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Dies of a na
the hundredth part of a grain to twenty-five pounds; and
the troy weights ordinarily employed in the transactions of to be regulated such mints and assay-offices shall be regulated according to and tested annu. ally.
the above standards at least once in every year, under the inspection of the superintendent and assayer; and the accuracy of those used at the mint at Philadelphia shall be tested annually, in the presence of the assay.commissioners,
at the time of the annual examination and test of coins. Obverse work SEC. 51. That the obverse working-dies at each mint ing-dies at each mint to be de- shall, at the end of each calendar year, be defaced and deR. S., 3550, post, stroyed by the coiner in the presence of the superintendent
SEC. 52. That dies of a national character may be exetional character, and medals cuted by the engraver, and national and other medals struck
by the coiner of the mint at Philadelphia, under such regulations as the superintendent, with the approval of the Di. rector of the Mint, may prescribe: Provided, That such work shall not interfere with the regular coinage operations, and that no private medal dies shall be prepared at said mint, or the machinery or apparatus thereof be used for
that purpose. Moneys from
SEC. 53. That the moneys arising from all charges and charges and de. ductions, &c. to deductions on and from gold and silver bullion and the the Treasury ; manufacture of medals, and from all other sources, except R. S., 3552, post,
as hereinbefore provided, shall, from time to time, be cov. no part for sala-ered into the treasury of the United States, and no part of ries, &c.
such deductions or medal charges, or profit on silver or
minor coinage, shall be expended in salaries or wages; but Expendituros all expenditures of the mints and assay-offices, not herein appropriations otherwise provided for, shall be paid from appropriations made, &c.
made by law on estimates furnished by the Secretary of
the Treasury. Officers of as- SEC. 54. That the officers of the United States assay-office say-office at New York and their at New York shall be a superintendent, an assayer, and a appointment.
melter and refiner, who shall be appointed by the President, Business of the by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The assay-office. R. S., 3553 post, business of said assay-office shall be in all respects similar
to that of the mints, except that bars only, and not coin,
shall be manufactured therein; and no metals shall be purBullion. chased for minor coinage. All bullion intended by the de.
positor to be converted into coins of the United States, and silver bullion purchased for coinage, when assayed, parted, and refined, and its net value certified, shall be transferred to the mint at Philadelphia, under such directions as shall be made by the Secretary of the Treasury, at the expense of the contingent fund of the mint, and shall be there coined,
and the proceeds returned to the assay-office. And the Sec. Adjustment of retary of the Treasury is hereby authorized to make the necessary arrangements for the adjustment of the accounts upon such transfers between the respective offices.
SEC. 55. That the duties of the superintendent, assayer, Duties, &c., of and melter and refiner of said office shall correspond to &c, of each asthose of superintendents, assayers, and melters and refiners R. S., 3555, post, of mints; and all parts of this act relating to mints and p. 124. their officers, the duties and responsibilities of such offi. cers, and others employed therein, the oath to be taken, and the bonds and sureties to be given by them, (as far as the same may be applicable,) shall extend to the assay-office at New York, and to its officers, assistants, clerks, workmen, and others employed therein.
SEC. 56. That there shall be allowed to the officers of the their salaries. assay-office at New York city the following salaries per post
, p. 124.
R. S., 3556, 3557, annum: To the superintendent, four thousand five hundred dollars; to the assayer, and to the melter and refiner, each, three thousand dollars; and the salaries of assistants and clerks, and wages to workmen, and their manner of appointment, shall be determined and regulated as herein directed in regard to miuts.
SEC. 57. That the business at the branch mint at Denver, Business of aswhile conducted as an assay-office, and of the assay-office ver, Boiso City; at Boise City, Idaho, and all other assay-offices hereafter to be limited to be established, shall be confined to the receipt of gold and what.
R. S., 3558, 3559, silver bullion, for melting and assaying, to be returned to 3560, post, pp. 124, depositors of the same, in bars, with the weight and five. ness stamped thereon; and the officers of assay-offices, when their services are necessary, shall consist of an assayer, who shall have charge thereof, and a melter, to be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate; and the assayer may employ as many clerks, workmen, and laborers, under the direction of the Director of the Mint, as may be provided for by law. The salaries of Officers of such said officers shall not exceed the sum of two thousand five their salaries; hundred dollars to the assayer and melter, one thousand eight hundred dollars each to the clerks, and the workmen and laborers shall receive such wages as are customary, according to their respective stations and occupations.
SEC. 58. That each officer and clerk to be appointed at their oath and such assay.offices, before entering upon the execution of his 1862, ch. 188. office, shall take an oath or affirmation before some judge of the United States, or of the supreme court, as prescribed by the act of July second, eighteen bundred and sixty-two, and each become bound to the United States of America,
Mint to have the
with one or more sureties, to the satisfaction of the Director of the Mint or of one of the judges of the supreme court of the State or Territory in which the same may be located, and
of the Secretary of the Treasury, conditioned for the faithAssayers to be ful performance of the duties of their offices; and the said disbursing agents. assayers sball discharge the duties of disbursing agents for
the payment of the expenses of their respective assay-offices. Director of the SEC. 59. That the general direction of the business of general direction assay-offices of the United States shall be under the control of the assay-offi. ces, subject, &o.; and regulation of the Director of the Mint, subject to the regulations, re-approbation of the Secretary of the Treasury; and for that turns, charges. purpose it shall be the duty of the said Director to prescribe
such regulations and to require such returns periodically and occasionally, and to establish such charges for melting, parting, assaying, and stamping bullion as shall appear to him to be necessary for the purpose of carrying into effect
the intention of this act. Provisions rela- SEC. 60. That all the provisions of this act for the reguting to the mint to apply to assay. lation of the mints of the United States, and for the gov. R.S. , 5457, post, ernment of the officers and persons employed therein, and
for the punishment of all offeuses connected with the mints or coinage of the United States, shail be, and they are hereby declared to be, in full force in relation to the assay.
offices, as far as the same may be applicable thereto. Penalty for SEC. 61. That if any person or persons shall falsely make, counterfuiiing, & 9., any coin or forge, or counterfeit, or cause or procure to be falsely made, bars, in simili. tude, &c.;
forged, or counterfeited, or willingly aid or assist in falsely RS., 3562, post, making, forging, or counterfeiting, any coin or bars in resem.
blance or similitude of the gold or silver coins or bars, which bave been, or hereafter may be, coined or stamped at the mints and assay-offices of the United States, or in resem. blance or similitude of any foreign gold or silver coin which by law is, or hereafter may be made, current in the United States, or are in actual use and circulation as money within the United States, or shall pass, utter, publish, or sell, or
attempt to pass, utter, publish, or sell, or bring into the or knowingly having in posses. United States from any foreign place, or have in bis posses&c.,such counter: sion, any such false, forged, or counterfeited coin or bars, feited, &c., coins or bars; knowing the same to be false, forged, or counterfeited, every
person so offending shall be deemed guilty of felony, and shall, on conviction thereof, be punished by fine not exceeding five thousand dollars, and by imprisonment and con. finement at hard labor not exceeding ten years, according
to the aggravation of the offense. for counterfeit- SEC. 62. That if any person or persons shall falsely make, ing, &c., minor coinage, or utter-forge, or counterfeit, or cause or procure to be falsely made,
forged, or counterfeited, or willingly aid or assist in falsely
making, forging, or counterfeiting, any coin in the resem. R.S., 5458, post, blance or similitude of any of the minor coinage which has been, or hereafter may be, coined at the mints of the United States; or shall pass, utter, publish, or sell, or bring into the United States from any foreign place, or have in his possession, any such false, forged, or counterfeited coin, with intent to defraud any body politic or corporation, or apy person or persons whatsoever, every person so offend. ing shall be deemed guilty of felony, and shall, ou conviction thereof, be punished by fine not exceeding one thousand dollars and by imprisonment and confinement at hard labor not exceeding three years.
SEC. 63. That if any person shall fraudulently, by any for fraudulently art, way, or means whatsoever, deface, mutilate, impair, gold or silver cur. diminish, falsify, scale, or lighten the gold or silver coins R. S., 5459, post, which have been, or which shall bereafter be, coined at the p. 139. mints of the United States, or any foreign gold or silver coins which are by law made current, or are in actual use and circulation as money within the United States, every person so offending shall be deemed guilty of a high misdemeanor, and shall be imprisoned not exceeding two years, and fined not exceeding two thousand dollars.
SEC. 64. That if any of the gold or silver coins which for frandulently shall be struck or coined at any of the mints of the United or silver coina of
the United States, States shall be debased, or made worse as to the proportion of fine gold or fine silver therein contained; or shall be of less weight or value than the same ought to be, pursuant to the several acts relative thereto; or if any of the weights or de facing used at any of the mints or assay.offices of the United weights, &c. States shall be defaced, increased, or diminished through the fault or connivance of any of the officers or persons who shall be employed at the said mints or assay-offices, with a fraudulent intent; and if any of the said officers or persons Penalty for em. shall embezzle any of the metals which shall at any time be coins, or medals, committed to their charge for the purpose of being coined, or any of the coins which shall be struck or coined at the said mints, or any medals, coins, or other moneys of said mints or assay-offices at any time committed to their charge, or of which they may have assumed the charge, every such officer or person who shall commit any or either of the said offenses shall be deemed guilty of felony, and shall be imprisoned at hard labor for a term not less than one year nor more than ten years, and shall be fined in a sum not exceeding ten thousand dollars.
SEC. 65. That this act shall take effect on the first day of When act to April, eighteen hundred and seventy-three, when the offices
uier at, &c., vacared.
ents to act treasurers.
Names of the difterent mints and
Ofice of treas of the treasurer of the mints in Philadelphia, San Francisco,
and New Orleans shall be vacated, and theassistant treasurer
at New York shall cease to perform the duties of treasurer of Other officers, the assay-office. The other officers and employees of the givó bonds, &c. ' mints and assay-offices now appointed shall continue to hold .R.: 3497, post, their respective offices, they having first given the neces
sary bonds, until further appointments may be required, the
Director of the Mint at Philadelphia being styled and acting Superintend as superintendent thereof. The duties of the treasurers shall
devolve as berein provided upon the superintendents, and Treasurers to said treasurers shall act only as assistant treasurers of act only as assist
the United States : Provided, That the salaries heretofore Salaries not di- paid to the treasurers of the mints at Philadelphia, San minished.
Francisco, and New Orleans, acting as assistant treas. urers, sball hereafter be paid to them as “assistant treasurers of the United States," and that the salary of the assistant treasurer at New York shall not be diminished by the vacation of his office as treasurer of the assay-office.
SEC. 66. That the different mints and assay-offices authorassay-offices. ized by this act shall be known as the mint of the United 1.2, 3495, post, States at Philadelphia," the mint of the United States at
San Francisco," " the mint of the United States at Carson," “ the mint of the United States at Denver," “ the United States assay-office at New York,” and “the United States
assay-office at Boise City, Idabo," " the United States assayUnexpended ap- office at Charlotte, North Carolina ;" and all unexpended piopriations.
appropriations herteofore authorized by law for the use of the mint of the United States at Philadelphia, the branchmint of the United States in California, the branch-mint of the United States at Denver, the United States assay-office in New York, the United States assay-office at Charlotte, North Carolina, and the United States assay-office at Boise City, Idaho, are hereby authorized to be transferred for the account and use of the institutions established and located respectively at the places designated by this act.
SEC. 67. That this act shall be known as the “Coinage known as coinage
act of eighteeen hundred and seventy-three;" and all other acts and parts of acts pertaining to the mints, assay-offices,
and coinage of the United States inconsistent with the proOtber acts, &c., visions of this act are hereby repealed : Provided, That this repeal not to af act shall not be construed to affect any act done, right acfect, &c.
crued, or penalty incurred, under former acts, but every such right is hereby saved ; and all suits and prosecutions for acts already done in violation of any former act or acts of Congress relating to the subjects embraced in this act may be begun or proceeded with in like manner as if this act had
This act to be