The Cross and the Trenches: Religious Faith and Doubt Among British and American Great War Soldiers
Praeger Publishers, 2003 - 311 páginas
The modernist historiographical model of the Great War neglects such traditional modes of thought as religious response to battle. Drawing on the testimony of over 500 British and American soldiers, Schweitzer provides an in-depth account of topics such as soldiers' prayers and biblical readings, as well as religious doubts. As a detailed snapshot of religion during the war, this study provides a crucial preamble to studies of the legacy of the Great War.
The lack of a satisfactory scholarly study has left interpretation of the role that religion played in soldiers' lives to the pronouncements of their contemporaries who often either viewed World War I as an opportunity to spark a religious revival or as an event that crushed religious faith. Schweitzer argues that neither of these interpretations is accurate, and he hopes to replace them with a model that arranges responses on a spectrum ranging from absolute faith in God to atheism. Based on extensive archival research, this study establishes a detailed model of the spiritual lives of British and American soldiers during the war. After sketching this spiritual history, he concludes that both British and American soldiers were more religious than previous writings have indicated.
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Before exploring this bipolarity , a brief comment on the cultural context from
which the contemporary interpretations ... between defenders of a traditional
establishment culture and an avant - garde that sought to subvert the
Adherents to the traditional culture , particularly clergymen wholly supportive of
the war effort in the 1914 – 1915 period , perpetuated the belief that the war had
brought on a religious revival . The revivalist model is rooted in the notion that ...
Returning to the way contemporaries interpreted their experience , it is important
to recall that both the revivalist and oppositional culture models contain an
element of truth . Some soldiers in both the American and British Armies did find ...
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The British and American Churches and the
The Spectrum of Religious Faith
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