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September,

at dates ensuing 30th Sept 1820.

or otherwise, shall cease and expire in the manner following: 1820. All such commissions, bearing date on or before the thirtieth if before 30th day of September, one thousand eight hundred and fourteen, then da, 1814 shall cease and expire on the day and month of their tive dates, which shall next ensue after the thirtieth day of September next; all such commissions, bearing date after the said thirtieth day of September, in the year one thousand eight Ifafter 30th Septe hundred and fourteen, and before the first day of October, one 1st Oct 1816, at thousand eight hundred and sixteen, shall cease and expire on their dates ensuthe day and month of their respective dates, which shall next 1821. ensue after the thirtieth day of September one thousand eight hundred and twenty-one. And all other such commissions All others, four shall cease and expire at the expiration of the term of four dates. years from their respective dates.

1814, and before

ing 30th Sept.

years from their

The President

regulate and ins

in bonds required

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SECT. 3. And be it further enacted, That it shall be lawful for anthorized, from the President of the United States, and he is hereby authoriz- time to time, to ed, from time to time, as in his opinion the interest of the United crease the sums States may require, to regulate and increase the sums for from officers of which the bonds required, or which may be required, by the the laws of the United States, to be given by the said officers, and by all other officers employed in the disbursement of the public moneys under the direction of the War or Navy Departments, shall be given; and all bonds given in conformity with such regulations shall be as valid and effectual, to all intents and purposes, as if given for the sums respectively mentioned in the laws requiring the same.

officers emped

venue to be made

at the Treasury

SECT. 4. And be it further enacted, That the commissions of Commissions of all officers employed in levying or collecting the public revenue in collecting shall be made out and recorded in the Treasury Department, out and recorded and the seal of the said Department affixed thereto; any law Department. to the contrary notwithstanding: Provided, That the said seal Proviso; Presi shall not be affixed to any such commission before the same before sealing. shall have been signed by the President of the United States.

[Approved, May 15, 1820.]

d:nt's signature

CHAP. 103. An act to authorise the President of the United States to borrow a Sum not exceeding Three Millions of Dollars.

"borrow Dot ex

dolls on the cre

[SECT. 1.] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, The Prevident That the President of the United States be, and he is hereby, empowered 16 empowered to borrow, on the credit of the United States, a ceeding 3.000,00 sum not exceeding Three Millions of Dollars, at a rate of in- dit of the U. S. terest, payable quarter yearly, not exceeding five per centum At 5 per cent. re per annum, and reimburseable at the will of the government, any time at any time after the first day of January, one thousand eight or at 6 per cent. hundred and thirty-two; or at a rate of interest, payable in like manner, not exceeding six per centum per annum, and States..

imburseable at.

after

reimbursen ble at

pleasure of the B

1820.

may

reimburseable at the pleasure of the United States; to be To be applied to applied, in addition to the moneys now in the Treasury, or defray authorized public expenses. which be received therein from other sources, during the present year, to defray any of the public expenses which Stock transferra- are, or may be, authorized by law. The stock thereby created shall be transferrable in the same manner as is provided by law for the transfer of the public debt.

*ble.

the money.

The Secretary of

SECT. 2. And be it further enacted, That it shall be lawful The Bank of the for the Bank of the United States to lend the said sum, or any U. S. may lead part thereof; and it is hereby further declared, that it shall be deemed a good execution of the said power to borrow, for the Secretary of the Treasury, with the approbation of the the Treasury President of the United States, to cause to be constituted cerScates of stock, tificates of stock, signed by the Register of the Treasury, or to be constituted, by a Commissioner of Loans, for the sum to be borrowed, or cause it to be sold, for any part thereof, bearing an interest of five per centum per annum, transferrable and reimburseable as aforesaid, and to Proviso; not to be cause the said certificates of stock to be sold: Provided, That sold under par. no stock be sold under par.

may cause certi

at 5 per cent. and

&c.

Secretary of the
Treasury may

&c.

per cent to the agent.

SECT. 3. And be it further enacted, That the Secretary of employ an agent, the Treasury be, and he is hereby, authorized, with the approbation of the President of the United States, to employ an agent, or agents, for the purpose of obtaining subscriptions to the loan authorized by this act, or of selling any part of the stock to be created by virtue thereof. A commission, not One-eighth of one exceeding one eighth of one per cent. on the amount thus sold, or for which subscriptions shall have been thus obtained, may, by the Secretary of the Treasury, be allowed to such 4,000 dolls appro-agent or agents; and a sum not exceeding four thousand dol exproses of the lars, to be paid out of any moneys in the Treasury, not otherwise appropriated, is hereby appropriated for that object, and also for defraying the expenses of printing and issuing the subscription certificates, and certificates of stock, and other expenses incident to the due execution of this act.

priated for

loan.

So much of the

tion of 10,000,000

sufficient after

SECT. 4. And be it further enacted, That so much of the annual appropria- funds constituting the annual appropriation of ten millions of dols. as may be dollars, for the payment of the principal and interest of the satisfying pledg. public debt of the United States, as may be sufficient for that for redemption of purpose, after satisfying the sums necessary for the payment es, appropriated stock, and inte- of the interest, and of such part of the principal, of the said rest, of this loan, debt, as the United States are now pledged annually to pay or reimburse, is hereby pledged and appropriated for the pay ment of the interest, and for the reimbursement of the princi pal, of the stock which may be created by virtue of this act. Commissioners of It shall, accordingly, be the duty of the Commissioners of the the sinking fund Sinking Fund to cause to be applied and paid, out of the said ecessary out of fund, yearly, such sum and sums as may annually be necessary

to apply the sums

be fund, &c.

to discharge the interest accruing on the said stock, and to reimburse the principal, as the same may become due, and may be discharged, in conformity with the terms of the loan.

at a price not

And they are further authorized to apply, from time to time, 1820.
such sum or sums, out of the said fund, as they may think And to purchase
proper, towards discharging, by purchase, and at a price not above par, &c.
above par, the principal of the said stock, or any part thereof.
And the faith of the United States is hereby pledged to estab- Faith of the U.S.
lish sufficient revenues for making up any deficiency that may up deficiency.
hereafter take place in the funds hereby appropriated for pay-
ing the said interest, and principal sums, or any of them, in
manner aforesaid.
[Approved, May 15, 1820.]

pledged to make

CHAP. 104. An Act to incorporate the Inhabitants of the City of Washington, and to repeal all Acts heretofore passed for that purpose.

Former acts of

this act repealed.

vol. 7; and page

[SECT. 1.] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the act, entitled "An act to incorporate the inhabitants incorporation, &c. of the city of Washington, in the District of Columbia," and inconsistent with the act supplementary to the same, passed on the twentyfourth of February, in the year one thousand eight hundred and four,* 'and the act, entitled "An act further to amend the (*Old edition of Laws, page 183, charter of the city of Washington,"* and all other acts, or vol. 6; page 30, parts of acts, inconsistent with the provisions of this act, be, 144, vol. 11. and the same are hereby, repealed: Provided, however, That Proviso; mayor, the Mayor, the Members of the Board of Aldermen, and the aldermen, &c. to Members of the Board of Common Council, of the corpora- the terms appoint. tion of the said city, shall and may remain and continue as such, for and during the terms for which they have been respectively appointed, subject to the terms and conditions in such cases legally made and provided; and all acts or things And their nets, done, or which may be done, by them, in pursuance of the pro- with this act, to visions, or by virtue of the authority, of the said acts, or either of them, and not inconsistent with the provisions of this act, shall be valid, and of as full force and effect as if the said acts had not have been repealed.

continue during

ed:

not inconsistent

be valid

Washington to

body politic 203

SECT. 2. And be it further enacted, That the inhabitants Inhabitants of of the city of Washington shall continue to be a body politic continue to be and corporate, by the name of the "Mayor, Board of Alder- corporate. men, and Board of Common Council, of the city of Washington," to be clected by ballot, as hereinafter directed; and, by their corporate name, may sue and be sued, implead and be impleaded, grant, receive, and do all other acts, as natural persons; and may purchase and hold real, personal, and mixed, property, or dispose of the same, for the benefit of the city; and may have and use-a city Seal, and break and alter A city seal, Soc: the same at pleasure. Election of May

SECT. 3. And be it further enacted, That the Mayor of the or, on the first said city shall be elected on the first Monday in June next, Monday of June and on the same day in every second year thereafter, at the year, after Jame

every second

----.

men.

1820.

result of the election, &c,

qual number of

votes for Mayor,

termine.

of the Mayor.

same time and place, in the same manner, and by the persons 1920, by persons qualified to vote for members of the Board of Aldermen and the qualified to vote for aldermen and Board of Common Council. Thatthe commissioners hereincommon council after mentioned shall make out duplicate certificates of theCertificates of the result of the election of Mayor; and shall return one to the Board of Aldermen and the other to the Board of Common Council, on the Monday next ensuing the election; and the person having the greatest number of votes shall be the mayor: but in case two or more persons, highest in vote, shall have In case of an e- an equal number of votes, then it shall be lawful for the Board of Aldermen and the Board of Common Council to proceed the boards to de forthwith, by ballot, in joint meeting, to determine the choice between such persons. The Mayor shall, on the Monday next ensuing his election, before he enters on the duties of his office, in the presence of the Boards of Aldermen and Mayer to take an Common Council, in joint meeting, take an oath, to be adminisoath, before a justice of the peace. tered by a justice of the peace, "lawfully to execute the duties of his office, to the best of his skill and judgment, without favor or partiality." He shall, ex officio, have and exercise all Powers and duties the powers, authority, and jurisdiction, of a justice of the peace for the county of Washington, within the said county. He shall nominate, and with the consent of the Board of Aldermen, appoint to all offices under the corporation, (except commissioners of election,) and may remove any such officer from office at his will and pleasure. He shall appoint persons to fill up all vacancies which may occur during the recess of the Board of Aldermen, to hold such appointments until the end of the then ensuing session. He may convene the two boards when, in his opinion, the public good may require it; and he shall lay before them, from time to time, in writing such alterations in the laws of the corporation as he may deem Compensation of necessary and proper; and he shall receive, for his services, the Mayor to be annually, a just and reasonable compensation, to be allowed and fixed by the two boards, which shall neither be increased nor diminished during his continuance in office. Any person shall be eligible to the office of Mayor who is a free white male ctomary for Mayor citizen of the United States, who shall have attained to the age of thirty years, who shall have resided in the said city for two years inmediately preceding his election, and who shall be the bona fide owner of a freehold estate in the said city; and no other person shall be eligible to the said office. In In case of refusal, case of the refusal of any person to accept the office of Maydeath, &e. the or, upon his election thereto, or of his death, resignation, inaadother Mayor. bility, or removal from the city, the said boards shall assemble and elect another in his place, to serve for the remainder of the term, or during such inability.

fixed.

Qualifications ne.

boards to elect

Board of Aldermen to consist of two

SECT. 4. And be it further enacted, That the Board of members Aldermen shall consist of two members, to be residents in, and from each ward, chosen from, each ward, by the qualified voters therein, and to two years, &c. He elected for two years, from the Monday next ensuing their

to be elected for

mon Council of members

for one year,

compensation, of

election; and the board of Common Council shall consist of 1820. three members, to be residents in, and chosen from, each ward, and Board of Co. by the qualified voters therein, and to be elected for one year, three from the Monday next ensuing their election; and each board from each ward, shall meet at the Council Chamber, on the second Monday in June next, for the despatch of business, at ten o'clock in Meetings of the the morning, and at the same hour on the second Monday in Boards. June, in every year thereafter; and at such other times as the Organization, two boards may, by law, direct. A majority of each board proceedings, and shall be necessary to form a quorum to do business, but a less the Boards. number may adjourn from day to day; they may compel the attendance of absent members, in such manner, and under such penalties, and allow such compensation for the attend. ance of the members, as they may, by law, provide ; each board shall appoint its own President, who shall preside during its sessions, and who shall be entitled to vote on all questions; they shall settle their rules of proceedings, appoint their own officers, regulate their respective compensations, and remove them at pleasure; and may, with the concur rence of three-fourths of the whole, expel any member for disorderly behavior or malconduct in office, but not a second time for the same offence; each board shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and the yeas and nays shall be entered thereon, at the request of any member; and their deliberations shall be public. All ordinances or acts, passed by the Ordinances, &c. two boards, shall be sent to the Mayor for his approbation, Mayor for appreand, when approved by him, shall be obligatory as such. But, bation. if the Mayor shall not approve of any ordinance or act, so If he does not apsent to him, he shall return the same, within five days, with prove, da his reasons in writing therefor; and if two-thirds of both boards, on reconsideration thereof, agree to pass the same, it shall be in force, in like manner as if he had approved it; but, if the two boards shall, by their adjournment, prevent its return, the same shall not be obligatory.

to be sent to the

the members

de men and

mon Council

SECT. 5. And be it further enacted, That no person shall Qualifications of be eligible to a seat in the Board of Aldermen, or Board of the Board of Al Common Council, unless he shall be more than twenty-five Board of Come years of age, a free white male citizen of the United States, and shall have been a resident of the city of Washington for one year next preceding the day of election, and shall, at the time of his election, be a resident of the ward for which he shall be elected, and be then the bona fide owner of a freehold estate in the said city, and shall have been assessed on the books of the corporation, for the year ending on the thirty-first day of December next preceding the day of election. And Qualifications for every free white male citizen of the United States, of lawful voters, age, who shall have resided in the city of Washington for one year next preceding the day of election, and shall be a resident of the ward in which he shall offer to vote, and who shall have been assessed on the books of the corporation, for the year

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