« AnteriorContinuar »
ing a certain Miss K—of Oxenburg has forced her and school requisites in general, was £6460, 6s. 5d. way into the medical school. It appears that the The further sum which will become due on the comCossacks of Oxenburg have an inveterate prejudice pletion of the works contracted for in the course of against medical men, and trust their health to igno- the year, but which were unfinished at its close, rantold women. Availing herself of this circumstance, amounted to £1311, 12s. 10d. We subjoin a return Miss K — prayed for admission into the medical of applications for aid towards the cost of erecting school, promising to devote her skill to the service of new schools, to comply with which will render indisthe Cossacks. On this ground she was admitted ; pensable an ample parliamentary grant for 1866:whereupon the Cossack regiment of Orenburg ordered In our last report we referred to one of our regu. her an allowance of 28 roubles a month, and in May lations which we proposed to modify in such a manlast, when she passed satisfactorily the examination ner as would enable us, with the liberal assistance of which stands midway in the whole course of medical the Legislature, to build permanent school-houses in study, they made her a present of 300 ronbles by localities where rent had been granted by the Board way of encouragement.
for the use of temporary premises, or where no pro
vision even of a temporary character had been made. QUEENSLAND, AUSTRALIA.—Reporr Of
The result of the alteration (sanctioned by your ExBoard of General EDUCATION FOR THE YEAR cellency's Government) of the rule in question, while 1864.—To his Excellency Sir George Ferguson it exhibits a marked and gratifying increase in the Bowen, &c., &c., &o. May it please your Excellency, number and value of our school buildings and educa-We, the Board of Education, have the honour to
tional appliances, shews also, as a matter of course, submit to your Excellency this our Fifth Annual
an increase in our disbursements. Notwithstanding Report of the condition of the schools under our super- the large outlay in building grants, the excess of our vision, together with a statement of accounts for the expenditure over our revenue was only £1500. This year 1864.
excess will, it is hoped, be regarded as comparatively Schools in Operation. As indicated in the follow- trifling, when contrasted with the valuable addition ing return, the number of schools in operation in the
to the school property vested in the Board. course of the year was thirty-three; the aggregate
In this place it may be observed that, taking no attendance of pupils being 4450, or an increase since higher view of the question than its pecuniary aspect, the previous year of nearly 39 per cent. :
it is a much greater saving to the public to erect than Name of School.
to rent school premises, even if by the latter process North Brisbane
1172 suitable buildings could be obtained; but this, espeSouth Brisbane .
341 cially in the smaller towns of the colony, is impractiSouth Brisbane, N. V..
197 cable; and under the most favourable circumstances, Bulimba
32 it is scarcely possible to find a building, not originally Condamine
40 designed for school purposes, answer the requirements Drayton
101 as to class room, ventilation, &c., which a well-planned Dalby
146 school-house, of even the most unpretending appearEagle Farm
ance, ordinarily affords. Besides, it is obviously Fortitude Valley
289 desirable to provide for the teacher—who is the Fortitude Valley, N. V.
199 custodian of the school-house and its contents, and Gayndah
90 who, as a rule, is not otherwise too liberally remunerGoondiwindi
35 ated for his services--a residence as near as possible Gladstone
77 to the scene of his daily labours and responsibilities Ipswich
404 To accomplish the two-fold object above indicated, Little Ipswich
212 viz., of spreading school-houses and residences for Kangaroo Point, N. V.
110 teachers over the colony, must, at the outset, involve Laidley.
63 an expenditure which older countries, where national Leyburn
83 grants and private benefactions have already estabMary borough
220 lished wealthy foundations, and placed primary eduPine Mountain
45 cation on a secure footing, do not require in the same Rockhampton
240 degree, but which will remain for ever as a perma. Warwick
150 nent investment for the public benefit. Warrill Creek
71 The following are the localities in which new Yandilla
39 buildings were erected during the year, or were in
process of erection at its close :-North Brisbane, Tota!
infant school, ne, 300 pupils ; South Brisbane, boy Grants in Aid of School Buildings.— The expendi- school, brick, 150 pupils ; South Brisbane, girls and tore under the above heading, for the past year, in- infants, brick, 150 pupils ; Bulimba, mixed (with cluding the cost of repairs, rent, furniture, apparatus, residence), wood, 50 pupils; Drayton, mixed, wood,
100 pupils; Eagle Farm, mixed (with residence), the appreciation and respect of those who have been wood, 80 pupils ; Gladstone, mixed (with residence), the witnesses of their labours. brick, 130 pupils; Goondiwindi, mixed (with resi- Finance.We append a statement of accounts, dence), wood, 70 pupils ; Leyburn, mixed, wood, 70 which shew that the sums paid in salaries, allowances, pupils ; Pine Mountain, mixed, wood, 50 pupils; and travelling expenses, to the officers, teachers, and Toowomba, mixed, wood, 100 pupils ; Warwick, servants in the employment of the Board, amounted boys, brick, 100 pupils; Warwick, girls, brick, 100 to £6,238, 8s. Id. We may observe in this place, pupils. And three schools received important altera | that while the expenditure in building grants, in tions and improvements, viz., Gayndah, Dalby, and teachers' salaries, and in travelling expenses, has been Rockhampton.
largely in excess of that of previous years, the es. Normal School.—The utility of the Normal School penses of official management have undergone no has been still further extended, by the addition of a augmentation. The sum of £36, 6s. 4d. was disbursed separate building for the infant pupils, who, at the in petty expenses. We submit this our report for date of our last report, were crowded into a portion the year 1864, and in testimony thereof, we have of the girls' school-house. For a detailed account of affixed thereto our corporate seal, this 28th day of the condition and working of this establishment, we January 1865. refer to the accompanying report of the General LL.S.)
A. Macalister, Chairman. Inspector. Inspection of Schools.—No alteration was made
Statement of moneys paid by the Board of Gedesince the date of our last report in the arrangements ral Education for salaries and contingencies, from 1st which we had previously made for the inspection of January to 31st December 1864.–Salaries of General schools, and which were found to be of a sufficiently Inspector, Secretary, and District Inspector, £1100; effective character. Every school which was in allowances to General Inspector for rent and forage, operation at the commencement of the year, was £100; salaries of teachers, pupil teachers, and mes. inspected at least three times, and several more sengers, £1,642, 4s. 10d.; travelling expenses, £396, frequently. The results of the inspection, which are 3s. 3d. ; building and repairing primary schools, summarised in the subjoined general report, are £5396, 8s. 2d. ; rent for school buildings, £141, 10s.; highly gratifying to the Board ; and, we believe that, rent for teachers' residences, £170, Is.; school requiwith a single exception, the internal management of sites, advertising, printing, and stationery, £58,455. the schools has been such as to reflect credit on the 3d. ; school furniture, £168, 2s. ; petty expenses, £36, teachers, and to win for them in an increased degree, 6s. 4d. ; total, £12,735, Os. 10d.
Proceedings of Societies.
COLLEGE OF PRECEPTORS. The reassembling of on the black board, especially shewing some methods members for the ensuing session took place on Wed- of algebraical computation of a very rapid nature by nesday evening, the 13th ult., when Mr Watson, late mere inspection. He expressed his conviction, in of University College, London, read a paper on the concluding his paper, that the study of mathematics, Teaching of Elementary Mathematics. Mr Watson's in the manner he had pointed out, was of great value, paper was a protest against the common methods of both as preparing the intellect to appreciate and teaching the different branches of the mathematies, master the difficulties it meets with in other sciences, where the memory and fingers are the chief agents and as tending to a sound judgment in the affairs of employed in the work. Such teaching is worthless life. Mr Cheshire admired the recommendation to as a mental discipline.' He dwelt upon the necessity break up difficulties into parts, and consider each in of an intelligent comprehension of mathematical To get the young mind to master the first symbols, removing any fancy that there is innate difficulty, is to do much towards conquering the virtue in the symbols, other symbols answering whole ; for difficult processes consist of a succession equally well, if as convenient in use. To test know- of the most simple and elementary.
Respecting ledge in algebra, Mr Watson insisted upon the im- Euclid, the letters drive the reason out of the pupil's portance of translation of symbols into words, and head, who becomes bewildered and stupefied. It is vice versa.
He complained of the clumsiness of often as easy to designate an angle by one letter as Euclid's demonstration, and pointed out defects in by three letters. Mr Dyer remarked, we are apt to some of the axioms and postulates, yet could not take for granted what we should not with boys, we recommend a superior geometry nor an introductory err in fancying the child's mind like an adult's. As book. Mr Watson rendered his lecture plain by an the mind can only be reached through the senses, the abundance of examples, algebraical and geometrical, more senses we call into play, the greater the impresa
sion. When we can by means of black board and ob cessor Mr Baikie, Cockpen. The other office-bearers jects appeal to the eye as well as the ear, we should do
were then re-elected, and the report of the delegates 80. Mr Gillespie recommended dictation as a method who had appeared on behalf of the Association before of teaching algebraical translation from symbols into the Education Commission, was laid on the table and common sense language, and practice in different agreed to. Then, after an interesting and telling scales of notation. Mr Robson said that in new sub- address by Mr Purves, on the claims of those Free jects pupils want clearness of elementary notions. Church schoolmasters who had been expelled from The terms are quite new, the pupils are expected to their situations at the Disruption, it was agreed to master and use. It would facilitate mathematical appoint a committee to ascertain what steps could be studies if pupils were in mathematics taught to use
taken to assist such of them as were in circumstances the common symbols, and taught to recognise the common geometrical forms. The language of Euclid requiring help. The members breakfasted together
next morning, when some interesting educational is an antiquated prolixity like that of the lawyers, subjects formed the topic of conversation. Mr Keilwhich, in the elaborate efforts to be clear, covers up lor of Burrelton gave an account of the present conthe thought in a multitude of words. Several other dition of his case, and stated that he had heard that gentlemen engaged in the discussion, dwelling parti- the Free Church Education Committee had agreed cularly upon the nature and varieties of mind, and Mr Watson replied. The usual vote of thanks and been properly admitted, and whose pupils at closing
to give a salary to a rival teacher, who had never reflection followed, and the first meeting of the ses
numbered 14, as against 78 in Mr Keillor's schools. sion terminated.
Attention was also called to the fact, that while EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTE OF Scotland This Scotland as a whole was behind England in the Recorporation held its annual meeting on the 16th ult., vised Code Examinations, yet this was not owing to Mr Dickson, parochial schoolmaster, Liff, retiring the Free Church schools, in which the per-centage of president, in the chair. In an eloquent and ornate failures was below the average in all the branches. address, Mr Dickson reviewed the educational proceedings of the year. He pointed out the advantages BURGH AND PAROCHIAL SCHOOLMASTERS' WIof a thorough education for all teachers, urged upon dows' Fund.-The fifty-ninth annual meeting of teachers the necessity of prudence in the discharge of the trustees of this fund, was held in Edinburgh on their functions, and advocated the combining of reli
the 15th ult. From the cashier's statement, it apgious and secular education. He concluded by mov-peared that the fund continues in a highly prosperous ing as his successor Mr Kennedy, of the Free Church state, the total amount being £100,907, 6s. 4d., being Normal School, Edinburgh. The appointment was
an increase over the year of £272 27,s. 7d. confirmed by the meeting, and the former treasurer and secretary were then re-elected. The principal Scottish School-Book Association. The business before the meeting was the consideration of forty-seventh annual meeting of this body was held the “ Heads suitable to form the basis of a national at Edinburgh on the 14th ult., Mr Robertson, schoolsystem of education,” brought forward by the Com- master, Wemyss, in the chair. Dr Brunton, Paisley, mittee of Management,
was elected chairman for the ensuing year ; and Mr
Dickson and Dr Knox were re-elected secretary and Free CHURCH TEACHERS' AssociATION.- This
treasurer respectively. From the treasurer's statebody held its annual meeting in Edinburgh on the
ment it appeared that there was a sum of no less 15th ult., Mr James Smith, Uddington, in the chair.
than £3500 to divide among the members. It was In the course of his retiring address, the chairman agreed to remit to the committee to give such aid as called attention to the Revised Code, which had now
they may see proper to Mr Keillor, Burrelton, whose been introduced into Scotland, for its suspension was
case is now on the rolls of the Court of Session. This merely nominal, extending only to the money depart- association, whose object is the preparing and imment. The evidence against its suitability was so
proving of a complete system of school books, and strong, that he hoped it would be brought to a speedy the vindicating the rights and protecting the interests termination. He hoped that education among them of the burgh and parochial schoolmasters of Scotland, would soon be managed by a Scottish Board, which conducts its business and expends its funds in a would tend to conserve our system of education, a manner worthy of the admiration and imitation of all system which, on the whole, had not been surpassed, classes of the profession on both sides of the Tweed. if even equalled, elsewhere. He complained that, under the code, teachers were compelled to produce PROPOSED ASSOCIATION OF Science TEACHERS CERresults at an immensely less cost, while more had TIFICATED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF Science AND ART. gone to the officials employed in carrying on the sys- - Acting upon recommendations given in an editem. Mr Smith then urged the formation of a fund torial paper in the January number of the “Quarterly for behoof of the widows and orphans of Free Church Journal of Science," several of the most eminent of teachers, and concluded by nominating as his suc. the science teachers in various parts of the country
have taken counsel together, and have used the op- of education. Everything, singing, choir, attend. portunity of the British Association Meeting at Bir- ance, weather, was a magnificent success. mingham, to effect a congress of science teachers at the same time. The object is stated to be the con
FOREIGN SchooL SOCIETY, sideration of the best methods of forwarding the Borough Road, London.—The usual quarterly Science Scheme of the Department, and the propriety meeting of teachers took place at the Society's of forming an association for advancing the interests House, Borough Road, at 3 o'clock p.M., September of science teaching as a profession. Ample encour
2d, when an essay was read by Mr J. Langton, M.A., agement towards the proposed association has been
on“ School Method-its Basis and Development." promised, and it now rests with those most interested to take some action in the matter. The “ Quarterly instruction should be based on a knowledge of mind,
The essayist took up the position that methods of Journal of Science” warmly espouses the cause of and brought under notice the principal operations of the science teachers, and promises its best aid. There are sufficient science teachers to form a good
Intellect,” giving indications of the way in which association, and as the Journal of Science points
our school methods may be framed, with the direct but, it is time the body should have a voice to be purpose of training and developing them. He forbore heard at the Department, and in some degree to to hint at the modes by which the appetites, passions, check the capricious changes that take place there and emotions, the will, the capacity of belief or faith, affecting students and teachers. It can scarcely be &c., may be educated. The following is an abstract of credited, that in the five years during which science his concluding remarks: I have recalled your thoughts teaching has been fostered into a profession, no less from the mechanism of our professional duties, to higher than six revised directories have been issued by conceptions of the grandeur and importance of the the Department, making fundamental changes in work to which our lives are devoted. The New the relations between the office and science com
Code has placed before the teachers of elementary mittees, coaxing classes into existence, and crushing schools a standard of instruction, limited to the methem with the utmost sang froid.
chanical acquirements of reading, writing, and arithmetic, and inflicts a pecuniary penalty on efforts,
which fail to reach that standard. This mode of Tonic Sol-ra ASSOCIATION, FOR THE PROMOTION OF Vocal Music in SCHOOLS, Homes, AND CONGREGA- procedure is “tending to formalise the work of our TIONS.—A second monster concert took place at the schools, and to render it in some degree lifeless, inCrystal Palace on the 13th September last. On this elastic, and mechanical.” Teachers have lost in some occasion only the picked voices from the London
measure the deep sense of responsibility and the bigb schools and evening classes assisted. A certificate aims which were once their distinguishing characterwas essential to make any claim to sing valid. istics. We ought to see and feel that our true vocaNevertheless between four and five thousand assem- tion is to open out and guide the nobler part of man, bled in the choir, faced by an army of twenty thou. the immortal and immaterial nature, which should sand delighted visitors in the transept. The singing, rule and govern every one of the beings with whom as may be imagined, was vastly superior to the choir we have to do; so that they may acquire those habits of uncertificated voices some months ago. These of thought and feeling, which shall render them able concerts not only shew the advance in musical taste and willing to fulfil with credit and efficiency, the prevailing in the present day, but they give an enor weighty duties which may come opon them in their mous impetus to the subject of music as a branch maturity.
SCHOLASTIC REGISTRATION.—One of the objects may be opinions different from our own. The of this Magazine is to ventilate all questions con- reader is not to expect entire agreement between nected with education. The full and free dis- the various articles, and he is not to suppose
that cussion of any method for improving education, or we concur in all the opinions expressed in them. the position of the educator, we take to be whole. The present number furnishes two instances. It some. It prevents us from falling into one-sided is to one of them that we now direct attention. views, chimerical expectations, and dangerous A contributor has taken the pains to look, if we
We therefore have no hesitation in ad- may so speak, all around the subject of Scholastic mitting articles into the Museum in which there | Registration, and he wishes others to do the same.
He shews that it cannot and will not accomplish ever. We maintain very strongly that it requires every thing, and that other means must be em- no common powers to teach children, that the ployed before the office of teacher be elevated to teacher must be trained who is to teach the its right position. Especially he draws attention alphabet in the right way, and that it is wrong to the need of a Faculty of Education. We have and ruinous to entrust the education of the young again and again advocated in these pages the to persons who are ignorant of the laws of the urgent necessity for the establishment of profes- human mind and the science of education. The sorships of the science of education, and we trust teacher of the young should be a cultivated man, that the matter will soon take practical shape. and we should assert generally, that, if he is not But whatever may be done in this direction, it worthy of being registered, he is not fit to teach will not prevent the good which may result from at all. We cannot be too persistent in declaring the Scholastic Registration Act. This Act we to the public, that every department of education consider to be a very important measure for secur- is regulated by laws and directed by an art which ing a proper position for the teacher, and after all are known only to the man who has in some way that has been said on the subject, we see no rea- or other studied them. son why teachers should not do their utmost to We conclude with urging every teacher to do secure the benefits which it will confer on them. his utmost in promoting the Bill, by making its We do not think our contributor intends to dis- character known, and by bringing before influsuade teachers from joining in the movement. ential men the advantages which it would confer At the same time, some of his remarks may have on the cause of education. At the same time, we that tendency. There are especially two objec- would reiterate a statement often made, but as tions which may weigh with some.
often forgotten, that our position depends on ourThe first is, that at first a vast number will be selves, our integrity, our industry, our culture, registered who will be no honour to the profession. and that this world, if we care for its treatment The committee have been so eager to conciliate, of us, generally gives what we persevere in asking. that some will think they have gone too far. We think, on the other hand, that they have but acted ONE UNIVERSITY FOR SCOTLAND.— The proposal justly. It would have been unreasonable to make to convert the four universities and colleges of all teachers who have no diploma of any kind to Scotland into one university and four colleges submit to an examination before permitting them has been made again and again, and been supto be registered. There is a certain time of life ported in eloquent language by the Chancellor of when examinations do not test a man's merit, and Exchequer. The proposal seems to us an exceedare altogether unseasonable and injudicious. Some ingly reasonable one. In fact, we have merely other method of procedure was necessary. And to state how matters are conducted at present to we cannot conceive a wiser course than demand-prove the need of some reform. ing from the candidate "satisfactory evidence." In Scotland there are four universities. It is No doubt some may produce evidence which may the business of a university to test the acquiremislead the council, but on the whole it may be ments of students who are connected with it, and trusted to act with discretion. And at the furthest to grant them degrees and honours. It is not the difficulty appears only at the commencement. now regarded as the function of the university to As years roll on, those admitted on untrustworthy supply the students with knowledge. It may or evidence will die out, and the Registration Act it may not do that. But whatever it does in will replace them by men selected according to that way, its principal business is to guarantee its regular provisions.
to the public that the examination of the students The other objection which our able contributor is fair and not one-sided, and that its honours are has brought prominently forward is, that there conferred on those who really deserve them. will always be dames' schools and useful inferior For this purpose it is of considerable consequence teachers, not worthy of the honour of registration. that those who constitute the acting officials of Supposing this were actually to be the case, we the university, in other words, the examiners, be do not see any difficulty in this matter. It is no not engaged in actually preparing students for hardship to a teacher not to be registered, if he the examination. For in this case the students does not deserve to be registered. Besides, the might be unintentionally crammed for it. Now very object of the bill is to exclude from registra- look what is the case in Scotland. Each of the tion those who are not qualified. And we trust four universities has a college connected with it. that it is not absolutely certain that useful in- There are indeed two colleges connected with that ferior teachers and dames’ schools are to exist for of St Andrews, but the two are equal to the one