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Table IX.–CAUSES, ETC., OF STRIKES, BY YEARS—Continued.

1887-Concluded.

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For restoration of wages..
For runners instead of wheels on herdics ................
For Saturday half holiday....
For Saturday half holiday and weekly payment.........
For semimonthly payment .....
For semimonthly payment and retention of less wages ..
For slower speed of machinery ..
For time and a half for overtime.......
For weekly payment ......
In sympathy with strike elsewhere...
To enforce payment of dues, fines, etc., by delinquent members of
unions, or for their discharge...
Total............

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1888.

10

Against abolition of Saturday half holiday...
Against accepting firm's terms on new article of manufacture..
Against adoption of proposed scale.....
Against alleged discrimination in favor of certain employees.
Against alleged excessive docking forslate and dirt sent out with coal
Against alleged excessive fines.............
Against apprentices doing journeymen's work...
Against being compelled to board with employer..
Against being compelled to board with employer and for reduction

of hours and recognition of union........
Against being compelled to live in houses of employer......
Against being compelled to pay for burnt iron......
Against being compelled to work on holidays......
Against change from day to per-cent-of-sales system of payment.
Against change from day to piece work....
Against change from piece to day work and for increase of wages
Against change from turn to piece work ...
Avainst change in machinery causing reduction of wages...
Against change in method of doing work....
Against change in method of doing work and reduction of wages.
Against change of coal screen.........
Against change of hour for beginning work.
Aguinst discharge of employees...
Against employees being allowed to work at other than their regii-

lar trade ............
Against employment of additional apprentices...
Against employment of imported workmen
Against employment of imported workmen und for increase of wages.
Against employment of nonunion men.....
Against employment of nonunion men and for payment of wages

overdue.......
Against fines for imperfect work ........
Against firm supplying material to nonunion establishment
Against firm withholding wages to pay employees' saloon accounts
and for discharge of foreman...

.............................
Against handling cars of road on which strike was pending....
Against increase of amount of work required to be done....
Against increase of amount of work required to be done and reduc-

tion of price per picce...
Against increase of hours..
Against introduction of machinery.....
Against introduction of machinery and reduction of wages......
Aguinst lasters furnishing their own tacks and pegs..
Against making up lost time and for reinstatement of discharged

employees ....
Against mine filling orders for another mine in which strike was

pending.....
Against obnoxious rules...
Against paying assessment demanded by contractor.
Against performing work ior another establishment in which strike

was pending ......
Against poor quality of material.......
Against poor quality of material and for change in machinery...
Against poor quality of material and for discharge of foreman.
Against reduction of force causing increase of work and for pay for

overtime.....................................................
Against reduction of wages......
Against reduction of wages and being compelled to live in firm's

houses .........

INI CII

.................................

163

Table IX.-CAUSES, ETC., OF STRIKES, BY YEARS-Continued.

1888–Continued.

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Against reduction of wages and employment of nonunion men.....
Against reduction of wages and for discharge of foreman ...
Against reduction of wages and for recognition of union ...
Against reduction of wages and for reinstatement of discharged

employees...
Against reduction of wages and laborers doing journeymen's work.
Against reduction of wages and violation of apprenticeship rules...
Against reduction of wages caused by reduction of hours......
Against retention of part of wages as guaranty..................
Against scale presented by State board of arbitration.
Against shutters being put on lower sash of windows of workroom..
Against signing contract releasing firm from liability in case of ac-

cident.....
Against Sunday work........................
Against sweating system.............
Against system of measuring work..
Against use of boycotted material.
Against use of boycotted patterns.....
Against use of fork instead of shovel in coal mines ....
Against use of material from nonunion establishment..
Against use of plate matter............
Against working overtime....
For admission of walking delegates ..
For adoption of new rules and scale..
For adoption of new scale............
For adoption of uniform scale....
For adoption of union apprenticeship rules.
For adoption of union apprenticeship rules and change from turn to

piece work..... ...........................
For adoption of union rules ...
For adoption of union rules and union scale......
For adoption of union scale ...
For adoption of union scale and reinstatement of discharged em-

ployees.....
For appointment of miner as check weighman ......
For better board.
For change from day to mileage rates and increase of iorce to lighten

work.....
For change from day to piece work...
For change from piece to day work ......
For change in method of piece payment ..
For coke ovens to be drawn every other day.
For discharge of colored employees .....
For discharge of employees...
For discharge of employees and reinstatement of discharged em-

ployees ..............
For discharge of employees belonging to another labor organization
For discharge of foreman..
For discharge of foreman and reinstatement of discharged em-

ployees .......,
For discharge of head waiter...
For discharge of master mechanic ..
For discharge of nonunion foreman......
For discharge of station agent......
For discharge of station agent and increase
For discharge of superintendent ....
For discharge of train inacter and chief dispatcher and reinstate-

ment of discharged employees ...
For discharge of yard master.......
For enforcement of union rules..
For increase of force.......
For increase of rate on larger coal cars......
For increase of wages ......
For increase of wages and adoption of union rules..
For increase of wages and against poor quality of material
For increase of wages and against truck system......
For increase of wages and better boerd ....
For increase of wages and discharge of foreman..
For increase of wages and payment of wages overdue.
For incrense of wages and recognition of union........
For increase of wages and reduction of hours..........
For increase of wages and reinstatement of discharged employees.
For increase of wages and Saturday half holiday
For increase of wages and weekly payment......
For increase of wages, reduction of hours, and pay for Overtime
For pay by the hour ..
For pay for extra work ....
For pay for overtime ......
For pay for overtime and reinstatement of discharged employees.

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Table IX.-CAUSES, ETC., OF STRIKES, BY YEARS—Continued.

1888–Concluded.

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For payment of alleged shortage in wages ........
For payment of wages overdue...
For payment of wages to discharged employees.....
For privilege of bringing beer into shop ......
For privilege of stopping long enough to eat.....
For privilege of working overtime and receiving pay for it...
For recognition of union............
For recommendation from company in favor of former employees.
For reduction of amount of work required to be done..
For reduction of hours..
For reduction of hours and aga

to board with
employer ....
For reduction of hours and against employment of nonunion men..
For reduction of hours and increase of force........
For reduction of hours, double pay for overtime, and adoption of

union apprenticeship rules.....
For reduction of hours on Saturday ....
For regular payment ............
For reinstatement of discharged employees..
For reinstatement of discharged employees and against working

overtime................
For reinstatement of discharged foreman.
For restoration of wages......
For Saturday half holiday.....
For semimonthly payment......
For weekly payment..
In sympathy with strike elsewhere ....
To compel employer to sign a year's contract.
To enforce payment of dues, fines, etc., by delinquent inembers of
unions, or for their discharge..

. 200

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Against abolition of Saturday half holidar...
Against accepting firm's terms on new article of manufacture....
Against adoption of proposed scale....
Against adoption of proposed scale and reduction of number of picks

in weaving...... .........................
Against alleged excessive lines and poor quality of material,
Against alleged unsuitable place of work ......
Against apprentices doing journeymen's work ......
Against being compelled to board with employer.....
Against being compelled to furrish their own sewing machines..
Against being compelled to give bond and for increase of wages and

reduction of hours ............
Against brakemen being compelled to coal up engines and for in

crease of force to lighten work .....
Against change from day to piece work..
Against change from piece to day work...
Against change in kind of work .......
Against change in method of doing work.
Against change in shape of cigar......
Against change of coal screen .........
Against change of hour for beginning work....
Agninst choice made in appointment of foreman.
Against classification of work made by firm..
Against discharge of shop committee....
Avainst discharge of union emplovecs ......
Against doing work in violation of city building regulations ....
Against employment of additional apprentices....
Against employment of additional apprentices and nonunion men..
Against employment of additional apprentices and reduction of

wiges ....
Against employment of apprentices...
Against employment of colored men and for increase of wages.
Against employment of nonunion men.......
Against fines for imperfect work.....
Against fines for imperfect work and for uniform scale.
Against firm's interpretation of scale and for reinstatement of dis-

charged employees ...
Aguinst foreman doing journeyman's work and for limit to work

per day ................ Against increase of amount of work required to be done......

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Table IX.-CAUSES, ETC., OF STRIKES, BY YEARS-Continued.

1889-Continued.

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Against increase of amount of work required to be done and reduc

tion of price per piece .......
Against increase of hours..
Against increase of hours and reduction of wages.....
Against increase of number of picks in weaving
Against introduction of machinery.....
Against introduction of machinery and reduction of wages.
Against laborers doing journeymen's work.
Against making up lost time and for reinstatement of discharged

employees.... .......................................
Against obnoxious rules.....
Against obnoxious rules and reduction of wages.....
Against obnoxious treatment and reduction of wages....
Against one contractor on job employing nonunion men in another

city .....
Against performing work for another establishment in which strike

was pending .....
Against poor quality of material..
Against reduction and for increase of wages...
Against reduction of force, causing increase of work....
Against reduction of wages......
Against reduction of wages and employment of nonunion men.
Against reduction of wages and for adoption of union rules.
Against reduction of wages and for recognition of union..
Against reduction of wages and for regular payment
Against reduction of wages and for reinstatement of discharged em-

plovees............................. .............................. Against reduction of wages caused by reduction of hours..

reacton 01 Nous........... Against reduction of wages of some and for increase of wages of

others...................................................
Against scale presented by State board of arbitration ...
Against truck system ......
Against use of boycotted patterns ..
Against use of material from nonunion establishment
Against use of plate matter.........
Against use of plate matter and for payinent of wages overdue...
Against using convict-made material..
Against violation of union rules...
Against working on job with nonunion employees under another

contractor....
Against working under colored foreman ..
Against working under Knights of Labor scale....
Against working with an ex-convict ....
Against working with colored men.....
For admission of walking delegates ........
For adoption of new scale .......
For adoption of sliding scale......
For adoption of union apprenticeship rules.
For adoption of union apprenticeship rules and against employment

of nonunion men............
For adoption of union apprenticeship rules and increase of wages..
For adoption of union rules...
For adoption of unjon rules and union scale .........
For adoption of union scale .....
For allowance for board when working out of city ..
For apology from firm for charges made against employees
For better board and lodging (living with employer)...
For better powder for miners....
For change from day to piece work
For change from piece to day work ...
For change in classification of work..
For change in machinery............
For change of rules ......
For discharge of colored employees..
For discharge of employees......
For discharge of employees belonging to another labor organization,
For discharge of employees belonging to another labor organization

and increase of wages...........
For discharge of employees belonging to another labor organization

and restoration of check-off system.
For discharge of foreign employees...
For discharge of foreman.......
For discharge of head waiter......
For discharge of nonunion foreman..
For discharge of superintendent....
For discharge of timekeeper........
For division of work in duli season instead of discharge of employees.
For double pay for Sunday work .....
For employment of additional helpers ..

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Table IX.--CAUSES, ETC., OF STRIKES, BY YEARS—Continued.

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For enforcement of union rules ..........
For increase of force...........
For increase of wages......
For increase of wages and adoption of union rules.........
For increase of wages and against boys doing men's work
For increase of wages and against employment of nonunion men
For increase of wages and against firm using counterfeit label
For increase of wages and against obnoxious rules.....
For increase of wages and limit to use of machinery...
For increase of wages and payment of wages overdue....
For increase of wages and recognition of union .......
For increase of wages and reduction of cost of supplies ....
For increase of wages and reduction of hours..
For increase of wages and reduction of hours on Saturday...
For increase of wages and reemployment of hostlers.....
For increase of wages and regular payment ......................
For increase of wages and reinstatement of discharged employees..
For increase of wages and time and a half when working in water..
For increase of wages, reduction of hours, and recognition of union.
For material to be sorted and brought to workmen's benches....
For pay by the hour..
For pay for extra work..
For pay for lost time.
For pay for overtime...
For payment of alleged shortage in wages
For payment of wages overdue...
For privilege of affixing union label ....
For privilege of bringing beer into shop...
For privilege of working full time....
For recognition of union ......
For reduction of cost of supplies and semimonthly payment
For reduction of hours........
For reduction of hours and pay for overtime...
For reduction of hours and weekly payment....
For regular payment.............................
For reinstatement of discharged employees.,
For reinstatement of discharged employees and recognition of union.
For reinstatement of discharged foreman..
For restoration of wages....
For Saturday half holiday......
For semimonthly payment .....
For slower speed of machinery ...
For time and a half for holiday wo rk ....
For weekly payment.............
For working shed and to enforce payment of dues, fines, etc., by

delinquent members of union, or for their discharge.
In sympathy with strike elsewhere....
To enforce payment of dues, fines, etc.,

nent members of unions, or for their discharge...

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Against adopting firm's terms half holiday

is NONI

Against abolition of Saturday half holiday ...
Against accepting firm's terms on new article of manufacture..
Against adoption of proposed scale....
Against alleged discrimination in favor of certain employees..
Against alleged excessive docking for slate and dirt sent out with

coal...............................
Against alleged excessive fineg...
Against alleged short weight of coal ...,
Against alleged unsuitable place of work ..
Against allowing nonunion employees of another firm to work in

same shed ........
Against being compelled to board with employer and for reduction

of hours and recognition of union......
Against change from day to piece work..
Against change from day to piece work and for increase of wages..
Against change from pay by the day to pay by the hour
Against change from piece to day work ........
Against change in method of doing work..
Against change in method of doing work and reduction of wages..
Against change of coal screen .....
Against change of coal screen and for increase of wages.....
Against choice made of men to operate machines...........

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