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alarmed; they applied to the most ingenious artists in London for designs, and then, and not till then, the cottons recovered their former ascendancy. These facts are not unworthy of consideration, but it would indeed be unworthy to rest the merits of such an appeal upon such considerations. The glory of a nation in arts and arıns is its truest and highest interest; and it is by impressing upon the hearts of a people the great and heroic deeds of their fathers and their brethren, that national greatness may be prolonged, and a succession of great and heroic men be called forth for the service of the country.
There is a series of pictures at Chantilly representing the victories of the Great Condé. We have greater victories to celebrate, and better artists to celebrate them. And for our churches, there is not only the inexhaustible source of Scripture, but the rich stores of our own ecclesiastical annals also, which have, in every way, too long been neglected, abounding as they do with examples that well deserve to be treasured up in our hearts. It is no reason because the Roman Catholics have abused pictures and images to the introduction of a gross and palpable idolatry, that we, among whom 10 such abuse is possible, should debar ourselves from the advantage of speaking to the eyes of the people, and thereby imprinting upon the young imagination ideas which would never be effaced, and lessons which might sometimes be remembered in an hour of need, and thoughts which would be the prolific seed of virtuous actions. It is not painters alone that painting makes; it has made heroes and penitents, and saints and martyrs, by calling forth whatever emulation is just and salutary. In bestowing upon it that national encouragement to which it has so strong and irresistible a claim, we should be giving an impulse to benevolence and virtue and patriotism as well as to genius.
The British sovereigns have often shown a sense of the value of this art, and been its liberal patrons according to the circumstances of their age. Henry VIII. protected and encouraged Holbein. In Elizabeth's reign we were excluded from the countries in which painting flourished and great artists were to be found, by the fierce intolerance of papal policy; but that queen well understood how desirable it was that great and glorious actions should be preserved fresh in the memory of the people, and she hung the House of Lords with tapestry representing the defeat of the Armada. Charles I. loved poetry and painting ; and had his reigu been passed in tranquillity, England would have had no cause to envy the collections of foreign princes. After his time the decline of the art came on; and when the done of St. Paul's and the pictures for Greenwich were painted, the views of the government went beyond the genius which could then be found in the country to an
swer them. The late king appreciated painting and music with a real feeling of what was excellent in both. Handel was his favourite musician, and it will be remembered (to his honour) that for thirty years he employed Mr. West when that adınirable artist had no commission from any
person. Of the disposition of his present Majesty to encourage whatever is connected with the dignity and honour of the country it would be superfluous to speak : the Royal Academy contains munificent proofs of his liberality to the arts. The sense of the legislature too has been distinctly pronounced by the purchase of the Elgin Marbles, an act of which the wisdom is becoming every day more and more evident. Many foreigners have already come into this island solely for the purpose of seeing these marbles. Casts from the whole collection have been already sent to Bavaria, to Wirtemberg, to Russia : others have been ordered for Florence. The school of sculpture will soon be in England. We have seen in our own exhibition the work of Canova beside that of an Englishman, and England might well be satisfied with the excellence to which her native artist had attained. That national encouragement is asked for painting which sculpture already receives : and when that encouragement is given, England will assert and win for herself as high a pre-eminence in art as she holds at this time in commerce, in science, in literature and in arms.
VOL. XXIII. N. XLVI.
IN D E X
TWENTY-THIRD VOLUME OF THE QUARTERLY
the best translation of Aristophanes, exó
them into churches considered, 586-
Athenians (ancient), manner's of, 245–dif-
- its character, ib. 506-510-descrip them and by the other Greeks, 246—
Margate in the Steam-boat, 508, 509. -and sauces, 254-256-different sorts
instances of their love of fish, 259, 260
263, 264_especially of flowers, 264,
265—their wines, 266, 267-water
disregard of divine worship by the Ame. living among the citizens of Athens, 269
—their clubs and pic-nic parties, 270-
271–274-curious political salad, 275
-banquets of the higher classes, 276–
sion, 9, 10-composition and character Athenians (modern), character of, 340, 341.
Barber (Mr. Alderman), anecdote of, 423.
country given up to military execution,
Greek and not from the Hebrew, 292, | Brewster (Rev. John), Sketch of the His-
thorised translators of the Bible, 503
misrepresentations concerning the Quar-
by two renegade Frenchmen at Thebes, rism, 321.
94-discovers the ruins of Bernice, 95.
a manure there, 378, 379-observations
Perth, 382—state of the church in Up-
Oudenard, 53–of Maplaquet, 60. to this country considered, 390-not
likely to be conquered by the United
its application to fusion, 468—471— vancing the prosperity of this colony,
tion concerning it, ib. 392, 393-illus-
111-his mistakes corrected, 115-his 395—what class of persons best for emi-
Chapels, private, cause of the increase of,
Châtelet (Marchioness du), origin of her
Principles of Poetry, 400—strictures on her reception of Madame de Grafigny,
influence of the church on the peasantry,
liberality of James I. in erecting churches mark on Sir Robert Walpole's opinion of
Life, 166—biographical notice of him, 523, 524-liis marriage, 525.
to make way for Count Forbin, 83.
466-origin and progress of his discove- D’Israeli (J.), Curiosities of Literature,
points of resemblance between the an-
of, 342—of England, duties of, before Greece.
the Duke of Marlborough, 17-and also
Duke's way, 35, 36.
tures on, 474, 475--principles of the Cession de Parga, 111-falsehood of his
statements, 127. 133 note.
hinıself and his daughter, 510-anec-
notice of the fraternity of, at Athens, tween whom marriage may be contracted,
512-sundry improbabilities in his nar-
Edgeworth, 510-anecdote of his early
years, 514—his mock marriage, 515–
516—and in his statement relative to a
marriage, 518, 519-attempts at tele-