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States contrary to the authority thereof, they shall each be fined not more than five thousand dollars, or imprisoned not more than six years, or both. [35 Stat. L. 1089.]

See R. S. sec. 5336, 3 Fed. Stat. Annot. 534. This section is so amended as to apply in any place subject to the jurisdiction ” of the United States.

Sec. 7. [Recruiting soldiers or sailors to serve against United States.] Whoever recruits soldiers or sailors within the United States, or in any place subject to the jurisdiction thereof, to engage in armed hostility against the same, or opens within the United States, or in any place subject to the jurisdiction thereof, a recruiting station for the enlistment of such soldiers or sailors to serve in any manner in armed hostility against the United States, shall be fined not more than one thousand dollars and imprisoned not more than five years. [35 Stat. L. 1089.]

See R. S. sec, 5337, 3 Fed. Stat. Annot. 534. This section is so amended as to apply in “any place subject to the jurisdiction ” of the United States.

Sec. 8. [Enlistment to serve against the United States.] Every person enlisted or engaged within the United States or in any place subject to the jurisdiction thereof, with intent to serve in armed hostility against the United States, shall be fined one hundred dollars and imprisoned not more than three years. [35 Stat. L. 1089.]

See R, S, sec. 5338, 3 Fed. Stat. Annot. 534. to apply in “any place subject to the jurisdicThe word " person” is substituted for “ soldier tion" of the United States. or sailor," and the section is broadened so as

CHAPTER Two.

OFFENSES AGAINST NEUTRALITY.

See.
9. Accepting a foreign commission.
10. Enlisting in foreign service
11. Arming vessels against people at peace

with the United States.
12. Augmenting force of foreign vessel of

Sec.
13. Military expeditions against people at

peace with the United States.
14. Enforcement of foregoing provisions.
15. Compelling foreign vessels to depart.
16. Armed vessels to give bond on clearance.
17. Detention by collectors of customs.
18. Construction of this chapter.

war.

Sec. 9. [Accepting a foreign commission.] Every citizen of the United States who, within the territory or jurisdiction thereof, accepts and exercises a commission to serve a foreign prince, state, colony, district, or people, in war, by land or by sea, against any prince, state, colony, district, or people, with whom the United States are at peace, shall be fined not more than two thousand dollars and imprisoned not more than three years. [35 Stat. L. 1089.]

See R. S. sec. 5281, 5 Fed. Stat. Annot. 355.

SEC. 10. [Enlisting in foreign service.] Whoever, within the territory or jurisdiction of the United States, enlists, or enters himself, or hires or retains another person to enlist or enter himself, or to go beyond the limits or jurisdiction of the United States with intent to be enlisted or entered in the service of any foreign prince, state, colony, district, or people, as a soldier, or as a marine or seaman, on board of any vessel of war, letter of marque, or privateer, shall be fined not more than one thousand dollars and imprisoned not more than three years. [35 Stat. L. 1089.] See Ř, S. sec. $282, 5 Fed. Stat. Annot. 357.

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Sec. 11. [Arming vessels against people at peace with the United States. ] Whoever, within the territory or jurisdiction of the United States, fits out and arms, or attempts to fit out and arm, or procures to be fitted out and armed, or knowingly is concerned in the furnishing, fitting out, or arming of any vessel, with intent that such vessel shall be employed in the service of any foreign prince or state, or of any colony, district, or people, to cruise or commit hostilities against the subjects, citizens, or property of any foreign prince or state, or of any colony, district, or people, with whom the United States are at peace, or whoever issues or delivers a commission within the territory or jurisdiction of the United States for any vessel, to the intent that she may be so employed, shall be fined not more than ten thousand dollars and imprisoned not more than three years. And every such vessel, her tackle, apparel, and furniture, together with all materials, arms, ammunition, and stores which may have been procured for the building and equipment thereof, shall be forfeited; one half to the lise of the informer and the other half to the use of the United States. [35 Stat. L. 1090.]

See R. S, sec. 5283, 5 Fed. Stat. Annot. 358. This section is broadened so as to apply anywhere within the “territory or jurisdiction” of the United States.

SEC. 12. [Augmenting force of foreign vessel of war.] Whoever, within the territory or jurisdiction of the United States, increases or augments, or pro cures to be increased or augmented, or knowingly is concerned in increasing or augmenting, the force of any ship of war, cruiser, or other armed vessel which, at the time of her arrival within the United States, was a ship of war, or cruiser, or armed vessel, in the service of any foreign prince or state, or of any colony, district, or people, or belonging to the subjects or citizens of any such prince or state, colony, district, or people, the same being at war with any foreign prince or state, or of any colony, district, or people, with whom the United States are at peace, by adding to the number of the guns of such vessel, or by changing those on board of her for guns of a larger caliber, or by adding thereto any equipment solely applicable to war, shall be fined not more than one thousand dollars and imprisoned not more than one year. [35 Stat. L. 1090.]

See R. S. sec. 5285, 5 Fed. Stat. Annot. 365.

SEC. 13. [Military expeditions against people at peace with the United States.] Whoever, within the territory or jurisdiction of the United States, begins, or sets on foot, or provides or prepares the means for, any military expedition or enterprise, to be carried on from thence against the territory or dominions of any foreign prince or state, or of any colony, district, or people, with whom the United States are at peace, shall be fined not more than three thousand dollars and imprisoned not more than three years. [35 Stat. L. 1090.]

See R. S. sec. 5286, 5 Fed. Stat. Annot. 366.

SEC. 14. [Enforcement of foregoing provisions.] The district courts shall take cognizance of all complaints, by whomsoever instituted, in cases of captures made within the waters of the United States, or within a marine league of the coasts or shores thereof. In every case in which a vessel is fitted out and armed, or attempted to be fitted out and armed, or in which the force of any vessel of war, cruiser, or other armed vessel is increased or augmented, or in which any military expedition or enterprise is begun or set on foot, contrary to the provisions and prohibitions of this chapter; and in every case of the capture of a vessel within the jurisdiction or protection of the United States as before defined; and in every case in which any process issuing out of any court of the United States is disobeyed or resisted by any person having the custody of any vessel of war, cruiser, or other armed vessel of any foreign prince or state, or of any colony, district, or people, or of any subjects or citizens of any foreign prince or state, or of any colony, district, or people, it shall be lawful for the President, or such other person as he shall have empowered for that purpose, to employ such part of the land or naval forces of the United States, or of the militia thereof, for the purpose of taking possession of and detaining any such vessel, with her prizes, if any, in order to enforce the execution of the prohibitions and penalties of this chapter, and the restoring of such prizes in the cases in which restoration shall be adjudged; and also for the purpose of preventing the carrying on of any such expedition or enterprise from the territory or jurisdiction of the United States against the territory or dominion of any foreign prince or state, or of any colony, district, or people with whom the United States are at peace. (35 Stat. L. 1090.]

See R. S. sec. 5287, 5 Fed. Stat. Annot. 375.

Sec. 15. [Compelling foreign vessels to de part.] It shall be lawful for the President, or such person as he shall empower for that purpose, to employ such part of the land or naval forces of the United States, or of the militia thereof, as shall be necessary to compel any foreign vessel to depart the United States in all cases in which, by the laws of nations or the treaties of the United States, she ought not to remain within the United States. [35 Stat. L. 1091.]

See R. S. sec. 5288, 5 Fed. Stat. Annot. 376.

Sec. 16. [Armed vessels to give bond on clearance.] The owners or consignees of every armed vessel sailing out of the ports of, or under the jurisdiction of, the United States, belonging wholly or in part to citizens thereof, shall, before clearing out the same, give bond to the United States, with sufficient sureties, in double the amount of the value of the vessel and cargo on board, including her armament, conditioned that the vessel shall not be employed by such owners to cruise or commit hostilities against the subjects, citizens, or property of any foreign prince or state, or of any colony, district, or people, with whom the United States are at peace. [35 Stat. L. 1091.]

See R. 8. sec. 5289, 5 Fed. Stat. Annot. 376. This section is so amended as to apply to all ports “under the jurisdiction" of the United States.

Sec. 17. [Detention by collectors of customs.] The several collectors of the customs shall detain any vessel manifestly built for warlike purposes, and about to depart the United States, or any place subject to the jurisdiction thereof, the cargo of which principally consists of arms and munitions of war, when the number of men shipped on board, or other circumstances, render it probable that such vessel is intended to be employed by the owners to cruise or commit hostilities upon the subjects, citizens, or property of any foreign prince or state, or of any colony, district, or people with whom the United States are at peace, until the decision of the President is had thereon, or until the owner gives such bond and security as is required of the owners of armed vessels by the preceding section. [35 Stat. L. 1091.]

See R. S. sec. 5290, 5 Fed. Stat. Annot. 377. This section is so amended as to apply in “any place subject to the jurisdiction ” of the United States.

Sec. 18. [Construction of this chapter.] The provisions of this chapter shall not be construed to extend to any subject or citizen of any foreign prince, state, colony, district, or people who is transiently within the United States

and enlists or enters himself on board of any vessel of war, letter of marque, or privateer, which at the time of its arrival within the United States was fitted and equipped as such, or hires or retains another subject or citizen of the same foreign prince, state, colony, district, or people who is transiently within the United States to enlist or enter himself to serve such foreign prince, state, colony, district, or people on board such vessel of war, letter of marque, or privateer, if the United States shall then be at peace with such foreign prince, state, colony, district, or people. Nor shall they be construed to prevent the prosecution or punishment of treason, or of any piracy defined by the laws of the United States. [35 Stat. L. 1091.]

See R. S. sec. 5291, 5 Fed. Stat. Annot. 377.

1

CHAPTER THREE.

OFFENSES AGAINST THE ELECTIVE FRANCHISE AND CIVIL RIGHTS OF CITIZENS.

Sec.
19. Conspiracy to injure, etc., persons in the

exercise of civil rights.
20. Depriving citizens of civil rights under

color of State laws. 21. Conspiring to prevent officer from perform

ing duties.
22. Unlawful presence of troops at elections.

Sec.
23. Intimidation of voters by officers, etc., of

Army or Navy.
24. Officers of Army or Navy prescribing

qualifications of voters, 25. Officers, etc., of Army or Navy interfer

ing with officers of election, etc. 26. Persons disqualified from holding office;

when soldiers, etc., may vote.

Sec. 19. [Conspiracy to injure, etc., persons in the exercise of civil rights.) If two or more persons conspire to injure, oppress, threaten, or intimidate any citizen in the free exercise or enjoyment of any right or privilege secured to him by the Constitution or laws of the United States, or because of his having so exercised the same, or if two or more persons go in disguise on the highway, or on the premises of another, with intent to prevent or hinder his free exercise or enjoyment of any right or privilege so secured, they shall be fined not more than five thousand dollars and imprisoned not more than ten years, and shall, moreover, be thereafter ineligible to any office, or place of honor, profit, or trust created by the Constitution or laws of the United States. [35 Stat. L. 1092.]

See R. S. sec. 5508, 1 Fed. Stat. Annot. 802.

Sec. 20. [Depriving citizens of civil rights under color of State laws.] Whoever, under color of any law, statute, ordinance, regulation, or custom, willfully subjects, or causes to be subjected, any inhabitant of any State, Territory, or District to the deprivation of any rights, privileges, or immunities secured or protected by the Constitution and laws of the United States, or to different punishments, pains, or penalties, on account of such inhabitant being an alien, or by reason of his color, or race, than are prescribed for the punishment of citizens, shall be fined not more than one thousand dollars, or imprisoned not more than one year, or both. [35 Stat. L. 1092.]

See R. S. sec. 5510, 1 Fed. Stat. Annot. 804.

Sec. 21. [Conspiring to prevent officer from performing duties.] If two or more persons in any State, Territory, or District conspire to prevent, by force, intimidation, or threat, any person from accepting or holding any office, trust, or place of confidence under the United States, or from discharging any duties thereof; or to induce by like means any officer of the United States to leave any State, Territory, District, or place, where his duties as an officer are required

to be performed, or to injure him in his person or property on account of his lawful discharge of the duties of his office, or while engaged in the lawful discharge thereof, or to injure his property so as to molest, interrupt, hinder, or impede him in the discharge of his official duties, each of such persons shall be fined not more than five thousand dollars, or imprisoned not more than six years, or both. [35 Stat. L. 1092.]

See R. S. sec. 5518, 6 Fed. Stat. Annot. 613.

Sec. 22. [Unlawful presence of troops at elections.] Every officer of the Army or Navy, or other person in the civil, military, or naval service of the United States, who orders, brings, keeps, or has under his authority or control any troops or armed men at any place where a general or special election is held in

any State, unless such force be necessary to repel armed enemies of the United States, shall be fined not more than five thousand dollars and imprisoned not more than five years. [35 Stat. L. 1092.]

See R. S. sec, 5528, 2 Fed. Stat, Annot. 865.

Sec. 23. [Intimidation of voters by officers, etc., of army or navy.] Every officer or other person in the military or naval service of the United States who, by force, threat, intimidation, order, advice, or otherwise, prevents, or attempts to prevent, any qualified voter of any State from freely exercising the right of suffrage at any general or special election in such State shall be fined not more than five thousand dollars and imprisoned not more than five years. [35 Stat. L. 1092.]

See R. S. sec. 5529, 2 Fed. Stat. Annot. 865.

SEC 24. [Officers of army or navy prescribing qualifications of voters.) Every officer of the army op navy who prescribes or fixes, or attempts to prescribe or fix, whether by proclamation, order, or otherwise, the qualifications of voters at any election in any State shall be punished as provided in the preceding section. [35 Stat. L. 1092.]

See R. S. sec. 5530, 2 Fed. Stat, Annot. 865.

Sec. 25. [Officers, etc., of army or navy interfering with officers of election, etc.] Every officer or other person in the military or naval service of the United States who, by force, threat, intimidation, order, or otherwise, compels, or attempts to compel, any officer holding an election in any State to receive a vote from a person not legally qualified to vote, or who imposes, or attempts to impose, any regulations for conducting any general or special election in a State different from those prescribed by law, or who interferes in any manner with any officer of an election in the discharge of his duty, shall be punished as provided in section twenty-three. [35 Stat. L. 1092.]

See R. S. sec. 5531, 2 Fed. Stat. Annot. 865.

Sec. 26, [Persons disqualified from holding office; when soldiers, etc., may vote.] Every person convicted of any offense defined in the four preceding sections shall, in addition to the punishment therein prescribed, be disqualified from holding any office of honor, profit, or trust under the United States; but nothing therein shall be construed to prevent any officer, soldier, sailor, or marine from exercising the right of suffrage in any election district to which he may belong, if otherwise qualified according to the laws of the State in which he offers to vote. [35 Stat. L. 1093.]

See R. S. sec. 5532, 2 Fed. Stat. Annot. 865.

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