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in your

own number, we appeal to you to join us in our patriotic endeavors to rescue the generous soil of the South from the usurped and desolating control of these political vampires. Once and forever, at least so far as this country is concerned, the infernal question of slavery must be disposed of ; a speedy and perfect abolishment of the whole institution is the true policy of the South- and this is the policy which we propose to pursue. Will you aid us, will you assist us, will you be freemen, or will you be slaves ? These are questions of vital importance; weigh them well

minds; come to a prudent and firm decision, and hold yourselves in readiness to act in accordance therewith. You must either be for us or against us— antislavery or pro-slavery ; it is impossible for you to occupy a neutral ground; it is as certain as fate itself, that if you

do not voluntarily oppose the usurpations and outrages . of the slavocrats, they will force you into involuntary Based compliance with their infamous measures. Consider well

the aggressive, fraudulent and despotic power which they have exercised in the affairs of Kanzas; and remember that, if, by adhering to erroneous principles of neutrality

or non-resistance, you allow them to force the curse of Poslavery on that vast and fertile field, the broad area of all

the surrounding States and Territories - the whole nation, 2. in fact, will soon fall a prey to their diabolical intrigues

and machinations. Thus, if you are not vigilant, will

they take advantage of your neutrality, and make you her and others the victims of their inhuman despotism. Do

not reserve the strength of your arms until you shall have been rendered powerless to strike; the present is the

proper time for action ; under all the circumstances, aps: thy or indifference is a crime. First ascertain, as near's as you can, the precise nature and extent of your daty, and then, without a moment's delay, perform it in cod faith. To facilitate you in determining what considera tions of right, justice and humanity require at your hand, is one of the primary objects of this work; and we shall certainly fail in our desire if we do not accomplish vur task in a manner acceptable to God and advantageons to


But we are carrying this chapter beyond all ordinary bounds; and yet, there are many important particulars in which we have drawn no comparison between the free and the slave States. The more weighty remarks which we intended to offer in relation to the new States of the West and Southwest, free and slave, shall appear in the suo ceeling chapter. With regard to agriculture, and all the multifarious interests of husbandry, we deem it quite me necessary to say more. Cotton has been shorn of its magic power, and is no longer King; dried grass, commun ly called hay, is, it seems, the rightful heir to the throne. Commerce, Manufactures, Literature, and other important subjects, shall be considered as we progress.

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PRELIMINARY to our elucidation of what we conceive to

be the most discreet, fair and feasible plan for the abolition titis chapter is.. of slavery, we propose to offer a few additional reasons re macy in why it should be abolished. Among the thousand and one

arguments that present themselves in support of our posi

tion—which, before we part with the reader, we shall en1 the DF

deavor to define so clearly, that it shall be regarded as ultra only by those who imperfectly understand it is the influence which slavery invariably exercises in depressing the value of real estate ; and as this is a matter in which

the non-slaveholders of the South, of the West, and of the Man has le

Southwest, are most deeply interested, we shall discuss it in a sort of preamble of some length.

The oligarchs say we cannot abolish slavery without

infringing on the right of property. Again we tell them tre progress

we do not recognize property in man; but even if we did, and if we were to inventory the negroes at quadruple, the value of their last assessment, still, impelled by a sense of duty to others, and as a matter of simple justice to ourselves, we, the non-slaveholders of the South, would be fully warranted in emancipating all the slaves at once, and that, too, without any compensation whatever to

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those who claim to be their absolute masters and owners, We will explain. In 1850, the average value per acre, of land in the Northern States was $28,07; in the Northwestern $11,39; in the Southern $5,34 ; and in the Southwestern $6,26. Now, in consequence of numerous natural advantages, among which may be enumerated the greater mildness of climate, richness of soil, deposits of precious metals, abundance and spaciousness of harbors, and super excellence of water-power, we contend that, had it not been for slavery, the average value of land in all the Southern and Southwestern States, would have been at lerst equal to the average value of the same in the Northern States. We conclude, therefore, and we think the conclusion is founded on principles of equity, that you, the slaveholders, are indebted to us, the non-slaveholders, in the sum of $22,73, which is the difference between $28,07 and $5,34, on every acre of Southern soil in our possession. This claim we bring against you, because slavery, which has inured exclusively to your own benefit, if, indeed, it has been beneficial at all, has shed a blighting influence over our lands, thereby keeping them out of market, and damaging every acre to the amount specified Sirs ! are you ready to settle the account? Let us sce how much it is. There are in the fifteen slave States, 846,048 slaveholders, and 544,926,720 acres of land. Now the object is to ascertain how many acres are owned by slaveholders, and now many by non-slaveholders. Sup pose we estimate five hundred acres as the average landed property of each slaveholder ; will that be fair? We think it will, taking into consideration the fact that 174,503

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of the whole number of slaveholders hold less than five slaves each—68,820 holding only one each. According to this hypothesis, the slaveholders own 173,024,000 acres, and the non-slaveholders the balance, with the exception of about 40,000,000 of acres, which belong to the General Government. The case may be stated thus :

Area of the Slave States 544,926,720 acres.

Acres owned by slayeholders.. 173,024,000
Estimates Acres owned by the government 40,000,000—213,024,000

Acres owned by non-slaveholders.... 331,902,720 Now, chevaliers of the lash, and worshippers of slavery, the total value of three hundred and thirty-one million nine hundred and two thousand seven hundred and twenty acres, at twenty-two dollars and seventy-three cents per acre, is seven billion five hundred and forty-four million one hundred and forty-eight thousand eight hundred and twenty-five dollars; and this is our account against you on a single score. Considering how your villainous institution has retarded the development of our commercial and manufacturing interests, how it has stifled the aspirations of inventive genius ; and, above all, how it has barred from us the heaven-born sweets of literature and religion-concernments too sacred to be estimated in a pecuniary point of view—might we not, with perfect justice and propriety, duplicate the amount, and still be accounted modest in our demands ? Fully advised, however, of your indi. gent circumstances, we feel it would be utterly useless to call on you for the whole amount that is due us ; we shall, therefore, in your behalf, make another draft on the fund of non-slaveholding generosity, and let the account, meagre as it is, stand as above. Though we have given

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the fifteen 720 acres of the

If acies 41.7. non-slavehetett s as the area El that be fai in the fact that

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