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TABLE LX.-CAUSES, ETC., OF STRIKES, BY YEARS—Continued.

1882–Concluded.

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Against discharge of employees, foremen, etc...........
Against discharge of union employees.......
Against discharge of union employees and employment of nonunion

men..........ment of addition
Against employment of additional apprentices..
Against employment of colored men..
Against employment of more than two apprentices to a glass furnace
Against employment of nonunion men, foremen, etc....
Against employment of women......
Against extra work without extra pay
Against filling slack......
Against fines for imperfect work ...
Against increase of upprentices....
Against increase of hours.....
Against obnoxious rules ......
Against obnoxious rules and for ira partial treatment of union leaders.
Against performing work for another establishment in which strike
was pending .....
............

.....
Against poor quality of material...
Against poor quality of material and excessive speed of machinery.
Against reduction of force..
Against reduction of wages..
Against reduction of wages and change from day to piece work.....
Against reduction of wages and for limitation of number of appren.

tices...
Against reduction of wages and for reinstatement of discharged

employee ........
Against reduction of wages and signing contracts...
Against subcontracting .....
Against system of bunch breaking....
Against system of weighing yarn...
For adoption of new scale..........
For adoption of union, etc., rules..
For adoption of union, etc., seale ...
For better and more abundant food
For better treatment................
For better ventilation ..
For change from day to piece work ....
For change in system of determining wages.
For change of coal screen ....
For change of rules .............. ..
For change in machinery ...
For discharge of employees, foremen, etc....
For discharge of foreman and against piecework.
For discharge of nonunion employees.......
For employment of additional helpers ...
For employment of check weighmen.....
For employment of helpers. ...
For enforcement of union indenture
For equal distribution of work.......

" W OIA..............
For equalization of hours...
For equal rate of wages winter and summer...
For full pay for extra work ........
For increase and readjustment of wages.....................
For increase of force..
For increase of wages......
For increase of wages and against use of machine-made horseshoes
For increase of wages and discharge of nonunion employees .....
For increase of wages and reduction of hours .......
For increase of wages, reduction of hours, and discharge of foreman.
For limitation of number of apprentices....
For limitation of number of apprentices and against employment of

helpers and nonunion men.
For pa v for dead work.............
For pay for overtime.......
For payment of wages overdue...
For payment of wages overdue and against being compelled to trade

at company's store......
For payment of wages to discharged employee.....
For readjustment of wages...
For recognition of union ...
For reduction of hours......
For reduction of hours and against piecework.
For regular payment....
For reinstatement of discharged employees and recognition of union.
For reinstatement of discharged employees, foremen, etc.....
For semimonthly payment .............
In sympathy with strike elsewhere.....

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TABLE LX.—CAUSES, ETC., OF STRIKES, BY YEARS—Continued.

1883.

Suc

Cause or object.

Estab

lishments."

Succeeded Failed. partly.

.

..

.

.

.

..

.

NSONNA

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Against accepting firm's terms in new article of manufacture...
Against accepting trade dollars in payment of wages ...
Against alleged excessive docking.....
Against an order misunderstood by employees....
Against appointment of yard master..........
Against bastard type.....
Against change from piece to day work...
Against change in method of doing work
Against change of coal screen ................
Against change of rules...
Against changing rate of pay on account of new machinery
Against discharge of employees, foreman, etc.....
Against discharge of union employees......
Against employment of additional apprentices.....
Against employment of colored men..
Against employment of foreign labor..
Against employment of non union men, foremen, etc..
Against increase of apprentices......
Against increase of hours....
Against increase of hours and reduction of wages..
Against increase of work without increase of pay ...
Against introduction of coal screens.......
Against introduction of two-loom system..
Against machine work.......
Against making six heats per day..
Against miners being compelled to pay for cotton and oil used
Against obnoxious rules...
Against performing work for another establishment in which strike

was pending.....
Against poor quality of material .....
Against reduction of force.............
Against reduction of force and wages ....
Against reduction of wages......
Against reduction of wages and for discharge of yard master.....
Against reduction of wages and for limitation of number of appren-

tices ....
Against reduction of wages and use of bunch-breaking machines ...
Against signing contracts..
Against system of bunch breaki
Against truck system ............
Against violation of agreement.....
For abolition of coal screen....
For abolition of Sunday work without extra pay, reduction of day

turn to eight hours equalization of pay between sexes for same

work, and universal increase of wages.....
For adoption of fixed scale ....
For adoption of union, etc., rules ....
For adoption of union, etc., rules and scale....
For adoption of union, etc., scale..
For adoption of union, etc., scale and against truck system
For change of coal screen ..
For change of mine scales.....
For change of rules .......
For discharge of apprentices...
For discharge of employees, foremen, etc...
For discharge of foreman, and reinstatement of discharged em-

ployees................................
For discharge of nonunion employees...
For employment of check weighmen...
For enforcement of union indenture rules.
For equal distribution of work ..
For extra rate for overtime ................
For increase of wages......
For increase of wages and against employment of nonunion men
For increase of wages and against new employees ....
For increase of wages and against truck system....
For increase of wages and discharge of employees, foremen, etc.
For increase of wages and discharge of nonunion employees.
For increase of wages and enforcement of union indenture rules..
For increase of wages and increase of running time....
For increase of wages and limitation of number of apprentices....
For increase of wages and reduction of hours .......
For increase of wages and reinstatement of discharged employees.
For increase of wages awarded by arbitration board
For limitation of number of apprentices.......
For more fix (puddlers) ......
For pay for lost time.....
For pay for props and against docking ..
For pay for slack...
For payment of wages overdue........

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Table LX.-CAUSES, ETC., OF STRIKES, BY YEARS—Continued.

1883-Concluded.

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Against abolition of the lunch-time system
Against adoption of piece-price system ....................
Against bastard type .....
Against being compelled to pay helpers......
Against boarding at company's houses and against trucks
Against change from fortnightly to monthly payment...
Against change of pay day ...........................
Against change of rules .......
Against discharge of employees, foremen, etc.
Against discharge of union employees ..
Against employment of additional apprentices ..
Against employment of additional helpers........
Against employment of foreign labor.
Against employment of nonunion men, foremen, etc
Against extra work without extra pay ......
Against fines for imperfect work .........
Against increase of hours....
Against increase of hours and reduction of wages..
Against introduction of machinery ....
Against laborers doing journeymen's work ..
Against new system of keeping time .....
Against obnoxious rules.........
Against patent matter ..
Against performing work for another establishment in which lock-

out was pending..........
Against poor quality of material.......
Against reduction of force....
Against reduction of force on certain trains...
Aguinst reduction of time for dinner....
Against reduction of wages..........
Against reduction of wages and change of coal screen....
Against reduction of wages and contract system........
Against reduction of wages and discharge of employees, foremen, etc.
Against reduction of wages and for limitation of number of appren-

tices ................. ....................................
Against reduction of wages and for recognition of union
Against reduction of wages and for regular payment
Against reduction of wages and truck system....
Against signing contracts ....
Against signing contracts allowing firm to pay any bill presented

against employees....
Against system of bunch breaking ...
For adoption of union, etc., rules...
For adoption of union, etc., scale.
For better ventilation ..
For change in method of piece payment
For change of rules.......
For discharge of apprentices ............
For discharge of employees, firemen, etc..........
For discharge of foreman and against team system of working.
For discharge of nonunion employees.
For discharge of nonunion foreman, adoption of union scale, and

equal distribution of work .......
For employment of additional helpers ..
For employment of check weighmen.
For enforcement of union indenture rules...
For enforcement of union rules .....
For increase of wages......
For increase of wages and against employment of nonunion men..
For increase of wages and against obnoxious rules...
For increase of wages and discharge of nonunion employees.....
For increase of wages and employment of check weighmen...
For increase of wages and in sympathy with strike elsewhere ...
For increase of wages and recognition of union...

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TABLE IX.-CACSES, ETC., OF STRIKES, BY YEARS—Continued.

1884—Concluded.

Cause or object.

Estab

Suc-
Suc-
lish-

ceeded Failed.
ceeded., cee
ments.

partly.

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For increase of wages and reduction of hours .........
For longer time for dinner, to be made up in the evening.
For pay for dead work and for the broken bushel...
For pay for lost time .....
For payment of wages overdue..
For payment of wages overdue and uniform wages.
For readjustment of wages............
For recognition of union......
For recognition of union and adoption of uniform scale..
For reduction of daily task...
For reduction of hours .........
For reduction of hours and against employment of additional ap-

prentices ....
For regular payment
For reinstatement of discharged employees, foremen, etc
For weekly payment..
In sympathy with strike elsewhere...

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Against adoption of proposed scale.
Against alleged excessive docking and discharge of employees....
Against allowing nonunion men in a striking establishment to per-

form work in a union shop....
Against apprentices doing journeymen's work..
Against change from day to piece work...
Against change in kind of work ......
Against change in method of digging coal ....
Against change of pay day .....
Against change of rules....
Against change of working hours...
Against discharge of employees, foremen, etc
Against discharge of union employees....
Against double-header freight trains..
Against employment of additional apprentices
Against employment of apprentices....
Against employment of Chinese labor...
Against employment of colored men ...
Against employment of convict labor ..
Against employment of foreign labor..
Against employment of nonunion men, foremen, etc.
Against extra work without extra pay.
Against filling orders for mines in which strike was pen
Against fines for imperfect work .......
Against increase of hours..............
Against interchanging ready-set matter
Against introduction of machinery.....
Against making a certain style of chain ...
Against miners being compelled to pay for cotton and oil used.
Against obnoxious rules.........
Against patent matter.
Against performing work for another establishment in which strike

Was pending..........
Against reduction of force....
Against reduction of hours and wages..
Against reduction of wages.....
Against reduction of wages and employment of nonunion men
Against reduction of wages and for payment of wages overdue.
Against reduction of wages and for recognition of union ..
Against reduction of wages and truck system
Against subcontracting.....
Against system of bunch breaking......
Against truck system.....
Against using patterns of establishment in which strike was

pending......
Against violation of agreement..
Against working three turns per day.........
For abolition of coal screen ......
For adoption of fixed scale......
For adoption of fixed scale and against discharge of union employees.
For adoption of new scale.....
For adoption of union, etc., rules...
For adoption of union, etc., scale...
For better treatment...............

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TABLE IX.--CAUSES, ETC., OF STRIKES, BY YEARS—Continued.

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For better ventilation.
For change of coal screen..
For change of hour for begir work....
For change of rules...
For change of rules and reinstatement of check weighman
For discharge of apprentices ..........

............
For discharge of colored employees ....
For discharge of employees, foremen, etc...
For discharge of foreman and against employment of Chinese labor
For discharge of foreman and reinstatement of discharged employees
For discharge of nonunion employees ..
For employment of additional helpers......
For employment of check weighman ...
For enforcement of mining laws concerning the placing of timbers
For enforcement of union indenture rules..
For enforcement of union rules.....
For improvement of tenements.....
For increase of hours and wages....
For increase of wages...............
For increase of wages and against obnoxious rules....
For increase of wages and against poor quality of material
For increase of wages and against truck system..
For increase of wages and better treatment .....
For increase of wages and change of length of cut (cotton weavers)
For increase of wages and change of rules.....
For increase of wages and discharge of nonunion
For increase of wages and for chairs...
For increase of wages and recognition of union .....
For increase of wages and reduction of hours......
For increase of wages and reinstatement of discharged employees ..
For limitation of number of apprentices.
For pay for dead work...
For payment of wages overdue....
For readjustment of wages...
For recognition of union......
For reduction of daily task...
For reduction of hours......
For reduction of hours and pay by the hour......
For regular payment.....
For reinstatement of discharged employees, foreman, etc
For semimonthly payment....
For weekly payment and limitation of number of apprentices.
In anticipation of a lockout...
In sympathy with strike elsewhere....
Total...

.......

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1886.

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Against accepting firm's terms on new article of manufacture.....
Against alleged excessive docking .....
Against apprentices doing journeymen's work.
Against being compelled to board with employer
Against being compelled to trade at company's store ....
Against change from day to piece work.
Against change from piece to day work and discharge of employees.
Against change in kind of scales ......
Against change in method of tanning....
Against change of coal sereen .........
Against change of pay day..
Against change of rules..
Against compressing cotton to be transported by boycotted steam-

ship company ......
Against demand of employers to leave Cigar Makers' International

Union..............
Against discharge of employee and employment of apprentice.
Against discharge of employees, foremen, etc ......
Acainst discharge of union employees ......
Against employment of additional apprentices..
Against employment of apprentices..
Against employment of cigarmakers belonging to the Cuban Feder-

ation.................................
Against employment of convict labor ......
Against employment of foreign labor..
Against employment of foreign labor and extra hours...
Against employment of girls as folders in bleachery..

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