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STATISTICAL TABLES OF FOREIGN COMMERCE, 1935 1. Imports for consumption, by articles and countries, with rates of duty and calculated amounts of duty collected, 1935.. 2. Imports for consumption, by articles and customs districts, 1935 3. Import trade of the United States, by countries and articles (published only in alternate years). 4. Exports of domestic merchandise, by articles and countries, 1935 5. Exports of domestic merchandise, by articles and customs districts, 1935.-. 6. Export trade of the United States, by countries and articles (published only in alternate years). 7. Exports of foreign merchandise, by articles and countries, 1935 8. Exports including reexports and imports of merchandise for consumption, by countries and customs districts, 1935.-9. Exports and imports of gold and silver, by countries and customs districts, 1935.10. Drawback paid on imported materials contained in articles exported, 1935.11. Number and tonnage of vessels entered and cleared in the foreign trade, by customs districts and countries, 1935 -12. Number and tonnage of vessels entered and cleared in the foreign trade, by country nationality and countries, 1935.-13. In-transit and transshipment trade, by countries and customs districts, 1935.
640 652 662 664 671 689 696
SUMMARY TABLES OF FOREIGN COMMERCE
14. General foreign trade summary, 1910-14, 1921-35-----15. Indexes of changes in quantity, unit value, and total value of exports and imports of merchandise, 1910–14, 1921–35.. 16. Exports, including reexports, and general imports of merchandise, and net exports (+) or imports (-) of merchandise,
gold, and silver, by months, 1912–35.--17. Foreign trade by grand divisions, and percentage distribution, 1910–14, 1921-35.18. Foreign trade by economic classes, and percentage distribution, 1910–14, 1921-35. 19. Exports, including reexports, and general imports of merchandise, by countries, 1921-35.. 20. Exports of domestic and foreign merchandise and free and dutiable imports for consumption, by countries, 1935...21. Exports of domestic merchandise and imports for consumption, by method of carriage, 1935. 22. Exports of foreign merchandise by method of carriage, 1935.23. Exports of domestic merchandise, by economic classes and countries, agricultural and nonagricultural, 1935. 24. Imports for consumption, by economic classes and countries, agricultural and nonagricultural, 1935.-25. Exports of domestic merchandise, by commodity groups and countries, 1935.. 26. Imports for consumption, by commodity groups and countries, 1935.-27. Exports, including reexports, and imports of merchandise, by customs districts 1931-35, and duties collected, 1935.-28. Reexports of foreign merchandise, by customs districts, 1931-35---29. Principal domestic articles exported, 1921-35, in order of magnitude of value in 1935. 30. Principal articles imported, 1921-35, in order of magnitude of value in 1935.--31. Imports of principal tropical and subtropical articles (including shipments from Hawaii and Puerto Rico), 1929–35... 32. Principal articles imported for consumption, 1932–35:
Articles free of duty, in order of magnitude of value in 1935.
Dutiable articles, in order of magnitude of duty collected in 1935.---33. Exports of domestic merchandise; articles by economic classes (degree of manufacture and use), agricultural and non
agricultural, 1934 and 1935.34. Imports of merchandise; articles by economic classes (degree of manufacture and use), agricultural and nonagricultural,
1934 and 1935.. 35. Specified products of American fisheries received at ports of the United States during 1935. Index to tables 1, 2, 4, 5, 7.-..-
698 700 700 701 703 704 705 706 708 711 713 716 717 717 718 719
723 725 727
LETTER OF SUBMITTAL
DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE,
Washington, May 7, 1936. SIR: Section 336 of the Revised Statutes requires that an annual statistical report of the commerce and navigation of the United States with foreign countries shall be issued for each fiscal year. This act was amended by an act approved on January 25, 1919, which states in part that future annual reports shall cover the calendar instead of the fiscal year.
For the tabulations required by law, and in order to furnish information concerning foreign trade to Government agencies, industrial, agricultural, and commercial organizations, the following statistical tables for the calendar year ended December 31, 1935, are submitted for publication. Very respectfully,
ALEXANDER V. DYE,
Director of Bureau. To Hon. DANIEL C. ROPER,
Secretary of Commerce.
EXPLANATION OF STATISTICS OF FOREIGN COMMERCE
Statistics of the foreign commerce of the United States are The value of exports of domestic or United States mer. compiled from statistical copies of Export Declarations and chandise is the actual selling price or the value of the merchandise Import Entries sworn to by shippers, their brokers, or agents, in the port of export at the time of exportation, as declared by and filed with the United States customs officials. The sta- the shipper on the export declaration. Values of cases, boxes, tistics show the trade between the United States (continental sacks, and coverings of any kind are included. If the merUnited States, Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and, since Jan. 1, chandise is produced at an interior place, the freight charges 1935, the Virgin Islands) and foreign countries, but do not show from the interior point of shipment to the seaport or border the trade between continental United States and the noncon- point of exportation are included in the value, but freight and tiguous territories named above. The Phillippine Islands and other charges from the port of departure in the United States to the Panama Canal Zone are considered, for statistical purposes, the destination in the foreign country are not included. The as foreign countries.
value of exports of foreign merchandise (reexports) which are Statistics are compiled separately for the trade of continental withdrawn from bonded customs warehouses is their import United States with Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin value, and the basis of valuation for those commodities which Islands, and are published in the Monthly Summary of Foreign are exported “not from bonded warehouses”, comprising mainly Commerce. Statistics of trade of the Philippine Islands with merchandise which was imported free of duty, is the same as foreign countries are published separately by the Philippine that for exports of domestic merchandise. Government. Trade of the Panama Canal Zone with foreign The value of imports of merchandise is stated on the import countries is included in the statistics published by the Republic entry and consular invoice, in accordance with section 402 of of Panama.
the Tariff Act of 1930. Except as provided in the Tariff Act, Total exports of merchandise from the United States to such value is the “market value or the price, at the time of exforeign countries include exports of all commodities (except portation of such merchandise to the United States, at which gold and silver in the form of ore, bullion, and coin) which are such or similar merchandise is freely offered for sale to all purthe growth, produce, and manufacture of the United States, and chasers in the principal markets of the country from which exexports of foreign merchandise which have been previously ported, in the usual wholesale quantities and in the ordinary imported into the United States.
course of trade, including the cost of all containers and coverings Gold and silver exports and imports in bullion form, or of whatever nature, and all other costs, charges, and expenses contained in ores, scrap, sweepings, etc., or in coins, are not incident to placing the merchandise in condition, packed included in the merchandise total but are shown in separate ready for shipment to the United States.” This foreign value is tables. Manufactured articles of gold and silver, such as solid converted into United States currency at the rate of exchange or plated ware, sheets, plates, wire, leaf, alloys, and other forms prevailing the day the merchandise is shipped to the United of gold and silver prepared for the use of dentists and jewelers, States. are considered as merchandise.
If a higher value than the market value described above is Exports of United States merchandise (domestic exports) established for merchandise intended for export to the United include commodities which are the growth, produce, or manu- States, then the higher value is regarded as the import value of facture of the United States, and commodities of foreign origin the merchandise. which have been changed from the form in which they were imported or which have been enhanced in value by further then the value shall be the value at which such or similar mer
If neither of the above values can be satisfactorily ascertained, manufacture in the United States, such as sugar refined in this chandise is offered for sale in the principal market of the United country from imported raw sugar, flour ground from imported States, with allowances for duty, cost of transportation, and wheat, and other commodities made from imported materials.
insurance, commissions, etc. Exports of foreign merchandise (reexports) include commod
If none of the above values can be ascertained, then the cost ities of foreign origin which, at the time of exportation, are in the same condition as when they were imported into the United
of production shall be the value. States.
The value of certain articles of merchandise, such as coal-tar General imports of merchandise include commodities entered finished products and intermediate products, is the American immediately upon arrival into merchandising or consumption selling price or usual wholesale selling price in the principal channels, plus commodities entered into bonded customs market of the United States. warehouses for storage.
Exports by mail, valued at $25 or more, are included in the
Statistics of such shipments were Imports for consumption include commodities entered im- statistics of exports in 1935. mediately upon arrival into merchandising or consumption not collected from July 1, 1933, through December 31, 1934. channels plus commodities withdrawn for consumption from
The country to which exports are credited in the statistics is bonded warehouses. “Withdrawal for consumption" of mer- the country of final destination. In case the final destination chandise from bonded warehouses may be made at any time of the merchandise is not known to the exporter, the country to within 3 years from the date of importation upon payment which the goods are consigned is credited with the merchandise. of duties and charges accruing thereon. The "general imports” The country to which imports are credited in the statistics is and “imports for consumption” for any period differ to the the country in which the merchandise was invoiced, except when extent that the "entries for bonded customs warehouses” for the entry or invoice clearly shows that the goods were actually any period are more or less than "withdrawals for consumption” shipped from some other country, through the country where from warehouse.
the goods were invoiced. In such cases, the imports are shown Values shown in all tables are expressed in United States as coming from the country from which the merchandise was dollars unadjusted for the change in gold content in January 1934. I originally forwarded,