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Several citizens interviewed for this study commented on the need for

inservice sensitivity training. Bernice Dodd, director of Opportunities Industrialization Center (OIC), advocates sensitivity training for officers to make them familiar with black culture.109 One group of citizens believe officers need training in appropriate behavior and language while performing their duties.110 Two citizens, while making the point that inservice

sensitivity training is needed, added that local black leaders could be used

as instructors. 111

Some officers may need training in handling spouse abuse and sexual assault cases, according to Mary Larsen, coordinator of the Women Against Violence Program in Omaha.112 However, Ms. Larsen does not see any major problems in the way most officers handle victims of spouse abuse and sexual

assault cases.

Her organization is willing to assist in providing inservice

and several years ago offered to do so. The offer was refused and it has made no recent attempts to contact the police division on the subject.113

Notes

1. Gerald E. Caiden, Police Revitalization (Lexington, Mass.: Lexington

Books, 1977), p. 129.

2. National Advisory Commission on Criminal Justice Standards and Goals,

Police (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1973), p. 330.

3. Ibid.

4. 42 U.S.C. 2000e (1976).

5. 31 C.F.R. Part 51, Subpart E (1981).

6. Neb. Rev. Stat. sec. 48-1119 (1979).

7. Omaha World-Herald, July 14, 1981.

8. Ibid.

9. Ibid.

10. Omaha World-Herald, Jan. 2, 1979.

11. Omaha World-Herald, Jan. 16, 1964.

12. Omaha World-Herald, Sept. 29, 1965.

13. Omaha World-Herald, Sept. 7, 1967.

14. Omaha World-Herald, Sept. 8, 1967.

15. Gary Troutman, comments on draft, Apr. 28, 1982 and City of Omaha,

Affirmative Action Policy, Aug. 1, 1979.

16. City of Omaha, Affirmative Action Policy, Aug. 1, 1979, p. 19.

17. Gary Troutman, interview in Omaha, Dec. 9, 1981 and Gary Troutman,

[blocks in formation]

18. Brotherhood of Midwest Guardians v. City of Omaha, No. 79-0-528, consent

decree at p. 4 (D. Neb. Oct. 23, 1980).

19. Joe Ramirez, interview in Omaha, Sept. 24, 1981 and I.C. Plaza, interview

in Omaha, Sept. 24, 1981.

20. Sam Walker, interview in Omaha, May 27, 1981.

21. Sam Walker, letter to Gary Hill, Chairperson, Police-Community Relations

Subcommittee, Nebraska Advisory Committee, Apr. 12, 1982.

22. Gary Troutman, interview in Omaha, Dec. 9, 1981.

23. Brotherhood of Midwest Guardians v. City of Omaha, No. 79-0-528, consent

decree at p. 5, (D. Neb., Oct. 23, 1980).

24. Omaha Police Manual, Vol. I, Pers. 1-4, p. 1 and 1-5, p. 1 (Rev.) Sept.

1975.

25. Omaha Police Manual, Vol. I, Pers. 1-6, p. 1, (Rev.) Sept. 1975.

26. M. Lillian Bedeli, memorandum to George E. Miller, Oct. 6, 1981.

27. Ibid.

28. George Miller, letter and attachments to staff, Apr. 2, 1982.

29. Ibid.

30. National Advisory Commission on Criminal Justice Standards and Goals,

Police, Standard 13.3, p. 329.

31. Brotherhood of Midwest Guardians v. City of Omaha, No. 79-0-528, consent

decree, p. 4 (D. Neb. Oct. 23, 1980).

32. Gary Troutman, interview in Omaha, Dec. 9, 1981.

33. George E. Miller, letter and attachments to staff, Apr. 2, 1982.

34. Gary Troutman, interview in Omaha, Dec. 9, 1981 and Marvin McClarty,

James Patterson and Robert Dacus, interview in Omaha, Dec. 8, 1981.

35. Gary Troutman, comments on draft, Apr. 28, 1982.

36. Gary Troutman, comments on draft, Apr. 28, 1982 and interview in Omaha,

Dec. 9, 1981.

37. Gary Troutman, interview in Omaha, Dec. 9, 1981.

38. Wilda Stephenson, telephone interview, Nov. 17, 1981; Fred Conley,

interview in Omaha, Dec. 10, 1981.

39. Marvin McClarty, James Patterson and Robert Dacus, interview in Omaha,

Dec. 8, 1981.

40. I.C. Plaza, interview in Omaha, Sept. 24, 1981 and Joe Ramirez, intervien

in Omaha, Sept. 24, 1981.

41. Gary Troutman, comments on draft, Apr. 28, 1982.

42. Rita Garcia, telephone interview, Nov. 11, 1981.

43. Mark A. Williams, memorandum to George Miller, Oct. 26, 1981.

44. Omaha World-Herald, June 30, 1981.

45. Omaha World-Herald, July 2, 1981.

46. Omaha World-Herald, Aug. 11, 1981.

47. Omaha World-Herald, Aug. 20, 1981.

48. Ibid.

49. Omaha World-Herald, Nov. 13, 1981; Gary Troutman, interview in Omaha,

Dec. 9, 1981.

50. Gary Troutman, comments on draft, Apr. 28, 1982.

51. Gary Troutman, interview in Omaha, Dec. 9, 1981.

52. Mark A. Williams, memorandum to George E. Miller, Oct. 26, 1981.

53. Ibid.

54. Ibid.

55. Ibid.

56. Gary Troutman, interview in Omaha, Dec. 9, 1981.

57. Omaha World-Herald, Aug. 9, 1981.

58. Gary Troutman, comments on draft, Apr. 28, 1982.

59. Clyde Christian, telephone interview, Nov. 12, 1981; Alvin Goodwin,

telephone interview, Nov. 5, 1981; Bernice Dodd, interview in Omaha, Sept. 9,

1981; Joseph Forbes, interview in Omaha, Sept. 23, 1981; George Garnett,

interview in Omaha, Aug. 8, 1981; Sonny Foster, interview in Omaha, Aug. 8,

1981; Luke Nichols, interview in Omaha, Aug. 27, 1981.

60. Omaha World-Herald, Aug. 6, 1981.

61. Clyde Christian, telephone interview, Mar. 18, 1982.

62. Omaha World-Herald, Sept. 30, 1981.

63. Ibid.

64. Omaha Star, Oct. 8, 1981.

65. Mike Boyle, interview in Omaha, Dec. 9, 1981.

66. Fred Conley, interview in Omaha, Dec. 10, 1981.

67. James E. Fellows, letter to Thomas E. Steven, Jan. 19, 1982.

68. Jack Swanson, interview in Omaha, Dec. 9, 1981.

69. Ibid.

70. James Patterson, Marvin McClarty and Robert Dacus, interview in Omaha,

Dec. 8, 1981.

71. Gary Troutman, interview in Omaha, Dec. 9, 1981.

72. Fred Conley, interview in Omaha, Dec. 10, 1981.

73. Mary Jane Harvey, telephone interview, Nov. 13, 1981.

74. Fred Conley, interview in Omaha, Dec. 10, 1981.

75. James Patterson, Marvin McClarty, James Dacus, interview in Omaha,

Dec. 8, 1981.

76. Gary Troutman, interview in Omaha, Dec. 9, 1981.

77. U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, Who Is Guarding the Guardians? (October 1981), pp. 23-29, 32-34.

78. Lt. Raymond Sorys, inter-office communication to Coordinator Alfred

Pattavina, Jr., Oct. 7, 1981.

79. Ruth Jackson, interview in Omaha, Dec. 10, 1981.

80. James Patterson, Robert Dacus, Marvin McClarty, interview in Omaha,

Dec. 8, 1981.

81. Omaha Police Manual, Vol. I, Con. 1-0, pp. 22-23, Sept. 1981.

82. Omaha Police Manual, Vol. I, Adm. 2-1, p. 1, March 1977.

83. Gary Troutman, interview in Omaha, Dec. 9, 1981.

84. James Patterson, Marvin McClarty, James Dacus, interview in Omaha,

Dec. 8, 1981.

85. Gary Troutman, comments on draft, Apr. 28, 1982.

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