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Education at Home.

UNIVERSITY INTELLIGENCE.

oned as two Fellows); at the end of the thirty years

the original number of the Fellows is resumed, but OXFORD.-University Extension. - Various new two-sixteenths of the sum divided are to be place schemes have been brought forward to effect this to the account of the Educational Fund. object. Professor Plumptre would have the authorities of the Oxford colleges take a hint from those

CAMBRIDGE.-21st December.—The annual comof King's College, London. “ The latter," he says, memoration of benefactors at Trinity College took referring to the Theological department, “ receive place on Saturday last, accompanied by the recitaone free student for every ten who pay the usual tion of prose declamations and the distribution of fees. The circumstances of applicants are carefully prizes by Dr Whewell, the master. The commemoinvestigated, and the free studentships either given ration sermon in the chapel was preached by the in their completeness, or divided between two, so as | Rev. W. G. Clark, M.A., Public Orator of the Uni. to reduce the payment from each by one-half. There versity, and Tutor of the College, who took the is no publication of the names of the recipients, opportunity to express a hope that the College would and they stand on the same footing as the other follow the example of the neighbouring College de students."

St John's, in erecting a magnificent chapel. All A further method is brought before the public by members of “Old Trinity" will know the signifi“ Olim Socius." It is a scheme for the utilisation

cance of this hint. of the Oxford “plant.” The long vacation would

The subject for the next Hulsean prize is, “The cease to exist. A new set of students would then province of faith in convincing men of the being of inhabit the colleges, and have the use of the Museum, God, and of his government of the world." Two the Museum Library, and the Camera Radcliviana exhibitions of £50 and £60 will be open at Trinity of the Bodleian. Classical Castor and physical Pol. Hall in April. Six open scholarships and one close lux would appear, with perpetual alternation.

(for Uppingham and Oakham schools) will be open Mr Neate, at the Oxford meeting, called attention at Sidney in October. to the great and growing wealth of the colleges. These vast endowments were, in fact, designed for LONDON.—The Council of University College, the very purpose now contemplated. There are London, have resolved to appoint a lecturer on many fellowships wasted, and worse than wasted, on

mental diseases. old bachelors permanently non-resident, who would have been more useful members of society had they IRELAND.—His Excellency the Lord Lieutenant never been pensioned off this way. If each existing has received at the Viceregal Lodge a deputation college were to increase its numbers by ten, and from the graduates of the Queen's University in Christ Church by twenty, two hundred under-gra- reference to university changes. The views of the duates would at once be added to the books of the deputation were set forth in an elaborate statement. University at a very trifling cost.

In this a sketch is given of pablic education in IreIt should be known what Lincoln College did in land from the year 1791, shewing that the opinious 1855. In a Special Educational Fund (specialis cista of committees, and the action of Parliament and of ad promoverdam eruditionem et disciplinam collegii nostri successive governments, have been for many years adhibenda), particular mention was made of provi- in favour of united education. It proceeds to argue sion for increase of the number and the value of the against the substitution of sectarian for united eduscholarships, for a gratuitous supply of out-college cation. Figures are quoted to demonstrate that the lectures, if at any time expedient, and for the foun- union of the several religious denominations in the dation of college prizes. Two out of twelve fellow- Queen's Colleges continues satisfactory, and that the ships were suppressed for thirty years as they became representation of Catholics is more adequate than is vacant (this occurred very soon after), leading to supposed by many. A comparison is instituted be. the prospect of a great increase in the college tween the Queen's University and the London revenues, and limiting the future average value of University, the result of which, it is contended, each of the fellowships to £300 a year, with a saving justifies the proposition that the Queen's University, clause on behalf of vested interests. During the by itself, and without any reference to the Queen's thirty years the Educational Fund gets the moneys Colleges, has been a success. The graduates exwhich would have been paid to the two Fellows, press their unwillingness to interfere in the matter, that is, two-fourteenths of the sum divided among but they say, " they cannot silently allow the adopthe Rector and the ten Fellows (the Rector is reck- tion, in connection with the National University of

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the Queen in Ireland, of a principle which, more Counties' Adult Education Society, praying the than any other, will perpetuate sectarian difference Committee of Council to examine and allow grants amongst those who ought to be the leaders in what for evening classes which are said to be unable to would promote friendship and social peace." They afford a certificated master or mistress, I am directed insist that it is the duty of the state not to recognise by my Lords to request you to remind the memorialor encourage sectarianism in Ireland ; and they sub- ists that the Committee of Council has undertaken mit that if any modifications of the existing system to make grants to evening classes only so far as they of collegiate and university education shall appear may be rogarded as third meetings of day schools. practicable, they shall be referred to the Convocation See Articles 38 and 39 (R.C.), and Instructions on of the Queen's University before final approval; but the Administration of the Revised Code, paragraph that if any such modification shall appear impossible 25. My Lords consider that it is one thing to enwithout destroying the cause of non-sectarian educa- courage the extension of the ordinary teaching of tion, it would seem to be the duty of those entrusted day schools to evening classes composed of somewith the Government of the country to maintain and what older scholars, but quite another thing to make develop a system already fruitful of good. His Ex- direct and independent grants to such classes for the cellency promised to submit the views of the gradu- ulementary education of adults. My Lords are not ates to the Government; and he expressed a desire prepared to take the latter course, and continuing that it should be understood that whatever might be to regard evening classes as parts of day schools, done with respect to the question laid before him, they are not prepared to give up the condition which he and the chief secretary considered the united confines aid to schools under certificated teachers.system of education in itself the best,

I have the honour to be, Rev. Sir, your obedient servant,

R. R. W. LINGEN.

The Hon. and Rev. S. Best. THE CITY MIDDLE CLASS EDUCATION SCHEME.-Although little more than six weeks have elapsed The Thirty-first Report of the Commissioners of since the Rev. Mr Rogers propounded his scheme of National Education in Ireland, 1864, Vol. I., has middle class education for the City at the meeting been published, and records the increase of schools, at the Mansion House, the munificent sum of to which it relates, to the number of 100 within the £38,000 has been voluntarily contributed by a few twelve months in question, also the addition of about of the principal citizens, or more than half the 12,000 in the daily average attendance of pupils, amount (£50,000) suggested as necessary for carry- and 30,994 in the average number on the rolls, ing the plan into practical effect on the footing of a Besides this, the Commissioners report the erection school for the education of 1000 children, in the first of fifty-one national school-houses, comprising instance. The sum so raised has been collected seventy-one separate schoolrooms, also two model simply by thirty-three banking and mercantile firms, school-houses, the whole offering accommodation for including, in some instances, single individuals, in 7260 children. Seventy-four schools have been the City, each contributing £1000, and others giving struck off the rolls during the year referred to, and £500. It is understood that the Mansion House seventy schools have been "suspended." An extenCommittee, of which Mr Alderman Hale is the sive series of tabulated statements appear in the chairman, contemplate raising a sum of £100,000 Report, shewing the application of State aid to new for the purpose in view, or twice the amount that schools, the religious denominations of the managers, was roughly estimated at the meeting in November. among whom the Roman Catholics figure highest, The estimate of £50,000 had reference to a school and local appropriations of sehools. Voluminous for 1000 children. Two schools with that amount reports from inspectors of schools throughout Ireland of accommodation are probably now intended. complete a blue-book of 320 pages octavo.

THE ADULT EDUCATION SOCIETY AND THE COM- The Civil Service Commissioners have issued MITTEE OF COUNCIL ON EDUCATION.—The Adult their Tenth Report, and state that the total number Education Society having memorialised the Lords of nominations for preliminary test examination of the Privy Council, praying that the examinations has been 29,763. The annual average has been of the Committee of Council on Education should 3185; those received in 1864 were 4161. Of the be extended to evening schools where there is not candidates nominated for examination in Class 1 a certificated master or mistress, and payments be (those who aimed at superior situations, clerkships, made on the results, the following answer has been &c.), 204 passed and 160 failed. On the average

there were 3:1 competitors for each vacancy; this Committee of Council on Education, proportion is further reduced by the fact of the Council Office.

failure of many to pass the preliminary test examinaRey. SIR,-In answer to the momorial which you tions; this allowed for, the average was not more have presented from the members of the Southern | than 1.7 for each situation. The number of situa

received :

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300 pages.

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tions offered in competition was only 251 in this dispute seems to us eminently a proper subject for class. Of Class 2, inferior situations (letter-carriers compromise. . Surely there must be some plan be and the like), the men examined were not submitted which half-a-dozen little Baptists or Wesleyans in to the test of competition. 2384 nominations were a small country school could be taught the rudidealt with ; of which number 144 candidates did not ments of secular knowledge without offending the appear, 1931 obtained certificates, and 309 were re- conscience of others, or impairing the discipline of fused on account of various disqualifications. Out the school. The zealots on either side enjoy the of 771 persons who, on different grounds, have been fight too much to listen to suggestions of the kind; pronounced disqualified during the year recently yet for the sake of peace in the church, already to ended, only 6 can be said to owe their rejection to much shaken by the storms of controversy, it would requirements of a “scholastic” or educational be a national benefit if some statesmanlike scheras character. The results of the method of selection could be devised for settling the pending quarrel adopted for the Civil Service of India competitions, between the clergy and the Privy Council." are stated to be, considering the shortness of time

British MUSEUM,-Government has decided to given for it, highly satisfactory. Abundant statistics, a list of certificated persons, examination papers for reform the constitution of the British Museum, and Me Indian apointments, and a great deal of correspond- Panizzi has been induced to remain in bis office until ence, make up the volume, which comprises nearly the beginning of March. Mr Panizzi resigned last

summer, and obtained a superannuation allowance u

a special character. He was to have left the Muscom THE CONSCIENCE CLAUSE AND PRIVY COUNCIL. at Christmas. What the nature of the reform is ta -Resolution to be moved in Lower House of Con-be-whether a small council, as recommended by vocation of Canterbury, February, 1866, by Arch. Lord Ellesmere's Commission in 1858, or a director deacon of Taunton : "That it is the opinion of this as recommended by Lord Langdale, or a Parliameo. house, that to insist upon the insertion of any man- tary minister as advocated by Lord Henry Lennox ner of Co cience cl se' in tho trust.d ed of a is not known. Many different kinds of successors to parish or other school of the Church of England, as Mr Panizzi have been named, some of them obviously a condition of assistance out of the Parliamentary unlikely. We have heard the names of Sir Edmund grant, is not just; and that to accept any manner of Head, Sir Francis Sandford, Sir Frederick Madden, •Conscience Clause,' on the part of such school, is Mr Winter Jones, Mr Newton, and others mentioned. neither just as respects future managers of the A new refreshment room has been opened, under the school, nor is it safe as respects the teaching of the direction of Mr Panizzi, for the use of visitors to the church.”

British Museum. The entrance to it is from the The Daily Telegraph makes the following judi- Greek and Roman Galleries, and we understand that cious remarks upon this subject :- The phrase .con- the tariff of prices is by no means an exorbitant one. science clause' has the same effect upon Archdeacon

NATIONAL PORTRAIT EXHIBITION.-The arDenison as the red cloth shaken by a matador has upon a bull when the darts are sticking in his hide. tional portraits are in rapid progress at Sonth Ken

rangements in connection with the exhibition of na. The mildest of Arcdeacons is evidently eager for the fray, and is troubled to endure the interval which sington. The Galleries are calculated to contain 800 must elapse before he can rush into his favourite pictures, which is nearly the number of British oil arena. To men of Archdeacon Denison's stamp the paintings exhibited in 1862. They are perfectly dry,

and the measures taken to ensure a proper and unimere presence of Dissenters in a Church school is an intolerable evil; he looks upon them as good mises -and for a constant watch by the police, give

form temperature-excluding all fire from the preMussulmans look upon the Giaours; nor is it

pos. sible to reason with men who hold such extravagant every assurance of security that can be desired. Froin opinions. The Archdeacon ought, in consistency therance of the project, and many family treasures

all quarters a cordial response has been made in farwith his own views, to object to dine at the same

which have never before left walls where they have table with a Scottish Presbyterian or a Roman Catholic, or to do anything else which might be con

haug for generations have been placed at the disposal strucd as a mark of spiritual toleration. But there of the committee. It has been proposed that the first are more reasonable opponents of the conscience year's exhibition, which is to open in April next, clause, and we have endeavoured to explain the should extend to the Revolution of 1688 ; but, from general character of their opposition. The great

the number of fine portraits offered, it is deemed not omission on their part appears to be, that they do improbable that the committee will be compelled to not suggest any alternative plan of their own. They terminate the first exhibition with the portraits of the

Commonwealth. reject the Privy Council scheme, but they offer nothing in its stead. Such a course is in itself an ENLARGEMENT OF THE NATIONAL GALLERYerror, even as a matter of mere tactics. The whole The land required to enlarge the National Gallery

has been purchased. The site includes St Martin's ST ANDREWS.-Mr John Stuart Mill, M.P., has Work house and Archbishop Tenison's School. The accepted the office of Rector of the University of price given to the parish is said to be £86,000. St Andrews, to which he was recently elected.

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Mr John Butler, teacher, Woodside, writes to

us, stating that the assertion made by Mr Keillor, as SCOTLAND.

to the numbers attending his school, is untrue. In

stead of fourteen at the conclusion of last session, the EDINBURGH.--The Senatus of the University have "actual attendance,” he says, “ during the last month sent a memorial to Her Majesty's Government, urg- of the session, was nearly three times that number, as ing the foundation of a chair of Geology in the Uni. my school registers will shew." versity,

DEPOSITION OF A PAROCHIAL SCHOOLM ASTER.High School.—The High School of Edinburgh entrusted to him by the Parochial Schools Act of

The Sheriff of Forfarshire, in virtue of the powers has now lost the services of Dr Schmitz, who has 1861, has deposed Mr Marshall, parochial schoolaccepted the office of Head Master of the Interna

master of Kinnettles, near Forfar, for drunkenness. tional College in London. He was Rector of the

In a communication to a local newspaper, Mr Marshall High School for exactly twenty years, and during that time he made many friends in Edinburgh, says that he was strongly urged to plead guilty to

some of the counts, on the understanding that the chiefly in the liberally thoughtful and rational sections of society. The school books of which he agents on both sides would concur in requesting the

Sheriff to confine the sentence to censure. This, is the author are well known. He did not a little however, he declined to do. The working of the to introduce to the English world the historical

Act of 1861 tends to shew that it is not at all favour. views of Niebuhr, one of whose students he had able, if even just, to the schoolmaster. For instance, been at Bonn, when Prince Albert also was studying he labours under these disadvantages :-He has no at that university. So much did the late Prince right of appeal ; he is not tried by jury; and the proConsort trust and respect his old fellow-student, that

secutors, whether they succeed or fail, have their he sent the Prince of Wales to study under him ; expenses paid by the public, while the schoolmaster, and in the course of years Prince Alfred also came. although he has been successful in repelling an attack They, no doubt, both attended the University for

on his character or status, has himself to bear all the the sake of Dr Lyon Playfair and others; but it is

cost. pretty certain they would not have come to Edinburgh had Dr Schmitz not been here. The young Prince of Condé, the Duc de Penthiévre, and the

WORKING OF THE REVISED CODE. Duc d'Alençon, also were among his pupils at the [As the Code has now been sufficiently long in High School. On Dec. 18. he was honoured by a operation to give the means of forming an impartial public dinner, at which a great many eminent citi- opinion on its practical character, and as it is of zens were present. Lord Provost Chambers pre- the greatest moment that information should be accusided, and spoke to the point with his accustomed mulated from those best able to afford it, we invite directness and brevity. Dr Schmitz himself gave teachers to send us short notices of any points a candid account of the state of the High School, they may deem important. Everything, whether which is worth the study of those who manage favourable or adverse to the Code, that throws light public academies. The Lord Advocate discoursed on its actual working, is valuable. We append a upon the ideas with which High School boys re- few notices we have already received.] garded " the University of Edinburgh,” which A. B., FORFAKSHIRE.-- Pupil teachers cannot be formed the subject of his toast; and he spoke of got here for love or money. I have advertised over their contempt for students with a vividness of re- and over again, but the replies I got were from boys collection, and an insight into boy-nature, that could who were utterly hopeless. My intercourse with the hardly have been expected from one who has done people, mostly of a manufacturing class, has shewn so much work, and learned and forgotten so many me that they have taken a lively and intelligent inthings, since he was at the High School himself. terest in the education discussion, and appreciate Mr Adam Black proposed “ The High School.” He most thoroughly the effects of the Code on education. was the oldest “ boy" present, having outlived eighty

C. D.-LARGE SCHOOL NEAR LONDON.- We have years. He spoke with the vigour and intellectual had two examications under the Code, both very clearness of a young man, and displayed the wisdom successful. But none of the teachers, viz. an infant of a seventy years' personal acquaintance with the mistress, a sewing mistress, and myself, have reeubject of his toast. We believe that all those who ceived a penny of the government grants. The know Dr Schmitz wish him every success in the managers have imbibed an extraordinary taste for new International College.

improvement. Our staff is reduced by four P. T's.,

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andlam beginning to think that we are fools to labour

APPOINTMENTS. 80 hard for so scanty a share as ours is. We wait with impatience to see what is to be done this year. The Rev. C. C. Ward, B.A., late Scholar of

E. F.-COUNTRY SCHOOL NEAR EDINBURGH.- Queen's College, Cambridge, has been elected to the have discarded P. T's., but find that I am thereby Head Mastership of the Lymm Grammar School. no great loser. I have harder work, but the parents Mr Ward graduated in honours in 1854, and has have evidently more confidence in my labours than held the appointments of Second Master in Sutton in those of “ boys," as they were accustomed to call Valence Grammar School, and Senior Mathematical them. I had no idea that there was so strong a feel. Master in the Royal Naval and Military Acadeny, ing against them. In place of the hour and a half Gosport. devoted to teaching them, I have now classes for Latin and mathematics. The former is well attended,

The Principalship of the North Wales Training and I think that by the year's end I will be no loser! College, vacant by the resignation of the Rev. R. in that respect.

Williams, M.A., has been conferred upon the Rer, G. H.-NORTHUMBERLAND.-Oh, that standard I.!

John Sydney Boucher, M.A. of St John's College, What an idea of little children must the concocters Cambridge, Master of the Holly Bank School, Birkenof it have! How I wish they had a year's trial of head, formerly Second Master of the King's School,

Warwick, some of my young ones. At my first examination, most of mine failed from sheer fright. I have deter

Mr Henry, Morley, author of "English Writers mined rather to lose than risk so many.

before Chaucer," has been appointed by the Council J. R.-Glasgow.—Why won't the Privy Council of University College, London, Professor of English give us the names of those who fail and those who Language and Literature, in place of Professor Masson.

I think that, could teachers secure this point, taken up by an energetic M.P., the Privy The Queen has been pleased to present Mr Andrew Council would be compelled for very shame to give Robertson, Rector of the High School of Brechin, to in. Nothing would tend more thoroughly to test the the Preceptory of Maisondieu in that city, vacant by whole system.

the resignation of the Rev. George Alexander.

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Education Abroad.

France. Organisation of Public Efort by a Go- | award special prizes to that teacher in each canton vernment Official.-In educational reports, the depart- who should have displayed the greatest zeal, and ment of Haute Vienne has always occupied one of achieved the best results in connection with adult the lowest places. To improve the state of matters, classes. 5. To establish school libraries, M, Rendu, Inspector-General, invited the most in- Students' International Congress. --The Paris fluential persons in the department to meet him at Academy was not long in following the example of Limoges, where he read to them a report carefully the University of Louvain, by expelling from all its prepared after personal inspection of the existing Faculties seven students, viz., five of medicine and schools, and induced them to form a society for the two of law, who attended the Students' International promotion of the following objects : 1. To stimulate Congress held at Liege in the end of October and bethe zeal of teachers, male and female, who, whilst ginning of November last. The general charge securing good results in other respects, should draw against the students is, that they insulted the French together the greatest number of pupils in proportion flag, hoisted the red one, and extolled the reign of to the population the district. 2. To encourage terror; that they violently attacked religion, and the the pupils by giving to those who might be found, on principles on which society is based; that they incompetitive trial, the best in each canton, prizes voked insurrection and civil war, and outraged, either either in books or in the shape of a Savings Bank by word or by deed, the Government of their coubtry, book with a nest-egg in it; by founding bursaries in More particnlarly, No. 1 is charged with being one connection with special professional schools, to be of the first to unfurl the black flag at Liege, and enjoyed by those who might shew marked aptitude with having called upon the students to reconquer for particular studies ; and by supplying books and their lost liberties, and organise themselves in opposchool materials to the indigent. 3. To promote the sition to tyranny. No. 2 is charged with having been establishment of schools in villages and hamlets vice-president at a meeting which declared against which are inconveniently far from existing schools, the present Government of France ; and with having yet offer unitedly a considerable population. 4. To I mounted the orchestra at a ball, and sung songs in

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