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be legally payable. And he shall keep regular and faithful accounts of all the transactions of the mint, in bullion and coins, both with the officers of the mint and the depositors, and shall present, quarter-yearly, to the Treasury Department of the United States, according to such forms as shall be prescribed by that Department, an account of the receipts and disbursements of the mint for the purpose of being ad.

justed and settled. Assayer. Third. The assayer shall carefully assay all metals used

in coinage, whenever such assays are required in the operations of the mint; and he shall also make assays of coins

whenever instructed to do so by the director. Melter and 10- Fourth. The melter and refiner shall execute all the oper.

ations which are necessary in order to form ingots of standard silver or gold, suitable for the chief coiper, from the

metals legally delivered to him for that purpose. Chief coiner. Fifth. The chief coiner shall execute all the operations

which are necessary in order to form coins, conformable in all respects to the law, from the standard silver and gold iugots, and the copper planchets, legally delivered to him

for this purpose. Engraver. Sixth. The engraver shall prepare and engrave, with the

legal devices and inscriptions, all the dies used in the coin

age of the mint and its branches. Appointment SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That the director shall of assistants and clerks. appoint, with the approbation of the President, assistants

to the assayer, melter and refiner, chief coiner, and engraver, and clerks for the director and treasurer, whenever, on representation made by the director to the President, it shall

be the opinion of the President that such assistants or clerks Their duties. are necessary. And it shall be the duty of the assistants

to aid their principals in the execution of their respective offices, and of the clerks to perform such duties as shall be

prescribed for them by the director. Vacancies in SEC. 4. And be it further enacted, That whenever any officase of temporary absence, how cer of the mint shall be temporarily absent, on account of

sickness, or any other sufficient cause, it shall be lawful for the director, with the asseut of said officer, to appoint some person attached to the mint, to act in the place of such offi.

cer du ng his absence, and that the director shall employ Employ mont such workmen and servants in the mint as he shall from of workmen and

time (to time) time, find necessary. O a th to be SEC. 5. And be it further enacted, That every officer, as

sistant, and clerk of the mint, shall, before be enters upon the execution of his office, take an oath or afirmation before some judge of the United States, or judge of the superior




court or any court of record of any State, faithfully and diligently to perform the duties thereof.

SEC. 6. And be it further enacted, That the following offi- Bonds required. cers of the mint, before entering upon the execution of their respective offices, shall become bound to the United States, with one or more sureties, to the satisfaction of the Secretary of the Treasury, in the sums hereinafter mentioned, with condition for the faithful and diligent performance of the duties of their offices, viz: The treasurer in the sum of ten thousand dollars; the assayer in the sum of five thousand dollars; the melter and refiner in the sum of ten thousand dollars; the chief coiner in the sum of ten thousand dollars. And that similar bonds may also be required of the assistants and clerks, in such sums as the director shall determine, with the approbation of the Secretary of the Treasury. SEC. 7. And be it further enacted, That there shall be Salaries of ofli

cers, clerks, and allowed to the officers of the mint the following salaries per assistants. annum: To the director, for his services, including travel. ling expenses incurred in visiting the different branches, and all other charges whatever, three thousand five hundred dollars; to the treasurer, assayer melter and refiner, chief coiner and engraver, each, two thousand dollars; to the assistants and clerks, such annual salaries shall be allowed as the director may determine, with the approbation of the President: Provided, That an assistant shall Proviso. not receive more than fifteen hundred dollars; and that a clerk shall not receive more than twelve hundred dollars; to the workmen and servants shall be allowed such wages, Wages of work: to be determined by the director, as may be customary and ants. reasonable, according to their respective stations and occapations; and that the salaries provided for in this section, shall be payable in quarterly installments. SEC. 8. And be it further enacted, That the standard for Standard for

gold and silver both gold and silver coins of the United States shall here-coins. after be such, that of one thousand parts by weight, nine See act of June hundred shall be of pare metal, and one hundred of alloy; ante, p. 10. and the alloy of the silver coins shall be of copper; and Alloys. the alloy of the gold coins shall be of copper and silver, provided that the silver do not exceed one balf of the whole alloy.

SEC. I. And be it further enacted, That of the silver coins, Weight of silthe dollar shall be of the weight of four hundred and twelve

See act April and one half grains; the half dollar of the weight of two 2, 1792

, 8. 9, ante, hundred and six and one fourth grains; the quarter dollar Act. February of the weight of one bundrerl and three and one eighth 22.

and serv


21, 1833, post, p.

12, 1873, s. 15,




Silver coins

Act February grains; the dime, or tenth part of a dollar, of the weight of post, p. 93. forty-one and a quarter grains; and the half dime, or twen

Act February 28. 1878, post, p. tieth part of a dollar, of the weight of twenty grains and Dollars,

five-eighths of a grain. And that dollars, half dollars and legal quarter dollars, dimes and half dimes, shall be legal tenders

of payment, according to their nominal value, for any sums

whatever. Weigh; of gola SEC. 10. And be it further enacted, That of the gold coins,

Seo act of April the weight of the eagle shall le two hundred and fifty eight 2:1792, s. 9, ante, grains; that of the half eagle one hundred and twenty nine

grains; and that of the quarter eagle sixty four and one Eagles, &c., half grains. And that for all sums whatever, the eagle shall shall be a legal tender, &c.

be a legal tender of payment for ten dollars; the half eagle for five dollars, and the quarter eagle for two and a half dollars.

SEC. 11. And be it further enacted, That the silver coins

, and gold coin: heretofore issued at the mint of the United States, and the 31, 1834, shall con gold coins issued since the thirty-first day of July, one tenuers be legal thousand eight hundred and thirty four, shall continue to

be legal tenders of payment for their nominal values, on the same terms as if they were of the coinage provided for by

this act. Weight of cop

SEC. 12. And be it further enacted, That of the copper coins, the weight of the cent shall be one hundred and sixty.

eigbt grains, and the weight of the half cent eighty four Proportional grains. And the cent shall be considered of the value of one

bundredth part of a dollar, and the half cent of the value of one two hundredth part of a dollar.

SEC. 13. And be it further enacted, That upon the coins legends of coins.

struck at the mint there shall be the following devices and legends: upon one side of each of said coins there sball be an impression emblamatic of liberty, with an inscription of the word Liberty, and the year of the coinage; and upon the reverse of each of the gold and silver coins, there shall be the figure or representation of an eagle, with the inscription United States of America, and a designation of the value of the coin; but on the reverse of the dime and half dime, cent and half cent, the figure of the eagle shall be omittech.

SEC. 14. And be it further enacted, That gold and silver bullion brought for coinago shall bullion brought to the mint for coinage, shall be received coined. and coined, by the proper officers, for the benefit of the

depositor: Provided, That it shall be lawful to refuse, at the mint, any deposits of less value than one hundred dollars,

and any bullion so base as to be unsuitable for the opera. Further pro-tions of the mint; And provided also, That when gold and

silver are combined, if either of these metals be in such

per coins.

value of a dollar.



Gold and silver

bo received and



small proportion that it cannot be separated advantageously, Do allowance shall be made to the depositor for the value of such metal. SEC. 15. And be it further enacted, That when bullion is Receipt to be

given for bullion. brought to the mint for coinage, it shall be weighed by the treasurer, in the presence of the depositor, when practicable, and a receipt given which shall state the description and weight of the bullion : Provided : that when the bullion is Proviso. in such a state as to require melting before its value can be ascertained, the weight after melting shall be considered as the true weight of the bullion deposited.

SEC. 16. And be it further enucted, That from every parcel Bullion deposof bullion deposited for coinage, the treasurer shall deliver to be assayed. to the assayer a sufficient portion for the purpose of being assayed; but all such bullion remaining from the operations of the assay shall be returned to the treasurer by the assayer. SEC. 17. And be it further enacted, That the assayer shall Assayer to re

port the quality report to the treasurer the quality or standard of the bullion &c. assayed by him; and he shall also communicate to the Treasurer such information as will enable him to estimate the amount of the charges hereinafter provided for, to be made to the depositor, for the expenses of converting the bullion into standard metal fit for coinage.

SEC. 18. And be it further enacted, That the only subjects charges of charge by the mint to the depositor shall be the follow. positor is sub

jected. ing: For refining wben the bullion is below standard ; for toughening when metals are contained in it which render it unfit for coinage; for copper used for alloy when the bullion is above standard; for silver introduced into the alloy of gold; and for separating the gold and silver when these metals exist together in the bullion : and that the rate of Rate of, how these charges shall be fixed, from time to time, by the di. rector, with the concurrence of the Secretary of the Treasury, so as not to exceed in their judgment, the actual expense to the mint of the materials and labor employed in each of the cases aforementioned ; and that the amount received from Disposition of these charges shall be accounted for, and appropriated for defraying the contingent expenses of the mint.

SEC. 19. And be it further enacted, That from the report of value of de the assayer, and the weight of the bullion, the treasurer estimated. shall estimate the whole value of each deposit, and also the amount of the charges or deductions, if any of all which he shall give a detailed memorandum to the depositor; and he shall also give, at the same time under his hand, a certificate of the nett amount of the deposits, to be paid in coins of the same species of bullion as that deposited.

to de.


amount received. be

Transfers of SEC. 20. And be it further enacted, That parcels of bullion bullion by treas. urer to melter shall be, from time to time, transferred by the treasurer to and refiner.

the melter and refiner; that a careful record of these transfers, noting the weight and character of the bullion shall be kept; and that the bullion thus placed in the hands of the melter and refiner shall be subjected to the several processes which may be necessary to form it into ingots of the

legal standard, and of a quality suitable for coinage. Ingots to

SEC. 21. And be it further enacted, That the ingots thus assayed, &c.

prepared shall be assayed by the assayer, and if they prove to be within the limits allowed for deviation from the stand. ard, they shall be transferred by the melter and refiner to the treasurer, accompanied by the assayer's certificate of their fineness; and that a careful record of the transfer

shall be kept by the treasurer. Deviation from SEC. 22. And be it further enacted, That no ingots of gold legal standard al. lowed in ingots shall be used for coinage of which the quality differs more of gold and silver.

than two thousandths from the legal standard and that no ingots of silver shall be used for coinage of wbich the quality differs more than three thousandths from the legal stand

ard. Treasurer's ac- SEC. 23. And be it further enacted, That in the treasurer's

account with the melter and refiner, the melter and refiner shall be debited with the standard weight of all the bullion placed in his bands, that is to say, with the weight of metal of legal standard fineness which it will make; and that he shall be credited by the standard weight of all the ingots delivered by him to the treasurer; and that once at least in every year, at such time as the director shall appoint, the melter and refiner shall deliver up to the treasurer all the bullion in his possession, in order that his accounts may be settled up to that time; and, in this settlement, he shall be entitled to a credit for the difference between the whole

amount of bullion delivered to him and received from him, necessary waste. since the last settlement, as an allowance for necessary Proviso. waste: Provided, That this allowance sball not exceed two

thousandths of the whole amount of gold and silver bullion, respectively, that had been delivered to him by the treas

urer. Ingots for coin SEC. 24. And be it further enacted, That the treasurer

sball from time to time, deliver over to the chief coiner, ingots for the purpose of coinage; tbat he shall keep a careful record of these transfers, noting the weight and description of the ingots; and that the ingots thus placed in the hands of the chief coiner shall be passed through the seve

count with mel. ter and refiner.


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