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mond, by Salisbury and Centreville, to Indianapolis. From Brookville to Indianapolis. In Illinois. From Golconda, by In Illinois. Franklin Courthouse and Hind's, to Vandalia. From Golconda to Belgrade. From Shawneetown to Golconda. The mail from Vincennes, Indiana, to St. Louis, Missouri, shall pass by Vandalia. From Vandalia, by the seats of justice of such counties as may be established by the legislature prior to the next session of Congress, north of Madison county, to Edwardsville. From Fairfield, by John G. Fitch's to Vandalia. From Palestine to Vandalia. The mail from Golconda, by Bloomfield, to Jonesborough, to pass by Vienna. In Mississippi. From Columbia, In Mississippi. by Fort Alford's, to Monticello. From Green Courthouse, by New Augusta and Monroe, to Covington Courthouse. In Ala- In Alabama. bama. From Blakeley to Mobile Point. From Fort Hawkins, by Fort Gaines and Butler Courthouse, to Conecuh Courthouse.

In Missouri. From Shawneetown, by Road's, Jonesborough, in In Missouri. Illinois, and Bainbridge, in Cape Girardeau county, to Jackson. From St. Charles, by James Journey's, John Biven's, Isaac Vanbibber's, John Grayum's, and Augustus Thrall's, to Franklin. From Franklin, by the mouth of Arrow Rock and Mount Vernon, to Fort Osage. From St. Genevieve, by the Saline, Amos Bird's, John F. Henry's, and Bainbridge, to Cape Girardeau. From Franklin to Boonsville. From Smithton to Augustus Thrall's. From Alton, by the house of Levi Roberts, John Shaw, and Leonard Ross,to Louisianaville, in Missouri. [Approved, March3,1821.]

CHAP. 177. An act for carrying into execution the treaty between the United States and Spain, concluded at Washington, on the twenty-second day of February, one thousand eight hundred and nineteen.

thorized to

W. Florida:

troops, ac

1. Be it enacted, &c. That the president of the United States President aube, and he is hereby, authorized to take possession of, and occu- take possespy, the territories of East and West Florida, and the appendages sion of E. and and appurtenances thereof; and to remove and transport the of- And remove ficers and soldiers of the king of Spain, being there, to the Ha- Spanish vanna, agreeably to the stipulations of the treaty between the cording to United States and Spain, concluded at Washington, on the treaty. twenty-second day of February, in the year one thousand eight hundred and nineteen, providing for the cession of said territories to the United States; and he may, for these purposes, and May employ in order to maintain in said territories the authority of the Unit- vy, and militia. ed States, employ any part of the army and navy of the United States, and the militia of any state or territory which he may deem necessary.

the army, na

Organization

of government as the presi

rect.

§ 2. That, until the end of the first session of the next congress, unless provision for the temporary government of said territories be sooner made by congress, all the military, civil, and dent may dijudicial, powers exercised by the officers of the existing government of the same territories, shall be vested in such person and persons, and shall be exercised in such manner, as the president of the United States shall direct, for the maintaining the inhabitants of said territories in the free enjoyment of their liberty, property, and religion; and the laws of the United States relating Revenue laws, to the revenue and its collection, subject to the modification sti- hibiting the pulated by the fifteenth article of the said treaty, in favor of Spa- importation of

and laws pro

force.

tablish collec

persons of co- nish vessels and their cargoes, and the laws relating to the imfor, to be in portation of persons of color, shall be extended to the said terriPresident au- tories. And the president of the United States shall be, and he thorized to es- is hereby, authorized, within the term aforesaid, to establish such tion districts, districts for the collection of the revenue, and, during the recess and appoint officers. of congress, to appoint such officers, whose commissions shall expire at the end of the next session of congress, to enforce the said laws, as to him shall seem expedient.

President to appoint a commissioner, &c.

3. That the president of the United States be, and he is hereby, authorized to appoint, during the recess of the senate, a to meet those commissioner and surveyor, whose commissions shall expire at of Spain. the end of the next session of congress, to meet the commissioner and surveyor who may be appointed on the part of Spain, for the purposes stipulated in the fourth article of said treaty; and President may that the president be, and he is hereby, further authorized to take take all other all other measures which he shall judge proper, for carrying into cessary, &c. effect the stipulations of the said fourth article.

measures ne

commission

ers, &c.

organize the

board. Secretary.

Board of three § 4. That a board of three commissioners shall be appointed, conformably to the stipulations of the eleventh article of the said President may treaty: and the president of the United States is hereby authorized to take any measures which he may deem expedient for organizing the said board of commissioners, and, for this purpose, may appoint a secretary, well versed in the French and Spanish languages, and a clerk; which appointments, if made during the recess of the senate, shall, at the next meeting of that body, be subject to nomination for their advice and consent.

A clerk.

Compensation

Of the com

missioner under the 4th article.

$5. That the compensation of the respective officers, for whose appointment provision is made by this act, shall not exceed the following sums: The commissioner to be appointed conformably to the fourth 'article, at the rate, by the year, of three thousand dollars. To the surveyor, two thousand dollars. Of the survey- To each of the three commissioners to be appointed conformably to the eleventh article of the treaty, three thousand dollars. under the 11th To the secretary of the board, two thousand dollars. To one clerk, one thousand five hundred dollars.

or.

Of the commissioners

article.

Of the secretary.

100,000 dolls.

§ 6. That, for carrying this act into execution, the sum of one Of the clerk. hundred thousand dollars be, and hereby is, appropriated, to be for carrying taken from any moneys in the treasury not otherwise appropriatthis act into ed. [Approved, March 3, 1821.]

execution.

Obsolete.

2500 dolls.per ann. to each

ann. to each

agent.

CHAP. 178. An act establishing the salaries of the commissioners and agents appointed under the treaty of Ghent.

§ 1. Be it enacted, &c. That, from and after the first day of commissioner. January, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-one, each commissioner now appointed, or who may be appointed agreeably to the provisions of the treaty of Ghent, shall be entitled to receive 2500 dolls. per at the rate of twenty-five hundred dollars per annum; and each agent, appointed, or who may be appointed, as aforesaid, shall be entitled to receive at the rate of twenty-five hundred dollars per annum; which said sums, so allowed to said officers, respectively, shall be a full compensation for services, and all personal expenses incurred while in the performance of the duties of their respective offices: Provided, That the compensation by this section allowed, shall not be continued longer than two

In full.

Proviso; compensation li

years from the said first day of January, one thousand eight hun- mited to two dred and twenty-one.

years.

ers and agents

1821, to more

2. That each commissioner and agent shall not be entitled Commissionto receive, for services performed in their respective offices be- not entitled, fore the said first day of January, one thousand eight hundred before 1st Jan. and twenty-one, any greater sum than the rate of four thousand than 4444 four hundred and forty-four dollars per annum, which shall be dolls, per ann. considered a full compensation for services, and all personal expenses incurred while in the discharge of their respective duties.

in full, &c.

3. That the sum of twenty-five thousand dollars be, and the 25,000 dolls. for payment of same is hereby, appropriated for the payment of the salaries of salaries, &c. the said commissioners and agents, and for the expenses under during 1821. the several commissions under the treaty of Ghent, for the present year. [Approved, March 3, 1821.]

CHAP. 179. An act to authorize the collectors of customs to pay debentures issued on the

exportation of loaf sugar and spirits distilled from molasses.

the exporta

§ 1. Be it enacted, &c. That all debentures which have been, Debentures or may hereafter be, issued upon the exportation of spirits dis- issued upon tilled from molasses, or sugar refined within the United States, tion of spirits shall be payable within thirty days after the passing of this act, distilled from or thirty days after the date of their issue, as the case may be, refined sugar, to be payable and shall be discharged by the collector of the customs, by whom they may have been, or shall be, issued, out of the product of days, out of the duties upon imports and tonnage; any thing in any act or the product of duties, &c. acts of congress to the contrary notwithstanding. [Approved, March 3, 1821.]

CHAP. 180. An act to extend the time for unlading vessels arriving from foreign ports, in Vol. i. p. 622.

certain cases.

tons allowed

$1. Be it enacted, &c. That when the capacity of any vessel, Vessels exceeding 300 arriving with a cargo from a foreign port, shall exceed three hundred tons, the term for unlading such vessel shall hereafter 20 days for unlading, Sunbe twenty days from the report of arrival, Sundays excepted. days except[Approved, March 3, 1821.]

CHAP. 182. An act to regulate the location of land warrants, and the issuing of patents,

in certain cases.

ed.

Vol. iii. p. 1537. 1647.

may locate

ceive patents

§ 1. Be it enacted, &c. That the holders, by assignment of war- Assignees of rants issued under the acts of congress, of the fifth of March, warrants, &c. eighteen hundred and sixteen, the third of March, eighteen hun- them, and redred and seventeen, to Canadian volunteers, may be, and hereby their own. are, authorized to locate the said warrants, and to receive pa- names, &c. tents therefor in their own names, as had been the practice before the twenty-sixth of December, eighteen hundred and nineteen: Provided, however, That in no case shall lands be so lo- Proviso; no location prior cated, until, after having been exposed to public sale, shall remain to an offer at unsold. [Approved, March 3, 1821.]

CHAP. 183. An act to continue in force, for a further time, the act, entitled "An act for establishing trading houses with the Indian tribes."

public sale, &c.

Vol. ii. p. 1187.

The act of 2d

1. Be it enacted, &c. That the act, entitled "An act for establishing trading houses with the Indian tribes," passed on the March, 1811, second day of March, one thousand eight hundred and eleven, continued till and which was, by subsequent acts, continued in force until the

3d June, 1822.

Obsolete.

Vol. iii. p. 1803.

The provis

first day of March, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-one, shall be, and the same is hereby, further continued in force until the third day of June, one thousand eight hundred and twentytwo, and no longer. [Approved, March 3, 1821.]

CHAP. 184. An act to release French ships and vessels, entering the ports of the United States prior to the thirtieth of September, one thousand eight hundred and twenty, from the operation of the act, entitled "An act to impose a new tonnage duty on French ships and vessels," and for other purposes.

§ 1. Be it enacted, &c. That the provisions of the act, entitled ions of the act "An act to impose a new tonnage duty on French ships and of 15th May, 1820,not to ex- Vessels," passed May fifteenth, one thousand eight hundred and tend to French twenty, shall not extend to, or operate upon, any French ship or vessel that shall have entered into any port within the jurisdiction of the United States prior to the thirtieth day of September, one thousand eight hundred and twenty.

vessels entered at American ports prior to 30th Sept. 1820.

The secretary of the treasury

to refund the extra duties on

vessels that paid them between 1st July, and 30th Sept. 1820,

free from costs, &c.

In case of a

navigation or

suspend the

duty on

§ 2. That the secretary of the treasury, after deducting a tonnage duty equal to that paid by every French ship or vessel which entered the ports within the jurisdiction of the United States prior to the passage and operation of the act, entitled "An act to impose a new tonnage duty on French ships and vessels," passed May fifteenth, one thousand eight hundred and twenty, from the tonnage duty collected from French ships and vessels by virtue of the above recited act, between the first day of July, one thousand eight hundred and twenty, and the thirtieth day of September following, be, and he is hereby, authorized and directed to pay and refund the remainder of such tonnage duty, free from costs and charges, to any person or persons who shall have authority to receive the same.

§ 3. That, in the event of the signature of any treaty or conconvention of vention concerning the navigation or commerce between the docommerce, the minions of the United States and France, the president of the president may United States be, and is hereby, authorized, should he deem the act to impose same expedient, by proclamation, to suspend, until the end of the a new tonnage next session of congress, the operation of the aforesaid act, enFrench ves- titled "An act to impose a new tonnage duty on French ships suspend other and vessels, and for other purposes;" and also to suspend, as duties, exceed- aforesaid, all other duties on French vessels, or the goods iming, &c. ported in the same, which may exceed the duties on American vessels, and on similar goods imported in the same. [Approved, March 3, 1821.]

sels; and may

Vol. iii. p. 1598.

First section

of the act of 29th April,

CHAP. 185. An act to amend the act, entitled "An act for the gradual increase of the navy of the United States."

$1. Be it enacted, &c. That the first section of the act, entitled "An act for the gradual increase of the navy of the United 1816, repeal States," approved April twenty-ninth, eighteen hundred and sixteen, shall be, and the same is hereby, repealed.

ed.

500,000 dolls. per annum, for

the gradual

2. That, instead of the appropriation therein contained, six years, for there shall be, and is hereby, appropriated, the sum of five hundred thousand dollars per annum, for six years, from the year eighteen hundred and twenty-one, inclusive, to be applied to carry into effect the purposes of the said act. [Approved, March 3, 1821.]

increase of the navy.

CHAP. 186. An act to establish a port of entry in the district of Sandusky, in the state of
Ohio, and for other purposes.

entry after 1st

§ 1. Be it enacted, &c. That, from and after the first day of Portland to be May next, the town of Portland, in the district of Sandusky, in the port of the state of Ohio, shall be the port of entry for that district; and May, 1821. that from and after that time the present port of entry, established at Danbury, shall cease to be the port of entry for said district. [Approved, March 3, 1821.]

CHAP. 187. An act to amend the act, entitled "An act to provide for taking the fourth census or enumeration of the inhabitants of the United States, and for other purposes."

Vol. iii. p.

1766.

Time enlarged

§ 1. Be it enacted, &c. That, instead of the time prescribed till first day of in the above recited act, in which the marshals and their assist- Sept. 1821. ants should perform the various duties assigned them by the said act, the same is hereby enlarged to the first day of September next, [Approved, March 3, 1821.]

CHAP. 188. An act to authorize the clerk of the district court of the United States for tho district of Louisiana, to appoint a deputy to aid him in the discharge of the duties of his office.

the district

§ 1. Be it enacted, &c. That the clerk of the district court of The clerk of the United States for the district of Louisiana, shall be author- court of Louized to appoint a deputy to aid him in the discharge of the du- isiana, authoties of his office; and that the said clerk shall be, in all re- point a depu spects, liable for the acts of his said deputy. [Approved, March ty, for whose 3, 1821.]

rized to ap

acts he is to be liable.

CHAP. 189. An act to amend an act, entitled "An act for regulating process in the courts Vol. i. p. 257.

of the United States."

where the

he must cause

record, &c.

to be certified

&c.

§ 1. Be it enacted, &c. That in all suits and actions in any In suits in a district court of the United States, in which it shall appear that district court, the judge of such court is any ways concerned in interest, or has judge may be been of counsel for either party, or is so related to, or connected interested, &c. with, either party, as to render it improper for him, in his opin- the fact to be ion, to sit on the trial of such suit or action, it shall be the duty entered on of such judge, on application of either party, to cause the fact to be entered on the records of the court; and, also, an order that Proceedings an authenticated copy thereof, with all the proceedings in such to the next suit or action, shall be forthwith certified to the next circuit circuit court, court of the district; and if there be no circuit court in such district, to the next circuit court in the state; and if there be no circuit court in such state, to the most convenient circuit court in an adjacent state; which circuit court shall, upon such record Circuit court being filed with the clerk thereof, take cognizance thereof, in the to take cognizance and prolike manner as if such suit or action had been originally com- ceed, &c. menced in that court, and shall proceed to hear and determine the same accordingly; and the jurisdiction of such circuit court shall extend to all such cases so removed, as were cognizable in the district court from which the same was removed. [Approv ed, March 3, 1821.]

CHAP. 190. An act to authorize the building of lighthouses therein mentioned, and for other

purposes.

§ 1. Be it enacted, &c. That the secretary of the treasury be, The secretary and he is hereby, authorized and empowered to provide, by con- to provide for

VOL. III.

209

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