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duced them to their present unenviable situation. In the whole South there is scarcely a publication of any kind devoted to their interests. They are now completely un der the domination of the oligarchy, and it is madness to suppose that they will ever be able to rise to a position of true manhood until after the slave power shall have been utterly overthrown.

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CHAPTER XI.

SOUTHERN LITERATURE,

It is with some degree of hesitation that we add a chapter on Southern Literature—not that the theme is inappropriate to this work ; still less, that it is an unfruitful one ; but our hesitation results from our conscious inability, in the limited time and space at our command, to do the subject justice. Few, except those whose experience has taught them, have any adequate idea of the amount of preparatory labor requisite to the production of a work into which the statistical element largely enters ; especially is this so, when the statistics desired are not readily accessible through public and official documents. The author who honestly aims at entire accuracy in his statements, may find himself bafled for weeks in his pursuit of a single item of information, not of much importance in itself perhaps, when separately considered, but necessary in its connection with others, to the completion of a harmonious whole. Not unfrequently, during the preparation of the preceding pages, have we been subjected to this delay and annoyance.

The following brief references to the protracted preparatory labors and inevitable delays to which authors are

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skiel may interest our readers, and induce them to

w charity any deficiencies, either in detail or in xiarament, which, owing to the necessary baste cinta, these concluding pages of our work may

6 tras engaged nine years in the preparation - Terence and five years in gathering and arrang

the cats of his “Deserted Village," and two years

On the American Historian, has been more than _Tap n his History of the United States, Sitio of the work to the present date; and CATS:t yet completed.

seminent historian, from the tiine he Daterials for his History of the United Suits completin, devoted no less than

Tip Toes be work Terlerin grapher, gare thirty-five years in his [nabridged Dictionary of the

the degree of accuracy and complete.

Viss after ten years' labor in the accuCira Life of Alexander Hamilton,

* Rash the work on account of im

Lies i Faretteriile, North Carolina, who

kaupen the Life and Character of 1. was conducen years in the collection of

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Oulibicheff, a distinguished Russian author, spent twentyfive years in writing the Life of Mozart.

Examples of this kind might be multiplied to an almost indefinite extent. Indeed, almost all the poets, prosewriters, painters, sculptors, composers, and other devotees of Art, who have won undying fame for themselves, have done so through long years of earnest and almost unremitted toil.

We are quite conscious that the fullness and accuracy of statement which are desirable in this chapter cannot be attained in the brief time allowed us for its completion ; but, though much will necessarily be omitted that ought to be said, we shall endeavor to make no statement of facts which are not well authenticated, and no inferences from the same which are not logically true. We can only promise to do the best in our power, with the materials at our command, to exhibit the inevitable influence of slavery upon Southern Literature, and to demonstrate that the accursed institution so cherished by the oligarchy, is no less prejudicial to our advancement in letters, than it is destructive of our material prosperity.

What is the actual condition of Literature at the South ? Our question includes more than simple authorship in the various departments of letters, from the compilation of a primary reader to the production of a Scientific or Theological Treatise. We comprehend in it all the activities engaged in the creation, publication, and sale of books and periodicals, from the penny primer to the heavy folio, and from the dingy, coarse-typed weekly paper, to the large, well-filled daily.

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insta: secy a degree of intellectual activity Isa as redaced a few good authors a few

z razd a moderately large number of

Diss. pengadists, essayists and critics. 19-2st be acceded that the South has

Dit became alterature ; it is only when

means the North, that we say, TSK: Ceressn, " The South has no

sy admitted by more than one Eine Srben Coreation at Savannah. Siisti :37 ug that occasion : "It is im

Se kraleature of her own, Iznes ad bez rients;" a sufficiently

neis stD:, such a literature. = 'met bruin the rrunded periods

- Tu Les si at facts, then. Orriare periodical literature

Tuese resis: By the census of : Sepertie aber of periodicals, is szigetely, monthly and

care Gates, including the Dis*?**T*- bedred and twenty-two.

e perculation of ninety-two 232-seren thousand one hundred 2.5:-2. The number of periodicals,

"Issueset sbe Do-slaveholding States ir ris De thousand eight hundred amè minere, with an aggregate yearly circulation of theme and thirty-three million three hundred and gh thousand and eighty-one. (333,386,081).

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