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(VOL. 47.-No. 4. WHOLE No. 352.
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PAOK Adelina Patti... 125 Labor in Heaven...
148 Consciousness & Mental Action 126 “ Good-Bye".
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165 Allen A. Grinth..
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Man, know thysell. All wisdom centers there;
THE PRIMA DONNA.
We have here a large brain on a comparatively small body. The whole is fine, compact, and strong. There is something like whalebone in her composition, and her powers of endurance are great. The temperament, in the old nomenclature, is the nervous-bilious, with less of the lymphatic and sanguine. In the new nomenclature, the mental and motive predominating, with enough of the vital to give ease and elasticity of motion and expression. There is a good degree of
PORTRAIT OF ADELINA PATTI, THE PRIMA DONNA. the recuperative functions. The head is long, high, and tolerably broad, especially large. The reflective faculties are espe- | The whole intellect, as may be seen by throngh Ideality, Sublimity, Construct. cially prominent, hence the perceptives ap- the distance from the ear to the upper iveness, and Tune. Imitation is also pear less conspicuous than they really are. I forehead, is decidedly large. Benevo
lence is one of the more prominent or- Bull, and the infantile prima donna made a CONSCIOUSNESS AND MENTAL
ACTION. gans of the moral group, while Venera
tour in the provinces, where Adelina sang all tion, Spirituality, Conscientiousness, and the great pieces made familiar by Jenny Lind,
[CONTINUED FROM MARCH NTYBER. Hope are large. So also are Approba- ated great enthusiasm, and her share of the Sontag, Bosio, and others. The little lady cre- WHENEVER the quota of any of the faculties
engaged at the time of any given event, or in tiveness and Cautiousness. Self-Esteem profits amounted to twenty thousand dollars, the acquisition of any specific knowledge, shall is less prominent, though not small. which her father invested in a country seat, become visible from consciousness, then all the
The affections are fully indicated. In- and the summer residence of the family. other faculties at that time engaged must imdeed, nearly all the phrenological organs
Although so far advanced in Art, Adelina mediately, spontaneously, and harmoniously
had not forgotten to be a child. She always furnish quotas; for instance, suppose a particof the brain anteriorly may be said to be took her doll to the theater or concert-room,
ular event is witnessed at a given locality; afterconsiderably above the average in devel
and once refused to sing unless “Maurice" ward any one of the faculties engaged in tak. opment, and this view is confirmed by the
(Strakosch) would allow her to carry it on the ing cognizance of what was going on, will be biographical sketch annexed.
stage. Once she had sung a very difficult car- able to bring all them back by virtue of this linkThe complexion of Patti is dark; so atina in such a way as to “bring down the ing law; the sight of one of the actors, or even is that of her family and race. The eyes
house" with tremendous applause. When the his coat or his hat, may recall the event; at an
calm came after the storm, Adelina, having other time, the sight of the locality, or a single and the hair are nearly jet black, while
recognized on one of the front benches a child sentence uttered, or even a single word, may the skin is soft and white, making a strik
of her own age, said, in a clear, smooth voice, be sufficient to bring the whole into conscious ing contrast. The hair is abundant, and “Nelly, come to my room right away; I've memory. the heavy eyebrows really meet or come got such a beautiful doll to show you, and we'll Exactly why the thought was suggested together, giving her a somewhat singular
have such fun !" The effect of this naïveté again, the individual will oftentimes not be upon the audience may be imagined.
able to perceive, there being no link of associaappearance. The chin is full, the mouth
At this time our prima donna received the
tion between the thought first dominant in conand lips marked, and the nose prominent;
highest compliments from Sontag, who told sciousness, and the metaphysical theories have and notwithstanding her petite figure, her that she would be one of the greatest sing. never given us any clue to the modus operandi there is not a little of the masculine in ers in the world; and from Alboni, who said if of the “ spontaneous suggestion.” The same both feature and character.
she went to Paris she would make such a furor law comes into play not merely in reminiscence, as is seldom seen there.
but also in the development of new thoughts; We shall, no doubt, hear more of this
After the concert tour with Strakosch, Miss
the spirit of man, while working over the stores natural born singer, for she inherits to a Patti went to the West Indies with Gottschalk,
of its acquired knowledge into new forms of large extent her remarkable gift. the pianist. In Havana she sang in costume
thought, may pitch upon some one particular the duet in the “ Barber of Seville," with her
say, for example, from the organ of Form, then BIOGRAPHY. brother Barilli. The enthusiastic Havanese
other quotas from the organs of Size, Color, Miss Adelina Patti was born at Madrid, made such a row in recalling her that she ran
etc., will spontaneously arrange themselves and Spain, April 9, 1843. Her mother, Madame away frightened, and could not be persuaded
appear simultaneously, so as to present a comBarilli Patti, was the prima donna of the Grand to go upon the stage again. Throughout the
plete picture; but as the management of these Theater at Madrid ; and on the evening preceIndies she divided the honors with Gottschalk,
particulars is allotted to the automatic departding the birth of Adelina, the youngest of a and at Porto Rico had an offer of marriage
ment, and not to consciousness, it will not be in large family, Madame had sung Norma, in (she was then fourteen) from the richest propri
the power of the individual to trace the exact oriwhich rôle she had a high reputation. Curi- etor in the place. But that diamond wedding gin of the “spontaneous suggestion.” This reously enough, after the birth of Adelina, Mad- did not come off. Adelina is still unmarried,
working of all the stores of acquired knowledge ame Patti lost her voice almost entirely, and and is devoted only to Art. Afterward she
goes on unceasingly, the spirit of man nerer has always believed that it was given to the visited Europe, and for some years has been
wearying like the flesh; and these “ spontanechild. the leading prima donna at all the principal
ous suggestions” may arise whether the indiMadame Patti left Madrid as soon as possible cities and royal courts of Europe, amassing
vidual be designedly endeavoring to develop after Adelina's birth, and returned to Milan, honors and wealth by her musical genius.
some new thought, or may accidentally be not the permanent residence of her family. Here In some of the continental cities, her personal
specially engaged on any subject.
Association of Ideas in Reminiscence. This the impressario Strakosch made the acquaint- share of the receipts is said to have attained
automatic law will also unfold to us the intriance of the prima donna, then only four months the astonishing amount of 5,000 francs-about
caces of the “association of ideas" in reminisold.
$1,000 gold—for a night's performance. From The Patti family emigrated to this country this we can easily infer that her income must
cence, a problem which the metaphysicians
have essayed in vain, for many centuries, to in 1844, when Mr. Patti joined Sanquirico, the be large, and her fortune already acquired
solve. In fact, their speculations have served buffo, in the management of the Italian Opera, princely. How strikingly does her success illusChambers Street. There were four daughters
only to complicate and render mysterious the trate the well-known saying, that “the most whole phenomena of memory. of Madame Patti, all artists. The eldest, Clo- beautiful music is that produced by the human
It will perhaps be advisable, first, to examine tilda Barilli, married the son of Colonel Thorne. voice!" Miss Patti has almost literally coined
the exposition of the association of ideas given Amalia, the next, is the wife of Mr. Strakosch. her bewitching notes into money.
by Sir William Hamilton, one of the ablest Carlotta resides in this city, and is an accom- She is not at all selfish ; does not aim at the metaphysicians of the nineteenth century. In plished teacher of music; and the latest edition emolument of herself and family, but bestows
the first part of his Metaphysics he enunciated of this fair musical libretto is Adelina, the sub- liberally from her earnings for charitable pur- certain propositions concerning consciousness ject of this sketch. poses.
which he regarded as true ; but as metaphysiAdelina was what is called a precocious We may regard Miss Patti as American by
cal expositions can not be made to harmonize child. She could sing almost before she could adoption. The country seat which has been with phenomena actually occurring, he was speak. She caught up, at the age of four, ali purchased by her father is located in one of the forced, when considering certain other phethe gems of the operas, and sang them correctly. pleasantest environs of New York city, and is
nomena, to contradict himself, and abandon Her first public appearance was made at the said to fully meet the wishes of the family in his former position ; nothing uncommon, howage of nine years, when Mr. Strakosch, Ole its comfort and attractiveness as a home. ever, for metaphysicians to do.
On page 123 he says :
“ Consciousness con- mountain, I had met upon the summit a Ger- mous with mind, can not be considered the stitutes the mental form of overy act of knowl- man gentleman, and though I had no conscious place without confounding the player with the edge.
ness of the intermediate and unawakened links locality where the game is to be played. We In the course of his elucidations he touched between Ben Lomond and the Prussian schools, can not suppose he considers the spirit the upon certain phenomena which could not be they were undoubtedly these: the German, player, for he almost entirely ignores the spirit, explained clearly in accordance with his pre- Germany, Prussia, and these media being ad- and says “man is composed of two substantial vious enunciations, and he was constrained" mitted, the connection between the extremes parts, mind and body." The part that the to contradict himself. was manifest."
spirit of man plays on the world's stage * On page 244 he says: We have not yet spo
But who played this wondrous game of bills through life can never be ascertained by Sir ken of what is called the association of ideas; iards, and by what laws the game was played, William Hamilton's metaphysics. But, in truth, and it is enough for our present purpose that
Sir William Hamilton failed altogether to in- his hypothesis containing his latest modificayou should be aware that one thought suggests
form us, even though he had affirmed that one tions and mental billiards stands condemned by another, in conformity with certain determinate
thought suggested another in conformity to cer- his own rules concerning a good and bad hylaus - laws to which the succession of our tain “ determinate laws.”
pothesis. On page 119 he says: “The comparwhole mortal states are subjected. Now it
On page 507 he says: “Thus man is made ative excellence of an hypothesis requires in sometimes happens that we find one thought
up of two substantial parts, a mind and a body.” | the first place that it involves nothing contrarising immediately after another in conscious- Now it is very clear if Sir William Hamilton ry, either internally or externally ; that is einess, but whose consecution we can reduce to
would not admit that the brain was the mate- ther between the parts of which it is compono law of association. Now, in these cases, we
rial organ of the mind, he certainly would not sed, or between these and any established can generally discover, by an attentive obsery
affirm that the material body could be the truth.” He considered it an established truth, ation, that these two thoughts, though not in
player, neither could he affirm that the other and so enunciated it: "It is the whole soul that themselves associated, are each associated with
substantial part, the mind, was the player, for remembers, understands, wills, or imagines." certain other thoughts ; so the whole consecu
that would be confounding the locality where On page 132 he says: “Is there any knowledge tion would bave been regular had those inter
the game was played with the player himself, of which we are not conscious ? There is not. mediate thoughts come into consciousness be
and this would be inexcusable in such a logi- There can not be."
cian as he was. tween the two which are not immediately as
And yet that some such
Now if his hypothesis concerning the latest sociated. Suppose, for instance, that A, B, and
thought may have existed in his mind, may be modifications be received, we have the contraC are three thoughts, that A and C can not imlogically inferred from page 260, on which he
dictory positions assumed that the whole soul mediately suggest each other, but that each is says: The mind datum under consideration
remembers, understands, wills, or imagines in associated with B, so that A will naturally sug.
is the identity of mind or person ;" thus con- consciousness, while a part is engaged in cargest B, and B naturally suggest C. Now, it founding mind and person.
rying on these latent modifications of mind may happen that we are conscious of A, and
What share consciousness took in this game, and of consciousness. This is too unreasonable
of mental billiards can not be ascertained, immediately thereafter of C. How is the anom
to be admitted. aly to be explained ? It can only be explained he contradicts himself too often.
We will suppose, however, that the wholo on the principle of latest modifications. A sug- On page 110 we read as On page 242 we read as soul is actually engaged in consciousness, then
follows: * Consciousness gests C, not immediately, but through B; but comprises within its sphere strained to admit as modi
there must be another power in man, carrying as B, like half of the minimum visible or the the whole phenomena of fications of mind, what are
not in themselves phenom
on latent mental operations out of consciousminimum audible, does not rise into conscious
ness, different from the soul or mind, then we ness, we are apt to consider it non-existent.
condition of knowledge.”— "There are acts of mind
would have two independent souls or mental You are aware of the following facts in mechan- " Consciousness consti- elude the ken of conscious
powers, carrying on operations simultaneously, tutes the fundamental form ness."-P. 230. ics: if a number of billiard balls are placed in
of every act of knowledge." ** On the ground of per- which certainly can not be admitted by any a straight line, and touching each other, and if
ception, it is thus demon. “Let consciousness, strably proved that latent
one, whether metaphysician or phrenologist. a ball be made to strike in the line of the row therefore, remain one and agencies-modifications of If he does not support the existence of an inthe ball at one end of the series, what will hap
indivisible, comprehending which we are unconscious
all the modifications, all the -must be admitted as the dependent power to carry on the latent modipen? The motion of the impinging ball is not phenomena of the thinking ground-work of the Phre
fications out of consciousness, or, in other words, subject.”-P. 127.
nology of mind."-P. 255. divided among the whole row; this, which we
to play that game of mental billiards, then he might a priori have expected, does not happen, We might suppose from an affirmation on
must maintain that the ideas lie loosely in the but the impetus is transmitted through the in- page 268 that he considered the soul the player. mind, liable to be jostled by some caused motermediate balls which remain, each in its “It is the whole soul that remembers, under- tion, and thus give rise to those new modificaplace, to the ball at the opposite end of the se- stands, wills, or imagines.” But then we are tions, just as the pieces in a child's rattle will ries, and this ball alone is impelled on. Some- warned from that conclusion, for the context give rise to a new sound when rattled together. thing like this seems to occur in the train of shows he considers the soul synonymous with Upon the whole, we can very readily and thought. One idea immediately suggests an- the mind, as he is defending philosophers in justly conclude that Sir William Hamilton sigother into consciousness, the suggestion passing general against a reproach that they regarded nally failed in developing a determinate laws" through one or more ideas which do not them- the faculties into which they analyzed the of our mental operations, when treating of the selves rise into consciousness. The awaking mind as so many distinct and independent ex- associations of ideas. and the awakened ideas here correspond to the istences, and that every page concerning the But the phrenological hypothesis will give ball striking, and the ball struck off; while the work of the soul is quoted to show that philos- us a clue to the intricacies of associative memintermediate ideas of which we are unconscious, ophers do not deserve the reproach of Dr. ory, and will enable us to unravel many of the but which carry on the suggestion, resemble Brown concerning the faculties of the mind. perplexities which have been so puzzling to the intermediate balls which remain moveless, This point is settled beyond dispute by refer- the metaphysicians. but communicate the impulse. An instance of ence to page 91. “ The term Psychology is of As above-mentioned, all parts of the pictures this occurs to me with which I was struck. Greek compound, its elements vuxn, signify- developed in consciousness, and appropriatively Thinking of Ben Lomond, this thought was ing soul and mind, and hoyos, signifying dis- secured by the faculties engaged at any time in immediately followed by the Prussian system course or doctrine. Psychology, therefore, is the acquisition of any specific knowledge, are of education. Now conceivable connection the discourse or doctrine treating of the human irrevocably linked together by the automatic between these two ideas in themselves, there mind ; and as the mind is the place where the law of control, and whenever any one of those was none. A little reflection, however, ex- game of mental billiards is supposed to be parts is brought into consciousness, the others plained the anomaly. On my last visit to the played, the term soul being considered synony. I must necessarily follow 80 as to form a perfect
follows: "We are thus con
"Consciousness is the
ena of mind."