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TABLE IX.-CAUSES, ETC., OF STRIKES, BY YEARS—Continued.

1900—Continued.

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For increase of wages, Saturday half holiday, and extra pay for

Overtime.. For increase of wages, semimonthly payment, reduction in price of powder, abolition of sliding scale and truck system, and recogni

tion of union.................... For increase of wages, time and a half for overtime, double time for

Sundays and holidays, and against employment of nonunion men. For increase of wages, time and a half for overtime, double time

for Sundays and holidays, etc...... For increase of wages, time and a half for overtime, Saturday half

holiday, and adoption of union rules.....
For increase of wages, time and a half for overtime, Sundays, and

holidays, and reinstatement of discharged foreman...
For longer time for dinner...
For longer time for filling and burning kiln..
For more feed for mules......
For more heat in breakers...
For more mining machines..
For new safety catches on elevator cage.
For pay for dead work.
For pay for extra work...
For pay for lost time....
For pay for overtime.....
For pay for overtime and reinstatement of discharged employees....
For payment in cash instead of by check..
For payment of wages overdue......
For payment of wages overdue and regular payment.
For payment of wages to discharged employees....
For privilege of stopping long enough to eat.......
For privilege of using elevator.........
For recognition of committee of employees...
For recognition of union.....
For recognition of union and admission of walking delegate..
For recognition of union and adoption of union rules.....
For recognition of union and adoption of union scale......
For recognition of union and against discharge of employees..
For recognition of union and against subcontracting to nonunion

contractors..................
For recognition of union and enforcement of union scale....
For recognition of union and modification of mine rules......
For recognition of union and union label to be put on product..
For recognition of union, time and a half for overtime, and against

Sunday work ....
For reduction in amount of work required to be done and employ-

ment of additional rammers..
For reduction in price of newspapers......
For reduction in price of newspapers and rebate on unsold papers...
For reduction in price of powder and lower topping of cars...
For reduction in price of powder, privilege of riding down slope to

work, and against alleged excessive docking .........
For reduction of hours.....
For reduction of hours and adoption of union rules.....
For reduction of hours and against employment of nonunion men ..
For reduction of hours and against employment of nonunion men

and use oi material from nonunion establishments ........
For reduction of hours and enforcement of union scale....
For reduction of hours and recognition of union.....
For reduction of hours and reinstatement of discharged employees..
For reduction of hours and Saturday half holidav..
For reduction of hours, discharge of company's physician, and

against being compelled to trade at company's store..
For reduction of hours, limitation of number of apprentices, and

against employment of monthly and yearly men .......... For reduction of hours on Saturday ...... For reduction of hours, recognition of union, and adoption of union

scale...... For reduction of hours, time and a half for overtime, and double

time for Sundays and holidays...
For reduction of hours, time and a half for overtime, double time

for Sundays, and against employment of nonunion men..
For regular employment .....
For regular hours and pay for overtime ....
For regular payment .....
For regular payment and against employer's wife working in shop

and acting as boss in his absence...
For reinstatement of discharged employees ..
For reinstatement of discharged employees and against discharge

of union men without cause.. For reinstatement of discharged employees and against working

overtime...

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TABLE LX.–CAUSES, ETC., OF STRIKES, BY YEARS Concluded.

1900–Concluded.

Suc

Cause or object.

Estab

lishments.

Succeeded Failed. partly.

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For reinstatement of discharged employees and recognition of union.
For reinstatement of discharged employees to former positions.....
For reinstatement of discharged foreman.
For reinstatement of discharged foreman and discharge of superin-

tendent........
For reinstatement of discharged forewoman....
For removal of machinery or increase of wages .........
For renewal of scale............
For restoration of wages....
For restoration of wages and reduction of hours.....
For Saturday half holiday..
For semimonthly payment..
For semimonthly payment, lower topping of cars, discharge of fore-

man, and appointment of check weighman..
For shelter from sun while at work......
For steady employment ..............
For stools while car driving ......
For time and a half for overtime..
For time and a half for overtime and double time for Sundays and

holidays .........
For weekly payment ..
For weekly payment and against being compelled to buy powder.
In sympathy with locked-out employees elsewhere.....
In sympathy with strike elsewhere.......
To com pel employees to join union or for their discharge ...
To compel employees to withdraw from journeymen's union.
To compel employer to close store at 6 pm....
To compel employer to furnish trusses and hoops..
To compel employer to have factory open and material ready for

work at 6 a. m....
To compel employer to join masters' association...
To compel employer to pay judgment awarded employee for inju-

ries received.................. .................
To compel employer to put union label on product .....
To compel employer to remove refuse from mine..
To compel employer to retain part of employees' wages to pay dues,

etc., to union ....
To compel employer to retain part of employees' wages to pay dues,

etc., to union, and against employment of nonunion men..
To compel employer to sign agreement .....................
To compel employer to sign a year's contract..
To compel employer to sign union contract...
To com pel manager to join mine managers' union
To enforce agreement.
To enforce payment of dues, fines, etc., by delinquent members of
unions, or for their discharge...

NH AH Press

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a Not including 2 establishments not reported.

Not including 2 establishments in which strike was still pending January 29, 1901, 2 establishments in which strike was still pending February 4, 1901, 1 establishment in which strike was still pending: February 13, 1901, 3 establishments in which strike was still pending March 14, 1901, 1 establishment in which strike was still pending March 20, 1901, and 9 establishments not reported.

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Table X.-CAUSES, ETC., OF STRIKES, BY INDUSTRIES.

AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS.

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Against adoption of proposed scale ..........
Against change from day to piece work .....
Against discharge of employees ......
Against employment of adlitional apprentices..
Against employment of convicts......
Against increase of hours.............
Against introduction of machinery.
Against new system of keeping time..
Against obnoxious rules......
Against reduction of wages.......
Against reduction of wages, and for change from piece to day work

and reinstatement of discharged employees.......
Against reduction of wages and for privilege of organizing union..
Against working with colored men...
For adoption of uniform seale.....
For adoption of union rules ....
For adoption of union scale.
For change of rules...
For discharge of employees, foremen, etc
For discharge of foreign employees....
For discharge of foremnan....
For discharge of nonunion employees ........
For increase of wages........
For increase of wages and reduction of hours..
For limitation of number of apprentices and against employment of

helpers and nonunion men.....
For payment of wages overdue.....
For recognition of union ......
For reinstatement of discharged employees.....
For restoration of wages...

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Against abolition of union rules and union scale..
Against accepting firm's terms on new article of manufacture....
Against adoption of proposed scale....
Against alleged discrimination in favor of certain employees..
Against alleged excessive fines ........
Against alleged unsuitable place of work...
Against apprentices doing journeymen's work.....
Against being compelled to carry material to place of work ....
Against being compelled to do special work without extra pav...
Against being compelled to do special work without extra pay and

for reinstatement of discharged employees.....
Against being compelled to work on holidays..
Against change from day to piece work ....
Against change from piece to day work ...
Against change from piece to day work and for increase of wages ...
Against change from wooden to iron molds and poor quality of ma-

terial...........................................
Against change in method of doing work.
Against change in method of doing work and for adoption of union

scale .........
Against change in method of doing work and for reinstatement of

discharged employees .....
Against change in method of doing work and reduction of wages..
Against change in position of employees.......
Against changing rate of pay on account of new machinery.
Against classification of work made by firm...
Against discharge of employees, foremen, etc...
Against discharge of union employees .....
Against employment of additional apprentices and retenti

part of wages ......
Against employment of nonunion men .....
Against employment of nonunion men, foreman, etc ....
Against fines for imperfect work....
Against increase of amount of work required to be done..
Against increase of hours...........
Against introduction of machinery....
Against introduction of machinery and employment of boys.
Against introduction of machinery and employment of nonunion men
Against introduction of machinery and reduction of wages.
Against lasters furnishing their own tacks and pegs.....
Against McKay stitchers being compelled to furnish their own

needles...
Aguinst obnoxious rules ......

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TABLE X.-CAUSES, ETC., OF STRIKES, BY INDUSTRIES—Continued.

BOOTS AND SHOES-Continued,

Suc

Cause or object.

Estab

lishments.

Succeeded Failed. partly.

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Against performing work for another establishment in which strike

Was pending ......
Against poor quality of material...
Against reduction and for increase of wages....
Against reduction of wages...
Against reduction of wages and employment of nonunion men
Against reduction of wages and for diseharge of foreman.
Against reduction of wages and for recognition of union..
Against reduction of wages and for regular payment....
against reduction of wages and for reinstatement of discharged em- |

ployees...................................................
Against reduction of wages caused by reduction of hours..
Against retention of part of wages as guaranty......
Against scale presented by State board of arbitration.
Against use of lockers and system of checking for wearing apparel
while at work.........

* * **** *........... Against violation of union rules.....

rules.................................
Against working in teards.......
Disagreement among employees regarding new scale..
For adoption of fixed scale and against discharge of union employees.
For adoption of new scale.....
For adoption of new scale and against discharge of employees.
For adoption of new scale and recognition of union
For adoption of scale presented by State board of arbitration..
For adoption of uniform scale.....
For adoption of union, etc., rules .....
For adoption of union, etc., scale..
For adoption of union rules ....
For adoption of union rules and union scale.
For adoption of union scale
For adoption of union scale and against employment of nonunion

land hasi

men......:

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For change from day to piece work......
For change from day to piece work and abolition of ironclad con-

tract...
For change from day to piece work and reinstatement of discharged

employees ...
For change from piece to day work ....
For change of rules.......
For discharge of employees...........
For discharge of employees, foreman, etc........
For discharge of foreman......
For discharge of foreman and reinstatement of discharged em-

ployees.......
For discharge of forewoman...
For discharge of forewoman and against team system of working
For discharge of nonunion employees.
For discharge of nonunion foreman...
For discharge of superintendent...........
For enforcement of union rules ....
For enforcement of union scale....
For equal distribution of work .....
For increase and readjustment of wages.
For increase of hours and wages.
For increase of wages......
For increase of wages and against alleged excessive docking.
For increase of wages and against employment of nonunion men..
For increase of wages and against introduction of machinery ...
For increase of wages and change of rules ......
For increase of wages and discharge of foreman ....
For increase of wages and discharge of nonunion employees.
For increase of wages and recognition of union...
For increase of wages and reduction of hours...
For increase of wages and reinstatement of discharged emplovees
For increase of wages and to compel employer to furnish stock and

lasting racks.....
For increase of wages and Saturday half holiday..
For increase of wages and weekly payment....
For more racks......
For pay for extra work..
For pay for lost time.
For payment of alleged shortage in wages.
For payment of wages overdue..
For recognition of union .....
For recognition of union and against increase of hours.......
For reduction of amount of work required to be done ...........
For reduction of hours..
For reduction of number of pairs of shoes to the case.
For reinstatement and increase of wages of employees involved in
strike elsewhere..

Coco Chanel

Hoo-JANA

Table X.–CAUSES, ETC., OF STRIKES, BY INDUSTRIES—Continued.

BOOTS AND SHOES-Concluded.

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For reinstatement of discharged employees ......
For reinstatement of discharged employees and recognition of union.
For reinstatement of discharged employees, foremen, etc.
For reinstatement of discharged employees, recognition of union,

and against change from day to piece work............
For reinstatement of discharged foreman......
For reinstatement, with union scale, of employees involved in

former strike ....................
For removal of machinery or increase of wages....
For restoration of wages.....
For restoration of wages and recognition of union ....
For weekly payment ......
In sympathy with strike elsewhere.
To enforce payment of dues, fines, etc., by delinquent members of
unions, or for their discharge......

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Against demand to withdraw from union ...
Against discharge of union employees

........
Against employment of nonunion men..
Against employment of nonunion men and for increase of wages

and reduction of hours.....
Against employment of nonunion men, foremen, etc ........
Against introduction of machinery....
Against obnoxious rules.....
Against reduction and for increase of wages ....
Against reduction of wagey...
Against Sunday work and for increase of wages ...
Against use of material from nonunion establishment
For admission of walking delegates and free beer during working

hours ...............
For adoption of new scale ......
For adoption of union rules ...
For adoption of union rules and reinstatement of discharged em-

ployees.........
For adoption of union rules and union scale ......
For adoption of union scale ..
For discharge of employees belonging to another labor organization.
For discharge of foreman.
For enforcement of union rules............
For increase of wages......
For increase of wages and reduction of hours .....
For increase of wages and regular hours..
For increase of wages, reduction of hours, and recognition of un
For payment of wages to employee injured while on duty.......
For privilege of carrying beer home..
For recognition of union....
For reduction of hours............
For reduction of hours and pay for overtime...
For reduction of hours and recognition of union.....
For reduction of hours and to eompel employer to sign union contract.
For reinstatement of discharged employees .....
For reinstatement of discharged foreman ..
In sympathy with strike elsewhere....
To enforce payment of dues, fines, etc., by delinquent members of
union, or for their discharge.........

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Total...

138

155

• BRICK.

-

Against agreement made by employers not to sell union brick to

establishment in which strike was pending ........
Against change from semimonthly to monthly payment..
Against change in method of doing work and reduction of wages..
Against deduction from wages on account of holiday .....
Against employment of nonunion men....
Against employment of nonunion men and for recognition of union.
Against employment of nonunion men, foremen, etc....
Against extra work without extra pay...
Against increase of amount of work required to be done .........

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