The Cross and the Trenches: Religious Faith and Doubt Among British and American Great War Soldiers
Praeger Publishers, 2003 - 311 páginas
The modernist historiographical model of the Great War neglects such traditional modes of thought as religious response to battle. Drawing on the testimony of over 500 British and American soldiers, Schweitzer provides an in-depth account of topics such as soldiers' prayers and biblical readings, as well as religious doubts. As a detailed snapshot of religion during the war, this study provides a crucial preamble to studies of the legacy of the Great War.
The lack of a satisfactory scholarly study has left interpretation of the role that religion played in soldiers' lives to the pronouncements of their contemporaries who often either viewed World War I as an opportunity to spark a religious revival or as an event that crushed religious faith. Schweitzer argues that neither of these interpretations is accurate, and he hopes to replace them with a model that arranges responses on a spectrum ranging from absolute faith in God to atheism. Based on extensive archival research, this study establishes a detailed model of the spiritual lives of British and American soldiers during the war. After sketching this spiritual history, he concludes that both British and American soldiers were more religious than previous writings have indicated.
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Indeed , the parallel between suffering soldiers and the crucified Christ became
at times all too real ; Field Punishment Number One in the British military justice
system called for a soldier to be lashed to a gunwheel , and was known in the ...
And just because he could see himself as a suffering being , he saw for a time ,
the suffering Christ as well . 58 The parallels that soldiers saw between their
suffering and Christ ' s make their identification with Jesus both understandable
The chaplain concluded that the best means of broaching the topic of suffering
with the troops was to " preach the Cross far more emphatically . " This line of
preaching would not have appealed to all troops , but it would have provided
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The British and American Churches and the
The Spectrum of Religious Faith
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