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Congressional character and ability, will bear in mind that those who speak most frequently are not always the most useful legislators. Men from whom no quotation is made, and to whom no measure is attributed in the following pages, may be among the foremost in watchfulness for their constituents, and faithfulness to the country.

If it should seem that one subject -- the negro question - occupied too much of the time and attention of Congress, it must be borne in mind that this subject was thrust upon Congress and the country by the issue of the Rebellion, and must be definitely and finally settled before the nation can be at rest. “Unsettled questions have no pity on the repose of mankind.”

No attempt has been made to present a journal of Congressional proceedings, giving a detail of what was said and done from day to day in the Senate and the House. There was always some great national question under consideration in one or the other House, forming an uninterrupted series of discussions and transactions. To present these in review is to give a history of the Thirty-Ninth Congress, since they distinguish it from all its predecessors, and make it historical.

CHAPTER XIV.-THE BASIS OF REPRESENTATION IN THE HOUSE.

(Page 324–372.)

FIRST WORK OF THE JOINT COMMITTEE—THE JOINT RESOLUTION PROPOSING A

CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT—MR. STEVENS' REASONS FOR SPEEDY ACTION-

PROTRACTED DISCUSSION COMMENCEDOBJECTIONS TO THE BILL BY MR. Rog-

ERS-DEFENSE BY MR. CONKLING—TWO OTHER MODES--How STATES MIGHT

EVADE THE LAW-Not A FINALITY-WISCONSIN AND SOUTH CAROLINA—

AMENDMENT FOR FEMALE SUFFRAGE PROPOSED—ORTH ON INDIANA AND MAS-

SACHUSETTS-OBSCURATION OF THE SUN—MORE RADICAL REMEDY DESIRED-
A KENTUCKIAN GRATIFIED_CITATIONS FROM THE CENSUS-PREMIUM FOR
TREASON-WHITE SLAVES—POWER TO AMEND WELL-NIGH EXHAUSTED-OB-
JECTIONS TO THE SUFFRAGE BASIS—"RACE" AND "COLOR” AMBIGUOUS-CON-
DITION OF THE QUESTION— PECOMMITTED—FINAL PASSAGE.

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