The Cross and the Trenches: Religious Faith and Doubt Among British and American Great War Soldiers
Praeger Publishers, 2003 - 311 páginas
The modernist historiographical model of the Great War neglects such traditional modes of thought as religious response to battle. Drawing on the testimony of over 500 British and American soldiers, Schweitzer provides an in-depth account of topics such as soldiers' prayers and biblical readings, as well as religious doubts. As a detailed snapshot of religion during the war, this study provides a crucial preamble to studies of the legacy of the Great War.
The lack of a satisfactory scholarly study has left interpretation of the role that religion played in soldiers' lives to the pronouncements of their contemporaries who often either viewed World War I as an opportunity to spark a religious revival or as an event that crushed religious faith. Schweitzer argues that neither of these interpretations is accurate, and he hopes to replace them with a model that arranges responses on a spectrum ranging from absolute faith in God to atheism. Based on extensive archival research, this study establishes a detailed model of the spiritual lives of British and American soldiers during the war. After sketching this spiritual history, he concludes that both British and American soldiers were more religious than previous writings have indicated.
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Pledges and treaties have failed ; and force will fail . These things may bring
peace for a time , but they cannot crush those glittering eyes . There is only one
Man whose eyes have never glittered . Look at the palms of your hands , you ,
The Revival That Never Came , a Conjecture Before leaving England , Private J .
Bowles heard " several sermons on the effect of danger and suffering on men out
here . " Bowles ' chaplain said that being constantly in danger of losing one ' s ...
... of the war experience can be seen by contrasting the sentiments in Brittain ' s
poem with those expressed by the female ambulance driver Lorna Neill : “ I never
said to myself , “ There can be no God , or He would never allow such things .
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The British and American Churches and the
The Spectrum of Religious Faith
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