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throw by force and violence of the Government of the United States or any State, or the assassination of Government officers. It also makes it unlawful to organize a society or group for that purpose, or to knowingly affiliate with such an organization.
The committee amendments to the House bill limit the operation of this title to persons who desire to overthrow the Government by force and violence; striking the words in each case where they appear or any other unlawful means", for lack of clarity and with the feeling that the words "force and violence" pretty adequately cover any activities sought to be suppressed by this bill. Also stricken is section 8, which seeks to make it unlawful for anyone to justify or defend the doing of the acts prohibited. This seems an unnecessary section, as such activity would probably be covered by sections 6 and 7; and there was some doubt as to whether section 8 might prevent an accused under this title from the right to be represented by counsel.
TITLE III Title III amends section 19 of the Immigration Act of 1917, adding the following additional grounds for deportation of aliens:
1. Who knowingly, for gain, attempts to aid or aids another alien to unlawfully enter the United States;
2. Who advocates destruction of property or overthrow of government;
3. Who has been convicted under a narcotics law;
4. Who has been convicted of possessing or carrying certain weapons, as automatic guns and sawed-off shotguns.
The title also provides procedures for allowing departure at the expense of the alien, in certain cases where deportation is not required, and for suspension of orders of deportation where an injustice would be worked, with provision for congressional review.
The Senate amendments clarify the meaning of the section to some extent, and lighten some of the harsher provisions where the committee thought injustice might be done. Technical amendments also were made.
This title amends the Anarchist Exclusion Act of October 16, 1918.
This is a provision of existing law, and prevents admission to certain classes of aliens, who are anarchists, or believe in overthrow of the Government, or the necessity of assassination of Government officers, etc. The amendment of the Senate committee striking out section 2, and inserting the language of existing law, was thought necessary to prevent hardship on aliens who may have, in the distant past, but who had renounced before coming to the United States, their membership in such classes.
This title, except for the provision of the first section (sec. 12 of the bill) providing fingerprinting on entry of aliens into the United States, is all new matter inserted by the committee.
The committee was of the opinion that it would be necessary to set up machinery for registration and fingerprinting of all aliens now in the country in order to maintain any kind of a check on possible unlawful and subversive activities among aliens already here. So sections 14 to 18, inclusive, direct the Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization, in cooperation with the Post Office Department, to handle registration and fingerprinting of all aliens, within a period of 4 months from the enactment of the act.
All aliens, under the terms of these sections, are required to register and be fingerprinted, and on change of residence must notify the Commissioner. The registration shall be conducted by the various local postmasters, with the cooperation of the Commissioner, and forms for the purpose are to be provided by the Commissioner.
Any alien who wilfully fails to apply for registration under the provisions of the bill, or who makes false statements knowingly therein, shall be subject to deportation, and a penalty on conviction, of a fine not to exceed $100 or imprisonment for not more than 30 days, or both.
This title is a separability clause, to prevent invalidity of a part of the bill from affecting the validity of the remainder.
The title is also amended to conform to the content in the new section added by the amendment.
REPORT No. 1722
CERTAIN FACILITIES OF NATIONAL PARKS AND NATIONAL MONUMENTS FOR ELEMENTARY SCHOOL PURPOSES
MAY 29 (legislative day May 28), 1940.-Ordered to be printed
Mr. ADAMS, from the Committee on Public Lands and Surveys, sub
mitted the following
[To accompany H. R. 4097)
The Senate Committee on Public Lands and Surveys, to whom was referred the bill (H. R. 4097) to authorize the use of certain facilities of national parks and national monuments for school purposes, having considered the same, report favorably, thereon with the following amendment and with the recommendation that the bill, as amended,
Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert the following: That in order to facilitate the providing of educational opportunities for children of Government employees and other residents in the national parks and national monuments the Secretary of the Interior is hereby authorized in his discretion to make available for elementary school purposes therein, without charge, space in Government-owned buildings, when such space may be available for such purposes without detriment to the official business of such national parks and national monuments.
Facts concerning this proposed measure are set forth in the report of the Secretary of the Interior to the chairman of the Public Lands Committee of the House of Representatives, which report is hereinbelow made a part of this report.
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR,
Washington, April 13, 1939. Hon. RENÉ L. DEROUEN, Chairman, Committee on the Public Lands,
House of Representatives. MY DEAR MR. CHAIRMAN: I have received your letter of February 17, enclosing a copy of H. R. 4097 entitled “A bill to authorize the use of certain facilities of national parks and national monuments for elementary school purposes,” and requesting a report thereon.
I recommend that H, R. 4097, if amended as hereafter suggested, be enacted by the Congress.
This proposed legislation would authorize the use of space in Governmentowned buildings and the use of transportation facilities within the national parks and national monuments, without charge, for school purposes when available without detriment to the official business of the national parks and national monuments and when public transportation facilities are not conveniently accessible to schools.
In some of the national parks and national monuments the snowfall during the winter months ranges from 4 to 8 feet. School facilities are not available within reasonable distances of some national parks and monuments. Occasionally local schools refuse to accommodate children of Government employees and residents in national parks which are under the exclusive jurisdiction of the United States and therefore are not subject to the laws of the States, or the political subdivisions thereof, within which they are located. The cost of providing school facilities within such parks and monuments is borne by parents of the school children.
I have been advised by the Bureau of the Budget that this proposed legislation would not be in conflict with the program of the President if amended as follows:
In the second line of the title, strike out the word “elementary”.
In line 9, beginning with the first comma, strike out up to and including the word "available” in line 10, and substitute in lieu thereof "for school purposes therein, when such space may be available for such purposes.".
In line 12, substitute a period for the comma and strike out the remainder of the bill. Sincerely yours,
(Signed) Harold L. ICKES,
Secretary of the Interior.