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« tions than any you have, either out of your mus* kets, or any engine that you have; and to make

them, and multiply them more easily, and with “ small force, by wheels and other means: and to “ make them stronger, and more violent than yours “ are ; exceeding your greatest cannons and basilisks. “ We represent also ordnance and instruments of

war, and engines of all kinds : and likewise new “ mixtures and compositions of gun-powder, wild“ fires burning in water, and unquenchable. Also “ fire-works of all variety both for pleasure and use. “ We imitate also flights of birds; we have some de

grees of flying in the air; we have ships and boats “ for going under water, and brooking of seas; also

swimming-girdles and supporters. We have divers “ curious clocks, and other like motions of return, " and some perpetual motions. We imitate also mo“tions of living creatures, by images of men, beasts, “ birds, fishes, and serpents; we have also a great “ number of other various motions, strange for equality, fineness, and subtilty.

“ We have also a mathematical house, where are represented all instruments, as well of geometry as astronomy, exquisitely made.

“ We have also houses of deceits of the senses; “ where we represent all manner of feats of juggling, “ false apparitions, impostures, and illusions; and " their fallacies. And surely you will easily believe, “ that we that have so many things truly natural, “ which induce admiration, could in a world of par“ ticulars deceive the senses, if we would disguise " those things, and labour to make them seem more “ miraculous. But we do hate all impostures and “ lies : insomuch as we have severely forbidden it to "all our fellows, under pain of ignominy and fines, " that they do not shew any natural work or thing, " adorned or swelling; but only pure as it is, and “ without all affectation of strangeness.

These are, my son, the riches of Solomon's House.

* For the several employments and offices of our 6 fellows ;

we have twelve that sail into foreign

“ countries, under the names of other nations, for our “ own we conceal, who bring us the books, and ab“ stracts, and patterns of experiments of all other “ parts. These we call merchants of light.

“ We have three that collect the experiments which are in all books. These we call depredators.

“ We have three that collect the experiments of all “ mechanical arts; and also of liberal sciences; and “ also of practices which are not brought into arts. “ These we call mystery-men.

“ We have three that try new experiments, such as * themselves think good. These we call pioneers or “ miners.

“ We have three that draw the experiments of the “ former four into titles, and tables, to give the better

light for the drawing of observations and axioms “ out of them. These we call compilers.

“ We have three that bend themselves, looking “ into the experiments of their fellows, and cast “ about how to draw out of them things of use and “ practice for man's life and knowledge, as well for “ works, as for plain demonstration of causes, means “ of natural divinations, and the easy and clear dis.

covery of the virtues and parts of bodies. These “ we call dowry-men or benefactors.

“ Then after divers meetings and consults of our

whole number, to consider of the former labours 6 and collections, we have three that take care, out “ of them, to direct new experiments, of a higher

light, more penetrating into nature than the former. “ These we call lamps.

“ We have three others that do execute the expe“ riments so directed, and report them. These we “call inoculators.

“ Lastly, we have three that raise the former dis“ coveries by experiments into greater observations,

axioms, and aphorisms. These we call interpreters " of nature.

“ We have also, as you must think, novices and “ apprentices, that the succession of the former em"ployed men do not fail: besides a great number " of servants, and attendants, men and women. And < this we do also : we have consultations, which of " the inventions and experiences which we have dis" covered shall be published, and which not: and “ take all an oath of secrecy, for the concealing of " those which we think fit to keep secret : though

some of those we do reveal sometimes to the state, 6 and some not.

“ For our ordinances and rites: we have two very long and fair galleries : in one of these we place “patterns and samples of all manner of the more rare “ and excellent inventions: in the other we place the "statues of all principal inventors. There we have " the statue of your Columbus, that discovered the

West Indies : also the inventor of ships: your monk " that was the inventor of ordnance, and of gunpow“der: the inventor of music: the inventor of letters : " the inventor of printing : the inventor of observa" tions of astronomy: the inventor of works in metal: " the inventor of glass : the inventor of silk of the “ worm: the inventor of wine : the inventor of corn “and bread: the inventor of sugars : and all these by " more certain tradition than you have. Then have we divers inventors of our own of excellent works;

which since you have not seen, it were too long to "make descriptions of them; and besides, in the right understanding of those descriptions, you might easily err. For upon every invention of value, we erect a statue to the inventor, and give him a “ liberal and honourable reward. These statues

are, some of brass ; some of marble and touch“ stone; some of cedar, and other special woods gilt “ and adorned: some of iron ; some of silver; some

of gold.


“ WE have certain hymns and services, which we say daily, of laud and thanks to God for his mar“ vellous works: and forms of prayers, imploring his “ aid and blessing for the illumination of our labours; “ and the turning of them into good and holy uses.

" LASTLY, we have circuits or visits of divers prin“cipal cities of the kingdom; where, as it cometh “ to pass, we do publish such new profitable inven* tions as we think good. And we do also declare “ natural divinations of diseases, plagues, swarms of “ hurtful creatures, scarcity, tempests, earthquakes,

great inundations, comets, temperature of the year, “ and divers other things; and we give counsel there

upon what the people shall do for the prevention “ and remedy of them.'


AND when he had said this, he stood up; and I, as I had been taught, kneeled down; and he laid his right hand upon my head, and said ; “ God bless “thee, my son, and God bless this relation which I “ have made. I give thee leave to publish it for the

good of other nations; for we here are in God's “ bosom, a land unknown." And so he left me; having assigned a value of about two thousand ducats, for a bounty to me and my fellows. For they give great largesses where they come upon all occasions.

[The rest was not perfected.]




SILENCE were the best celebration of that, which I mean to commend; for who would not use silence, where silence is not made ? and what crier can make silence in such a noise and tumult of vain and popular opinions ? My praise shall be dedicated to the mind itself. The mind is the man, and the knowledge of the mind. A man is but what he knoweth. The mind itself is but an accident to knowledge ; for knowledge is a double of that which is. The truth of being, and the truth of knowing, is all one. And the pleasures of the affections greater than the pleasures of the senses. And are not the pleasures of the intellect greater than the pleasures of the affections? Is it not a true and only natural pleasure, whereof there is no satiety ? Is it not knowledge that doth alone clear the mind of all perturbations ? How many things are there which we imagine not? How many things do we esteen and value otherwise than they are ? This ill-proportioned estimation, these vain imaginations, these be the clouds of error that turn into the storms of perturbation. Is there any such happiness as for a man's mind to be raised above the confusion of things ; where he may have the prospect of the order of nature, and the error of men ? Is this but a vein only of delight, and not of discovery ? of contentment, and not of benefit ? Shall we not as well discern the riches of nature's warehouse, as the benefit of her shop? Is truth ever barren? Shall he not be able thereby to produce worthy effects, and to endow the life of man with infinite commodities? But shall I make this garland to be put upon a wrong head? Would any body believe me, if I should verify this,

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