The Cross and the Trenches: Religious Faith and Doubt Among British and American Great War Soldiers
Praeger Publishers, 2003 - 311 páginas
The modernist historiographical model of the Great War neglects such traditional modes of thought as religious response to battle. Drawing on the testimony of over 500 British and American soldiers, Schweitzer provides an in-depth account of topics such as soldiers' prayers and biblical readings, as well as religious doubts. As a detailed snapshot of religion during the war, this study provides a crucial preamble to studies of the legacy of the Great War.
The lack of a satisfactory scholarly study has left interpretation of the role that religion played in soldiers' lives to the pronouncements of their contemporaries who often either viewed World War I as an opportunity to spark a religious revival or as an event that crushed religious faith. Schweitzer argues that neither of these interpretations is accurate, and he hopes to replace them with a model that arranges responses on a spectrum ranging from absolute faith in God to atheism. Based on extensive archival research, this study establishes a detailed model of the spiritual lives of British and American soldiers during the war. After sketching this spiritual history, he concludes that both British and American soldiers were more religious than previous writings have indicated.
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Over the next several years , Kilmer worked at a variety of odd jobs such as book
seller , Latin teacher , and lexicographer , while gradually establishing his literary
reputation . During this period Kilmer ' s religious faith eroded . As of 1910 he ...
After a brief training period , the Battalion served at Le Bizet , a fairly quiet sector .
On January 19 , 1916 , the Battalion saw its first offensive action when it made a
diversionary assault in support of an attack on the Le Touquet Salient . During ...
The diary then skips almost a month , and , after what appears to have been a
period of intense spiritual struggle , she proclaimed , “ I have won that queer
conviction , quite against my reason , that ' the dead die not . ' " 7 Approximately
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The British and American Churches and the
The Spectrum of Religious Faith
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