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Table XI.-SUMMARY OF CAUSES, ETC., OF STRIKES FOR THE UNITED

STATES.

Cause or object.

E-tab

lishments.

Succeeded.

Succeeded Failed. partly.

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Against abolition of Saturday half holiday ....
Against abolition of Saturday half holiday and employment of non-

union men....
Against abolition of the lunch-time system...
Against abolition of union rules and union scale............
Against accepting firm's terms for work done under new system ..
Against accepting firm's terms on new article of manufacture...
Against accepting trade dollars in payment of wages...
Against adoption of new time card......
Against adoption of piece-price system.....
Against adoption of proposed scale.
Against adoption of proposed scale and reduction of number of

picks in weaving.......
Against agreement made by emplovers not to sell union brick to

establishments in which strike was pending...
Against alleged discrimination in allotment of cars.....
Against alleged discrimination in favor of certain employees.
Against alleged discrimination in favor of certain employees and

for adoption of union scale.....
Against alleged discrimination in favor of certain employees and

obnoxious rules.....
Against alleged discrimination in favor of foreign labor.......
Against alleged excessive charge for blacksmithing....
Against alleged excessive charge for board and lodging by em-
ployers.......

......................
Against alleged excessive docking ......
Against alleged excessive docking and discharge of employees
Against alleged exceszive docking and for fortnightly payment and

lower topping of cars .....
Against alleged excessive docking for slate and dirt sent out with

coal............................................... Against alleged excessive docking for slate and dirt sent out with

coal and for reduction in price of powder. Against alleged excessive docking, increase in size of cars, and for

adoption of new scale ...... Against alleged excessive fines.. Against alleged excessive fines and increase of amount of work

required to be done........
Against alleged excessive fines and poor quality of material .......
Against alleged overwork of horse

...........
Against alleged short weight of coal...
Against alleged unfair deduction from pay for lost time..
Against alleged unsuitable place of work ...
Against alleged unsuitable place of work and for more sewing ma-

chines and uniform prices.............
Against allowing boys, not regular apprentices, to work as plumbers'

helpers longer than one year .... Against allowing nonunion employees of another firm to work in

same shed.......... Against allowing nonunion men in a striking establishment to per

form work in a union shop. Against alternative of reduction of wages or change in method of

doing work ....
Against alternative of signing agreement to work until end of year

or reduction of wages........ ...........
Against annex shop system to teach boys and girls the trade.
Against an order misunderstood by employees......
Against appointment of yard master .......
Against apprentices and helpers doing journeymen's work.
Against apprentices doing journeymen's work......
Against apprentices doing journeymen's work and employment of

nonunion men...
Against apprentices doing journeymen's work and for adoption of

uniform scale..
Against bakers being compelled to peddle bread ..........
Against bastard type....
Against being assessed to pay company's physician .....
Against being compelled to board at place designated by employer..
Against being compelled to board with employer...
Against being compelled to board with employer and for adoption

of union scale.....................:
Against being compelled to board with employer and for increase of

wages and reduction of hours ..... Against being compelled to board with employer and for increase of

wages, reduction of hours, and pay for overtime.. Against being compelled to board with employer and for reduction

of hours and recognition of union... Against being compelled to breakfast before 7.30 a. m. and for better

D a te :............. ..... .............. ......... .............. Against being compelled to buy costumes from head waiter....

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TABLE XI.-SUMMARY OF CAUSES, ETC., OF STRIKES FOR THE UNITED

STATES—Continued.

Cause or object.

Estab

SuclishIceeded

i ments.

Succeeded Failed.

Failed. partly.

No:

Against being compelled to buy powder at company's store.......
Against being compelled to buy uniforms.
Against being compelled to carry finished work to another part of

city ........ ....................
Against being compelled to carry material to place of work .....
Against being compelled to contribute to sick and death benefit fu
Against being compelled to correct alleged imperfect work........
Against being compelled to do duty while ship was in quarantine...
Against being compelled to do special work without extra pay......
Against being compelled to do special work without extra pay and

for reinstatement of discharged employees.....
Against being compelled to do work formerly done by others...
Against being compelled to do work of striking shipbuilders .
Against being compelled to enlarge entries in mines...
Against being compelled to fire their own furnace and furnish phy-

sician's certificate in case of absence caused by sickness.....
Against being compelled to furnish their own caps ..........
Against being compelled to furnish their own sewing machines....
Against being compelled to furnish their own sewing machines and

for recognition of union ..... Against being compelled to give bond .... Against being compelled to give bond and for increase of wages and

reduction of hours.....
Against being compelled to give certificate of character and bond

releasing employer from damages in case of accident to employees.
Against being compelled to help slower workmen....
Against being compelled to live in houses of employer ..
Against being compelled to live in shanties erected by contractors

and to trade at contractors' stores ......
Against being compelled to make extra runs at single pay instead

of terminal switching at double pay..... Against being compelled to make guaranty deposit.... Against being compelled to make guaranty deposit and pass physical

examination......
Against being compelled to mine 2,100 instead of 2,000 pounds per

ton and against being docked .....
Against being compelled to occupy objectionable quarters
Against being compelled to pay for burnt iron......
Against being compelled to pay for defective goods...
Against being compelled to pay for defective ware and for adoption

of union apprenticeship rules...
Against being compelled to pay for loss resulting from defective

barrels.....
Against being compelled to pay for needles used in excess of certain

allowance...
Against being compelled to pay for repairs.....
Against being compelled to pay for sharpening tools ...
Against being compelled to pay for unsold papers ....
Against being compelled to pay helpers...
Against being compelled to pay hospital dues..
Against being compelled to pay shop rent......
Against being compelled to put tags on work..
Against being compelled to sign agreement to deal with emplovers

as individuals instead of through union......
Against being compelled to sleep in shop (living with employer)....
Against being compelled to teach additional helpers ...
Against being compelled to trade at company's store.....
Against being compelled to wear uniform designated by manager
Against being compelled to work on holidays.........
Against being docked.
Against being fined...
Against blacksmiths being compelled to do boiler makers' work ....
Against boarding at company's houses and truck system ....
Against bookkeeper doing trimmer's work or to compel him to join

union.................................................
Against brakemen being compelled to coal up engines...
Against brakemen being compelled to coal up engines and for in-

crease of force ......
Against bricklayers doing housesmiths' work ..
Against carpenters doing framers' work...
Against carpenters doing plasterers' work.....
Against certain daily task .....................
Against change from day to contract work.........
Against change from day to per-cent-of-sales system of payment..
Against change from day to piece work...
Against change from day to piece work and for increase of wages...
Against change from fortnightly to monthly payment.
Against change from pay by the day to pay by the hour..
Against change from pay by the hour to pay by the week
Against change from piece to day work...

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TABLE XI.-SUMMARY OF CAUSES, ETC., OF STRIKES FOR THE UNITED

STATES—Continued.

Cause or object.

Estab

Suc-
Suc-
lish-

ceeded Failed.
ceeded.
ments.

partly

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Against change from piece today work and discharge of employees.
Against change from piece to day work and for increase of wages...
Against change from piecework to daily task ..........
Against change from run-of-mine to screen-coal basis..
Against change from screen-coal to run-of-mine basis..
Against change from semimonthly to monthly payment
Against change from turn to piece work ...,
Against change from two to three turns per day.......
Against change from two turns to one turn per day.....
Against change from weekly to monthly payment.........
Against change from wooden to iron molds and poor quality of ma-

terial.....
Against change in kind of material..
Against change in kind of scales....
Against change in kind of shears......
Against change in kind of work......
Against change in kind of work and for discharge of foreman
Against change in lunch hour and order to empty chutes before

quitting work.......
Against change in machinery, causing reduction of wages
Against change in method of digging coal...
Against change in method of doing work.....
Against change in method of doing work and employment of non-

union men........
Against change in method of doing work and for adoption of union

scale.....
Against change in method of doing work and for reinstatement of

discharged employees ....
Against change in method of doing work and reduction of wages...
Against change in method of payment and for recognition of union.
Against change in method of piece payment.
Against change in method of tanning.....
Against change in position of employees......
Against change in schedule and for reinstatement of discharged

employees ..............................................
Against change in shape of cars....
Against change in shape of cigar...
Against change in thickness of button blanks, without correspond-

ing increase of wages....
Against change of coal sereen .....
Against change of coal screen and for increase of wages...
Against change of date for ending of yearly scale.......
Against change of hour for beginning work...
Against change of pay day ...
Against change of pay day and for payment of wages overdue
Against change of rules......
Against change of working hours .....
Against change to summer scale earlier than usual.
Against changing rate of pay on account of new machinery .....
Against check system and deduction from each day's pay for pow-

der used .............
Against check system of keeping time......
Against cheroots being made in cigar factory ...
Against Chicago papers being placed on sale at news stands before

delivery to newsboys ......
Against choice made in appointment of foreman ..
Against choice made of men to operate machines.....
Against classification of work made by firm.........
Against clause in contract which prevented employees from work-

ing for contractors not members of masters' association..
Against coal being shipped to localities where strike was pending...
Against coal miners being compelled to carry prop timbers and for

adoption of new seale.... Against coal mirers being compelled to put up props and lay their

own tracks.........
Against company establishing maximum weight for carload of coal.
Against compressing cotton to be transported by boycotted steam-

ship company........
Against compulsory accident insurance....
Against consolidation with another newspaper ....
Against contract system ...,
Against contract system and for recognition of union..
Against cornice and skylight workers doing slate and metal roofe

work .................
Against cornice and skylight workers doing tin and sheet-iron

workers' work ...
Against cornice makers doing roofers' work ..
Against cutting material for nonunion cloak inakers.
Against deduction from wages for machinery broken.
Against deduction from wages on account of holiday.....

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TABLE XI.-SUMMARY OF CAUSES, ETC., OF STRIKES FOR THE UNITED

STATES-Continued.

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Against deduction from wages to pay physician and for privilege of

selecting physician ...
Against delay in blacksmithing for miners......
Against demand by firm for return of fine paid by head waiter to

Union...................................................
Against demand for higher topping of cars ...
Against demand for unlimited output per day ...
Against demand of employers to leave Cigar Makers' International

Union.....
Against demand to leave one labor organization and join another ..
Against den and to withdraw from union..
Against discharge of assistant superintendent.....
Against discharge of employee and employment of apprentice.
Against discharge of employees ......
Against discharge of employees and for discharge of foreman ..
Against discharge of employees and for increase of wages .......
Against discharge of employees, foremen, etc.
Against discharge of foreman......
Against discharge of shop committee....
Against discharge of union and employment of nonunion foreman..
Against discharge of union employees.....
Against discharge of union employees and employment of non-

union m en.................................
Against discharge of union employees and for increase of wages ....
Against discharge of union employees and increase of hours...
Against discharge of yard master..
Against docking wet coal.....
Against doing work in violation of city building regulations.
Against double-header freight trains......
Against doubling trains and laying off one crew..
Against driver being compelled to pay for mule killed by accident..
Against drivers being compelled to pay for cotton and oil used...
Against elimination of clause in agreement as to employment of

union and nonunion men..
Against employees being allowed to work at other than their regu-

lar trades........
Against employees working at other than their regular occupation
and for reinstatement of discharged employees...

*****
Against employer and superintendent doing miners' work ..........
Against emplovers doing journeymen's work .......
Against employment of additional apprentices........
Against employment of additional apprentices and extra work..
Against employment of additional apprentices and nonunion men.
Against employment of additional apprentices and reduction of

Wageg...
Against employment of additional apprentices and retention of part

of wages...
Against employment of additional helpers...............
Against employment of apprentices.....
Against employment of apprentices at less than regular rates...
Against employment of boy alleged to have been exposed to small-
pox.....

..................................
Against employment of boys....
Against employment of boys as sheet-tin separators..
Against employment of certain man as mine physician..
Against employment of certain nationalities.......
Against employment of Chinese labor ...
Against employment of cigar makers belonging to the Cuban Fed-

eration.....
Against employment of colored girls....
Against employment of colored men...
Against employment of colored men and for increase of wages.
Against employment of convict labor ......
Against employment of convicts.....
Aguinst employment of convicts and nonunion men..
Against employment of foreign labor....
Against employment of foreign labor and extra hours ..
Against employment of foreign labor and for longer time for noon

rest ..................
Against employment of girls as folders in bleachery....
Against employment of helpers designated by employer...
Against employment of imported workmen.....
Against employment of imported workmen and for increase of wages.
Against employment of learners.........
Against employment of men at less than union rates...
Against employment of men belonging to different labor organi-

zation ......
Against employment of men not in good standing in union.
Against employment of more than two apprentices to a glass furnace.

a Strike still pending July 1, 1894.

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TABLE XI.-SUMMARY OF CAUSES, ETC., OF STRIKES FOR THE UNITED

STATES—Continued.

Cause or object.

Estab

Suc-
Suc.
lish-

ceeded ceeded I Failed ments.

partly.

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Against employment of new overseer to take part of work from old

overseer......................................
Against employment of nonunion foreman....
Against employment of nonunion inspectors.
Against einployment of nonunion men...:
Against employment of nonunion men and being compelled to work

too near the fire......
Against employment of nonunion men and for abolition of rule re-

quiring knitters to pay for needles broken......... Against employment of nonunion men and for incrcase of wages and

reduction of hours.... Against employment of nonunion men and for increase of wages of

foreman.... Against employment of nonunion men and for pay for overtime ..., Against employment of nonunion men and for payment of wages overdue......

................ Against employment of nonunion men and for recognition of union. Against employment of nonunion men and for reinstatement of dis

charged employees..........
Against employment of nonunion men and for return of tenement-

house key deposit.....
Against employment of nonunion men and for Saturday half holida
Against employment of nonunion men and for weekly payment....
Against employment of nonunion men and for weekly payment, re-

duction of hours, abolition of black list, and reinstatement of dis

charged employees ............................................ Against einployment of nonunion men and increase of hours.... Against employment of nonunion men and increase of task.. Against employment of nonunion men and members of a different

labor organization ...... Against einployment of nonunion men and to enforce payment of dues, fines, etc., by delinquent members of union, or for their

discharge ............ . .
Against employment of nonunion men, foremen, etc.
Against employment of nonunion men, or that establishments em-

ploying then be expelled from masters' association...
Against employment of objectionable foreman.........
Against employment of obnoxious person.
Against employment of shinglers......
Against employment of women....
Against employment of women and for increase of wages..
Against employment of women and nonunion men....
Against employment of women as apprentices .....
Against employment of women at less than union rates....
Against extra work without extra pay .................
Against feeding their own machines (nailers).
Against filling orders for mines in which strike was pending
Against filling slack .......
Against fines for drunkenness............
Against fines for iinperfect work.
Against fines for imperfect work and for adoption of uniform scale
Against fines for imperfect work and for better treatment
Against fines for imperfect work and for discharge of employees..
Against fines for imperfect work and for increase of wages
Against fines for imperfect work and reduction of wages.
Against fines for obscene writing .........................
Against fines for tardiness .......
Against finishing work begun by nonnion men...
Against firemen being coinpelled to do blacksmithing........
Against firm giving work to nonunion contractor...
Against firm giving work to nonunion contractor and reduction of

vages.....
Against firm's interpretation of scale.....
Against firm's interpretation of scale and for reinstatement of di

charged employees.......... Against firm supplying cigars to establishment in which lockout

was pending .. Against firm supplying goods to boycotted establishment. Against firm supplying material to establishment in which strike was pending ..

.............................................. Against firm supplying material to establishment which was obtain

ing other material from establishment in which strike was pending. Against firm supplying material to nonunion establishment.. Against firm supplying material to obnoxious establishment.. Against firm using a bogus label.......... Against firm withholding wages to pay employees' saloon accounts and for discharge of foreman .....

. Against firm with holding wages to pay union assessments of delin

quent employees.......... Against foreman being allowed commission on work done... Against foreman being allowed to work overtime......

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