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for the resistance of the enemy's partial attacks; the second for the resistance of the general attack. The third period comprises the evacuation of the position and a tactical retrograde march in order to reform the army at its rallying position.

4. The conventional signs to be used in the representation of battle-fields are appended. By order of Bvt. Major-General Getty.

CONSTANTINE CHASE, First Lieutenant, Third Artillery, A. D. C., and Adjutant.


This department is under the immediate charge of Capt. S. S. Elder, First Artillery, but the time for its work will not arrive until January 10.

It is essential for the rendition of a complete report to record here, that, as in previous years, drills at all classes of artillery take place daily, except Saturdays and Sundays and such times as are devoted to infantry instruction; also that practice in small-arms firing receives all the time and attention which can be given to it. The latter is, however, interrupted, though not seriously, at the times of artillery practice; the situation of the range and scarcity of men compelling it.


During the past year this branch of the school has been successful in its work under Capt. W. F. Randolph, Fifth Artillery, and First Lieut. E. M. Cobb, Second Artillery, instructor.

I consider it essential, however, to repeat my remarks of last year, inviting attention to the necessity of keeping up a rotation of enlisted men for attendance upon this division by sending for a year's instruction at the school a number of recruits destined for the artillery, and then assign ing them to the service batteries. I also recommend that the policy be adopted of transferring, from time to time, enlisted men already belonging to the instruction batteries to the service batteries, thus giving a beneficial change to the school in the matter of enlisted men. But in recommending this action I do not refer to a change of the instruction batteries as organizations which would entail a transfer of officers in order to retain proper instructors at the school.

The graduating class of enlisted men of last term is shown in the following general order:

(General Orders No. 9.)


Fort Monroe, Va., May 14, 1881. The following is the standing of the enlisted men under iostruction, as determined by the staff of the United States Artillery School, at the examination of May, 1881.

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Private P. S. Matthews, Battery I, Fourth Artillery, not sufficiently advanced to receive certificate.

Private John Shirkley, Battery C, Fifth Artillery, not sufficiently advanced to receive certificate.

Private Louis Hopf, Battery C, Fifth Artillery, not sufficienty advanced to receive certificate.

Private Charles Enchor, Battery K, Second Artillery, not sufficiently advanced to receive certificate.

Four enlisted men attending school were not examined with this class, having previously received certificates.

Fifteen enlisted men in primary class not examined.
By order of Bvt. Major-General Getty.

First Lieutenant, Third Artillery, Adjutant.

The present class numbers 25, and is in temporary charge of First Lieut. H. L. Harris, First Artillery, who performs this in addition to his regular duties.

Having thus sketched the work at the school, the amount of which is really greater than the length of this report will warrant a full exhibition of, I deem it to be my duty to express regret that it has been found expedient to make so many changes in the personuel of officers as have occurred in the past year. The school has lost nine officers and gained two, tour of the former being of the class under instruction. While I would in no way wish to be understood as assuming an attitude for the school which is not in the most cheerful conformity with the best interests of the service at large, or which is not calculated to assist individ. ual officers in their professional advancement, I cannot but draw atten. tion to what would appear to be conducive to great embarras-ment and discouragement to the school if allowed to become a precedent for future practice. The officers who have been selected for instructors and assistant instructors are those who, all things considered, have possessed special fitness for the duties assigned them ; but as such duties demand study and experience for their efficient performance at a school of application, I submit that it might be in the interest of progress if some definite policy in regard to their tour of duty were indicated, so as to insure their timely replacement should more important interests demand their removal.

I also wish to draw particular attention to the recommendation in Major Lodor's report concerning the service of torpedoes, and to renew my own, made in former reports, in reference to the same subject. As I view it, too much practical knowledge of torpedo warfare cannot exist among artillery officers, and I fail to apprehend why there can be objection to at least enlarging their facilities for gaining it.

In another communication I have made known the necessity for a suitable fire-proof building for the school library, which I have reason to think has met with favorable consideration. I cannot, therefore, do more than mention this need here.

Experience has shown the desirability of a certain rearrangement of the various courses of study in view of making the course of instruction still more practical than at present; but as it is a matter for careful de: liberation, I must reserve the presentation of it until another hour. I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,


Col. Third Artillery, But. Maj. Gen. U. S. A. The ADJUTANT GENERAL U. S. ARMY,

Washington, D. C.








Washington, October 25, 1881. SIR: I have the honor to submit my annual report for the year ending September 30, 1881.

MILITIA. Deeming it unnecessary to reiterate the expression of my deep sympathy with everything that affects the well-being and development of the militia, I beg to invite your attention to the necessity of legislative authority to extend to the militia of the several States such aid, by furnishing them, on requisitions of the respective adjutant-generals, the tactical works and blank forms and books prescribed for the regular Army, as will still further assimilate the management, drill, and internal government of the two forces, due regard being always had to the fundamental conditions of their respectivs existence.

The Fourth Brigade of the South Carolina Volunteer troops, contemplating holding, in April last, a competitive drill between the artillery and infantry companies of the command, requested the detail of Army officers to act as judges; and in compliance with the request an officer was selected by the commanding general of the Department of the South to act as judge on the occasion.

It is greatly regretted that the non-receipt of any report from the officer selected to act as judge deprives me of the opportunity of placing on record his judgment, as well as, I doubt not, his recognition of the increasing interest manifested in military matters by the several organi-zations of the State troops of South Carolina participating in this friendly contest of skill and tactical knowledge.

At the request of the authorities of the States of Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island, officers of the regular force were detailed to inspect the camps and troops of those States. From causes incident to the perturbed state of the country consequent on the assassination of the late President, and the inovements of troops connected, later, with the Yorktown centennial celebration, the reports of the officers detailed have not been received in time to be incorporated with this report, and it only remains for me to express the confident hope that the bright expectations raised by the inspection reports of last year bave not only been realized, but indicate still the justification of greater hopes.


The subjoined table exhibits the apportionment of details corrected up to October 1, 1881. The reports of the several officers detailed as

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