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It is hardly to be hoped that the present attempt to treat so wide a subject, within so small a compass, will satisfy all readers. Many minor details, of special interest to individuals, have neces. sarily been omitted. Some accounts of military and naval undertakings, which might, of themselves, have filled an entire volume, have been given with perhaps a disappointing brevity. It must suffice to say, here, that no pains have been spared—as no requisite facilities for obtaining correct data have been lacking—to make the work not only trustworthy and complete in regard to matters of salient interest, but also as acceptable as possible to all classes of loyal readers.

WASHINGTON, D.C., May 14, 1864. J. H. B.

The Third Part of this work comprises the events of the last year of Mr. Lincoln's life, with his public papers and addresses of the same period, as well as many letters and speeches of an earlier date, not given in the previous parts. The summary of the closing campaigns of the war has been prepared with care, as well as the political history of the time. No year of the nation's existence has been more memorable than that commencing on the 1st of May, 1864. Defore its close, a gigantic rebellion was finally crushed, and our great and good President, after witnessing the triumph of his labors, fell a martyr to the cause he had so firmly upheld through the darkest hours. Would that the work were more worthy the theme. No name will be more sacred in our country's annals, or more perpetual in the memory of the world, than that of ABRAHAM LINcoLN.

WASHINGTox, D.C., July 20, 1865. . J. H. B.

CONTENTS.

21

CILAPTER I.

Ancestry of Abrahain Lincoln-Their Residence in Pennsylvania and Virginia

llis Grandfather Crosses the Alleghanies to join Boone and his Associates-

“ The Dark and Bloody Ground"-His Violent Death--His Widow Settles in

Washington County-Thomas Lincoln, his Son, Marries and Locates near

Hudgenville-Birth of Abraham Lincolo--LaRue County-Early Life and

Training in Kentucky...........................................

CILAPTER II.

Pernoval from Kentucky-An Emigrant Journey—The Forests of Southern Indi-

ana-New Home_Indiana in 1816-Slavery and Freo Labor-Young Lincoln at

His Work-lis Schools and Schoolmasters--Self- Education-A Characteristic

locident-Acquaintance with River Life-His First Trip to New Orleans as a

Flatboatman-Death of His Mother-His Father's Second Marriage-Recollec-

tions of an Early Settler - Close of an Eventful Poriod in Young Lincoln's

Llistory ............

CHAPTER III.

The French Settlements—The North-West-Tho Advance of Emigration-Four

Great States Founded--North and South in Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois--Senti-
ments of Southern Emigrants—The First Emigrations-A Coincidence of Dateg-
Mordecai and Josiah Lincoln--Removal to Mlinois-Settlement on tho San-
gamon, in Macon County-Locality Described--Abraham Lincoln Engaged in
Splitting Rails-Removal of His Father-Ilo Settles in Coles County-Abraham
Lincoln makes another Trip as a Flatboatnian-Becomes Clerk in a Storo op
Alis Return-Postmaster at New Salom..............

CI APTEE IV.

Breaking Out of the Black Hawk War-The Invasion of 1831–The Rock-river

Country Threatened-Prompt Action of Gov. Reynolds-Retreat of Black

Hawk-Treaty of 1804–Bad Faith of tho Indians-Invasion of 1832—Volun.

teers Called for-Abrabam Lincoln one of a Company from Menard County,

He is chosen Captain-Rendezvous at Beardstown-Ilard Marches across the

Country to Oquawka, Prophetstown, and Dixon-Expected Battle Avoided by

the Euemy-Discontent among Volunteers—They aro Disbanded-Captain Lin.

coln Remaine, Volunteering for Another Term of Service-Skirmishing Fights-

Arrival of New Levies--Encounter at Kellogg's Grove_Black Hawk at Four

Lakey-He Retreats-- Battle on the Wisconsin--Hastens Forward to the Mis.

sissippi-Battle of Bad-ax-End of Lincoln's First Campaign-Autobiographic

Note..

CHAPTER V.

A New Period in Mr. Lincoln's Life--His Political Opinions-Clay and Jackson-

Mr. Lincoln a Candidate for Representative-Election in 1834Illinois Strongly

Democratic-Mr. Lincoln as a Surveyor-Land Speculation Mania-Mr. Lin-

coln's First Appearance in the Legislature-Banks and Internal Improve-

ments_Whig Measures Democratically Butched-First Meeting of Lincoln

with Douglas-The Latter Seeks an Office of the Legislature, and Gets it-Mr.

Lincoln Re-elected in 1836Mr. Douglas also a Member of the House--Distin.

guished Associates-Internal Improvements Again-Mr. Lincolo's Views on

Slavery-The Capital Removed to Springfield-The New Metropolis-Revulsion

of 1837-Mr. Lincoln Chosen for a Third Term-John Calhoun, of Lecompton

Memory--Lincoln tho Whig Lendor, and Candidate for Speaker -Close Voion

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CHAPTER VII.

Mr. Lincoln's Devotion to Henry Clay-Presidential Nominations of 1844–Tho

Campaign in Illinois–Mr. Lincoln makes an Active Canvass for Clay-John

Ca'houn the Leading Polk Elector—The Tariff Issue Thoroughly Discussed

Mo:hod of Conducting the Canvass-Whigs of Illinois in a llopeless Minority-

Mr. Lincoln's Reputation as a Whig Chainpion-Renders Eficient Service in

Indiana-Mr. Clay's Defeat, and the Consequences-Mr. Lincoln a Candidate for

Congressman in 1846—President Polk's Administration-Condition of the Coun.

try-Texas Annexation, the Mexican War, and the Tariff—Political Character

of the Springfield District-Lincoln Elected by an Unprecedented Majority-

His Porsonal Popularity Demonstrated........

OHAPTER VIII.

The Thirtieth Congress-Its Political Character, The Democracy in a Minority

in the House-Robert C. Winthrop Elected Speaker-Distinguished Members in

both Houses-Mr. Lincoln takes his Seat as a Member of the Houso, and Mr.

Douglas for the first time as a Member of the Senate, at the same Session-Mr.

Lincoln's Congressional Record that of a Clay and Webster Whig–The Mexi.

can War-Mr. Lincoln's Views on the Subject-Misrepresentations--Not an

Available Issue for Mr. Lincoln's Opponenta-His Resolutions of Inquiry in

Regard to the Origin of the War--Mr. Richardson's Resolutions Indorsing

the Administration -- Mr. Richardson's Resolutions for an immediate Dis-

continuance of the War-Are Voted Against by Mr. Lincoln-Resolutions

of Thanks to Gen. Taylor-Mr. Henley's Amendmont, and Mr. Ashmun's Addi-

tion thereto-Resolutions Adopted without Amendment-Mr. Lincoln's First

Specch in Congress, on tho Mexican War-Mr. Lincoln on Internal Improve-

ments-A Characteristic Campaign Speech-Mr. Lincoln on the Nomination of

Gen. Taylor; the Veto Power; National Issues; President and People; Wil-

mot Proviso; Platforms; Democratic Sympathy for Clay; Military Heroes and

Exploits ; Cass a Progressive ; Extra Pay; the Whigs and the Mexican War;

Democratic Divisions--Close of the Session-Mr. Lincoln on the Stump-Gen.

Taylor's Election-Second Session of the Thirtieth Congress-Slavery in tho

District of Columbia-Tho Public Lands-Mr. Lincoln as a Congressman-He

Retires to Privato lifo......

The Republican Party Organized-Their Platform Adopted at Bloomington-Tho

Canvass of 1850-Mr. Lincoln Sustains Fremont and Dayton-His Active Labors
on the Stump-Col. Bissell Elected Governor of Illinois-Mr. Buchanan luau.
gurated-His Kausas Policy--Mr. Douglas Cow initted to it in June, 1857-Johu
Calhoun bis Special Friend--Thir Springfield Speech of Douglas-Mr. Lincoln's
Roply.......

121

CHAPTER XI.

The Lecompton Stragglo-The Policy of Douglas Changed -IIo Breaks with the

Administration and Loses Casto at the South-Republican Sympathies-Douglas

Falters, but Opposes tho English Bill-Passago of that I caguro-Democratic

State Convention of Illinois-Douglas Indorsed, and Efforts for his Re-election

Commenced - The Democratic Bolt-Meeting of the Republican State Conven.

tion in June-Mr. Lincoln Named as the First and Only Choice of the Republi.

cans for Senator-His Groat Speech Before the Convention at Springfield-Doug.

las and Lincoln at Chicago--Spoeches at Bloomington and Springfield-Unfair

Dess of the Apportionment Pointed out by Mr. Lincoln-11e Analyzes the

Douglas Programme-Seven Joint Debates-Douglas Produces a Bogus Plat.

form, and Propounds Interrogatories – “Unfriendly Legislation "--Lincoln

Fully Defines his Position on the Slavery Question-Result of the Canvass—The

People for Lincoln; the Apportionment for Douglas-Public Opinion............. 141

CIAPTER XII.

Mr. Lincoln in Ohio-His Speech at Columbus—Denial of tho Negro Suffrage

Charge_Troubles of Douglas with his “Great Principle"-Territories not

States-Doctrines of the Fathers-His Cincinnati Speech -"Shooting Over the

Line"-What the Republicans Mean to Do—Plain Questions to the Democracy,

The People Above Courts and Congress-Uniting the Opposition-Eastern Tour-

The Cooper Institute Speech-Mr. Bryant's Introduction-What the Fathers

Held-What will Satisfy the Southern Democracy-Counsels to the Republi.

caus–Mr. Lincoln Among the Children.....

183

CHAPTER XIII.

The Republican National Convention at Chicago-The Charleston Explosion-

"Constitutional Union" Nominations-Distinguished Candidates Among the

Republicans-The Platform-The Ballotings_Mr. Lincolo Nominated-Unpar.

alleled Enthusiasm-The Ticket Completod with the Name of Senator Hamlin-

Its Reception by the Country-Mr. Lincoln's Letter of Acceptance-Result of the

Cantaas--His Journey to Washington—Speeches at Springfield and Indianopolis. 190

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