« AnteriorContinuar »
E. T. Jones, sheriff of Jackson County. Have telegraphed Gimperling for transportation. Report action taken and when company will start. By order of the governor:
S. B. SMITH,
d. Å. G.
COLUMBUS, Ohio, 6 p. m., August 28, 1880. E. T. JONES,
Sheriff Jackson County, Ohio: Have ordered Chillicothe company to report to you at Coalton as soon as possible.
S. B. Suith,
A. d. G.
The Chillicothe company arrived at Coalton on Sunday morning, August 29, and remained until September 6, when they were relieved by a company from Dayton, who remained on duty until September 18. On September 11 Patterson & Co. posted a notice at their mine that on and after September 13 they would pay 75 cents per ton for mining, or 5 cents above the Hocking Valley price. This was accepted as a compromise by the miners, the agreement to remain in force until SeptemDer 15, 1881, and within the following week the other mines resumed operations on similar terms. The strike had continued between six and seven weeks.
During the time the troops were at Coalton the residents in and about that place, other than miners, claimed there was no necessity for the presence of the troops-an opinion held by many, if not all, the troops themselves. The striking miners had many of them left the region temporarily, and the citizens prepared a petition to the governor, asking that the troops be sent home. The sheriff, however, did not entertain such an opinion, as the following telegram to the gorernor evidences:
“JACKSON, OHIO, August 30, 1880. “His Excellency CHARLES FOSTER,
“Governor of Ohio: “The Sill Guards, Captain Hamilton, are now on duty at Coalton. At present the strikers are quiet, but a strong feeling of lawlessness exists among them. They seem determined to prevent the employment of any miners save such as belong to the Miners' Union. The trouble culminating in the midnight riot, already reported, was for the purpose of driving away those employees who are not members of the Miners' Union, and who are willing to labor provided they can be protected. Upon Saturday evening, previous to the arrival of the military, excitement ran high, threats of burning and violence were freely made, and everything seemed to indicate an outbreak of a serious character; but it having been ascertained that the military was approaching, quiet was in a great measure restored. It is feared that this lawlessness is encouraged, directly or indirectly, by persons not immediately connected with strikers, as there is some talk of petitioning your excellency to remove the troops. There is an absolute necessity that the troops should be permitted to remain on duty here some weeks; how long can not now be determined.
"E. T. JONES, “Sheritf' of Jackson County, Ohio."
In the following table an attempt has been made to summarize the information given in the preceding pages in regard to the strikes and lockouts occurring prior to the year 1881-the beginning of the regular investigation by this Bureau. This has been rendered difficult by the incompleteness and the general character of the information afforded by the published works consulted, and, in fact, some of the material was so very general in its nature as to be utterly incapable of summarization. In such cases notes have been made indicating the tenor of the information given in the collated text. A few duplications may also bave occurred despite the care which has been taken to avoid all such, but if any have occurred they are so few as not seriously to affect the general result, and the great weakness of the summary must lie in the other direction—that of incompleteness.
SUMMARY OF STRIKES AND LOCKOUTS OCCURRING PRIOR TO 1881.
1741... 1796.... 1798. 1799... 1803.. 1805. 1809... 1815. 1817. 1821. 1822..... 1825-1830 1827. 19:29. 1830-1831 1832..... 1833. 1831.... 18:35 1836. 1837. 1838. 1839. 1910. 18.12... 113.. 1811... 1815. 1816... 1817.. 1848. 1819... 1850.. 1850-51. 1851. 1852..... 1853. 1851.. 185.)... 1856. 1857. 1818 1859... 1860...
SUMMARY OF STRIKES AND LOCKOUTS OCCURING PRIOR TO 1881–Concluded.
a Many successful strikes for increase of wages.
Numerous strikes in Pennsylvania against reduction of wages; generally unsuccessful.
iThere were only 762 strikes and lockouts reported for this year, but for purposes of classification, by causes and results, it has been found necessary to use as a basis the total number of causes reported. See the collated text for 1880, pp. 781, 782.