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agricultural American amount Anti-Corn Law League artisans average balance of trade Belgium Britain British capital cent century cheap classes cloth Cobden Cobden Club commercial commodities competing competition condition consumption Corn Laws cost cotton domestic duties economic effect employed employment England English manufacturers established Europe exports fact factories facturers farm farmers favor flax foreign countries foreign trade France free trade free trade party Germany growth home market imports income increased industries iron jute labor land legislation linen machinery manu manufac ment merchants mills Napoleonic wars nation period policy of protection population pounds production profits prosperity protectionists protective tariff question rate of wages raw materials reduced result revenue Richard Cobden Royal Commission Russia says ships silk steel sugar tariff of 1842 textile tion tons Total treaty United Kingdom wages paid wares wealth weavers wheat wool woolen yarn Zollverein
Página 644 - ... imposes duties or other exactions upon the agricultural or other products of the United States, which in view of the free introduction of such sugar, molasses, coffee, tea and hides into the United States he may deem to be reciprocally unequal and unreasonable, he shall have the power and it shall be his duty...
Página 614 - That, while providing revenue for the support of the General Government by duties upon imports, sound policy requires such an adjustment of these imposts as to encourage the development of the industrial interests of the whole country; and we commend that policy of National exchanges which secures to the workingmen liberal wages, to agriculture remunerative prices, to mechanics and manufacturers an adequate reward for their skill, labor, and enterprise, and to the nation commercial prosperity and...
Página 419 - To him that hath shall be given ; and from him that hath not shall be taken away even that which he hath.
Página 568 - Whereas, it is necessary for the support of the Government, for the discharge of the debts of the United States, and the encouragement and protection of manufactures, that duties be laid on goods, wares, and merchandise imported.
Página 791 - I happened to read for amusement ' Malthus on Population,' and being well prepared to appreciate the struggle for existence which everywhere goes on from long-continued observation of the habits of animals and plants, it at once struck me that under these circumstances favourable variations would tend to be preserved, and unfavourable ones to be destroyed. The result of this would be the formation of new species.
Página 818 - A capital, therefore, employed in the home trade will sometimes make twelve operations, or be sent out and returned twelve times, before a capital employed in the foreign trade of consumption has made one. If the capitals are equal, therefore, the one will give four-and-twenty times more encouragement and support to the industry of the country than the other.
Página 179 - I care not what may be the position of a man who never originates an idea — a watcher of the atmosphere, a man who, as he says, takes his observations, and when he finds the wind in a certain quarter, trims to suit it.
Página 817 - The capital which is employed in purchasing in one part of the country in order to sell in another the produce of the industry of that country, generally replaces by every such operation two distinct capitals that had both been employed in the agriculture or manufactures of that country, and thereby enables them to continue that employment.
Página 586 - ... authority having thus entirely passed from the States, the right to exercise it for the purpose of protection does not exist in them; and, consequently, if it be not possessed by the General Government, it must be extinct. Our political system would thus present the anomaly of a people stripped of the right to foster their own industry, and to counteract the most selfish and destructive policy which might be adopted by foreign nations.
Página 572 - But there is no subject that can enter with greater force and merit into the deliberations of Congress than a consideration of the means to preserve and promote the manufactures which have sprung into existence and attained an unparalleled maturity throughout the United States during the period of the European wars. This source of national independence and wealth I anxiously recommend, therefore, to the prompt and constant guardianship of Congress.