The Cross and the Trenches: Religious Faith and Doubt Among British and American Great War Soldiers
Praeger Publishers, 2003 - 311 páginas
The modernist historiographical model of the Great War neglects such traditional modes of thought as religious response to battle. Drawing on the testimony of over 500 British and American soldiers, Schweitzer provides an in-depth account of topics such as soldiers' prayers and biblical readings, as well as religious doubts. As a detailed snapshot of religion during the war, this study provides a crucial preamble to studies of the legacy of the Great War.
The lack of a satisfactory scholarly study has left interpretation of the role that religion played in soldiers' lives to the pronouncements of their contemporaries who often either viewed World War I as an opportunity to spark a religious revival or as an event that crushed religious faith. Schweitzer argues that neither of these interpretations is accurate, and he hopes to replace them with a model that arranges responses on a spectrum ranging from absolute faith in God to atheism. Based on extensive archival research, this study establishes a detailed model of the spiritual lives of British and American soldiers during the war. After sketching this spiritual history, he concludes that both British and American soldiers were more religious than previous writings have indicated.
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Just time , if the man was conscious , to hear his confession and a muttered act of
contrition , to give absolution , and the anointing , before a new man claimed
attention . Poor fellows , with wounds of every description , all disfigured and
Did they not give you morphia to ease the pain ? . . . . Yet one Man there was who
held out His hand upon the wood , while they knocked , knocked , knocked in the
nail , every knock bringing a jarring , excruciating pain , every bit as bad as ...
Do not give way to grief . Instead , keep your gaze and your faith firmly fixed on
the world beyond , and regard your boy ' s absence as though he were but on a
journey . By keeping your faith you will help win this war . For if you lose it , the
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The British and American Churches and the
The Spectrum of Religious Faith
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