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627,

Page
Specialized agencies -------- 21, 22, 24, 26, 76, 91, 121, 158-160, 162, 163, 551-557
State Department:

Memorandum on authority for delegating to an international body the
congressional jurisdiction over our foreign commerce-

351, 353
Memorandum on "Metropolitan Territory" and "Self-Governing
Territories"

572
Memorandum on nature of enforcement in New York draft...

358, 360
Memorandum on purpose and effect of article 43

472, 473
Memorandum on relation of ITO Charter to Webb-Pomerene, Clayton,
and Capper-Volstead Acts_.

434, 435
Memorandum on relation of ITO to patents.-

454, 455
Memorandum on the publication of reports by the ITO..
State monopoly

273-275, 306, 431
State trading--

14, 15, 68–70, 116, 117,
206,208, 259, 307, 391-404, 414, 516, 517, 594, 595, 627
Sterling, British----

24, 36, 52
Stinebower, Leroy D., Special Assistant to the Assistant Secretary of
State for Economic Affairs, statements by

521-574
Subsidies

336, 337, 346-348, 375, 378 389
Sugar

7,436, 512
Effect of ITO Charter upon.-

268_272
"ITO Charter and United States Sugar Program," memorandum
from Tariff Commission.--

269, 272
Quotas on-

7, 69, 74, 332, 333
Suggested charter for an International Trade Organization of the United
Nations, publication of------

56, 57
Suggested charter (III), reference to---
Sweden --

634
Bilateral agreement with Russia (XF3), reference to-

627
Cartels ---

422
Has not made formal application to International Monetary Fund. 329

Note delivered to Swedish Foreign Minister, March 24, 1947-. 260-261
Switzerland

627, 634
Synthetic rubber plants, effect of ITO Charter upon.-

265
Tariff Commission. (See United States Tariff Commission.)
Tariffs-----

67, 332-334, 399, 597, 620
Cost as a basis for United States tarifs rates---

586 594
Injury to domestic producers from tariff cuts. 587, 591-593, 605-607
Reduction of

-3-5, 10, 61, 63, 64, 70, 71, 79, 80,
199, 200, 208-212, 229-230, 234, 235, 343, 354-356, 398, 399, 409, 539.

587, 595, 610, 615, 620, 623.
United States tariff history-

575-581
Tariff concessions -

66, 71, 417, 586, 588, 589, 591-594, 599-607, 611-616
Tariff preferences..

192-196, 211-229, 410
British

192, 193, 195, 196, 212, 214, 227, 228
United States.

193–194
Tariff Committee (Interim Tariff Committee) -

73, 198, 199,

250-253, 355, 538-541, 514, 515
Tariff valuation..--

361-368
Taylor, Myron, reference to--

43, 44
Terrill, Robert P., Associate Chief, Division of International Resources,
Department of State, statements by.

415-429, 431–473
Trade agreements----
Trade Agreements Act (see also Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act)- 10, 11, 59,

60, 586, 587, 593, 598, 600-602, 605, 615-617
Trade Agreements Committee--

598 604
Trade agreement negotiations, countries participating in.

60
Trade agreements organization and procedure_-

598-608
Trade statistics.

187
Turkey, loan to----
Unemployment. (See Employment.)
United Kingdom. (See Great Britain.)

24

United Nations Charter:

Page
(VIII A), preference to..

527
Discussion of...

21, 22, 25, 31, 157-159, 161-165, 551-556
Interpretative statement by the Secretary of State --

23
Report of the Secretary of State to the President, June 26, 1945.- 164, 170

Report of Senate hearings on_-
United States:
Balance of trade-----

583, 584
Foreign trade, 1939 to 1946_

294
Joint statement with United Kingdom oni commercial policy----

51
List of countries with which United States has existing trade agree-
ments

612
Proportion of United States imports subject to Geneva negotiations - 615
Reciprocal trade agreements prior to 1934

585
*

630, 631
United States Association of the International Chamber of Commerce :

Statement of purchasing commitments by state-trading countries.-- 402
Views on London draft (VI D) reference to---

132
United States Chamber of Commerce, views on London draft (VI Å) refer- .,'"
ence to.--

132
United States financial and commercial agreements:
(IX), reference to

55
France (IX E), reference to--

33
United Kingdom (IX A), reference to.

33
United States formula for weighted voting (XVI), reference to. 38, 532
United States legislation on which provisions of ITO bear:
(XIX), reference to:-----

626
Direct subsidies o fthe United States Department of Agriculture and

the Reconstruction Finance Corporation (XIX B),' reference to - 348, 384
Cotton marketing program of the United States and the proposed
Charter (XIX C), reference to--

267, 390
United States quantitative restrictions (XIX A), reference to__

259
“Buy American" Act (XIX D), reference to -

339
United States Tariff Commission -------

11,
13, 28, 30, 59, 60, 584, 588–591, 598, 602-604, 607, 612-614
Functions of

586
United States Tariff Commission, Memorandum on sugar

269, 272
Relation to ITO Charter-

434
Letter to Senator Millikin..

639, 640
Vandenberg, Senator Arthur H., letter:-

1
Views of business associations regarding London draft (VI),

119
Webb-Pomerena Act.

426-429, 434
Wheat

417 418, 446, 477, 480, 512
Effffect of ITO Charter upon.-

267
White, Harry D., United States Executive Director, International Monetary
Fund:
Statements by-

619-639
Wilcox, Clair, Director, 'Office of International Trade Policy, Department
of State, statements by--

26,
37, 38, 41-54, 65–87, 89–132, 135-155, 262-278, 282–286, 291, 294-303,

305-307, 309-316, 351-364, 367-414.
Woll:
Effect of ITO Charter on surplus stocks.

265
Import quota on.-

7
World Conference on Trade and Employment

30

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Page

3
3, 79, 80

Statement by Mr. Clayton.-
Tariff reduction as an objective of the Charter-

Millikin, Clayton, Wilcox.
Avoidance of excessive fluctuations in world trade_---

Millikin, Wilcox.
Withdrawal of concessions in case of violation of commitments..

Millikin, Hawkes, Wilcox.

81

----- 82, 83

CHAPTER II. MEMBERSHIP

(ART. 2)

Statement by Mr. Clayton.---

3
Standard for approval or rejection of applying members.

84
Millikin, Wilcox.
Membership of Trust Territories.

84
Millikin, Wilcox.
CHAPTER III. EMPLOYMENT, EFFECTIVE DEMAND, AND ECONOMIC ACTIVITY

(ARTS 3-8)

Statement of Mr. Clayton.
Reason for using the words "those able and willing to work".

85
Hawkes, Millikin, Wilcox.
Relation of ITO to the maintenance of domestic employment (Arts.
3, 4, 5, 7, 8).

86, 87, 89-91
Millikin, Wilcox.
Duty of member nations to resist self-sufficiency and to preserve effective
import demand (Art, 4).

92, 93
Millikin, Martin, Wilcox.
Nature of the action to be taken by member nations to achieve and

maintain full and productive employment and high and stable levels
of effective demand (Arts. 4, 5, 6)----

94-116
Millikin, Martin, Johnson, Hawkes, Brewster, Wilcox.
Obligations of the United States.

97-102, 104-106, 108, 109
Millikin, Brewster, Hawkes, Wilcox.
Each member shall seek to avoid creating balance-of-payments
difficulties for other members_-

100-106, 113, 116
Brewster, Millikin, Wilcox,
Does this involve a planned economy?--

--- 101-103, 105
Brewster, Millikin, Wilcox.
Sharing unemployment-

107
Millikin, Wilcox.
Position of the private, trader----

114, 115
Millikin, Wilcox.
Maintenance of fair labor standards (art. 5).

118-120
Millikin, Brewster, Johnson, Wilcox.
Reconciling the mandatory provisions with the recommendatory nature
of the Charter..

121
Millikin, Wilcox,

VIII

Page
Safeguarding the domestic economy against deflationary pressure in the

event of a serious decline in the effective demand of other countries
(art. 7)-------

122-128
Mimikin, Wilcox.
Are the safeguarding measures limited to those which are prescribed
in the Charter?-

125, 126
Millikin, Wilcox.
By what authority does the ITO bind the members to participate in ar-
rangements made or sponsored by the Economic and Social Council?
(art. 8)

126, 127
Millikin, Wilcox.

CHAPTER IV. ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

4,5

4,5

(Arts. 9-13)
Statement by Mr. Clayton.---
Who determine whether an industry should be started ?-

Hawkes, Clayton.
Application of chapter IV to the United States.-

Bushfield, Clayton.
Chapter IV not in original draft-.

128
Wilcox.
Question of amending article 9----

127, 129
Millikin, Wilcox.
Sources of capital resources for economic development (art. 10)------

129
Millikin, Wilcox.
Conservation of economic resources (art. 10)---

132
Millikin, Wilcox.
Scope of the ITO in connection with plans for economic development of
member countries (art. 11)-------

136-141
Millikin, Wilcox.
Would the ITO be at liberty to consult with and make recommenda-
tions to the United States ?----

140, 141
Mihikin, Wilcox.
Examples of "unreasonable impediments” that prevent other members
from obtaining facilities for their economic development (art. 12)---- 142–145

Millikin, Wilcox,
Examples of “unreasonable action” injurious to the interests of other members
(art. 12).

146
Millikin, Wilcox.
Artificial aid to new industries in undeveloped countries (art, 13) ------ 148-155

Millikin, Wilcox,

CHAPTER 1. GENERAL COMMERCIAL POLICY

(Arts. 14-38)
Statement by Mr. Clayton.

6
Most:Favored-Nation provisions (art. 14) ----- 62–65, 189–192, 206, 207, 228, 248

335, 353, 354, 356, 403
Millikin, Hawkins.
Exception in the case of preference_

2, 189, 190
Millikin, Hawkins.
Generalized benefits---

191
Millikin, Hawking.
Preferences (art. 14).--

192-196
Milikịn, Hawkins.
British pref rences

192-196
Millikin, Hawkins.
United States preferences..

193–196
Millikin, Hawkins.
If the real substance of the preferences is not eliminated there is no
point to the Charter---

196
Millikin, Hawkins.
Countries connected by common sovereignty (art. 14)-----

196
Millikin, Hawkins.

Page
Mixing requirements (art, 15)

837-339
Millikin, Hawkins.
Freedom of transit (art. 16) -

340-342
Millikin Hawkins, Leddy.
Antidumping and counterrvailing dùties (art. 17)----

342-349
Millikin, Hawkins.
Subsidies (art. 17).

346-349
Milikin, Hawkins.
Basis of tarrif valuation (art. 18) -

361-368
Milikin, Connally, George, Wilcox, Leddy.
Change required in United States system of tariff valuation: :364, 365

Millikin, Leddy.
Position of United States State Department.

367, 368
Millikin, Leddy, Wilcox.
Customs formalities (art. 19).

368-370
Millikin, Connally, Wilcox, Leddy.
Marks of origin (art. 20)-

1370_372
Millikin, Connally, Wilcox, Leddy.
Protection of business secrets (art. 21)

373
Millikin, Wilcox.
Submission of statistics to ITO (art. 22).

375, 376
Millikin, Wilcox.
Boycotts (art. 23) ---

337, 378
Millikin, Wilcox: **
Tariff reduction (art. 24)

199, 200, 209–211, 229, 230, 234, 235, 239-242
Millikin, Hawkins.
Mutually advantageous negotiations..

209, 211
Millikin, Hawkins,
General assumption that tariffs are too high,

211
Millikin, Hawkins.
Negotiations on tariff reduction..

238-242
Millikin, Hawkins.
Penalties for not fulfilling obligations.---

248, 249
Millikin, Hawkes, Hawkins.
Tariff preferences (art. 24).-

212-228, 242-245
Millikin, Hawkes, Hawkins.
Termination of existing agreements-

212–228, 242-245
Millikin, Hawkes, Hawkins.
Meaning of "low" and "high" tariff" (art. 24).

229
Millikin, Hawkes, Hawkins
Free list (art. 24)---

234, 237
Millikin, Hawkins.
Quantitative restrictions (art. 25)

285-269, 281-287
Millikin, Hawkins, Wilçox.
Forbidden

256
Millikin, Hawkins.
Exceptions__

256-259, 262-287
Millikin, Hawkins, Wilcox.
Trade discriminations still banned after giving effect to all the excep--
tions

--- 331-335
Millikin, Hawkins.
Reason for exchange controls (art. 26)--

Minikin, Bronz.
Contribution the Charter will make to correct the bastc problem of ex-
change control.-----

276, 277
Millikin, Wilcox.
Recommendations the ITO and the International Monetary Fund will make
to member countries in balance of payments difficulties:---- 285, 286, 289, 290

Millikin, Wilcox, Bronz.
Complaints against quantitative restrictions.---

294, 295
Millikin, Wilcox.
Penalties invoked against violating members.---

295, 298
Millikin, Wilcox.

276

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