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5. Pursuant to agreements under paragraph 2 of Article 81, the Organization may make arrangements for representatives of other inter-governmental organizations having a special interest in the activities of any of the Commissions to participate in the work of such Commissions.
ARTICLE 74. GENERAL FUNCTIONS
The Commissions shall perform such functions as the Conference of the Executive Board may assign to them, including such functions as the Executive Board may deem appropriate in connection with the settlement of disputes. The functions of the Commission on Commercial Policy, the Commission on Business Practices and the Commodity Commission shall include those specified in Articles 75, 76 and 77, respectively. The commissions shall consult with each other as to necessary for the exercise of their functions.
ARTICLE 75. FUNCTIONS OF THE COMMISSION ON COMMERCIAL POLICY
The Commission on Commercial Policy shall have the following functions:
(a) to advise and make recommendations to the Executive Board on all matters falling within the scope of Chapter V and regarding the commercial policy aspects of proposals involving the exercise by the Organization of its functions under this Charter; and
(b) to develop and to recommend to the Executive Board programmes designed to further the objectives of this Charter in the general field of commercial policy.
ARTICLE 76. FUNCTIONS OF THE COMMISSION ON BUSINESS PRACTICES The Commission on Business Practices shall have the following functions:
(a) to conduct studies in the field of Restrictive Business Practices, as provided for in paragraph (a) of Article 41; and
(b) to advise and make recommendations to the Executive Board on all matters falling within the scope of Chapter VI and regarding the exercise of the functions of the Organization under this Charter, insofar as they relate to Restrictive Business Practices.
ARTICLE 77. FUNCTIONS OF THE COMMODITY COMMISSION
The Commodity Commission shall have the following functions:
(a) to study commodity problems and proposals for dealing with them and to prepare the reviews called for in Article 55; and
(b) to advise and make recommendations to the Executive Board on all matters falling within the scope of Chapter VII and those arising from the provisions of paragraph 4 of Article 30.
Section f-The Secretariat
ARTICLE 78, COMPOSITION
1. The Secretariat shall consist of a Director-General and such staff as may be required.
2. The Director-General shall have authority to appoint Deputy DirectorsGeneral in accordance with regulations approved by the Conference.
ARTICLE 79. THE DIRECTOR-GENERAL
1. The Director-General shall be appointed by the Conference upon the recommendation of the Executive Board. The powers, duties, terms and conditions of office of the Director-General
shall be in accordance with
regulations approved by the Conference. He shall be the chief administrative officer of the Organization, and shall be subject to the general supervision of the Executive Board.
2. The Director-General or his representative shall be entitled to participate, without the right to vote, in all meetings of the Conference of the Executive Board, of the Commissions and of the committees of the Organization. The Director-General may initiate proposals for the consideration of any organ of
the Organization. He shall present through the Executive Board an annual report to the Conference on the work of the Organization and shall in consultation with the Executive Board prepare the budget of the Organization for submission to the Conference.
ARTICLE 80. EMPLOYMENT OF STAFF 1. The Director-General shall appoint the staff of the Secretariat and fix its duties and terms and conditions of service in accordance with regulations approved by the Conference. The paramount consideration in the employment of the staff and in the determination of its conditions of service shall be the necessity of securing the highest standards of efficiency, competence and integrity, due regard being paid to the importance of recruitment on as wide a geographical basis as possible.
2. The conditions of service, such as the provisions governing qualifications, salary, tenure and retirement of members of the Secretariat shall be fixed, so far as practicable, in conformity with those for members of the Secretariat of the United Nations and of other specialized agencies.
Section miscellaneous provisions
ARTICLE 81. RELATIONS WITH OTHER ORGANIZATIONS
1. The Organization shall be brought into relationship with the United Nations as soon as practicable as one of the specialized agencies referred to in Article 57 of the Charter of the United Nations. This relationship shall be effected through agreement with the United Nations under Article 63 of the Charter of the United Nations, which agreement shall be concluded by the Director-General and approved by the Conference. The agreement shall provide for effective cooperation between the two Organizations in the pursuit of their common purposes, and at the same time shall recognize the competence of the Organization within its jurisdiction as defined in this Charter. The Conference may adjust the provisions of this Charter to conform to any such agreement provided such adjustments do not involve new obligations on the part of Members.
2. The Organization shall co-operate with the other inter-governmental organizations having related interests and activities. Arrangements for co-operation with such organizations may be made by the Executive Board. Effective working relationships with such organizations, which may include the establishment of joint committees or provision for reciprocal representation at meetings or such other measures as may be necessary to assure effective co-operation, may be established by the Director-General.
3. The Organization may make suitable arrangements for consultation and co-operation with non-governmental organizations concerned with matters within its competence and may invite them to undertake specific tasks.
4. Whenever the Conference of the Organization and the competent authorities of any other international organization, whose purposes and functions lie within the competence of the Organization deem it desirable to effect a transfer of its resources and functions to the Organization, to incorporate it into the Organization or to bring it under the supervision or authority of the Organization, the Director-General, subject to the approval of the Conference, may enter into mutually acceptable arrangements for this purpose. The Organization may acquire such resources and assume such functions of, or incorporate or exercise such control over, such other organizations as may be provided by any convention or agreement appropriate to the purpose. The Members shall, subject to their respective constitutional requirements, take such steps as the Conference may determine to integrate such other international organizations into the structure of the Organization.
ARTICLE 82. INTERNATIONAL RESPONSIBILITIES OF PERSONNEL OF THE ORGANIZATION
1. The responsibilities of the Director-General and of the staff shall be exclusively international in character. In the discharge of their duties they shall not seek or receive instructions from any government, or from any authority external to the Organization. They shall refrain from any action which might prejudice their position as international officials.
12. The provisions of paragraph 1 of this Article shall also apply to the members of the Commissions provided for in Article 72.
3. The Members shall respect the international character of the responsibilities of these persons and shall not seek to influence them in the discharge of their duties.
ARTICLE 83. INTERNATIONAL LEGAL STATUS OF THE ORGANIZATION
"The Organization shall have legal personality and shall enjoy such legal capacity as may be necessary for the exercise of its functions.
ARTICLE 84. STATUS OF THE ORGANIZATION IN THE TERRITORY OF MEMBERS 1. The Organization shall enjoy in the territory of each of its Members such legal capacity privileges and immunities as may be necessary for the exercise of its functions.
2. Representatives of the Members of the Organization and its officials shall similarly enjoy such privileges and immunities as may be necessary for the independent exercise of their functions in connection with the Organization.
3. The Conference may make recommendations with a view to determining the details of the application of paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article and may propose conventions to the Members for this purpose.
ARTICLE 85. AMENDMENTS TO THE CHARTER 1. Any amendment of this Charter which does not involve new obligations on the part of Members shall become effective upon receiving the approval of the Conference by the affirmative votes of two-thirds of the Members.
2. Any amendment to this Charter which involves new obligations on the part of Members, shall become effective for each Member accepting the amendment, upon acceptance on the part of two-thirds of the Members, and thereafter for each remaining Member on acceptance by it. The Conference may determine that any Member which has not accepted an amendment under this paragraph within a period specified by the Conference, shall cease to be a Member of the Organization. In the absence of such determination, a Member not accepting an amendment shall, notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1 of Article 89, be free to withdraw from the Organization upon the expiration of six months from the day on which written notice of such withdrawal is received by the DirectorGeneral
3. The Conference shall, by the affirmative votes of two-thirds of the Members, adopt rules of procedure for carrying out the provisions of this Article.
ARTICLE 86. INTERPRETATION AND SETTLEMENT OF DISPUTES 1. The texts of this Charter in the official languages of the United Nations shall be equally authoritative.
[2. Any question or differences concerning the interpretation of this Charter or arising out of its operation shall be referred to the Executive Board for a ruling thereon. The Executive Board may decide either to give a ruling on the matter itself, or to refer it, with the consent of the parties, to arbitration upon such terms as may be agreed by the parties. Any ruling of the Executive Board shall, upon the request of any Member directly affected or, if the ruling is of general application, upon the request of any Member, be referred to the Conference.)
[3. Any justiciable issue arising out of a ruling of the Conference with respect to the interpretation of sub-paragraphs (c), (d), (e), or (k) of Article 37 or of paragraph 2 of Article 59 may be submitted by any party to the dispute to the International Court of Justice, and any justiciable issue arising out of any other ruling of the Conference may, in accordance with such procedures as the Conference shall establish,'be submitted by any party to the dispute to the International Court of Justice. The Members accept the jurisdiction of the Court in respect of any dispute submitted to the Court under this Article.)
[4. The Organization may, in accordance with paragraph 2 of Article 96 of the Charter
of the United Nations, request from the International Court of Justice advisory opinions on legal questions arising within the scope of its activities.]
ARTICLE 87. CONTRIBUTIONS Each Member shall contribute promptly to the Organization its share of the Organization's expenditures as apportioned by the Conference. A Member of the Organization, which is in arrears in the payment of its financial contributions to the Organization shall have no vote in the organs of the Organization if the amount of its arrears equals or exceeds the amount of the contributions due from it for the preceding two full years. The Conference may, nevertheless, permit such a Member to vote, if it is satisfied that the failure to pay is due to conditions beyond the control of the Member.
ARTICLE SS. ENTRY INTO FORCE 1. The original of this Charter, as set forth in the Final Act of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Employment, shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations, who will furnish certified copies thereof to all interested governments.
2. Each government accepting this Charter shall deposit an instrument of acceptance with the Secretary-General of the United Nations, who will inform all governments represented at the United Nations Conference on Trade and Employment and all other Members of the United Nations which were not represented at that Conference, of the day of deposit of each instrument of acceptance and of the day on which this Charter enters into force under paragraph 3 of this Article.
3. This Charter shall enter into force on the sixtieth day following the day on which the number of governments represented at the United Nations Conference on Trade and Employment which have deposited instruments of acceptance pursuant to paragraph 2 of this Article shall reach twenty, and the acceptance of each other accepting government shall take effect on the sixtieth day following the day on which the instrument of such acceptance is deposited, Provided that, if this Charter shall not have entered into by----
194.-, any of the governments which have made effective the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade dated
194_-, together with any other governments represented at the United Nations Conference on Trade and Employment, may agree to bring this Charter into force among themselves in accordance with arrangements which they may agree upon. Any instrument of acceptance deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations shall be taken as covering both procedures for bringing this Charter into force, unless it expressly provides to the contrary or is withdrawn.
4. Each government accepting this Charter does so in respect of its metropolitan territory, and such other territories for which it has international responsibility with the exception of those territories which are self-governing in respect of matters provided for by the Charter. Each Member shall notify the Secretary. General of the United Nations of its acceptance of this Charter on behalf of any such self-governing territory, and the provisions of this Charter shall become applicable to that territory on the sixtieth day following the day of the receipt of such notification.
5. Each accepting government shall take such reasonable measures as may be available to it to assure observance of the provisions of this Charter by subsidiary governments within its territory.
ARTICLE 89. WITHDRAWAL AND TERMINATION 1. Without prejudice to the provisions of paragraph 3 of Article 24 or paragraph 2 of Article 35 any Member may withdraw from the Organization either on its own behalf or on behalf of a territory which is at the time self-governing in respect of matters provided for by this Charter at any time after the expiration of the three years from the day of the entry into force of this Charter, by written notice addressed to the Director-General. The Director-General shall Immediately notify all other Members.
2. A withdrawal under paragraph 1 of this Article shall take effect upon the expiration of six months from the day on which written notice of such withdrawal is received by the Director-General.
3. This Charter may be terminated at any time by agreement of three-fourths of the Members.