Imágenes de páginas

picture. If, however, a wrong part is presented in consciousness as belonging to a particular group, when in fact it does not, then there is at once a consciousness of the want of harmony, and the truth of the picture recalled in consciousness is at once denied. Suppose, for example, we have witnessed the performance of a certain act, and this is subsequently recalled in memory, and all the various faculties furnish their appropriate quotas of the picture then secured except one; we will suppose that the actor and the act are correctly delineated, but the faculty of locality furnishes the image of the wrong locality ; consciousness immediately feels the discord and refuses to recognize the image as the proper one, and a voluntary effort is made until the proper image of the locality is obtained, and then a pleasant feeling of satisfaction from the harmonious working of this automatic linking law assures us that the right locality has been furnished. Or the proper locality with all particulars may have been furnished, except that the organ of Form furnishes the wrong face for an actor in the scene; forthwith a repulsive feeling of discord assures us it is wrong, and a voluntary effort is made to recall the right one, and when obtained, we are perfectly convinced from the accordant feelings resulting, and so on through all the endless variations of mental manifestations.




as a statesman, the very qualities which were a When I knew her, she was in her glory, hindrance to him as an orator, were helps to the glory of established womanhood, and the him in the business he followed-his Caution, ripe fullness of something tropical, that needed for example, and his Conscientiousness.

translation. She had a long upward reach, GEORGE CRUIKSHANK.

and being both adventurous and ambitious This wonderful man, who, to the last, had

without any definite object, for a long while, no just idea of his own worth as an artist,

was in constant danger of discouragement

, or used to sit hour after hour at a table, in the club

shipwreck. She had but one child—now Lady of which he was a member, with newspapers

Duff Gordon--whose translation of the “ Amber rustling about him, and conversation going on,

Witch," and the “French in Algiers," hare both "fast and furious,” in every part of the

made her quite famous in that way. When I room, without interchanging a word, or letting

first saw her with her mother, she was not fall an observation for ten minutes together,

more than twelve or thirteen, lithe, spirited, although, when he did, it was oftentimes both and graceful, though exceedingly shy and senstrange and startling. He was a thin, dark sitive, with large, lamping eyes, like her man, about the average height of studious men,

mother's, and a step which even at that early with clear eyes, and a lurking smile about the age had a rhythm in it. mouth, which not unfrequently shaded off My acquaintance with her mother began in into downright sarcasm, if he were “much en- this way. We had met somewhere-I can not forced.” After the sitting was over, the table, now remember how, nor where - and soon and sometimes the floor, would be found lit- after she wrote me a note, in consequence of tered with scraps of paper, on which he had something that had happened, to say that she let fly some of his extravagant or whimsical wanted to consult with me for a few minutes; I thoughts.

supposed about Mr. Bentham's doings, for I I have now before me one of these little was then with him in Queen Square Place, scraps, about four inches square, on which he Westminster. When I saw her, it was in the has hit off, with a few scratches, a fat sleepy garden, where, after some hesitation, she told magistrate, leaning back in a chair, with a me that she had been writing a little book, nightcap on, and two unmistakable Irishmen, and knowing that I was in that way myself, though utterly unlike, up for a row before him. wanted my advice. It was the poor thing's Among the crowd are two or three Greenwich first essay of the kind—and wbat do you think pensioners and a night watchman-all indicated it was ? Nothing but a phrase-book in Spanish, by a few touches, or a peculiar flourish, that or Italian, I forget which. After runnning my would pass for penmanship—while the long eye over it, I advised her to publish it, by al shovel-hat of the former, seen both in front means;

but—and here I could not help being and rear, together with the nose and chin, are serious and emphatic—why not try her hand enough to make any man laugh outright, who upon something worthier of her talent and has ever happened to see any of these mon- education? She was afraid ; she only desired strosities elongated. So far as I now recollect, to eke out the small yearly allowance they had he was a man to be overlooked in a crowd from her father and from her husband's father, but never in the club-room. Others have and believed a school-book would pay better come up since, to dispute the prize with him than anything else in her power to get up. for the grotesque and the exaggerated, but The little book was published, and produced nobody that could hold a candle to him, for something-not much-I believe hardly enough heartiness and humor. Hogarth himself was to encourage her. At my suggestion, after I the only caricaturist that ever said so much, had dropped a line to Mr. Jeffrey in her behal, and so effectually, with a few scratches of the she wrote for the Edinburgh Quarterly, transpen.

lating some of the admirable papers of Ugo MRS. SARAI AUSTIN,

Foscolo for that journal, and then, after a This magnificent woman, with her stately while, by little and little, doing herself more bearing, her queenly presence, and large justice with original matter, until she brought lustrous eyes, though known to most of the forth her “Germany"-one book only—“ one ; leading Carbonari and political outcasts of

but a lion." Europe, seems to have been almost unheard of Her familiarity with French, Italian, and in this country, though her book on Germany German was quite remarkable. She wrote all is among the very best we have, and her ac- these languages with great fluency and corcomplishments and her talents have made for rectness, and talked them almost as if they her a continental reputation worth having. were each her native tongue. Her familiarity She was a daughter of Mr. Taylor, of Nor- with the best literature of the past and present

, wich, the Platonist, and wife of the celebrated and her personal acquaintance with the elecJohn Austin-celebrated, I mean, among those

mosynary ex-patriots of all Europe, whether who knew him best, as a writer on jurispru- soldiers or civilians, authors or conspirators

, dence, and not as a jurist, for he had no practice, made her little reunions exceedingly attractive, nd being a Benthamite, like Sir Samuel Ro- and her conversation delightful. milly and half a score of other dangerous men,

Wanting exercise, and being rather advenwho had the courage to think for themselves,

turous by nature, she took lessons in smallwas rather obnoxious to the slow coaches of sword of me, and really might have been that day.

somewhat dangerous had she continued; but

"Come like shadows-80 depart." EARL RUSSELL-GEORGE CRUIKSHANK-MRS. SARAH


For many years, people have been urging me to amuse them with a few outline sketches of the men and women I have met with in the course of my wanderings, “who had a name to live." At last, therefore, I consent, hoping that, although hurried and brief, like those which appeared in “Randolph,” so many years ago, they may be found both sprightly and truthful; individualities that may be remembered without labor.


I had the pleasure of hearing this great statesman make his maiden speech at the hustings, when he was only Sir John. It was, indeed, a very common-place affair, and given with the intonations and gesture of a schoolboy, though I do not suppose it had been committed to memory, or otherwise prepared, than by diligent study. He was then a pleasantfaced, flaxen-headed young man, with nothing whatever, so far as I could see, to distinguish him from thousands of the feebler growth around him. But the phrenological developments were all in his favor, and his lineage opened the way which he has since traveled, with the step of a giant, set to music. On the whole, he did not promise much, as a speaker, and up to this hour has, I dare say, disappointed nobody, and astonished nobody. But as a minister, and



his own,

another friend, an Italian, by the name of | kind and encouraging and very direct-droit- influence with the leaders of Parliament as this Prandi, who was far from being a capital just as was to be expected from the writer.” extraordinary man. A small, compact figure, swordsman, and who had never amused him

“I do not, and never did, mean about the size of Aaron Burr, and bearing no self with teaching, as I had, interfered with to give more to this German, even had he been little resemblance to that dangerous, unprinmy arrangements, and I gave it up. After this, an angel, than just sufficient to acquit myself cipled man- in his personal appearance, I another pleasant freak seized her. I was of the duties of hospitality and civility.” * mean— there were those who saw him in heartily engaged with gymnastics at the time, " You must not wonder at poor Prandi. All conversation with orators and statesmen, who having Volker, the German giant, for a teacher, men who are cast from their sphere are suscep- could not believe that he was "only a tailor." whom I afterward sent to New York. Mrs. tible, in the French sensc; they are eternally He had the look of a born gentleman ; dressed Austin was deeply interested in the subject, seeing slights and unkindnesses, and scorns in black, with coat buttoned up to the chin, having understood the purpose to be revolu- and insults, where prosperous men, at home in and tights, instead of small-clothes, he was tionary on the Continent, and being assured by their station, would not; and this increases in everywhere—even at Carlton House-received our friend Dr. Franz Lieber, who had just es- proportion as they like the person from whom as a gentleman, and oftentimes found his most caped from Germany, and was on his way to the offense is supposed to come.”

unpalatable suggestions adopted, as a necessity, this country, with letters from me to Mr. After inviting me down to Leith Hill, in Dor- by the leaders of Parliament. Jefferson, who was then hard at work upon the king, Surrey, where she and her husband were

LEIGH HUNT. foundations of his great university, and was resting and recruiting, she adds: “ Thank you

A small, slender, swarthy man, with an eye on the look-out for eminent professors in every more than all for your frankness. By that I

full of slumbering fire, that looked through you branch of science, that there was a new system judge of the worth you have found in me, and at a glance, abounding in quaint pleasantry at work in Italy, called calisthenics, which am proportionally your obliged friend. S. A.”

and cheerful, unpretending speculation, rich women might venture to grapple with, she

and satisfying, though rather epigrammatic, jumped at the conclusion at once, and soon Not long before I knew this great leader of upon whatever subject he touched. It had after, having engaged a professor for her, we

the day, he was held up as the finest sample of something in it of the “bottled velvet” and both took lessons of him upon the triangle, and an English gentleman to be found alive—not

"golden ferment” he speaks of, in his “Feast of she at least became quite a proficient in flying,

excepting the Prince Regent himself, with his the Poets,” when the eyes of the god were like and balancing on the floor, while I managed

magnificent bow, and the celebrated flourish to break my arm in demonstrating some queer to his signature; nor even Sir Stratford Can

"And a sprinkle of gold through the duskincss came, problem he had suggested, upon the composi

ning, now Lord de Redcliffe, the most courtly Like the sun through the trees when he's setting in tion of forces, with whipcord and a movable

gentleman I ever met with, and fullest of what flame," balance. Most of the exercises were both

we acknowledge for high-breeding. He stood and the talk was “loosened silver" and “twanggraceful and strengthening, especially those six feet or six feet two in the clear, well pro- ling pearls.” He was a West Indian by birth, with what I called a yard-stick, though others portioned, with a noble presence and bearing, and no man ever lived with such a delicate called it a wand.

and was beyond all question the finest parlia- appreciation of epithets and adjectives, not These two anecdotes may be quite enough mentary orator of his day, before Canning ap- even Spenser, nay, not even Shakspeare himto show the character of the woman-full of

peared; but in conversation, he seldom had self. “ He played his weapon like a tongue of energy at first, and at last, of self-reliance, fair play among his worshipers. The moment flame” whenever he felt touched by a kindred though, when I first knew her, she was more he opened his mouth, he would be assailed with spirit, and wore a chaplet, like Southey, “a like a startled fawn, if I suggested a new enter- questions, and badgered, till it seemed to me wreath of wild mountain-ash plucked in the prise to her, than like what she soon after be- that he must spring out of his chair and sweep wind.” He rather liked the Yankees, I saw; camera wonder among the boldest of those the tables. There they would sit, open-mouthed, but the blaze of the tropics had persuaded him, who knew her best. One word of her phreno- and full of deferential awe, asking his opinion as it had Byron, that “the cold of clime are cold logical developments, as I now recollect them. of this, that, and the other subject, upon which of blood," a terrible mistake for a poet ;-since She had a large head of the masculine type, the authorities were divided, as if they might the fiercest flames are found in the north, and though womanly in all the domestic and social all be disposed of in syllogisms or apothegms. most of the volcanoes worth mentioning are affections, with large Approbativeness and large It was “Sir Francis" this and “Sir Francis" always capped with snow. Self-Esteem, though deficient in Caution, with that, until I began to look toward the door for * The deepest ice that ever froze a bilious, nervous temperament, and great escape. Still, he was entertaining, liberal, and

Can only o'er the surface close; capability of endurance; in short, she was

The living stream runs quick below, statesmanlike, when allowed to finish a sen

And flows-and ne'er can cease to flow." altogether fitted for a commanding station; tence or explain his views. Among other and if circumstances had been favorable, would pleasant things, he said to me, Aristotle to the

There was no pretension about the man-no have been celebrated as a reformer, and as a contrary, notwithstanding, that England was

stage trick-no parade. He chatted freely and writer and thinker, not only at home, but a republic, and not a monarchy. And here,

naturally, and almost always anticipated your abroad, and especially here. undoubtedly, he was more than half right,

cleverest observations, with his eyes and lips, Among those whom I met with at different though something would depend upon the

though never by speech, never by interruption. times at her house, or bearing a note from definition.

DR. BOWRING NOW BIR JOHN BOWRING. her, by way of a passport, were Rey, the


The most poetical face I ever saw in my life; jurisconsult, author of “Institutions Judici- The Mary Wolstoncroft of her day, “fat, rather slight of build, and not over five feet aires d'Angleterre;" the Canon Riego, brother fair, and forty," who stood almost alone for a

seven; with large Caution, large Ideality, of General Riego, and his daughter, Teresa ;

long time in battling for “ Woman's Rights ;" prodigious Approbativeness, and Self-Esteem Prati; and Dr. Lieber, whom we are now so exceedingly pleasant in conversation, good- enough, I should guess, for a great reformer, well acquainted with here, as an adopted citizen humored and sprightly, no common observer though wanting in steadfastness and compreand cosmopolite. Two or three brief extracts would have suspected her strength, but for the hensiveness. Before he undertook the Westfrom one of her letters may help to show how

influence she had over strong men. Her minster Reviemand he did not overtake it she received the hints I gave her, from time to phrenological developments corresponded with

for years, he was a wine merchant, failed, and time, of the dangers that beset her path among her charucter, of course.

got rid of his creditors-he never knew how, these illuminati.


himself; took to poetry, gave a series of capital “My dear Friend (for I think you have Since the apotheosis of Tom Paine, the stay- translations from the great northern storeearned that title of me), your letter was very maker, no mere tradesman ever had so much house, and, at the last, became a power in the


Our Social Relations.

Dimentic hampiness, the only bliss
of paalse that has su vired the fall!
Thou art the nurse of virtue. In tine arms
She smiles, appeaing as in truth she is,
Hear'nboin), anil destined to the skies again. -Corper.



The light of a summer day most rare
Stole into a lowly hovel, where
Two children played at their mother's knee,
Happy as little children could be.
Blessed by her lore, her care, no more
They asked or wished, to enrich their store.
For that day a new strange tenderness
Had secmed to dwell in her fond caress,
And they saw a holier light arise
From the tender depths of their mother's eyes.
But they were too young to guess the truth,
The laughing Maurice, the loving Ruth.
They had not known how her heart had bled
When she gently blessed each fair young head.
They had not heard her sad soul's deep cry,
That the cup she dreaded might pass by!


state-or, rather, in that portion of the state can not do. A man's character is always in his where Benthamism prevailed. But he was a own keeping. He is only to be patient and man to be misunderstood, and on the whole, hopeful, and he is sure to triumph at last.” would bear watching.

He shook his head so despondingly, that I I remember a transaction which occurred pitied him.

“ You have read the papers, while he was editor of the Westminster, and I suppose ?” “Yes—but," and here I came which is so characteristic of the man, that, if I to a full stop. “Allow me to say, that I think knew nothing more of him, that would be you have not done yourself justice in replying enough. He was at the time Secretary of the as you have. Axioms, and proverbs, and old Greek Committee, and was moving heaven saws are not syllogisms-still less, are they and carth to raise funds for their help, just bombshells. Either-excuse me-either you about the tiine when poor Byron made such a should have taken the bull by the horns, or fool of himself with his pasteboard lelmets, paid no attention whatever to the story." and other trumpery, and Colonel Stanhope “And what did you think of these charges ?” (Leicester) and Trelawney were running riot Think! I thought nothing of them. But over the land, establishing newspapers instead now that you are here, and have brought the of magazines, and printing-presses instead of question up, allow me to ask if there is any store-houses, full of war material, heavy truth in them; and if so, how much ?" ordnance, gunpowder, and provisions. At last, "Not a word, my dear sir, not a word, from the Greek Committee began to murmur, and beginning to end." then to growl, and the question was taken up “That's enough! I am satisfied. It is just in Parliament, and Mr. Hume, the great Scotch as I supposed; and I shall not take the trouble financier—the penny wise and pound foolish to investigate them, after this assurance." statesman of the day—and Dr. Bowring, were And here we parted, never to meet again on both hauled over the coals. The substance of the same terms; for all these charges turned the charge was that both had taken advantage out to be true-substantially true, that is—and of the poor Greek representatives, and bought after I had taken up the cudgels on his behalf, stock of them at prices far below the market I was obliged to forego the championship, and value, thinking they were soon to be made leave the Secretary of the Greek Committee to rich by it, in consequence of what parliament, shift for himself, or as they say a little further and the bankers, and the newspapers were down east, to“ skin his own skunks.” doing: that after a time the stock fell, so far Nevertheless, the Doctor-Sir John, I should as to be well-nigh worthless; and then these say-is a man of great cleverness and remarktwo Hellenists obliged the Greek Committee to able adroitness, very amiable—beyond all questake it all off their hands, alleging that tion, but weak, frivolous, and meddlesome, they had bought as decoys, only to help the chattering where he ought to be listening, and sale. Being afraid to refuse, they did so, for professing statesmanship and a profound apwhat could be hoped in England without the preciation of the mysteries of political economy, co-operation of Mr. Joseph Hume, M.P., and and the balance of power, when, as a matter of Dr. John Bowring, if they should go to logger- fact, he might change places with the tailor, of heads, and the truth should come out?

whom I have just given a sketch-Frank Place I read these charges, with all the specifica- -and pass the rest of his life cross-legged on tions, day after day, in a morning paper-the thic shopboard, with advantage both to himself Times perhaps, but never gave myself a mo

and others, while Frank towers into the Halls of ment's uneasiness, having so much confidence Legislation, or goes forth, lance in rest, like the in one at least of the two gentlemen. Mean

barons of Runnymede, while, Mr. Hume owned up, and offered to “Who carved at their meal, with gloves of steel, " leave it out;" in other words, to submit the And drank the red wine through helmets barred." whole question to a committee of the House, and But enouglı; Dr. J. Bowring will be rememabide the issue. And there-after he had offered bered for his translations, and for his writings to let other people say whether the watch he in the Westminster, feeble though they are, carried had been honorably come by or not,

when Sir John Bowring will be forgotten saying he would give it up if they said so—the beyond hop-for which he ought to be thankmatter dropped, so far as he was concerned. ful, after his doings in China.

Not so with our friend the Doctor. He insisted on replying through the newspapers; THE GROTESQUE.—Some men, phrenologist and he did so with phrases like these : "One among others, are of this stamp. What they story is good till another is told ;" the last lack in common sense they try to make up in triumph may be the best triumph ;" “ let him oddities. They wear long hair, oddly cut that putteth off his arm or rejoice;" etc., etc.- coats with singular colors, parade themselves but never a word of denial or of refutation. for public view, and thus attract attention. If

One day he came to see me, while the contro- they secure this, their point is gained. A versy was raging. He seemed wretched enough, strutting tom turkey spreads himself to proto be sure, and after sitting awhile in silence, duce an effect, and so it is with these grotesque while I finished a paragraph I was writing, he swells in human form. To all such we may looked up, and said, “ They have been taking apply the words,“ vanity of vanities.” In genaway my character, you see.”

eral, we would say to our friends, beware of “Nonsense, my friend," I replied, “that they eccentricity!

That evening the children knelt by her side,
To hear the words she would speak, ere she died.
“Ruth, you are older than Maurice, and you
Must be to your brother a sister true!
Your mother mnst leave yon soon, for a while,"
And a shadow chased from her lips the smile
She had struggled to keep there, less the chill
of death the hearts of the children should all.
"Your mother must leave you, and you, dear one,
Must care for your brother, as she has done;
And God will care for you both; little Ruth
Will always guide you, and bless you, in truth.
To His love I confide my precions trust,
And leave you with Him; He is good and just !"
A pause-a whisper; the dying mother
Said once again, “ Be kind to your brother !"
And then when “God keep yon !" was feebly said,
The children were sobbing-the mother dead!

The story of Ruth's sweet life will tell
That she heeded her mother's counsel well;
For oft in the crowded and busy street,
The people have gazed, when they chanced to moet
The two little forms, the one with an arm
Clasping the other, to shield him from harm,
Saying the while, though her lips never stirred,
And any one passing could hear not a word,
Saying the while in her heart, “ Oh, mother,
I try to be kind to my little brother!"
And then with a gentler and closer fold.
She made him warmer, while she was so cold.
And when the crust for their supper was small,
She never would taste it, but gave him all.
And so, through the years of childhood and youth,
Such a dear, good friend was his sister Ruth,
That he did not dream at how great a price
Of toil and of pain and of sacrifice,
The treasures he so much prized had been bought,
And the bright goal reached which he long had sought;
(For he had grown great, and had seen his name
Written high up on the roll of Fame.)
But he learned it all one day, and then
He thought “how patient and kind she has been !"
And he found that a love, than his more sweet.
Long years before, had been laid at her feet.
But whe, remembʻring the words of her mother,
Said, ** Take it away-I must love my

brother.' So her cheek grew pale, and her eye grew dim, And her heart was heavy through love of him.


He wept as he said to himself that day,
* I owe her a debt I can never pay."
And then after musing with dreamy look,
He cried, “I have it-I'll write a book,
And my heroine shall be, in truth,
No other than my dear noble Ruth."
He wrote the book, and his love had wronght
So many bright visions in his thought,
That the story was clothed with such a grace,
The world stood ready to give it a place.
Hig“ Ruth" was crowned with a halo of light,
Till the writer was almost lost to right;
And the old true love came back to her feet,
And the bitter of life was changed to sweet.



ELIZABETH OAKES SMITH is a woman whose right to claim a place among the prominent lady writers of this country will not be disputed. She has shown herself deeply interested in every philanthropic movement, and has judiciously used her talents in urging many reforms of the day. In a late number of a New York monthly,* she has an article upon “The Family," which deserves some special consideration.

Mrs. Smith opens as follows: “When we consider how carelessly the foundations for the family superstructure are laid, the wonder is, not that ruin sometimes ensues, but that it is not more general than it is now found to be. Two persons from two already established families separate themselves to establish a third, whose taste, habits, and disposition are little known to each other, and may prove totally dissimilar and at variance.” After referring to the “ foundations of a thousand insidious diseases," which are laid in the family, which baffle the skill of the most skillful physician 3," Mrs. Smith gives from “ Webster” this detinition of the family : “ The collective body of persons who live in one house, subject to one head or manager ; a household, including parents and children, servants, boarders, etc.” Accepting this definition, Mrs. Smith adds her own opinion, that “in every well-regulated household there must be a supreme head or umpire--one to whom all may appeal, and whose decision must be final; from whom there is no appeal; a wise, loving, judicious center, who is to be looked up to as counselor, friend, judge.” Then comes the question, who shall be this head or umpire? To answer this question, Mrs. Smith consults the Apostle Paul, who, she says, “decided that question, nearly two thousand years ago, by asserting that the woman should be subject to her husband.” “I know," she continues, “the masculine arrogance of the Jew denied the equality of woman, and accepted her in the aspect of sex mostly, as Paganism did entirely. The Jew excluded woman then, as now, from the main body of the tabernacle in worship, and yet in the carlier and better ages she had been recognized in the nation both as judge and prophetess.” Upon this basis of philological and ecclesi

* Herald of Health for January.

astical authority, Mrs. Smith proceeds to build her argument, the corner-stone of which is, “that the man is the rightful, proper head of the family ; that wife, children, and servants must, and ought to yield, not only respect, but obedience to him, as the head and ruler of the household ; in his place there he should be king and priest, he should rule and worship in the altar-place of home.”

Without disputing Dr. Webster, who is supposed to define words according to their received signification, and not as they ought to mean, it may be very proper to doubt whether St. Paul meant, two thousand years ago, to decide that question for all time, as against every attempt to improve the social and political status of women; whether what he said was not specially directed to the people to whom he wrote, and intended merely for the time in which he lived. Such a position is strengthened by Mrs. Smith's argument, and is well fortified by the answer of Christ to the Jews on a subject akin to this. They said unto him, " Why did Moses, then, command to give a writing of divorcement?” He answered, “Moses permitted it because of the hardness of their hearts.” According to Mrs. Smith, the hard-hearted age was a better one than that in which St. Paul lived, when women were excluded from the worship of the tabernacle, and from priestly and judici:l functions, and therefore it is not unreasonable to suppose that, in addressing the unsanctified Greeks, Paul, like Moses, wrote some things which there would have been no occasion to write if their hearts had been subdued by the gospel of love. At any rate, is it fair to presume that Paul intended by this letter to check the aspirations and bar the progress of woman in the ninetcenth century? Does religion thrive on the subjection of woman? Is Christianity insulted by her elevation to equal rights with man? The whole tenor of Christ's teaching is against such an inference. In Christ Jesus there is neither male nor female ; that is, the distinction of sex

made entirely subordinate to that higher nature which man and woman possess in common, and to which Christianity appeals. "The letter killetli,” says Christ,“ but the spirit maketh alive." We should be careful how we construe the teachings of a past age, without knowing the spirit and condition under which they were uttered. There are not wanting literalists who quote the Bible with great parade of reverence in support of human slavery, polygamy, and every stain on our social system. Such a mistaken, soul-blind reverence is a dead weight on the progress of truth.

But we must return from St. Paul to Mrs. Smith's opinion. This, written in our own language, by a capable woman of the nineteenth century, is scarcely susceptible of mistake. The most unfortunate aspect of hier argument is, that a woman who accepts it must sacrifice her free. dom of will, and yield her personality to the authority of a man; though this sacrifice is not required by the felicity, the sanctity, or the permanency of the marriage relation. Mrs.

Smith is confident that in every well-regulated household there must be one supreme head or umpire, discarding altogether the old maxim, that two heads are better than one. It is not to be questioned that in a well-regulated family of children, servants, and dependents there should be at least one “wise, loving, judicious center who should be looked up to as counselor, friend, judge;" but in Solomon's wisdom, two such counselors would be better than one. Why one only ? and why that one the husband ? The husband has not always the longest head, though often the longest ears; and in such cases, what is the wife to do under Mrs. Smith's philosophy-subject her wisdom to his folly, or follow her own counsel? If the former, slic offends the literal Solomon; if the latter, she offends the literal Paul. Certainly, if there must be but one head and counselor, it should be the one who has the best counsel to give, and is this more usually the husband than the wite ?

Neither the husband nor the wife loses in dignity or self-respect by delegating to the other, for household administration, some of the authority which inheres in each ; but, according to Mrs. Smith, all the authority inheres in the husband. He is not only wise counselor, friend, and judge, but he is supreme ruler, "priest, and king!!" True, Mrs. Smith thinks the “ wife not without authority in the family," that the children and servants must obey her; but then she writes : “ The woman's part is generally a subordinate one; her marriage contract involves the condition of obedience as well as chastity," so that virtually whatever authority she has in her position, must be by derivation from the "priest and king."

If our lady friend had been content to make her model husband a wise counselor, a judi. cious friend, certainly no one could object, for wisdom and prudence are not too common in the family circle; but why is the wife by her marriage vows condemned to be the subject of a household “priest and king” wlio may be totally unfit either to rule or worship? Is the husband naturally any more religious than the wife? Does it detract anything from his dignity that she wears in her turn the sacerdotal robes, and as often as he leads the family in prayer and praise? With all due respect for Mrs. Smith's opinion, it is submitted that the right of a husband to a kingship in the family is founded neither in the nature nor the wel. fare of that institution. The husband and wife should hold equal power, exercise equal authority, and command equal respect. There may be a conceded division of labor and authority for the good of both, but in all matters in which the happiness of each is directly concerned, there should be a common judgment and a common consent. Desirable peace and harmony are not secured by the subjection of the wife to any absolute husbandly authority. Her place is by his side, not at his back, or, under his feet.

Mrs. Smith maintains that the first law in the household is obedience to the head and

center. That may be the case in Turkey, but forth by Mrs. Smith in her first paragraph chairs, and patent contrivances that turn into it should not be the case in the United States. which is quoted above. Incompatibility of anything from an ironing-table to a bedstead, The first law of the household should be love. tastes, education, and mental endowment is the at thirty seconds' notice, with a diabolical ingeEach member of the family should be bound foundation of family disorder. Phrenology nuity which, two hundred years ago, would to the other by its silken chord. No unselfish and physiology are usually ignored in marriage certainly have strung their inventor up for husband, who truly loves his wife, as every engagements, whereas they should be respect

a wizard; and his wife lays in stores of things husband ought, will ever wish to treat her as fully consulted and obeyed. Then no couple that“may be wanted," and“had better be taken his inferior; and no woman not born in savage- should marry without a mutual agreement as along," and that “it wouldn't do to be withdom ought to consent, in these days, to take a to the precise character of their future relations; out," and sews herself into a sort of ferer, in marriage vow which makes her subordinate to this would avert much future difference. If a

order that "the children may look decent." a co-ordinate in privilege and power. Our woman has genius, let her provide by stipula- | That's the way they get ready to rest, and by family system, though needing much reform, tion for its future growth and her own mental the time they and their trunks and bandboxes is perhaps superior to any in the world. Our and moral expansion ; let her marry no selfish, reach the new destin on, the Garden of Eden best regulated families among the rich and arrogant man who will make her a drudge and

itself would present no attractions to their poor are those where love is the first law, and a slave. When such subjects become common

jaded bodies and over-wearied minds, much filial obedience an adjunct; where neither hus- to courtship, instead of being excluded by af

less an ordinary farmhouse, with ordinary green band nor wife affects supremacy, but each lov

fected prudery; when physiology and phre- grass edging its doorstone, and ordinary leaves ingly concedes that which belongs to the other, nology are employed to interpret God's law in fluttering in the sunshine overhead! and the personal rights of each are sacredly each case, there will be less need of quoting

And now the question is, how to rest! Our maintained. Neither scorns to ask counsel of St. Paul ; less household despotism, but better

business man comes up Saturday night, rushed the other. If they differ as to policy, love sughusbands, better wives, better children.

onward by express train which he catches at gests a compromise; if they can not agree, they

[We are pleased to give our Washington just the last moment, with both arms full of consent to differ. The husband does not dog. friend, Mr. Barrows, a hearing on this social

newspapers. Oh, why does he not leave the matize, pervert St. Paul to bully his wife, or question. He writes in the interest of those

great world behind for one brief day, with its quote the marriage vows of the Episcopal serwho need encouragement, not as a champion,

cares and trials, and the fall of stocks and the vice; but treating her with deference, he acbut as a sympathizing friend.]

rise of gold? And he walks up and down the cords to her all the social right and privileges

piazza with his hands behind his back, thinkwhich he himself possesses.


ing — thinking - thinking! of business perils, Mrs. Smith, in speaking of wifely loyalty

and the risks of his last venture, and the telesays: “I know of nothing more base than for


grams from Europe, and all the chances and a woman to take the name of a man, eat his bread, and mother his children, and then go

ANYBODY can work; but it takes a philoso- changes that hang over the “ down-town”

horizon! And the children don't dare to show about to abuse and vilify him.” It would be pher to rest. Given a certain amount of brain

him the empty bird's-nest in the woods, nor and sinew, bone and muscle, just so much to bad enough if such a thing were common, or

the misletoe growing on the old dead tree, nor if it were any more common for a wife to vilify do, and just such a time to do it in, and if at the

the butterfly's wing they found, nor the nests her husband than for a husband to vilify his day's end the day's labor is not completed, our

in the fragrant hay of the old barn. “Papa's wife; but look at the pronoun. “To eat his

calculation must be very much out of joint busy," says the mother, with warning uplifted bread, mother his children !" As though every

somewhere! But when the sun is down, the thing belonged to the husband and nothing to banks are shut and the shipping offices closed, haunts

, and feel a sensible relief when “ papa”

finger; so they creep away to their woodland the wife; as though she were a menial, a deand our workman goes home to begin the other

is gone back once more to the city, per express pendent, a beneficiary; as though she were half of his existence-resting, in nine cases out

train. obliged to thank him for the very bread she of ten he don't know any more how to do it

Nor does the wife understand the science of eats, the clothes she wears; whereas, by every than you or I, my friend, know how to get at

rest much better. She thought she was going rule of right and equity, though not of civil law, the secret spring of Perpetual Motion !

to have“ so much leisure" in the country, and to the wife belongs one half of the husband's

And, what is worse, there is no school, nor so her trunks went down, filled with rolls of possessions, at least one half of all that he ac- college, nor conservatory where the science is work, and bundles of unmade shirts, and there quires after marriage, the wife's duties at home taught; and that is the reason why our men at

they lie, like so many Juggernauts on her con

science, night and day, while the children being a full equivalent to the husband's abroad. forty grow bent and wrinkled, and our women

alone thoroughly enjoy the summer sunshine If Mrs. Smith insists upon obedience, she

put on spectacles at the same age, and begin to and the birds and the brooks, as God meant should also insist upon justice.

pull out the gray hairs when they brush their they should be enjoyed ! Commendable efforts are being made to encoiffures of a morning!

Now, to rest, my good woman, you should

have left your work at home, and brought only large the political and industrial sphere of

“Work! work!" says the father, and the

a few serviceable garments that grass will not women. How can we expect them to be suc

schoolmaster, and the adviser; but nobody stain, nor rain spoil, nor little clinging hands cessful so long as women are denied their rights stands by to say, “Rest, rest!" Americans rumple! You should have gone out into the in their own homes. The inevitable tendency need the latter admonition, as a general thing, with a friendly gossiping book, and dreamed

woods with the children, day after day, or of Mrs. Smith's social philosophy is to retard much more than the former.

away the long summer hours with that abandon the genuine improvement of woman. This Summer is the season when city people most which is to the mind what tonics are to the may be contrary to her intentions, but that does need rest—the season longed for and looked body. You should have shut the door of your not alter the fact. The family is the founda- forward to, for three quarters of the year. A

minds resolutely on past and future, and adtion of society.

mitted only the great, genial Present

. That “ Equal rights” for woman

man can endure a far heavier pressure of brain would have been the true meaning of the word should begin there. Husbands should treat

and body when he looks ahead to " drawing a rest! their wives with consideration, and encourage long breath" by and by. But how seldom As for your husband, he should have turned them to respect themselves; then they will be does the promised hour of relief arrive! “We'll boy withi liis little ones, lain on the mossy

banks, breathed in the spicy hay scents, brought more likely to respect their husbands. Subjec- rest for a few weeks,” says the Business Man,

home a hatful of wild berries, and forgotten tion is opposed to growth. The loveliness and when he rents a furnished cottage somewhere Wall Street altogether for the twenty-four holiness of the wifely character will not be di- out on the railroad, or engages summer board hours of reprieve he had given himself. 'Twenminished by enlarging the scope of their exer

ty-four hours! it should bave been tv'enty-four cise.

maples. And he rushes hither and yon, buying trying to work and play at the same time, men The real danger to domestic harmony is set air-cushions, and mosquito-netting, and camp in our time, we fear, nor in that of our children !

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