ville, twenty-five miles, galloping bareheaded Big Creek. Colonel Carter's regiment started to through the streets, and crying that ten thouthe left of the Russell house, crossing the creek sand confederates were upon their heels. I to attack it. Almost as soon as they could trav- need not comment upon a result so common in erse the distance, they charged and took it; not, this war, so disgraceful to the Yankee soldiers however, until one gun of Lowry's battery had and the confederate general. been put in position and fired several shots. A small body of the enemy appearing in the fields to the right, a few shots from another gun posted
Doc. 9. in the abandoned camp of the Second Louisiana were fired, and the enemy disappeared in the
OPERATIONS IN WEST-VIRGINIA. woods, to the rear of the fields, west of Big Creek.
GENERAL KELLEY'S DESPATCH. Just then a heavy discharge of musketry was heard in the rear, which was at once recognized
CLARKSBURGH, November 8, 1863. as the attack from General Jones, and a cheer
To Governor Boreman : went up from both columns. Colonel Giltner GENERAL AVERILL attacked General Jackson's had, by this time, brought up his reserves, who forces at Mill Point, Pocahontas County, on the charged down the river road, and down the lane fifth instant, and drove him from his position between the Relay and McKinney farms, where with trifling loss. Jackson fell back to the sumthe Yankees were attempting to escape by a pri- mit of Droop Mountain, when he was reënforced vate ford. Here they overtook two of the guns by General Echols with Patten's brigade, and of the enemy, and took a large number of prison-one regiment from Jenkins's command. The poers; a large number having previously laid down sition is naturally a strong one, and was strengththeir arms in the woods to the right of the road. ened by breastworks commanding the road. and in front of the lane last mentioned. While General Averill turned the enemy's left with his this was going on in front, General Jones had infantry, and attacked him in front with cavalry moved down the Carter Valley road to the left dismounted. of the enemy's camp, to the intersection with The victory was decisive, and the enemy's rethe main road, a mile east of Rogersville, where treat became a total rout, his forces throwing he despatched a detachment of Witcher's battal- away their arms and scattering in every direcion, and perhaps Dunn's, to take the town, occu. tion. pied by a small force. These captured, perhaps. The cavalry pursued till dark, capturing many one hundred prisoners, and killed some five or prisoners and a large quantity of arms, ammunisix Yankees and renegades. The body of the tion, etc. command turned up the main road a' short dis. The enemy's wounded have all fallen into our tance, to the road leading out toward the Relay hands. Our loss in killed and wounded is about and McKinney farms, and intersecting the river one hundred.
B. F. KELLEY, road. The enemy being drawn from their camp
Brigadier-General. by the front attack, here encountered the com
GENERAL AVERILL'S DESPATCH. mand in their rear, and, after several sharp vol
NEAR FALLING SPRINGS, leys, yielded themselves to their fate. The re
West-Virginia, November 7, 1863. sults of this victory have been detailed with suf Brigadier. General Kelley, Commanding Depart. ficient accuracy, and need not be recapitulated. I ment : The change of plans on the part of General Jones! On the fifth instant I attacked Jenkins in front is considered, by those acquainted with the coun- of Mill Point, and drove him from his position, try, as leaving open the avenues of escape through with trifling loss on either side.
Yesterday morning he was reěnforced by Gen- killed. Our camp for the night was at a place eral Echols, from Lewisburgh, with Patten's marked on the map “Travellers' Repose," forbrigade and a regiment of Jenkins's command, merly a hotel hid away in this valley. and assumed a strong position upon the summit. Opposite our camp was a little grove of everof Droop Mountain, a position similar to that greens, from which the cowardly “bushwhackupon South-Mountain, in Maryland, but stronger, ers ” had frequently fired on our men, and on one from natural difficulties and breastworks,
occasion killed and wounded a number belonging I stormed the enemy's left with infantry, and to an Indiana regiment, that were on the inarch, when he became disturbed made an attack direct and from which a volley had been fired into the with four regiments of dismounted cavalry. The Eighth Virginia when on an expedition last winvictory was decisive, and the enemy's retreatter. This valley is now in utter desolation. Hubecame a total rout. His forces, throwing away man habitations and fences all gone, and left a' their arms, became scattered in every direc- mournful solitude. tion. I pursued those that he kept together until Next morning resumed the march, and immeafter dark. His wounded and many prisoners diately after crossing the river, came to the rebel and arms have fallen into our hands. My loss is works made by Lee during the summer of 1861, about one hundred officers and men. The troops and called “Camp Alleghany." At this place are in excellent spirits, with plenty of ammu- we met two more families of refugees, also from nition.
WM. W. AVERILL, White Sulphur, leaving the doomed land of
From here a scouting party was sent to Fort
Baldwin, on top of the Alleghany. At this point New-CREEK, WEST-VIRGINIA, November 20. the Beverly and Staunton pike crosses the moun. The brigade of General Averill left their camp tain. This party, when they reached the sumat Beverly, at noon, on Saturday, November first. mit, built a large number of fires, engaged all The day was clear and warm. We marched to the hay in the country, and required accommoHuttonville, where we camped for the night. At dations for some half-dozen "generals," and then seven o'clock Monday morning we resumed the made a circuit to the village of Green Bank, march. The day was fine-a delightful Indian where they scattered a company of rebel cavalry, summer morning-and a march of two miles and made two prisoners. The brigade marched brought us to the foot of Cheat Mountain. Here down the valley by the way of Green Bank. We are the remains of the rebel works made at the were now in a fine country, that, in appearance, beginning of the war; and here are the marks had escaped "war's desolation." In this beautiof the battle that took place at this point. On ful valley were a number of fine mansions, and, our way up the mountain we met a family of like almost all the fine houses in the South, had refugees from the White Sulphur Springs, who the appendages of negro huts-barbarism and were escaping from the terrible persecutions civilization side by side. We passed through a of the rebels, and seeking a land of peace and magnificent forest of white-pine timber, such as plenty.
would make the fortune of a company of enterThe brigade presented an animated and pictur-prising Yankees, and encamped for the night at esque appearance as it wound its way up the Matthews's Mills, where we found abundance of mountain. We reached the summit at noon, corn and hay for our horses. It was a cold, where we halted to rest and close up the column frosty night, but with our feet to big blazing before beginning the descent. From the summit fires, we slept soundly and awoke refreshed. of Cheat is a magnificent view of valley and moun- Next morning we started for Huntersville, and tain, and, looking eastward, of the Alleghanies, during the morning burnt a rebel camp, and near towering in grandeur and covered with a dark the town another, and reached town at eleven forest of fir, and the valley of the Green Brier o'clock. The Fourteenth Pennsylvania, Third stretching to the south-east, while our works on Virginia, and a section of artillery were immeCheat, and Lee's works on the Alleghany, frown diately sent on to Mill Point, to cut off the redefiance at each other. The distance from the treat of Jackson, who was at Marling Bottom; bottom of Cheat to the top on the western side, and, to prevent his being alarmed too soon, the by the windings of the road, is six miles, and balance of the brigade halted in this forsaken, only one mile to the valley of Cheat River on the desolate place--the saddest picture of the puneastern side. After descending the mountain ishment that has overtaken the poor, deluded and crossing the valley, we crossed another low rebels that we have met with. In the afternoon, mountain, which is the “divide" between the the Second Virginia, the Eighth, and one piece two rivers--the Cheat and Green Brier. On the of artillery were sent to Mill Bottom, where they road at the foot of this mountain, on the eastern arrived at dark; but Jackson had got the news side, is the Gum Farm, a noted place for bush- of our coming, and retreated down the river, whackers, and where a large party of guerrillas blockading the road at the narrows. We sent recently blockaded the road behind a little scout- the pioneers to remove the obstructions, and ing party of the Eighth Virginia and attempted went into camp for the night. to capture them, but the corporal, with his party. Early next morning, after setting fire to the of nine men, gallantly cut his way through, with comfortable winter-quarters that the rebels had the loss of one man wounded and one horse erected, we began the pursuit, congratulating
ourselves on the certainty of capturing “Mud-eighth Ohio, Colonel Moore, (German regiment,) wall Jackson" and his fleet-footed ragged chiv- were sent to the right, to endeavor to turn the alry; but after a hard ride of nine miles, we rebel position. Next to the Twenty-eighth was found that the force sent out to intercept him the Third Virginia, Lieutenant-Colonel Thompwere just too late, and only came up with his son; then the Second Virginia, Lieutenant-Colrear-guard. When we arrived, the fighting had onel Scott; and the Eighth Virginia, Colonel already begun, and an artillery duel was in pro. Oley. These were all old veteransthat had gress. We dismounted, and immediately formed been trained in the valley and Eastern Virginia, into line of battle and went into the fight. The under Milroy, Cluseret, and Bohlen. The skirpart of the brigade engaged drove him six miles, mishers moved off in splendid style, with the supand he finally took position on the top of Droopporting line close behind them, and in a very Mountain. Mill Point was the depot for his short time the firing became brisk and animated, supplies and stores, and these we captured and and right gallantly did the regiments on the destroyed.
- right perform their part, as they swept around It was not part of the General's plan to drive the westward of the two mountains, while the him any farther, or bring on an engagement that regiments in the front moved more slowly; but day; for General Averill expected to form a it was a steady, onward movement, over a hill, junction with the forces of General Duffie, from across a field, through the woods, and across the Kanawha valley, at Lewisburgh, on the ravines, the rebels retiring, as if to husband their seventh, two days hence. We, therefore, went strength for their strong position. into camp in the morning on the farm of McNeil, The Second and Eighth moved up until they who had a son a captain in the rebel army, and got within point-blank range of the rebel sharpuncle to the McNeil who infests the country shooters, the Eighth exposed to a galling fire about Moorfield, in Hardy County.
from the rebel breastworks, and right under the Here we found plenty of corn, oats, and hay rebel battery that opened on us with shell, but for our horses, and they, together with the men, we were protected with woods, and by lying on had a good rest.
the ground the shot and shell passed over us. The At this place the boys made a purchase of but-skirmishers kept a constant fire, while the heavy ter. The price was five dollars in confederate roll of musketry on the right, as it curved around money, but they purchased it for fifteen cents in the mountain, was as steady as the fire fanned by postal currency. At night it threatened rain, but the wind advances through the leaves on the the sun rose clear next morning, with a high mountain-side. The keen crack of the Enfields of wind blowing; and after breakfast we mounted, the Tenth, and the deeper bass of the big bores and started for the scene of conflict.
of the Germans, could be readily distinguished, Droop Mountain was a high, elevated position, while overhead a strong wind made a deep, overlooking the whole valley, the eastern face steady roar in the naked branches of the forest, cleared, and the turnpike ascending that slope, and to heighten the grand battle picture, the and the rebel battery commanding every turn of woods were on fire, the branches of the trees the road and the whole country in the front, crossing to the ground, under the effects of the while the extreme point of the mountain was shot and shell, accompanied by the heavy roar of covered with woods. And this the rebels had the artillery, and music, and bursting of shell, fortified with a breastwork of logs, brush, rails, and the constant roll of the musketry. and rocks. Immediately under the point it was When the critical moment arrived, the Third cleared, and very steep. In this steep hill-side and Second advanced, and just as the Eighth was a spring, with swampy soil overgrown with emerged from the woods the rebels began to tussocks of grass, briers, weeds, and burs. The waver, and with a cheer we charged up the western side of the mountain was covered with steep mountain-side, and over the breastworks, thick woods and heavy undergrowth, and to the officers and men mingled in confusion, covered westward another mountain, covered with tim- with perspiration, dirt, and their clothes covered ber, while the country in front was broken by with burs. Just at this time Ewing's battery low hills, partly open and partly wooded, and found a position, and opened fire on the rebels. from the elevated position that the rebels occu- The rebel battery swept the point with grape pied they could see almost all our movements and canister, but our men fought from behind below, and besides, it was exceedingly difficult stumps, trees, and logs; the gallant Tenth and to find a position for our artillery. Nature could glorious old Twenty-eighth closed in, and the not have made a stronger position, and this they rebels became terror-stricken and began to rehad fortified; and when the rebel Colonel Patten treat, and then the retreat became a rout, while arrived, he stated that “he could with his regi- from our boys went up one prolonged cheer that ment, the Twenty-second, hold it against the was kept up, and the pursuit began immediately. whole of Averill's brigado;" but, poor fellow, he It was a hard day's work, but officers and men was wofully mistaken.
| worked with a will, and did their whole duty – When the brigade arrived at Hillsborough, ano flinching, no shirking. village three miles from the top of the mountain, The rebel dead and wounded lay on top of the Keeper's battery was sent to the left, supported mountain, and almost the first one we saw was a by the Fourteenth Pennsylvania; while the dead negro, with gun in hand and cartridge-box Tenth Virginia, Colonel Harris, and the Twenty- / buckled on; while prisoners were being taken