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With an Introduction by
CASSELL AND COMPANY LIMITED
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John LOCKE was born at Wrington, Somersetshiro, on the 29th of August, 1632.
He was one year younger than John Dryden, and he and Dryden worked for some years under the same roof when they were boys at Westminster School. Locke was elected to a studentship of Christ Church, Oxford, at Whitsuntide, 1652, and went into resi. dence, already twenty years old, in the following November, At Oxford Locke was drawn to the society of scholars whose chief interest was in scientific research by the methods taught in the philosophy of Francis Bacon. Locke himself was, like Bacon, born for philosophic thought; and, like Bacon, desired to find principles that could be applied to the advancement of the common good. He graduated, and made physic his profession. His health was always delicate-his weakness of chest was ascribed to asthma—and he went abroad in 1664 with Sir William Swan, who was sent as envoy to some German princes. After a year's absence, he returned to Oxford, and was there when Lord Ashley was sent from London to drink mineral waters at Acton for. an abscess in the breast. Lord Ashley wrote to ask Dr. Thomas, a physician at Oxford, to have the waters