Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

SENATE

76TH CONGRESS

3d Session

}

REPORT No. 1786

RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS UNIT AT THE

UNIVERSITY OF ALASKA

JUNE 10 (legislative day, May 28), 1940.—Ordered to be printed

Mr. SHEPPARD, from the Committee on Military Affairs, submitted the

following

REPORT

[To accompany S. 3768]

The Committee on Military Affairs, to whom was referred the bill (S. 3768) to amend section 40, National Defense Act, as amended, relating to the organization of the Reserve Officers' Training Corps, so as to provide for an exception with respect to the University of Alaska, having considered the same, report favorably thereon with the recommendation that it do pass.

Section 40 of the National Defense Act provides that the President is authorized to establish and maintain in civil educational institutions a Reserve Officers' Training Corps, one or more units in number, which shall consist of a senior division organized at universities and colleges granting degrees, and further provides that no such unit shall be established or maintained at any institution until such institution shall maintain under military instruction at least 100 physically fit male students.

This measure provides that an infantry unit may be established and maintained at the University of Alaska upon the condition that this institution shall maintain under military instruction at least 50 physically fit male students.

Generally the War Department does not favor any change in section 40, National Defense Act, which requires an enrollment of at least 100 male students. However, because of the special defense requirements of the Territory of Alaska the Department desires to establish and maintain an infantry unit at the University of Alaska.

The Department also states that the officials of this institution desire the unit and because of the comparatively small student enrollment the university cannot meet the requirement of enrolling 100 physically fit male students but has given assurance that it can enroll more than 50 students.

***

*

*

*

The cost of the establishment of this unit will be negligible and no appropriation will be required during the fiscal years 1940 and 1941.

The enactment of this measure will be in the interest of national defense and it is the opinion of this committee that it should be passed. War Department report on the proposed legislation follows:

WAR DEPARTMENT,

Washington, May 28, 1940. Hon. MORRIS SHEPPARD, Chairman, Committee on Military Affairs,

United States Senate. DEAR SENATOR SHEPPARD: Responsive to your request of April 16, 1940, the War Department submits the following report on S. 3768 to amend section 40, National Defense Act, as amended, relating to the organization of the Reserve Officers' Training Corps, so as to provide for an exception with respect to the University of Alaska. Section 40, National Defense Act, at present states

that no such unit (Reserve Officers' Training Corps) shall be established or maintained at any institution until such institution shall maintain under military instruction at least one hundred physically fit male students, except that in case of units other than Infantry, Cavalry, or Artillery the minimum number shall be fifty:

The proposed legislation changes the above language in such a manner as to require a minimum of 50 physically fit male students for an Infantry unit instead of 100. The amendments applies only to the University of Alaska.

The War Department desires to establish and maintain an Infantry Reserve Officers' Training Corps upit at the University of Alaska as a special defense measure. It is not feasible to establish a unit other than Infantry at that institution. The authorities of the University of Alaska desire this unit. Because of the comparatively small student enrollment, the university cannot meet the requirement of enrolling at least 100 physically fit male students, but gives assurance that it can enroll more than 50. Therefore, the proposed bill will enable the War Department to establish and maintain this desired unit.

The War Department would not favor such a change in section 40 of the National Defense Act for the Reserve Officers' Training Corps generally but does favor this bill because of the special defense requirements of the Territory of Alaska.

The cost of the establishment of this unit and its maintenance for the fiscal years 1940 and 1941 will be negligible. Therefore, no additional appropriation for these years will be necessary.

This proposed legislation was submitted to the Bureau of the Budget which reports that there would be no objection to the submission of this report. Sincerely yours,

HARRY H. WOODRING,

Secretary of War. O

[blocks in formation]

JUNE 10 (legislative day, May 28), 1940.-Ordered to be printed

Mr. SHEPPARD, from the Committee on Military Affairs, submitted

the following

REPORT

[To accompany S. 4057)

The Committee on Military Affairs to whom was referred the bill (S. 4057) to authorize the acquisition of certain additional lands for military purposes, having considered the same, report favorably thereon with the recommendation that it do pass, amended as follows:

Page 2, line 5, strike out the words “Great Salt Lake Basin, Utah, three thousand acres." and substitute therefor the words "Fort Dix, New Jersey, sixteen thousand three hundred and forty-six acres."

Page 2, lines 6 and 7, strike out the words "Fort Sill, Oklahoma, thirteen thousand seven hundred and thirty-eight acres." and substitute therefor the words "Fort Lewis, Washington, five thousand and sixty-one acres.'

The foregoing amendments were requested by the War Department representatives who appeared before this committee in behalf of the proposed legislation. The reasons advanced for the changes being greater need for additional land at Fort Dix, N. J., and Fort Lewis, Wash., than at Great Salt Lake Basin, Utah, and Fort Sill, Okla.

While the War Department requires this additional land to meet peace time requirements of the Army, it is obvious, in view of existing world conditions and the necessity for strengthening our national defenses, that this measure should be enacted at once as there is great likelihood that this land may be immediately required by the Army in carrying out its defense plans. War Department report on the proposed legislation follows:

WAR DEPARTMENT,

Washington, May 23, 1940. Hon. MORRIS SHEPPARD, Chairman, Committee on Military Affairs,

United States Senate. DEAR SENATOR SHEPPARD: There is enclosed herewith draft of a bill “To authorize the acquisition of additional land for military purposes," which the War Department presents for the consideration of Congress with a view to its enactment into law.

There is no existing law authorizing the acquisition of the properties enumerated in the bill.

This measure, if enacted, would authorize the Secretary of War to acquire title to the areas indicated, or interest therein, or right pertaining thereto, in such order of priority as he may determine. The purpose of the bill is to provide for the establishment, enlargement, and essential improvement of reservations, posts, and facilities as listed.

The bill, if enacted, would authorize an appropriation of $3,500,000.

The necessity for acquiring additional lands to meet essential peacetime requirements has long been recognized by the War Department. Due to the more urgent needs for construction of barracks and quarters, the submission of recommendations to Congress for the acquisition of land was postponed until April 1939, at which time, for reasons of policy, only part of the lands required for national defense was recommended for acquisition. Congress authorized the purchase of this partial list of requirements by the act approved July 26, 1939° (Public, No. 231, 76th Cong.).

Peacetime requirements for land have been restudied in the light of the recent increase in the strength of the Army and changed conditions affecting the national defense. The items included in the attached bill supplement those enumerated in the act approved July 26, 1939, and are limited to critical training needs, essential water supply, and storage requirements. Tracts desired for sanitation, health, administrative and communication purposes have been omitted. All items included in the proposed bill represent needs of unquestionable merit. While recommendations contained herein are based entirely upon peacetime needs, the lands proposed for acquisition will constitute a most valuable asset for mobilization.

The additional facilities proposed for acquisition in the bill are moderate in extent, and the needs therefor are urgent. The War Department is prepared to supply detailed and comprehensive data concerning the items listed in the bill.

The Bureau of the Budget advises that there would be no objection to the submission of this proposed legislation to the Congress. Sincerely yours,

HARRY H. WOODRING,

Secretary of War. O

[blocks in formation]

JUNE 10 (legislative day, May 28), 1940.-Ordered to be printed

Mr. SHEPPARD, from the Committee on Military Affairs, submitted

the following

REPORT

[To accompany S. 3619)

The Committee on Military Affairs, to whom was referred the bill (S. 3619) relating to changes in the administration of the National Guard of the United States bearing on Federal recognition, pay, allotment of funds, drill, training, and so forth, having considered the same, report favorably thereon with the recommendation that it do pass amended as follows:

Strike out all of the language following the enacting clause and substitute the following:

AMENDMENTS TO NATIONAL DEFENSE ACT

SECTION 1. That section 90 of the National Defense Act of June 3, 1916, as amended, be, and the same is hereby, repealed and reenacted to read as follows:

“SEC. 90. That funds allotted by the Secretary of War for the support of the National Guard shall be available for the purchase and issue of forage, bedding, shoeing, and veterinary services, and supplies for the Government animals issued to any organization, and for animals owned or hired by any State, Territory, District of Columbia, or National Guard organization, not exceeding the number of animals authorized by Federal law for such organization and used solely for military purposes, and for the compensation of competent help for the care of material, animals, armament, and equipment of organizations of all kinds, under such regulations as the Secretary of War may prescribe.

“The compensation paid to caretakers who belong to the National Guard, as herein authorized, shall be in addition to any compensation authorized for mem bers of the National Guard under any of the provisions of the National Defense Act.

“Under such regulations as the Secretary of War shall prescribe, the material, animals, armament, and equipment, or any part thereof, of the National Guard of any State, Territory, or the District of Columbia, or organizations thereof, may be put into a common pool for care, maintenance, and storage; and the employment of caretakers therefor, not to exceed fifteen for any one pool, is hereby authorized.

"Commissioned officers of the National Guard shall not be employed as caretakers except that, under such regulations as the Secretary of War shall prescribe,

« AnteriorContinuar »