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TABLE XIX.–CAUSES, ETC., OF LOCKOUTS, BY STATES—Continued.

NEW YORK.

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Against contracting with irresponsible heads of gangs of lumber

shovers...
Againsi demand for adoption of union rules and union scale........ 61
Against demand for adoption of union scale.......
Against demand for change from piece to day work....
Against demand for change of pay day ........
Against demand for discharge of foreman..
Aguinst demand for discharge of members of another labor organi-

zation......
Against demand for discharge of members of Cigar Makers' Interna-

tional Union...
Against demand for discharge of nonunion employees...
Against demand for discharge of superintendent.
Against demand for increase of wages...
Against demand for increase of wages and recognition of union.
Against demand for pay for lost time.
Against demand for reduction of hours .......
Against demand for removal of machines....
Against demand for renewal of agreement....
Against demand for restoration of wages...........
Against demand for Saturday half holiday......
Against demand for union apprenticeship rules ........
Against demand of spinners' union for discharge of apprentice..
Against employees acting on committee for increase of wages..
Against employees leaving work before close of working hours on
pay day..........
...............................

173 Against members of certain unionis..

114
Against members of Cigar Makers' International Union....
Against members of the Knights of Labor....
Against objectionable union man....
Against obnoxious union rules .........
Against organization of Knights of Labor assembly .....
Against threatened strike against employment of nonunion men....
Against threatened strike for adoption of union scale...
Against threatened strike for discharge of foreman .....
Against threatened strike for increase of wages......
Against threatened strike for increase of wages and reduction of

hours ..................................................
Against threatened strike for increase of wages and reinstatement of

discharged employees.
Against threatened strikein sympathy with strike elsewhere..
Against threatened strike to enforce union scale..........
Against union men ....

273
Against union men and union rules ....
Uies..............................

318
Against union rules.....................
To compel adoption of proposed agreement..
To compel buttonhole makers to join Boss Tailors' Union.
To compel Cigar Makers' International Union to furnish labels.
To compel employees to board with company ..
To compel employees to furnish union labels.......
To compel employees to join certain union
To compel employees to join the Knights of Labor.
To compel employees to live in tenement houses belonging to em-

ployer................ :
To compel employees to perform work for another establishment in

which strike was pending ... To compel employees to stop paying assistance to strikers in another

establishment..............
To compel employees to wear uniform ..
To compel employees to withdraw from one labor organization and

join another ............................................
To compel employees to withdraw from union...,
To compel employees to work on boycotted material ...
To compel employees to work on boycotted patterns..
To compel men to make up Saturday half holiday..
To compel strikers in other establishments to relinquish demands.
To compel strikers to relinquish demand........
To compel union to declare strike off.........
To compel union to raise boycott ....
To enforce abolition of Saturday half holiday...
To enforce abolition of Saturday half holiday and force employees

to work Sundays and overtime .....
To enforce change from piece to day work .....
To enforce change in apprenticeship rules ....
To enforce change in method of doing work.
To enforce employment of molders' helpers and abolish union rules.
To enforce increase of hours....
To enforce increase of hours and reduction of wages.......

a Not including 121 establishments in which lockout was still pending December 31, 1886.

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. Table XIX.–CAUSES, ETC., OF LOCKOUTS, BY STATES—Continued.

NEW YORK-Concluded.

Cause or object.

Estab

lishments.

Suc-
Such |

ceeded Failed.
partly.

............................................

To eniorce new ruleg.
To enforce piecework system..
To enforce privilege of having sheet-metal workers do metallic-

lathers' work ....
To enforce reduction of wages..
To enforce reduction of wages and against union wen...
To enforce rules ........
To enforce task system ..
To enforce withdrawal of boycott .....

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Against demand for adoption of new rules and new scale ...
Against demand for Adoption of union scale......
Against demand for discharge of foreman .........
Against demand for discharge of nonunion employees.....
Against demand for increase of wages and change of pay day..
Against demand for increase of wages and reinstatement of dis-

charged employees .....
Against demand for payment of wages overdue......
Against demand for reduction of hours..
Against demand for reinstatement of discharged employees.
Against demand for restoration of wages.....
Against employees forming union........................
Against threatened strike against reduction of wages
Against threatened strike for increase of wages....
Against threatened strike for restoration of wages..
Against union men ...
Against union men and union rules.

Against violation of agreement...
• To compel blowers to work on machines with smaller crews

To compel employees to do a larger amount of work ....
To compel employees to make certain article for price offered...
To compel strikers in other establishments to relinquish demands
To compel union to raise boycott against certain firms...
To enforce change in apprenticeship rules ..
To enforce increase of hours......
To enforce increase of hours and abolition of limit to output per day.
To enforce reduction of wages.......
To enforce reduction of wages and against union men.....
To prevent employees from joining labor organization...

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a Not including 121 establishments in which lockout was still pending December 31, 1886.

Table XIX.-CAUSES, ETC., OF LOCKOUTS, BY STATES—Continued.

PENNSYLVANIA.

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Against demand for adoption of union scale ..
Against demand for discharge of manager ..
Against demand for discharge of nonunion employees....
Against demand for increase of wages....
Against demand for removal of sign .......
Against demand for restoration of wages.
Against demand for weekly payment.
Against members of Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel

Workers....
Against members of certain unions..........
Against members of the Knights of Labor...
Against obnoxious union rules ...,
Against rule of molders' union limiting production
Against rule of stonecutters' association.......
Against shop rules of employees...........
Against threatened strike.....
Against threatened strike against new foreman..
Against threatened strike against reduction of wages.
Against threatened strike against violation of agreement as to clos-
ing factory two months in summer .........

** *
Against threatened strike for increase of wages and reduction of

hours............:
Against threatened strike for recognition of union...
Against union apprenticeship rules....
Against union men...
Against union men and union rules..
Against union men who refused to obey an order...
Against union rules.......
To compel Cigar Makers' International Union to furnish labels
To compel employees to sign agreement to work only for menn bers

of masters' association ............
To compel employees to withdraw from union..
To compel employees to work on boycotted patterns.
To compel miners to accept company's weight....
To compel miners to reopen abandoned veins......
To compel weavers to pay for broken bobbins....
To discipline employees for being absent without leave.
To enforce change in method of doing work.........
To enforce change of date for ending of yearly scale....
To enforce discharge of union employees....
To enforce new scale...
To enforce new scale and free-shop system ...
Toenforce payinent of fine for alleged neglect of work.....
To eniorce reduction of wages.......
To enforce reduction of wages and against union men..
To enforce rules.......................
To establish board of arbitration to settle all matters in dispute.
To resist strike against obnoxious foreman in another establishme
To resist strike against subcontractor in another establishment....

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Total.

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Against demand for holiday.
Against threatened strike for increase of wages.............
Against union men....
To eniorce change of date for ending of yearly scale......

Total.....

SOUTH CAROLINA.

Against union men.............

Total...........

a Lockout still pending July 1, 1894.
o Not including 20 establishments in which lockout was still pending July 1, 1894.

TABLE XIX.–CAUSES, ETC., OF LOCKOUTS, BY STATES—Continued.

SOUTH DAKOTA.

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Against demand for increase of wages.......
Against threatened strike for increase of wages...
Against union men..
Against union men and union rules.
To compel acceptance of company's weight and signing of proposed

contract........................
To compel adoption of proposed scale ....
To compel employees to sign agreement not to join union
To compel employees to withdraw from union....
To enforce reduction of wages.....
To eniorce reduction of wages and free-shop system......

NOON

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a Not including 1 establishment in which lockout was still pending July 1, 1894.

Table XIX.-CAUSES, ETC., OF LOCKOUTS, BY STATES—Concluded.

WASHINGTON.

Cause or object.

Estab

lishments.

Suc

Succeeded Failed. partly.

Against threatened strike to compel employers to sign annual agree

m ent...........................
Against union men.
To compel adoption of agreement to work 12 hours per day...
To enforce reduction of wages...

Total.............

WEST VIRGINIA.

Against demand for increase of wages..
Against demand to enforce union scale.
Against members of Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel

Workers.......
Against threatened strike for increase of wages ..........
Against union men ......
To enforce increase of hours....
To enforce reduction of wages.......

Total....

16

WISCONSIN.

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Against demand for payment of wages overdue..........
Against demand for reduction of hours...
Against threatened strike for adoption of union scale..
Against threatened strike for increase of wages.........
Against union men ... ....................................
Against union men and union rules...
To compel employees to furnish union labels ....
To compel employees to work on boycotted patterns....
To compel union men to work with nonunion men and to enforce
: increase of hours ........
To enforce change from weekly to monthly payment....
To enforce increase of hours......
To enforce new rules...
To enforce reduction of wages....
To enforce reduction of wages and free-shop system ..

Total..........

OOCANSA

WYOMING.

Against union men and union rules ....

Total.............

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