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tafte for satire and invective ? Must not a good book be called good, because perhaps a very acute and not very merciful man can discover that it is not perfect ? Must its merits be concealed, and its faults exaggesated, only that the reader may laugh, and admire the wit of the Reviewer? Whatever may be the amusement attending such a proceeding, the end could only be the entire depression of literature ; the defiruction of that laudable spirit, which enables a writer to endure toil in the hope of fame, at least, if not profit : that is, of the very life of useful authorship.
We look into foreign Reviews, and we see little or none of this petulance. The French are at least as witry a people as we are, yet in their journals we often fee works praised with zeal, and without reserve; or blamed with decent respect to the author: and we are convinced that, among ourselves, the caustic style of criticism must in time give way to the candid and equitable; or we shall have no authors left, 'but such as are cased by nature or education “in ten-fold brass :" a race by no means preferable to the modest and timid, with all their imperfections.
On these and other considerations we have determined to perfevere in the plan we originally took up: delighting to give praile, where praise appears to be due ; and when cenfure feems to be demanded, dispensing it with due regard to the feelings of scholars and gentlemen. We will not shelter ourselves under the trite, though just remark, that it is more difficult to praise with judgment, than to find fault with ingenuity'; our object is not private ambition but public utility: and though our work may appear tame, when compared with those which are full of sneer, sarcasm, and severity, yet we trust thae it will be of more general use to literature as a history of what was actually produced, than any work can bc, however able, whose chief object is to convince
the public what great fools a few authors are *, com. pared with those who have diffected their labours.
A beautiful edition of the New TESTAMENT very fitly conducts us into this subject, and Dr. White'st is one which offers not only beauty, bui also the most eminent utility. It exhibits all the important variations in Grieshach's edition, for which therefore it may, in common cases, be substituted. This is the balis of all Christianity, and contains in itself the most powerful of all arguments; but if external arguments be wanted, as to some minds they are, ic must be pleasing to see them multiplied, by writers at once competent and judicious. Such a writer Mr. Penrose has proved himself
, in his fermons preached at the Bampton Lectures, which form a suitable addition to a collection already distinguished. A diftinct part of the general evidence is ably defended by Mr. G. Cook, in his volume on our Saviour's Refurrection 8. Mr. Cockburn, lately Christian Advocate at Cambridge, undertook, and not without success, to defend the history of the Exodus || against the objections of Gibbon and others; while Mr. Veysie , combating the hypothesis of Mr. Marth, concerning the origin of the four Gospels, proposed one of his own; which though it cannot be denied the praise of ingenuity, muft by no means be considered as conclusive. Much more satisfactory to our minds are the Discursory
* If a few works were selected for commendation, principally, fuch a selection might be a guide to the purchases, lo far as it went ; but what is he to do with a mere negative list, nothing more than a caveat emptory + No. IV. p. 386.
I No. IV. p. 378.
| No. IV. p. 421
Confiderations of Mr. Dunster *, which, though they affirm nothing, pursue fome very interesting fuggestions, to a strong degree of evidence. Mr. Il'ix has studiously endeavoured so to illustrate the thirtynine Articles t of our Church, that they may no longer be a source of contention, to those who only differ in their mode of conceiving the famę fublime truths; a difference which, he apprehends, can never be engirely eluded under any form of words. The book entitled the Christian Code I is an elaborate compilation, the patient occupation of fome veteran divire, whose reason for concealing his name does not appear. Lowered in value by a strange awkwardness of style, and by most inaccurate references to the sacred text, it fill must be of use to those whose object it is to collate and compare the authorities of the Divine Oracles. Against a publication, on the fpirit of which we formerly remarked, (namely, the new edition of Ward's Errata ) the Dean of Peterborough it has also remonstrated, and has shown, with proper fpirit, the malignity and falsehood of the actack; and the reflections naturally arising from the conduct of those who reprint it. Two collections of Sunday Lessons q have been noticed by us in their progress. They differ a little in their plan, and the public must judge for itself of their comparative utility. Both, however, are useful.
Among the volumes of fermons, which have lately appeared, the following feem to deserve preference : Mr. Morehead's, preached at the Episcopal Chapel in Edinburgh **; Ātr. Partridge's second volume it, and Mr. Cooper's third It, with those of Mr. Scott , on Baptism and other offices. The first
+ No. V. p. 469. I No. III. p. 25$. IV. p. 345. See Br. Cr. xxxi. 537. See also Dr. Ryan's Analysis of the
same work. Br. Cr. xxxii. 182. No. VI. p. 610. 9. No. ). p. 17. 82 and 83. ** No. I. p. 20.
++ No. VI. p. 607. 1t No. VI. p. 646. IS No. VI. p. 648.
are elegant and impressive.; the second, a judicious adaptation of foreign discourses to an English Congregation; the third, devout, scriptural, practical; and the last clear, instructive, and unaffected.
Detached discourses are but too apt to be overlooked. Be it our talk to point the finger to some, which deserve to be exempted from that fate. Among these we must unequivocally give the first place to the charge of Bishop Gleig *. Clear, convincing, apostolical, it tends to extinguish schism, and to animate judicious zeal: nor can we fail to hope well of a Church, in which so able a pastor preGdes without emolument. In our own Church, the charge of Archdeacon Daubeny †, is directed to the relistance of popular attacks, which is done with no less judgment than energy. Mr. Gregor's visitation sermon I, before the Bishop of Exeter, vigorously describes the duties of the Clergy, and shows at the fame time the dignity of the Christian minister, when that character is duly sustained. Mr. Dickenfon, in two Sermons, preached before the University of Oxford , takes up the cause of religious establishments, and defends them upon grounds of reason, accurately stated and deduced, Mr. Gisborne, in opening a Church at Needwoodl, of which he may be considered as the founder, expatiated on the duty of “be. lieving with the heart, and confefing with the mouth,” not forgetting the indispensable point of making the practice conformable to the faith, and to the confellion. No man better exemplifies what he fo feasonably recommends.
The funeral of a pious Chriftian has often given occasion to the most edi. fying reflections ; but in few instances more than in the lermon of Sir H. M. Wellwood, after the decease
* No. V.
+ No. IV. p. 426. No. III. p. 308. $ No. I. p. 80.
! No. III. P. 309.
of Dr. Andrew Hunter *. The picture of a good man, “ full of the Holy Ghost, and of faith” is propofed, first in the example of St. Barnabas, and then in its application to the deceased paftor, with the animation of sincerity and truth. The fentiinents of joy, gratitude, loyalty, and rational approbation, as they were almost universally felt, on a late memorable occasion, the celebration of the Royal JUBILEE, will be expressed in various ways by different minds; but whatever may be done by others, the propriety and justice of Mr. E. Nares's Sermon at Biddenden †, will not easily be effaced ; and we, who delight in loyalty, cannot but rejoice to see it so efficaciously inculcated.
HISTORY AND ANTIQUITIES.
We have attended Mr. Maurice in his Indian History I, to the close of his second volume of the Modern part, which brings him fome way into the eighteenth century. How his courage
will encounter the difficulties which must oppose him, from that period to the present time, we cannot foresee; but, in justice to his past labours, we cannot but wish success to him, in the termination of his long career. Of a very different nature is Mr. Card's small volume on Charlemagne I, which is rather a memoir on the manners, knowledge, and opinions of that period, than a regular portion of history. The republication of Robert Cary's Memoirs (, with the Fragmenta regalia of Sir Robert Naunton, with illustrations by an able modern, is a real accession to our historical collections for England, and will be followed, we trust,
* No. IV. p. 422.
+ No. V. p. 531. I No. IV. p. 372, and V. p. 506. No. III. p. 215.
I No. 1. p. 16.