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holders are under the shield of a perpetual license to murder. This license they have issued to themselves. According to their own infamous statutes, if the slave raises his hand to ward off an unmerited blow, they are permitted to take his life with impunity. We are personally acquainted with three ruffians who have become actual murderers under circumstances of this nature. One of them killed two negroes on one occasion ; the other two have murdered but one each. Neither of them has ever been subjected to even the preliminaries of a trial ; not one of them has ever been arrested ; their own private explanations of the homicides exculpated them from all manner of blame in the premises. They had done nothing wrong in the eyes of the community. The negroes made an effprt to shield themselves from the tortures of a merciless flagellation, and were shot dead on the spot* Their murderers still live, and are treated as honorable members of society! No matter how many slaves or free negroes may witness the perpetration of these atrocious homicides, not one of them is ever allowed to lift up his voice in behalf of his murdered brother. In the South, negroes, whether bond or free, are never, under any circumstances, permitted to utter a syllable under oath, except for or against persons of their own color; their testimony against white persons is of no more consequence than the idle zephyr of the summer.

We shall now introduce four tables of valuable and interesting statistics, to which philosophic and discriminating readers will doubtless have frequent occasions to refer. Tables 22 and 23 will show the area of the several States, in square miles and in acres, and the number of inhabitants to the square mile in each State; also the grand total, or the average, of every statistical column; tables 24 and 25 will exhibit the total number of inhabitants residing in each State, according to the census oft 1850, the number of whites, the number of free colored, and the number of slaves. The recapitulations of these tables will be followed by a complete list of the number of slaveholders in the United States, showing the exact number in each Southern State, and in the District of Columbia. Most warmly do we commend all these statistics to the studious attention of the reader. Their language is more eloquent than any possible combination of Roman vowels and consonants. We have spared no pains in arranging them so as to express at a single glance the great truths of which they are composed ; and we doubt not that the plan we have adopted will meet with general approbation. Numerically considered, it will be perceived that the slaveholders are, in reality, a very insignificant class. Of them, however, we shall have more to say hereafter. TABLE NO. XXIV. RECAPITULATION—AREA.

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Free Colored.

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POPULATION OF THE FREE STATES 1850.

TABLE NO. XXV.

POPULATION OF THE SLAVE STATES 1850.

States.

Alabama

Arkansas

Delaware

Florida

Georgia

Kentucky

Louisiana

Maryland

Mississippi....

Missouri

North Carolina.
South Carolina.

Tennessee

Texas

Virginia.,... ..

Whites.

• 426,514
162,189
71,169
47,203
521,572
761,413
255,491
417,943
295,718
592,004
553,028
274,563
756,836
154,034!
894,800!

6,184,477!

54,333

228,138

Slaves.

342,844

47,100
2,290

89,310
381,622
210,981
244,809

90,368 309,878

87,422 288,548 384,984 239,459

58,161 472,528

Total.

771,623 209,897 91,532 87,445 906,185 982;405 517,762 583,034 606,326 682,044 869,039 668,507

1,002,717 212,592

1,421,661

3,200,364 , 9,612,979

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Square Miles. Acres.

Area of the Slave States. 851,448 544,926,720

Area of the Free States 612,597 392,062,082

Balances in favor of Slave States... 238,851 152,864,638

RECAPITULATION POPULATION 1850.

Whites. Total.

Population of the Free State* 13,233,670 13,434,922

Population of the Slave States... 6,184,477 9,612,976

Balances in favor of the Free States 7,049,193 3,821,946

FREE COLORED AND SLAVE 1850.

Free Negroes in the Slave States v 228,138

Free Negroes in the Free States 196,116

Excess of Free Negroes in the Slave States 32,022

Slaves in the Slave States 3,200,364

Free Negroes in the Slave States 228,138

Aggregate Negro Population of the Slave States in 1850... 3,428,502

THE TERRITORIES AND THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.

Area in Square Miles. Population.

Indian Territory 71,127

Kansas" 114,798

Minnesota" 166,025 6,077

Nebraska" 335,882

N.Mexico" 207,007 61,547

Oregon" 185,030 13,294

Utah" 269,170 11,380

Washington" 123,022

Columbia, Dist. of 60 *51,687

Aggregate of Area and Population, 1,472,121 143,985

* Of the 51,887 inhabitants in the District of Columbia, in 1850, 10,057 were Free Colored, and 3,687 were slaves.

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