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Sentence.And the Commission does therefore sentence him, the said George A. Atzerodt, to be hanged by the neck until he is dead, at such time and place as the President of the United States shall direct, twothirds of the members of the Commission concurring therein.

Third.-Lewis Payne.

Finding.–Of the specification “Guilty," except combining, confederating, and conspiring with Edward Spangler. Of this not guilty. Of the charge “ Not Guilty,” except combining, confederating, and conspiring with Edward Spangler. Of this not guilty.

Sentence.—And the Commission does, therefore, sentence him, the said Lewis Payne, to be hanged by the neck until he be dead, at such time and place as the President of the United States shall direct ; two-thirds of the members of the Commission concurring therein.

Fourth.-Mary E. Surratt.

Finding.Of the specification “Guilty,” except as to the receiving, entertaining, barboring, and concealing Samuel Arnold and Michael O’Laughlin, and, except as to combining, confederating, and conspiring with Edward Spangler. Of this not guilty. Of the charge "Guilty," except as to combining, confederating, and conspiring with Edward Spangler. Of this not guilty.

Sentence.—And the Commission does therefore sentence her, the said Mary E. Surratt, to be hanged by the neck until she be dead, at such time and place as the President of the United States shall direct, two-thirds of the members of the Commission concurring therein; and

Whereas, The President of the United States has approved the foregoing sentences in the following order, to wit :

ESECUTIVE MANSION, July 5, 1865. The foregoing sentences in the cases of David E. Harold, George E. Atzerodt, Lewis Payne, and Mary E. Surratt, are hereby approved; and it is ordered that the sentences in the cases of David E. Harold, G. A. Atzerodt, Lewis Payne, and Mary E. Surratt, be carried into execution by the proper military authority, under the direction of the Secretary of War, on the 7th day of July, 1865, between the hours of 10 o'clock A. M. and 2 o'clock P. M. of that day.

ANDREW JOHNSON President.

Therefore, You are hereby commanded to cause the foregoing sentences in the cases of David E. Harold, G. A. Atzerodt, Lewis Payne, and Mary E. Surratt, to be duly executed in accordance with the President's order. * By command of the President of the United States.

E. D. TOWNSEND, Assistant Adjutant-General.

In the remaining cases of O’Laughlin, Spangler, Arnold, and Mudd, the findings and sentences are as follows:

Fifth.-Michael O'Laughlin.

Finding.–Of the specification “Guilty,except the words thereof as follows: * And in the further prosecution of the conspiracy aforesaid, and its murderous and treasonable purposes aforesaid, on the nights of the 13th and 14th of April, a. p. 1865, at Washington City, and within the military department and military lines aforesaid, the said Michael O’Laughlin did then and there lie in wait for Ulysses S. Grant, then Lieutenant-General and Commander of the Armies of the United States, with intent then and there to kill and murder the said Ulysses S. Grant.” Of said words, “ Not Guilty," and except "combining, confederating, and

six years.

conspiring with Edward Spangler," Of this not guilty. Of the charge "Guilty,” except combining, confederating, and conspiring with Edward Spangler. Of this not guilty.

Sentence. The Commission sentence Michael O’Laughlin to be imprisoned at hard labor for life.

Sirth.-Edward Spangler.

Finding.Of the specification, “Not Guilty,” except as to the words, "the said Edward Spangler, on said 14th day of April, A. D. 1865, at about the same hour of that day as aforesaid, within said military department and the military lines aforesaid, did aid and abet him," ineaning John Wilkes Booth, “in making his escape, after the said Abraham Lincoln had been murdered in the manner aforesaid," and of these words, “Guilty.” Of the charge, not guilty, but guilty of having feloniously and traitorously aided and abetted John Wilkes Booth in making his escape after having killed and murdered Abraham Lincoln, President of tho United States-he, the said Edward Spangler, at the time of aiding and abetting as aforesaid, well knowing that the said Abraham Lincoln, President as aforesaid, had been murdered by the said John Wilkes Booth as aforesaid.

The Commission sentenced Spangler to be confined at hard labor for
Seventh.—Samuel Arnold. Of the specifications-

Guilty-Except combining, confederating, and conspiring with Edward
Spangler; of this, not guilty.

Of the charge

Guilly-Except combining, confederating, and conspiring with Edward
Spangler; of this, not guilty.

The Commission sentence him to imprisonment at hard labor for life.
Eighth.-Samuel A. Mudd. Of the specification-

Guilty-Except combining, confederating, and conspiring with Edward Spangler; of this not guilty; and excepting receiving and entertaining, and harboring and concealing said Lewis Payne, John II. Surratt, Michael O’Laughlin, George A. Atzerodt, Mary E. Surratt, and Samuel Arnold; of this, not guilty. Of the charge “Guilty,” except combining, confederating, and conspiring with Edward Spangler; of this, not guilty.

Sentence. The Commission sentenced Dr. Mudd to be imprisoned at hard labor for life. The President's order in these cases is as follows:

is further ordered that the prisoners, Samuel Arnold, Samuel A. Mudd, Edward Spangler, and Michael O'Laughlin, be confined at hard labor in the penitentiary at Albany, New York, during the period designated in their respective sentences.

ANDREW JOHNeon, President.

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The sentences were duly executed, except the Dry Tortugag was substitnted for the Albany
Penitentiary, for the imprisonnient of Arnold, Mudd, Spangler, and O‘Laugblin.

51

INDEX

Adams, C. F.-remonstrance against depart. | Arbitary arrests—action of Government, 861 ;

ure of rebel cruisers from British ports, 461. debate in Congress, 873.
Address of Mr. Lincoln--at Springfield, 181; Arguelles surrendered to Cuban authorities,

at Tolono, 182; at Indianapolis, 132; before 565
Indiana Legislature, 138; at Cincinnati, 134; Arkansas-President's letter to Gen. Steele,
at Columbus, 135; at Steubenville, 186; at 491; President's letter about Convention,
Pittsburg, 186, 137; at Cleveland, 140; at 492; election and adoption of a Free State
Buffalo, 141; at Rochester, 142; at Utica, Constitution, 493, 511.
143; at Albany, 143; at Troy, 145; at Hud- Assassination of Mr. Lincoln, 697; the scene
son, 146; at Poughkeepsie, 146; at Peeks. of death, 698, 785; grief throughout the
kill, 147; at Astor House, N. Y., 148; to land, 701; warnings against assassination,
Republican Association, 148; at City Hall, 779; reports, &c., relating to, 783; letter
150; at Jersey City, 150; at Newark, 151; from Booth, 798; trial and sentence of con-
at Trenton, 151; at Philadelphia, 153 ; at spirators, 796.
Independence Hall, 154; at Lancaster, 156; Assault on Mr. Seward, 699.
at Harrisburg, 156; at Washington, 158, 159 ; | Atlanta captured, 544.
inaugural, 162; to members of Congress from
Border States, 235; to Chicago committee
on emancipation of slaves, 254; at Wash- Banks-takes Port Hudson, 415; proclams
ington about McClellan, 324; at serenade, tion for an election in Louisiana, 488; Red
September 24, 1862, 342; at Gettysburg, 412; River expedition, 516.
at Washington, July 5, 1863, 415; to working- Battle of Bull Run, 1861, 202; of Williams-
men of New York, 498; at fair in Washing- burg, 276; of Seven Pines and Fair Oaks,
ton, 501; at fair in Baltimore, 501 ; at fair in 285; of Gaines' Mills, 293 ; Malvern Hill,
Philadelphia, 503; to deputation of colored 294; Antietam, 317; Pittsburgh Landing,
persons, 505; to the country, 526; at Wash- 327; Fredericksburg, 407; Chancellorsville,
ington, 526; at Washington, 539; in re- 408 ; Gettysburg, 409; Vicksburg, 414; Tul.
sponse to nomination for re-election, 559, lahomna, 419; Chickamauga, 419; Chattanoo-
560; to Ohio regiments, 606, 607; at Wash- ga, 420; Olustee, 514; Sabine Cross-Roads,
ington, 609; upon result of election, 613, 616; Fort Pillow, 519; the Wilderness, 524;
614, 615; at Washington, 617, 618, 620; to Spottsylvania, 523; Coal Harbor, 529; Nash-
envoy of Hawaiian Islands, 623; at Wash- ville, 640; Fort Fisher, 642; Richmond, 678.
ington, 643; on adoption of Constitutional Blair, F. P., Jr., reappointment as Major-Gen-
amendments, 646 ; second inaugural, 670; eral, 472.
concerning the rebel conscription of negroes, Blair, F. P., Sen., visit to Richmond, 648.

674 ; on victory and reconstruction, 684. Booth, J. Wilkes-assassinates the President,
Alabama sunk, 535.

696; death of, 713, 788; letter of, 793.
Anecdotes and reminiscences of President Border States-reply of the members to Presi-

Lincoln, 725; his sadness, 726–728; his fa. dent's address, 236; Hon. Mr. Maynard's
vorite poem, 728–730; his religious expe-

reply, 238.
rience, 730–735; his sympathy, 735–743; his Brazil, relations witn, 622.
humor, shrewdness, and sentiment, 743–759; Buchanan-official action on Secession, 111;

the Emancipation Proclamation, 759-766. last message, 117; dissolution of his Cabinet,
Appendix-letters on sundry occasions, 767; 117; message on Secession, 118.

Ine President and General McClellan, 772; | Burnside, Gen.—succeeds McClellan in Army
warnings against assassination, 779; reports, of Potomac, 323; battle of Fredericksburg,
dispatches, and proclamations relating to the 407; arrests Vallandigham, 884; relieved
assassination, 783; inportant letter from J. from command, 407; defence of Knoxville,
Wilkes Booth, 793; trial of conspirators, 796. 420.

Butler, Gen.-geizes City Point, 527 ; expodi- States not entitled to representation in eleo-

tion to Fort Fisher, 640; removal from com- toral college, 614, 664; passage of constite.
mand, 642.

tivnal amendment prohibiting slavery, 615;
establishes Freedmen's Bureau, 645; declara

tion in regard to rebel debt, 665; authorizes
Cabinet-dissolution of Buchanan's, 117; or- a loan of $600,000,000, 660

ganization of Lincoln's, 170; resignation of Constitution-amendment forbidding interfer-
Secretary Cameron, 248.

ence with slavery, 121; amendment abolish-
Cameron-resignation of, as Secretary of War, ing slavery, 469.

249; President's message concerning, 248. Correspondence in regard to peace, 571.
Chambersburg burned, 541.

Crittenden Compromise, 119; resolution de
Charleston, evacuation of, 663,

claring the objects of War, 200.
Chase, S. P., appointed Chief Justice, 624. Curtis, Gen.-appointed to command in Mis-
Christian Commission, letter from President souri, 423; his removal, 428.

to, 500
City Point occupied by Gen. Butler, 527.
Colfax, elected Speaker of House of Repro- Dayton, Mr., interviews, &c., with French Min-
sentatives, 445.

ister in regard to Mexico, 464,
Colonization-President's views on, 229; Presi- Democratic Party-its position at time of elec.

dent's interview with colored men on, 505; tion, 1860, 108; defeat in 1863, 413; position
attempts to colonize New Grenada, 508; in 1861, 591; nominates McClellan, 598.
colony to Ile à Vache, 508.

Douglas-on Missouri Compromise, 43; speech
Commissioners from rebels, 170.

at Springfield, 44, 46; on Lecompton Bill, 50 :
Compromise--Crittenden's, 119; special com- elected senator, 76.

mittee of Congress on, 120; report of resolu- Dred Scott decision, 47, 49, 64.
tions by committee, 121; adoption of the

resolutions, 122.
Confederacy-organization of the Rebel Gov.

Election of President, 1861, 107; State elections
ernment, 112; objects of the Copfederacy of 1862, State olections of 1563, 413; election
stated by Mr, Stephens, 115.

of President, 1864, 612, 664.
Conference at Hampton Roals, 613; rebel re- Emancipation--President's reply to Chicago

port of, 651; correspondence in relation committee on, 254; Proclamation of Septem
thereto, 653; remarks on, 661.

ber, 1862, 257; incidents connected with, 759;
Confiscation Bill, 200; debate in Congress on, Proclamation of January, 1863, 260; in Misa

201, 240; its provisions, 243 ; supplementary souri, 511; amendment of Constitution, 645.

resolution, 244; message approving, 245. England-instructions to our Minister at out
Congross appoints committee on Compro- break of the rebellion, 192 ; protest against

mise, 120; adoption of Compromise resolu- her recognition of the rebels as belligerents,
tion, 121; action on amendment of Constitu- 183; the Trent affair, 209; privateers, 833 ;
tion, 122; action on Crittenden resolution stoppage of rebel rams, 462.
and Peace Conferenco, 129; meeting in extra | Everett, Edward, death of, 642.
session, July 4, 1861, 156; adoption of reso-
lution on the objects of the war, 200; bills on
confiscation employment of slaves, 200; Fac simile of letter, 589.
meeting in December, 1961, 212; resolution Farragut, Com. enters Mobile harbor, 519.
on slavery, 291; etfect of Bull Run defeat on Florida, expedition of General Gillmore, 518;
legislative action of, 226; abolishes slavery defeat at Olustee, 514.
in Territories, 228; abolishes slavery in Dis- Forged proclamation, 566.
trict of Columbia, 228; approves compen- Fort Fisher captured, 640.
Bated emancipation, 231; debate on Confisca- Fort Pillow, capture of, 519.
tion Bill, 240; the Currency Bill, 289; meet- France-offer. of mediation, 835; reply of Mr,
ing, December, 1862, 344; debate on arbitrary Seward, 885; our relations with, 468.
arrests, 861; authorizes letters of marque, Freedmen-proposition to colonize, 504; un-
871; admission of members from Louisiana, successful efforts to plant colonies in New
370; meeting, December, 1869, 445; action in Grenada and Ile à Vache, 508; enlistment 04
reference to French in Mexico, 467; debates into the army, 510; at Presidential recep
of, 1863, 468; action on slavery, 469; repeals tion, 637; bureau established for, 665.
Fugitive Slave Law, 470; action in regard to Fremont-appointed to Department of the
senators and representatives from Arkansas, West, order of emancipation, 207; Presidents
493; adoption of bill for reconstruction of revocation of order, 208; removal from come
States, 494; meeting, December, 1864, 620; mand of Western Department, 424; agree
action upon Reciprocity Treaty, 644; rebel ment with Prica, 424; popular dernonstra

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