Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

It is hardly to be hoped that the present attempt to treat so wide a subject,' within so small a compass, will satisfy all readers. Many minor details, of special interest to individuals, have necessarily been omitted. Some accounts of military and naval undertakings, which might, of themselves, have filled an entire volume, have been given with perhaps a disappointing brevity. It must suffice to say, here, that no pains have been spared—as no requisite facilities for obtaining correct data have been lacking—to make the work not only trustworthy and complete in regard to matters of salient interest, but also as acceptable as possible to all classes of loyal readers.

Washington, D. C, May 14, 1804. J. H. B.

The Third Part of this work comprises the events of tho last year of Mr. Lincoln's life, with his public papers and addresses of the same period, as well as many letters and speeches of an earlier date, not given in the previous parts. The summary of the closing campaigns of the war has been prepared with care, as well as the political history of the time. No year of the nation's existence has been more memorable than that commencing on the 1st of May, 1804. Before its close, a gigantic rebellion was finally crushed, and our great and good President, after witnessing the triumph of his labors, fell a martyr to the cause ho had so firmly upheld through the darkest hours. Would that the work were more worthy the theme. No name will be more sacred in our country's annals, or more perpetual in the memory of the world, than that of Abraham Lincoln.

Washington, D. C, July 20,1865. . J. H. B.

CONTENTS.

PART I.

OH A PTKR I.

Ancestry of Abraham Lincoln—Their Residence In Pennsylvania and Virginia—

Hts Grandfather Crosses tho Alleghanie* to Join Donne and bis Associates—

"The Dark and Bloody Ground' s Violent Death—Mis widow settles in

Washington County—Thomas Lincoln, his son, Marries and Locales near

Hodgonville—Birth of Abraham Lincoln—LaRuo County—Early Life and

Training in Kentucky.... „....„„.-, U

CnAFTER II.

Removal from Kentucky—An migrant Journey—The Forests of Southern Indi-

ana—New Home—Indiana in 1816—Slavery and Free Labor—Young Lincoln at

His Work—His Schools and Schoolmasters—Self-Education—A Characteristic

Incident—Acquaintance with River Life—His First Trip to New Orleans as a

flat bed— Death of His Mother—His Father's Second Marriage—Recollec-

tion* of an Early Settler—Close of an eventful Period in Young Lincoln's

History 21

CHAPTER III.

The French Settlements—The North-West—the Advance of Emigration—Four

Great States Founded—North and South in Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois—Senti-

ments of Southern migrants the First Emigration —A Coincidence up dates

Mordecai and Josiah Lincoln—removal to Illinois—Settlement on the San-

gamon, In Macon County—Locality Described—Abraham Lincoln Engaged in

Splitting Rails—Removal of- His Father—He settles in Coles County—Abraham

Lincoln makes another trip as a Flatboatman—becomes Clerk In a Storo on

ilis Return—Postmaster at New Salem - 21

CHAPTER IV.

Breaking Out of the Black Hawk War—The Invasion of 1831— Tho Rock-river

Country Threatened—Prompt action of Gov. Reynolds—Retreat of Black

Hawk—Treaty of 1801—Bad Faith of tho Indians—Invasion of 1832—Volun-

teers Called For—Abraham Lincoln one of a company from Menard County—

He is chosen Captain—Rendezvous at Beardstown—Hard marches across the

Country to Oquawka, Prophetetown, and Dixon—Expected Rattle Avoided by

the Enemy—Discontent among Volunteers—They are Disbanded—Co Lin-

coln Remains, Volunteering for Another Term of Service—Skirmishing Fights—

Arrival of New Levies—Encounter at Kellogg's Grove—Black Hawk at Four

Lakes—He Retreats—Battle on the Wisconsin—Hastens forward to the Mis-

sissippi—Battle of Bad-ax—End of Lincoln's First Campaign—Autobiographic

Note «. 37

CHAPTER V.

A New Period In Mr. Lincoln's Life—His Political Opinions—Clay and Jackson-

Mr. Lincoln a candidate for Representative—Election in 1834—Illinois Strongly

Democratic—Mr. Lincoln as a Surveyor—Land Speculation Mania—Mr. Lin-

coln's First Appearance In the Legislature— Banks and Internal Improve-

ments^—Whig Measures Democratically Botched—First Meeting of Lincoln

with Douglas—the Latter Seeks an Office of the Legislature, and Gets it—Mr.

Lincoln Re-elected In 1».'JG—Mr. Douglas also a Member of the House—Distin-

guished Associates—Internal Improvements Again—Mr. Lincoln's Views on

Slavery—The Capital Removed to Springfield—The New Metropolis—Revulsion

of 1837—Mr. Lincoln Chosen for a Third Term—John Calhoun, of Lecompton

Memory—Lincoln tho Whig Leader, and Candidate for Speaker—Close Vote—

5

Firet Session at Springfield—Lincoln Ro-elected in 1810—Partisan Remodeling

of the Supreme Cojart—Lincoln Declines Further Serrlco in the Legislature—

Bis Position as a Statesman at the Close of this Period—Tribuno of the People, 47

CHAPTER VI.

Mr. Lincoln's Law Studies—Ills Perseverance under Ad verso Clrcnmstancec-~-
Licensed to Practice in 183G— Hls Progress in his Profession—Hls Qnalities as
an Advocate—A Roman tip and Exciting Incident in his Practice—Reminiscence
of his Early Life—Secures an Acquittal in a Murder Case, in Spite of a Strong
Popular Prejudice Against the Prisoner — Affecting Scene—Mr. Lincoln
Removes to Springfield in 1837—Devotos Himself to his Profession, Giving up
Political Life—His MarrlAge—Family of Mrs. Lincoln—Fortunate Domestic
Relations—His Children and their Education—Denominational Tendencies—
Four Year's Retirement ....... OS

CHAPTER VII.

Mr. Lincoln's Devotion to Henry Clay—Presidential Nominations of 1844—The

Campaign in Illinois—Mr. Lincoln makes an Active Canvass for Clay—John

Ca'boun the Leading Polk Elector—The Tariff Issue Theroughly Discussed—
Mo:hed of Conducting the Canvass—Whigs of Illinois in a Hopeless Minority—
Mr. Lincoln's Reputation as a Whig Champion—Renders Efficient Service in
Indiana—Mr. Clay's Defeat, and tho Consequences—Mr. Lincoln a Candidate for
Congressman in 184G—President Polk's Administration—Condition of the Coun-
try—Texas Annexation, the Mexican War, and the Turin"—Political Character
of the Springfield District—Liucoln Elected by an Uuprecedented Majority—
His Porsonal Popularity Demonstrated —. . C8

CHAPTER VIII. -

The Thirtieth Congress—Its Political Character—The Democracy in a Minority

in the House—Robert C. Winthrop Elected Speaker—Distingnished Members in

both Houses—Mr. Lincoln takes his Seat as a Member of the House, and Mr.

Douglas for the first time as a Member of the Sonate, at the same Session—Mr.

Lincoln's Congressional Record that of a Clay and Webster Whig—The Mexi-

can War—Mr. Lincoln's Views on the Subject— Mis representations—Not an

Available Issue for Mr. Lincoln's Opponents"His Resolutions of Inquiry in

Regard to the Origin of the War—Mr. Richardson's Resolutions Indorsing

the Administration — Mr. Richardson's Resolutions for an Immediate dis-

continuance of the War—Are Voted Against by Mr. Lincoln—Resolutions

of Thanks to Gen. Taylor—Mr. Henley's Amendment, and Mr. Ashman's Addi-

tion thereto—Resolutions Adopted witheut Amendment—Mr. Lincoln's First

Speech in Congress, on the Mexican War—Mr. Lincoln on Internal Improve-

ments—A Characteristic Campaign Speech—Mr. Lincoln on the Nomination of

Gen. Taylor; the Veto Power; National Issues; President and People; WII-

mot Proviso; Platforms; Democratic Sympathy for Clay; Military Heroes and

Exploits; Cass a Progressive; Extra Pay; the Whigs and the Mexican War;

Democratic Divisions—Close of the Session—Mr. Lincoln on the Stump—Gen.

Taylor's Election—Second Session of the Thirtieth Congress—Slavery in the

District of Columbia—The Public Lands—Mr. Lincoln as a Congressman—He

Retires to Frivato life 72

CnA PTER IX.

Mr. Lincoln in Retirement for Five Years—Gen. Taylor's Administration—The

Slavery Agitation of 1850—The Compromise of Clny and Fillmore—The "Final

Settlement" of 1852—How, and by Whom it was Disturbed—Violation of the

Most Positive Pledges—The Kansas-Nebraska Bill—Douglas, the Agitator—

Popular Indignation and Excitement—Mr. Lincoln Tnkes part in the Canvass

of 1854—Great Political Changes—The Antl-Kebraska Organization—Springfield

Resolutions of 1854—Resnlts of the Election—A Majority of Congressmen and

of the Legislature Antl-Nobraskn—Election of United States Senator to Suc-

ceed Gen. Shields—Mr. Lincoln and Mr. Trumbull—A Magnanimous Sacrifice—

Mr. Trumbull Elected - 119

CHAPTER X.

The Republican Party Organized—Their Platform Adopted at Bloomlngton— The
Canvass of 1850—Mr. Lincoln Stimulus Fremont and Dayton—Ills Active Labors
on the Stump—Col. Resell Eb-rted Governor of Illinois—Mr. Buchanan Inan-
gnrated—His Kntifus Policy—Mr. Douglas Committed to ft in June, 1857—John
Calheun his S|K-ci;tl Friend—The Springfield Sjieerh of Douglas—Mr. Lincoln's
Reply IZi

CHAPTER XI.

Th* Lecompton Stmj^plo—Tho Policy of Douglas Changed—Ho Breaks with the

Administration Add Loses Caste at the Sonth—Republican Sympathies—Douglas

Falters, but Opposes tho English Bill—Passago of that Moasuro—Democratic

State Convention of Illinois—Douglas Indorsed, an.I Efforts for his Ro-clectton

Commenced—The Democratic Bolt—Meeting of the Republican State Conven-

tion In June—Mr. Lincoln Named as tho First and Only Choice of the Republi-

cans for Senator—His Groat Speech Before the Convention at Springfield—Doug-

las and Lincoln at Chicago—Speeches at Bloomlngton and Springflold—Unfair

ness of the Apportionment Pointed Out by Mr. Lincoln—He Analyzes the

Douglas Programme—Seven Joint Debates—Douglas Produces a Bogus Plat-

form, and Propounds Interrogatories — "Unfriendly Legislation"—Lincoln

Fully Defines his Position on the Slavery Question—Result of the Canvass—The

People for Lincoln; the Apportionment for Douglas—Public Opinion 141

CHAPTER XII.

Mr. Lincoln In Ohio—His Speech at Columbus—Denial of tho Negro Suffrage

Charge Troubles of Douglas with his "Great Principle"—Territories not

States—Doctrines of tho Fathers—His Cincinnati Speech—" Shooting Over the

Line "—What the Republicans Mean to Do—Plain Questions to the Democracy—

rhe People Above Courts and Congress—Uniting the Opposition—Eastern Tour—

rbe Cooper Institute Speech—Mr. Bryant's Introduction—What tho Fathers

Held—What will Satisfy tho Southern Democracy—Counsels to the Republi-

cans—Mr. Lincoln Among the Children „ ;..„ -.... 183

CHAPTER XIII.

The Republican National Convention at Chicago—The Charleston Explosion—

"Constitutional Union" Nominations—Distinguished Candidates Among the

Republicans—The Platform—The Balloting*—Mr. Lincoln Nominated—Unpar-

alleled Enthusiasm—The Ticket Completed with the Name of Senator Hamlin—

Its Reception by the Country—Mr. Liucol u'a Letter of Acceptance—Result of the

Canvass—His Journey to Washington—Speeches at 8pringflcld and lndianopolis. 190

CHAPTER Til.
Military Event« In the East—Tho Penlnsnlar Campaign — ....,—„-. SM

CHAPTER Till.

Campaign of the Army of Virginia—Withdrawal of tho Army of the Potomac

from the Peninsula— First Invasion of Maryland—McClellan Superseded 384

CHAPTER IX.

A New Era Inaugurated—Emancipation—Message of tho President—Last Session

of the Thirty-seventh Congress „ 410

CHAPTER X.

Summary of Military Movemonts in the West—Army of the Potomac—Genoral

Hooker SnpcrsodL'd—Gon. Meade takes Command—Battle of Gettysburg _ 437

CHAPTER XI.

Tho Topular Volco In 18C3— First Session of the Thirty-eighth Congress—Am-
nesty Proclamation—Message—Orders, Letters, and Addresses—Popular Senti-
ment in 18G4—Appointment of Lieutenant General Grant—Opening or the
Military Campaigns of 18C4—Conclusion 431.

PART III.

CHAPTER I.

A new Epoch of the War.—Lloutenant-Genoral Grant In the East.—Campaign

of the Army of the Potomac from tho Rapidan to Petersburg.—The Wilder-

ness.—Spottsylvanla Court House.—The North Anna.—Cold Harbor.—Across

the James.—Sheridan's Grand Raid.—Sigel and Hunter in tho Shenandoah Val-

ley.—The Army of tho James.—Avorill aud Crook In South-western Virginia.—

Combined Armies before Petersburg 484

CHAPTER II.

The Campaign In Georgia.—From Chattanooga to Marietta.—Early Movements

of Sherman and Thomas.—Capture of Daltou.—Baltlo of Resacca.—Retreat of

Johnston.—Slight Engagements.—Occupation of Kingston.—Destruction of

Rebel Works at Romo.—Advance to CassTllle.— Battle near Dallas and Powder

Spring.—Occupation of Acworth anil Big Shanty.—Attempts on Shorman't

line of Communications.—Kcnesaw Mountain.—Dattle of Nlckojack Creek.—

Pause at Marietta.—Loulslanannd Arkansas.—Anothor Invasion of Kentucky.—

Movements of the Navy - M'

CHAPTER III.

Mr. Lincoln's Administration in Issue before the People.—Disadvantages of the

Hour.—Opposition in Official Quarters, anil on tho Union side in Congress —The

"Radical" Muvement.—Recapitulation of tho Administration Policy in regard

to Virginia and Missouri.—Mr. Lincoln's Method with the Insurrectionary

States.—Gen. Fremont's Military Admiuistraliou in Missouri.—His Removal.—

Personality of the Missouri Feud.—How Mr. Lincoln Regarded it.—His Letter

to Gon. Schoflcld.—His Reply to tho Demands of the " Radical " Committee.—

The Situation In Louisiana.—Military Governorship in Tennessee.—Stato Re-or-

ganisation in Arkansas.—Factious Opposition.—Uprising of the People for Mr.

Lincoln.—The Baltimore Convention.—Tho Nominations.—Responses of Mr.

Llncolu.—Address of tho Methodist General Couference.—The President ■

Reply M

« AnteriorContinuar »