The Cross and the Trenches: Religious Faith and Doubt Among British and American Great War Soldiers
Praeger Publishers, 2003 - 311 páginas
The modernist historiographical model of the Great War neglects such traditional modes of thought as religious response to battle. Drawing on the testimony of over 500 British and American soldiers, Schweitzer provides an in-depth account of topics such as soldiers' prayers and biblical readings, as well as religious doubts. As a detailed snapshot of religion during the war, this study provides a crucial preamble to studies of the legacy of the Great War.
The lack of a satisfactory scholarly study has left interpretation of the role that religion played in soldiers' lives to the pronouncements of their contemporaries who often either viewed World War I as an opportunity to spark a religious revival or as an event that crushed religious faith. Schweitzer argues that neither of these interpretations is accurate, and he hopes to replace them with a model that arranges responses on a spectrum ranging from absolute faith in God to atheism. Based on extensive archival research, this study establishes a detailed model of the spiritual lives of British and American soldiers during the war. After sketching this spiritual history, he concludes that both British and American soldiers were more religious than previous writings have indicated.
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75 “ The words of the Psalmist — ' A thousand shall fall at thy side . . . 'came very
sweetly to me one day , " wrote Private Harry Lawrence Adams , “ and it is with
heartfelt thanks that I recall on several occasions when the Lord was pleased to ...
One must give up the idea of the Deity having or rather exercising any direct
control on events — for reasons of course which we can ' t explain ; otherwise , of
course , it is patent that any divine intervention which does occur is on the side of
... with the body parts of a comrade and traumatized , the American soldier
Duncan Kemerer penned an autobiographical poem entitled “ Death and I . " The
first stanza reads : Death and I walked side by side where flame and shrapnel
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The British and American Churches and the
The Spectrum of Religious Faith
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