Women, the Family, and Freedom: 1750-1880

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Stanford University Press, 1983 - 561 páginas
This is the first book in a two-part collection of 264 primary source documents from the Enlightenment to 1950 chronicling the public debate that raged in Europe and America over the role of women in Western society. The present volume looks at the period from 1750 to 1880. The central issues motherhood, women's legal position in the family, equality of the sexes, the effect on social stability of women's education and labor extended to women the struggle by men for personal and political liberty.

These issues were political, economic, and religious dynamite. They exploded in debates of philosophers, political theorists, scientists, novelists, and religious and political leaders. This collection emphasizes the debate by juxtaposing prevailing and dissenting points of view at given historical moments (e.g. Madame de Staël vs. Rousseau, Eleanor Marx vs. Pope Leo XIII, Strindberg vs. Ibsen, Simone de Beauvoir vs. Margaret Mead). Each section is preceded by a contextual headnote pinpointing the documents significance. Many of the documents have been translated into English for the first time.

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Contenido

General Introduction
1
Women and the Rights of Man in the Age
13
Republican Revolutions 17501830
20
Male Authority in Marriage MidCentury Criticism of Male Authority in Marriage and Society 1 Sophia a Person of Quality England 1739
24
Madame deBeaumer France 1762
27
Judith Sargent Murray United States 1784
28
Woman as Wife in EighteenthCentury
29
The Frederician Code Prussia 1750
31
Friedrich Engels Germany 1844
215
Enshrining Woman on the Patriarchal Pedestal
218
Auguste Comte France 1839
219
Auguste Comte France 1848
221
Men Women and Political Rights Before 1848
227
R J Richardson England 1840
229
LAtelier France 1844
230
The MiddleClass Discussion of Woman Suffrage 67 Womans Rights and Duties England 1840
231

Sir William Blackstone England 1756
33
LEncyclopedie Louis dejaucourt France 1756
34
Woman as Wife in the Wake of the French Revolution
37
Allgemeines Landrecht Prussia 1794
38
The Napoleonic Code France 1804
39
Charles Fourier France 1808
40
Womans Nature and Education Educating Women to Serve the Family and to Please
42
JeanJacques Rousseau France 1762
43
Intellectual Women Reject Rousseaus View of Womans Role
50
Catharine MacaulayGraham England 1787
52
Mary Wollstonecraft England 1792
56
Germaine de Stael Switzerland 1807
65
Germaine de Stael Switzerland 1814
66
German Idealists Debate Womens Intellectuality and Creativity
67
Wilhelm von Humboldt 1795
68
Friedrich von Schlegel 1795
70
Educating Women for Citizenship in the New Nations
71
Nicolas Baudeau France 1766
73
Benjamin Rush United States 1787
76
Marquis de Condorcet France 1791
79
Rethinking Female Education after the Revolutions
83
Hannah More England 1799
85
Vicomte de Bonald France 1802
89
Judisch Deutsche Monatsschrift Prague 1802
91
Napoleon France 1807
94
Rights for Women
97
Marquis de Condorcet 1790
99
Etta Palm dAelders 1791
103
Olympede Gouges 1791
104
German Responses to the Revolutionary Debate on Womens Role and Rights
110
Immanuel Kant Prussia 1798
112
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Weimar 179596
115
Z9 Theodor Gottlieb von Hippel Prussia 1792
116
The British Debate on Womens Role in the Family and the State
119
Charles James Fox 1797
121
James Mill 1814
122
William Thompson and Anna Doyle Wheeler 1825
123
Eliza Sharpies Carlile 1832
130
Women and Their Sphere in the Romantic Era
133
The Dialogue Reopens on Marriage and Womens Legal
142
Prosper Enfantin France 1831
143
Charles Fourier France 1832
145
La Femme Libre JeanneVictoire France 1832
146
European Novelists Critique Womens Subordination in Marriage
147
George Sand France 1832
148
Carl Almqvist Sweden 1839
150
Honore de Balzac France 1842
153
Women Demand Legal Reforms in Marriage
158
Madeleine Poutret de Mauchamps France 1836
159
Caroline Norton England 1838
161
Perspectives on Education Influence and Control
164
Joseph de Maistre Savoy 1821
165
Louis AimeMartin France 1834
166
Marion Kirkland Reid Scotland 1843
168
Joseph de Maistre Savoy 1821
169
Jules Michelet France 1845
170
Schooling and Social Function
173
Mary Atkinson Maurice England 1847
175
Louise Otto Saxony 1847
177
Womans Sphere and Womens Work American Women Debate Womens Public Rights and Duties
180
Catharine Beecher 1837
181
Angelina Grimke 1838
183
French Social Theorists Insist on Womans Private Sphere
186
Etienne Cabet 1841
187
PierreJoseph Proudhon 1846
190
British Women Disagree on the Boundaries of Womans Sphere
192
Sarah Stickney Ellis England 1843
193
Marion Kirkland Reid Scotland 1843
195
The Problem of Women in the Work Force
199
Jane Dubuisson France 1834
201
National Trades Union Committee on Female Labor United States 1836
202
LAtelier France 1842 Z04 58 Elizabeth Gaskell England 1848
208
Solutions to the Problem of Women in the Work Force
209
National Trades Union Committee on Female Labor United
210
States 1836
211
Flora Tristan France 1843
212
Marion Kirkland Reid Scotland 1843
233
PART in Women Revolution and Reaction 18481860
245
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels 1848
246
Jeanne Deroin France 1848
247
Womens Fate in the French Revolution of 1848
248
Decret sur les clubs 1848
249
Anne Knight 1848
250
Revolutionary Visions in America
251
Declaration of Sentiments 1848
252
Newspaper Reports on the Seneca Falls Convention 1848
255
Elizabeth Cady Stanton 1848
259
Womens Mission in Revolutionary Europe
260
Jeanne Deroin France 1849
261
Louise Otto Saxony 1849
263
The Woman Question and the Catholic Church
264
Pius IX Rome 1849
265
Johannes Ronge Hamburg 1849
267
Independent Women and the English Novel
270
Charlotte Bronte 1847
271
Elizabeth Rigby Eastlake 1848
275
Charlotte Bronte 1849
276
Womens Political Action in the Face of Repression A French Woman Seeks Political Office
279
Jeanne Deroin vs P J Proudhon 1849
280
Jeanne Deroin 1850
282
Repression and Reaction
285
Decree on Associations Prussia 1850
286
Jeanne Deroin and Pauline Roland France 1851
287
HarrietTaylor Mill England 1851
290
Louise Otto Thuringia 1851 v
297
Women Demand Civil Law Reform A Marriage Reform Initiative in England
299
Barbara LeighSmith Bodichon 1854
300
Margaret Oliphant 1856
305
Caroline Cornwallis 1857
310
Legal Reform and the Scandinavian Novel
314
Camilla Collett Norway 1854
315
Fredrika Bremer Sweden 1856
319
Europe
324
P J Proudhon 1858
325
Juliette Lambert Adam 1858
330
French Writers Fuel the International Debate
335
Jules Michelet 1859 and 1860
336
Jenny P dHericourt 1860
342
The Debate Reaches Russia
350
Mikhailov 1860
351
N G Chernyshevsky 1863
354
Evolution Education and Economics
359
From Romantic Idealism
367
Henry Sumner Maine England 1861
368
J J Bachofen Switzerland 1861
375
The Twilight of the Romantics
384
Ending the Subjection of Women
391
Evolution Science and the Subjection of Women
408
New Controversies over Womens Education
416
Sex and Education
425
State Secondary Education for Frenchwomen
438
Women and the Civil Law
445
Women Work and the Professions
456
Women and the Work Force in Germany
462
The British Controversy over Women in Medicine
474
Sophia JexBlake 1869
475
Frances and George Hoggan 1884
478
Women and the Vote
482
The Debate in the House of Commons 1867
488
The Fifteenth AmendmentVotes for Black Men Only?
493
Elizabeth Cady Stanton 1869
494
Wendell Phillips 1869
500
German Unification and Political Rights for Women
504
HedwigDohm 1873
505
The Suffrage Issue in Republican France
510
Leon Richer 1877
511
Hubertine Auclert 1878
512
Hubertine Auclert 1879
515
Suggested Further Reading
521
Acknowledgments
553
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