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1. Nice. (1.)

2. Constantinople. (1.)

3. Ephesus.

7. Nice. (2.)

8. Constantinople. (4.)

TEN WESTERN COUNCILS.

1. Lateran.

2. Lateran.

3. Lateran.

4. Lateran.

5. Lyons.

6. Lyons.

7. Vienne.

8. Florence.

9. Lateran.

10. Trent.

THE

BOOK OF TEXTS.

Воок І.

ANCIENT HISTORY.

CHAP. 1.

man.

1. I name this book “THE BOOK OF TEXTS," because “ them; and that from a child thou hast known the its contents are intended to be enlarged by the student, holy scriptures, which are able to make thee wise just as a portion of holy scripture, named a text, is “unto salvation through faith which is in Christ enlarged by a preacher.

“Jesus.” [Holy Scriptures.Old Testament."] 2. My design is to assist the student to form in his “ All scripture (every part of the Old Testamentmind the foundation of biblical knowledge, and to we may add, every part of the New Testament] is given induce him to collect useful books for the improve by inspiration of God—(Ilara ypaon OEOT VEVOTOO) ment of his mind; in fact to form a small but and is profitable (wpedipoo) for doctrine, for reproof, complete library for his advancement in the know- for correction, for instruction in righteousness: that ledge of the word of God.

the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished h 3. I intend this book to be used by the young, both (ENPTL Hevoo) unto all good works”—(poo navepyov the school boy and the university youth [men], and, ayaBov.)—2 Tim. iii. 14-17. therefore, I have endeavoured to impress the mind 4. Philip Doddridge, D.D., was the son of an oilof the reader with this notion, that as the business of

He was born in London, June 26, 1702. learning is weighty, the sooner it is commenced the Both parents were very pious, and brought up their better. Instruction is the building in the mind of children in the nurture and admonition of the Lord. certain facts. Education is the training of the mind | Philip, the youngest, was introduced by his mother to explain to others what the work of instruction has to the characters and scenes of the old Testament done. St. Paul reasoned with Timothy upon this history by means of some Dutch tiles which lined a principle. Timothy had received instruction, and corner of their sitting room (Griffin, Cycl. Biog.). He had received education. Therefore, Timothy was died Oct. A.D. 1751, in Lisbon, a few days after his exhorted by St. Paul to give to others the benefit arrival, expressing to Mrs. Doddridge, who accom. of his instruction and of his education. St. Paul | panied him, his firm faith and joyful hope in Christ. instructs Timothy in the confession of the Christian He was never very strong.

His labours were too faith:-"These things write I unto thee, hoping to heavy for his strength. Consumption sent him to "come unto thee shortly: but, if I tarry long, that his grave, aged 49 years. His writings are:"thou mayest know how thou oughtest to behave (1.) His Sermons on Regeneration. (2.) His Ser. “thyself in the house of God, which is the church mons to Young People. (3.) His Life of Colonel " of the living God, the pillar and ground of truth." Gardiner. (4.) His Rise and Progress of Religion in "And, without controversy, great is the mystery of the Soul; and (5.) His Family Exposition. By these “ godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified works he, though' dead, yet speaketh. " in the spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gen- 5. Thomas Brown, M.P., Professor of Moral Philo“tiles, believed on in the world, received up into sophy in the University of Edinburgh, and author "glory."-1 Tim. iii. 14-16.

of Lectures on the Philosophy of the Human Mind, St. Paul calls to Timothy's remembrance the un- was born at the Manse of Kirkmabrick, January 9, feigned faith which was in Timothy: "which dwelt 1778. He died at Brompton, a suburb of London, first in thy grandmother, Lois, and in thy mother, Middlesex, April 2, 1820, in the 42nd year of his age. Eunice; and I am persuaded that in thee also. He read French, Italian, and German with the Wherefore, I put thee in remembrance that thou stir same ease with which he read English. Ho read up the gift of God which is in thee, by the putting Spanish and Portuguese, though not with equal on of my hands." “For God hath not given to 119 fluency. The literature of France was as familiar the spirit of fear (under the Gospel dispensation); to him as that of his own country. In studying these but (the spirit] of power, and of love, and of a languages, he first procured a copy of the New sound mind." -2 Tim. i. 5—7.

Testament in the language which he intended to St. Paul exhorts Timothy to continue in the things study, and immediately commenced to read the which he had learned, and of which he had been Gospel according to St. John. He mentioned to his assured: “Knowing of whom thou hast learned | biographer that a similar method was pursued by his friends Leyden and Murray, "two of the most way of Thy statutes.” Homer has a notable saying eminent linguists whom our country has produced.” in his Odyssey :

When Dr. Brown was a child, between four and five years of age, “a lady one day entering his

«« Τοιος γαρ ανθρώποισι θύμος Λεπτινεω παι,

, mother's parlour, found him alone, sitting on the

θνητοισ οποιον Ζευς εφ' ημερην αγοι.” floor, with a large family Bible on his knee, which [For such mind, o Bay of Leptis, have mortal men, he was dividing into different parts with one of his as Zeus, may daily lead (give or inspire]. hands. She asked him if he were going to preach, Augustine de civitate Dei, telleth us—Cicero renas she saw he was looking for a text. No, said dered it into Latin verse thus, though with some loss he, I am only wishing to see in what the evange

of the sense :lists differ, for they do not all give the same account

“ Tales sunt hominum mentes quales pater ipse, of Christ.

" Jupiter Auctiferas lustravit lumine terras." 6. Dr. Thomas Manton was a Nonconformist divine. [Such are the minds of men, as father Jupiter He lived from A.D. 1620, to A.D. 1677. He was born himself has encompassed the increase-bearing lands at Lawrence Lydiat, in the county of Somerset. His with light]. I suppose that Cicero means that Jupiter father and both his grandfathers were ministers.

makes the minds of men clear, as he makes their He was educated in the Free School of Tiverton, lands bear fruits of increase, by the light of the sun. in Devonshire. He entered Wadham College, Oxford, Juvenal does not consider that Cicero was a poet. A.D. 1635.

He quotes a line of Cicero's poetry:He finally applied himself to the study of divinity.

"O! fortunatam natam me Consule Romam,” He was ordained by Dr. Joseph Hall, then Bishop and remarks:of Exeter, afterwards Bishop of Norwich. Dr. Thomas

“ Antoni gladios potuit contemnere, si sic Manton is an example of unwearied diligence in study.

“ Omnia dixissit ; ridenda poēmata malo, He possessed abilities far from ordinary. The Bishop

“Quam te conspicuæ, divina Philippica, famæ who ordained him entertained very high notions of

“ Volveris a prima quæ proxima."~ Sat. x. 122-5. him, and expressed his opinion that Thomas Manton He could have despised (or, had been able to dewould prove to be an extraordinary person,

spise,) the swords of Anthony if he had thus spoken Dr. Manton regretted that he entered the minis- all things : " I would rather (Scribere)- write poems try at the early age of nineteen years. In his to be laughed at than [write) thee, O divine Philippic exposition of the epistle of St. James, c. i. v. 19, of conspicuous fame, which art rolled the nearest "Be slow to speak," he writes thus: “I remember from the first." ('icero's orations against Mark “my faults this day. I cannot excuse myself from Antony are named by him Philippics, in imitation of “much of crime and sin in it. I have been in the the orations of Demosthenes against Philip, king “ministry these ten years, and yet have not fully of Macedon. "completed the thirtieth year of my age. The Lord I quote all this to show to you how precious such "forgive my rash intrusion."

a hint is from a heathen, as expressing a great deal He came to London and was well received." He of reason; and shall not we, christians, wait upon married Mrs. Morgan, member of a genteel family of God for the continual direction of His Spirit?". Manston Ledbury, in Hereford. She was a pious Manton's Works, vol. vi., p. 243. woman. She was delicate and weak. She outlived (2.) The Word of God. -" There is something more the Doctor twenty years.

Yet he was naturally to draw our hearts to the Word, that is, eternal “hale and strong.

salvation. We grope and feel about for an immortal He died October 8th, 1677, in the fifty-seventh year good. Nature will give to us some presages of a of his age, and lies interred in the chancel of the state after this world, some kind of guesses; and we Church of Stoke Newington, Middlesex. A new edi- are groping and feeling about for an eternal good.”— tion of his works (sixteen volumes, James Nisbet & Co., Acts, xvii. 27.

Acts, xvii. 27. “Man, who hath a soul which will London, A.D. 1873) is in course of publication and not perish, must have some happiness which will last has been for some time published, A.D. 1877. “Dili- as long as his soul shall last. He would fain be etergence in business," " fervency in spirit,” “serving nally happy. Now, the Word of God, and that Word the Lord,” are apostolic instructions manifested in only, rereals both the thing and the way to God. the life of Dr. Manton. He has left a proof that the The thing itself, that there is such a state, and what hand of the diligent maketh rich in matter more it is.”—2 Tim. i. 10. “ Christ hath brought life valuable than money, and than earthly possessions. and immortality to light through the Gospel. It lay

I am constrained to make the following quotations in darkness before, hidden under some guesses and from his works, by the persuasion that they cannot representations to the old people of God, but now it fail to lead the mind of the student to very serious is brought to light in the Gospel. Heathens in their and useful self-examination, and to pious resolu- dark notions, did stumble upon the immortality of tions, and consistent order and conduct in his affairs the soul, which they did rather dream of than both personal and relative :

understand distinctly; but now all is open and clear, (1.) Inspiration.—“Such was David. Men of place, and God hath manifested to you that there is a "and power, and interest had need of this often in rest for the people of God,' and a happiness after “ their mouths and hearts." “Lord teach me the this life.

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