The Cross and the Trenches: Religious Faith and Doubt Among British and American Great War Soldiers
Praeger Publishers, 2003 - 311 páginas
The modernist historiographical model of the Great War neglects such traditional modes of thought as religious response to battle. Drawing on the testimony of over 500 British and American soldiers, Schweitzer provides an in-depth account of topics such as soldiers' prayers and biblical readings, as well as religious doubts. As a detailed snapshot of religion during the war, this study provides a crucial preamble to studies of the legacy of the Great War.
The lack of a satisfactory scholarly study has left interpretation of the role that religion played in soldiers' lives to the pronouncements of their contemporaries who often either viewed World War I as an opportunity to spark a religious revival or as an event that crushed religious faith. Schweitzer argues that neither of these interpretations is accurate, and he hopes to replace them with a model that arranges responses on a spectrum ranging from absolute faith in God to atheism. Based on extensive archival research, this study establishes a detailed model of the spiritual lives of British and American soldiers during the war. After sketching this spiritual history, he concludes that both British and American soldiers were more religious than previous writings have indicated.
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Furthermore , surviving historical records emphasize the elite within the elite , for
it was the educated upper and middle class officers rather than those
commissioned from the ranks45 who published the novels and memoirs that
The Religious Meditation of Donald Hankey Donald Hankey ' s A Student in Arms
was one of the crucial books published during the war . It enjoyed a widespread
popularity among both the reading public and the officer class . Edward Brittain ...
196 Originally published in 1903 and reprinted in 1917 , “ A Free Man ' s Worship
" argued that God was a creation of man ' s conscience . The essay was read by
several soldiers and served as a rallying point for non - believers , functioning ...
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The British and American Churches and the
The Spectrum of Religious Faith
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